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Certificates in film

Jul 28, 2015


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1. CERTIFICATES IN FILMBecky Wragg 2. The History of film CertificationFrom 1912 to 1932 there was only two film classifications; Universal,where everyone could watch, and Adult, where children had to beaccompanied by an adult. From 1932 to 1951 the film certificateHorrific was introduced which meant you had to be over 16 to watchthe film. In 1951 the name was changed to x. From 1970 to 1982 thefour film certificates were; Universal, which meant suitable for all,Advisory, where those aged 5 and older were admitted, but notrecommended for children under 14 years of age, AA, where children14 and over could watch, and x, where people 18 and over couldwatch. In 1982 the film certificates changed. There was still universalhowever there was now a PG which was parental guidance, a 15 foraged 15 and over and an 18 for aged 18 and over. In 1985 Universalchildren was added which meant it was suitable for all but especiallyfor young children. In 1989 a 12 was added which was for aged 12 andover. In 2002 the 12 certificate was modified and a new one wasintroduced called a 12A. This meant anyone under twelve had to beaccompanied by an adult. Finally, in 2009, universal children wasremoved and leaves us with the certification system we have in placetoday. 3. Our film certifications: 4. Film certificates impact on anaudience: Film certificates can mean targeting a certain audience. Forexample, an adult who enjoys scary films would not want to watch aUniversal rated film as the storyline wouldnt suit what they want. Itcan help audiences rule out what sort of films they wouldnt want towatch and pick out a few that look appealing so they dont wastetheir time or money in a cinema. It also allows parents to get anidea of what films would be suitable for their children to watch andmake sure they dont see anything inappropriate. Film certification can also isolate groups of audiences. For example,the trailer for a popular film may be released and look really goodhowever, if it was rated as an 18 the majority of teenagers wouldntbe able to go and see it. It could also put them off. Another examplewould be a PG rated film wouldnt be appealing to an adult andcould therefore isolate children. 5. Film classification in differentcountriesAMERICA 6. Film classification in Australia 7. Case Study: JunoJuno is a comedy drama about a streetwise 16 year old girl who getspregnant and decides to give her baby up for adoption. It wassubmitted to the BBFC with a PG request however, the filmclassification now is a 12A. This is due to the use of stronglanguage (f**k) and fairly frequent sexual references regardless ofthem being comical. There is one very brief and discreet sex scene.A cinema trailer for Juno, which cut together some of the filmshighlights including some comic sex references, a passing mentionof hard drugs and sight of a character giving another the finger,caused some complaints during its theatrical release as it wasplayed before childrens film. The DVD version was passed for a 12in 2008.

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