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Chapter One-chapter Thirteen

Apr 05, 2018

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    In trying to understand what is written in an article, it is very

    important to know where a sentence starts and where it ends.

    A CLAUSE is a group of words containing a subject and a

    verb. Some examples are:

    a. Photosynthetic pigments were extracted according to Arnon

    method.

    Source:(Magnetic Fields Induce Changes in Photosynthetic

    Pigments Content in Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.)

    Seedlings)).

    http://springerlink.metapress.com/content/18053h80u55612xg/fulltext.

    pdf,2009

    b. The pastures were used to evaluate resource selection by

    deer.

    Source: (Yields, Quality and Suitability of Four AnnualForages for Deer Pasture in North Central

    Alberta)http://springerlink.metapress.com/content/18053h80u55612x

    g/fulltext.pdf,2009

    The analysis of which would be:

    a. Photosynthetic pigments were extracted according to

    Subject verbal

    Arnon method.

    b. The pastures were used to evaluate resource selection by

    Subject verbal

    deer.

    http://springerlink.metapress.com/content/18053h80u55612xg/fulltext.pdf,2009http://springerlink.metapress.com/content/18053h80u55612xg/fulltext.pdf,2009http://springerlink.metapress.com/content/18053h80u55612xg/fulltext.pdf,2009http://springerlink.metapress.com/content/18053h80u55612xg/fulltext.pdf,2009http://springerlink.metapress.com/content/18053h80u55612xg/fulltext.pdf,2009http://springerlink.metapress.com/content/18053h80u55612xg/fulltext.pdf,2009http://springerlink.metapress.com/content/18053h80u55612xg/fulltext.pdf,2009http://springerlink.metapress.com/content/18053h80u55612xg/fulltext.pdf,2009http://springerlink.metapress.com/content/18053h80u55612xg/fulltext.pdf,2009http://springerlink.metapress.com/content/18053h80u55612xg/fulltext.pdf,2009http://springerlink.metapress.com/content/18053h80u55612xg/fulltext.pdf,2009
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    A Sentence may consist of one more clauses. Some examples

    are:

    a. Paper mulberry is commonly found growing on moist

    alluvial soils, such as valley floors and stream banks, but it

    is also a common species in slash and burn fields during the

    fallow period. Source: (Broussonetia papyrifera (paper

    mulberry): its growth, yield and potential as a fallow crop in

    slash-and-burn upland rice system of northern Laos.

    http://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.p

    df.2009

    b. Chloroplast have magnetic moments and could be affected

    by the absorbed energy at a high dose of MF which can

    distrub the pigments synthesis. Source: (Magnetic Fields

    Induce Changes in Photosynthetic Pigments Content in DatePalm

    (PhoenixdactyliferaL.)Seedlings.))http://springerlink.metapress.c

    om/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdf.2009

    the analysis of which would be:

    a. Paper mulberry is commonly found growing on moist

    Subject verbal

    alluvial soils, such as valley floors and stream banks, but

    it is also a common species in slash and burn fields during

    Subject Verbal

    the fallow period.

    http://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdfhttp://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdfhttp://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdfhttp://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdfhttp://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdfhttp://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdfhttp://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdfhttp://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdfhttp://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdfhttp://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdf
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    b. Chloroplast have magnetic moments and could be affected

    Subject verbal

    by the absorbed energy at a high dose of MF which cansubject

    distrub the pigments synthesis.

    Verbal

    A PHRASE is a group of words lacking either a subject or a

    verb.

    o Nominal phrase

    The highest level of photosynthetic pigments noticed at 1

    min of AMF treatment.

    Photosynthetic pigments contents have shown a

    significant increase in response to magnetic fields at low

    dose.

    Source: (Magnetic Fields Induce Changes in Photosynthetic

    Pigments Content in Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.)

    Seedlings)).

    http://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.p

    df.2009o Verbal phrase

    The pole pieces cross section is made with 10 cm internal

    diameter toenable placing the 9 cm petri dish

    horizontally.

    http://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdfhttp://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdfhttp://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdfhttp://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdf
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    A field study was conducted in 24 established paper

    mulberry stands during March and April of 2003 and

    2004.Source :(Broussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry): its

    growth, yield and potential as a fallow crop in slash-and-burn

    upland rice system of northe Laos).

    http://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdf.2

    009

    o Adjectival phrase

    Annual forages are commonly used in livestock

    production systems throughout the world and

    complement or provide valuable alternatives to perennial

    forages.

    This paper evaluates the potential for using the

    indigenous fast-growing tree, Broussonetia papyrifera L.

    Vent. Source : (Yields, Quality and Suitability of Four

    Annual Forages for Deer Pasture in North Central

    Alberta)http://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807

    /fulltext.pdf.2009

    o Adverbial phrase

    Often this is caused by too low discharge flow rates

    resulting in accumulation of inhibiting compounds(ammonium and/or nitrite) Source : (Air Treatment

    Techniques for Abatement of Emissions from Intensive Livestock

    Production).http://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426

    807/fulltext.pdf.2009

    http://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdfhttp://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdfhttp://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdfhttp://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdfhttp://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdfhttp://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdfhttp://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdfhttp://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdfhttp://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdfhttp://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdfhttp://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdfhttp://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdfhttp://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdfhttp://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdf
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    ALWAYS REMEMBER THAT:

    A CLAUSE CONTAINS ONE SUBJECT + ONE

    VERBAL

    A PHRASE DOES NOT CONTAIN A SUBJECT-

    VERBAL

    A SENTENCE CONTAINS AT LEAST ONE

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    In English, both general and academic, words like WHO,

    WHOM, WHICH, THAT, WHOSE, ABOUT, WHOM, TO

    WHICH, WHERE, WHEN, OF WHOM, OF WHICH and many

    more are used to refer to something that have been said before, or

    to what is going to be said.

    If the two clauses are joined together, we can have

    the following:

    a) The emission of greenhouse gases contributes to

    increasing global atmospheric concentrations of

    theses gases, which global average net effect leads

    to global warming.

    b) The emission of greenhouse gases contributes to

    increasing global atmospheric concentrations of

    theses gases, that global average net effect leads to

    global warming.

    c) The emission of greenhouse gases contributes

    to increasing global atmospheric concentrations of

    theses gases, where global average net effect leads

    to global warming.Source : (Air Treatment Techniques for Abatement of

    Emissions from Intensive Livestock Production)

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    http://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdf.2

    009

    When paper mulberry lateral branches were pruned back, rice yields could

    be maintained if the paper mulberry stem density was\0.22 stems m-2,

    suggesting that if paper mulberry is managed properly, rice yields can be

    maintained at current levels.

    Source : (Broussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry): its

    growth, yield and potential as a fallow crop in slash-and-burn

    upland rice system of northe Laos).

    http://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdf.2

    009

    http://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdfhttp://springerlink.metapress.com/content/f4857j8545426807/fulltext.pdfhttp://springerlink.metapress.com/conte
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