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Certificates in film

Jul 28, 2015


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1. CERTIFICATES IN FILMBecky Wragg 2. The History of film CertificationFrom 1912 to 1932 there was only two film classifications; Universal, whereeveryone could watch, and Adult, where children had to be accompaniedby an adult. From 1932 to 1951 the film certificate Horrific wasintroduced which meant you had to be over 16 to watch the film. In 1951the name was changed to x. From 1970 to 1982 the four film certificateswere; Universal, which meant suitable for all, Advisory, where thoseaged 5 and older were admitted, but not recommended for children under14 years of age, AA, where children 14 and over could watch, and x,where people 18 and over could watch. In 1982 the film certificateschanged. There was still universal however there was now a PG whichwas parental guidance, a 15 for aged 15 and over and an 18 for aged 18and over. In 1985 Universal children was added which meant it wassuitable for all but especially for young children. In 1989 a 12 was addedwhich was for aged 12 and over. In 2002 the 12 certificate was modifiedand a new one was introduced called a 12A. This meant anyone undertwelve had to be accompanied by an adult. Finally, in 2009, universalchildren was removed and leaves us with the certification system wehave in place today. 3. Our film certifications: 4. Film certificates impact on anaudience: Film certificates can mean targeting a certain audience. Forexample, an adult who enjoys scary films would not want to watch aUniversal rated film as the storyline wouldnt suit what they want. Itcan help audiences rule out what sort of films they wouldnt want towatch and pick out a few that look appealing so they dont wastetheir time or money in a cinema. It also allows parents to get anidea of what films would be suitable for their children to watch andmake sure they dont see anything inappropriate. Film certification can also isolate groups of audiences. For example,the trailer for a popular film may be released and look really goodhowever, if it was rated as an 18 the majority of teenagers wouldntbe able to go and see it. It could also put them off. Another examplewould be a PG rated film wouldnt be appealing to an adult andcould therefore isolate children. 5. Film classification in differentcountriesAMERICA 6. Film classification in Australia 7. Case Study: JunoJuno is a comedy drama about a streetwise 16 year old girl who getspregnant and decides to give her baby up for adoption. It wassubmitted to the BBFC with a PG request however, the filmclassification now is a 12A. This is due to the use of stronglanguage (f**k) and fairly frequent sexual references regardless ofthem being comical. There is one very brief and discreet sex scene.A cinema trailer for Juno, which cut together some of the filmshighlights including some comic sex references, a passing mentionof hard drugs and sight of a character giving another the finger,caused some complaints during its theatrical release as it wasplayed before childrens film. The DVD version was passed for a 12in 2008.

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