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Carbon sequestration via CO2 mineralization · PDF file Combining Capture and Sequestration Provides Proo s g Oppo tu t esmising Opportunities 1. BYPASS CARBON CAPTURE Value Proposition

Jun 01, 2020

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  • Carbon sequestration via CO mineralizationCarbon sequestration via CO2 mineralization

    Presenters

    May 6, 2011

    ScientistsPresenters Stephanie Greene Edward Lee Antoine Queval Mike Perez

    Scientists Ronald Zuckermann and Chun-Long Chen Lawrence Berkeley National Lab

  • Introduction and Overview

    Technology Applications Feasibilityg

    • Peptoids

    Peptoid as

    • Replace Carbon Capture

    • Technical feasibility

    • Peptoid as catalyst: CO2 into calcium carbonate

    Capture

    • Sell “carbon negative”

    • Costs

    • Competitors output

    • Geologic Sequestration

    • Regulation

    Sequestration

    2

  • Carbon sequestration via mineralization has many benefits

    Stability and Safety Avoid pipeline development costs (and CO2 transport)( 2 p )

    Potential for “carbon-negative” products

    Bypasses geologic constraints for ‘siting’

    3

  • Our technology and considerationsgy

    Technology OverviewTechnology Overview

    Potential ApplicationsPotential Applications

    O ti i tOperating environment

    Conclusions

    4

  • Peptoid Technology makes “designer” polymer chains with unique propertiespolymer chains with unique properties

    Library of molecules are used as building blocks WIDE VARIETY OFas building blocks

    =

    WIDE VARIETY OF APPLICATIONS

    • Inhibitors • Antimicrobial agents • Cancer therapeutics

    Blocks are put together to make a sequence-specific

    polymer (“peptoid”)

    Cancer therapeutics • Catalysts

    5

  • Peptoid technology used as catalyst to t CO i t l i b tsequester CO2 into calcium carbonate

    C l i Process:

    PEPTOIDS

    Calcium ions

    CO2 Calcium

    Carbonate (C CO )

     23-times faster growth rate of crystal

     Can use dilute inputs Alkalinity

    (CaCO3)

    Inputs OutputCatalyst

     Can use dilute inputs and catalyst

     Reusable catalyst Inputs OutputCatalyst

    Output:  Produces the most

    b d t f fabundant form of CaCO3 (calcite)

    6

    Reaction: CaCl2 + CO2 + 2NaOH  CaCO3 + 2 NaCl + H2O

  • Overall energy balance is a game- t b t P t id b d t dstopper, but Peptoids can be adapted

    Carbon Mineralization Technologies

    Turn CO2 into Mineralsu CO2 to e a s

    PEPTOID CATALYST

    Our current reaction:

    PEPTOID CATALYST

    Recommended reaction (example):Our current reaction:

    CaCl2 + CO2 + 2NaOH  CaCO3 + 2 NaCl + H2O

    Recommended reaction (example):

    Mg2SiO4 + 2CO2  2MgCO3 + SiO2

    7

     Net CO2 sequestration Net CO2 emissions

  • Applications of our technologypp gy

    Technology OverviewTechnology Overview

    Potential ApplicationsPotential Applications

    O ti i tOperating environment

    Conclusions

    8

  • Carbon Mineralization Has Promising Commercial ApplicationsCommercial Applications

     Bypass Carbon Capture

    Above Ground: Alternative to Above Ground: Alternative to

    Capture

     Sell Output

    Geologic Sequestration Geologic Sequestration

     Replace Sequestration Only

    Below Ground:Below Ground: Complement Geologic Sequestration

    Complement Geologic Sequestration

     Complement Sequestration

    9

    Sequestration Sequestration

  • Combining Capture and Sequestration Provides Promising Opportunitieso s g Oppo tu t es

    1. BYPASS CARBON CAPTURE

    Value Proposition Avoid costs from capture step- Avoid costs from capture step

    - Sequestration on site - Avoid CO2 transport

    Key Challenges

    2 SELL C CO OUTPUT

    Above Ground: Alternative to

    Above Ground: Alternative to

    Key Challenges - Alkalinity source - Cost

    Future: 1-2 GT CO2/Yr Future: 1-2 GT CO2/Yr

    2. SELL CaCO3 OUTPUT Alternative to Geologic Sequestration

    Alternative to Geologic Sequestration Value Proposition

    - “Carbon-negative” productsCarbon negative products

    Key Challenges - Alkalinity source

    C t

    Future: 1-2 GT CO2/Yr Future: 1-2 GT CO2/Yr

    ~85 M tons CaCO3/ Yr ~85 M tons CaCO3/ Yr

    10

    - Cost - Purity and Size of Output

  • Combining Capture with Selling our t t dd l k toutput can address a large market

    85 Million Tons CaCO3/year; over $650B total industry size

     #1 Largest User of C CO

     #2 Largest User of C CO

    Paper/Pulp Plastics

    CaCO3  $327 B/year

    CaCO3

     $246 B/year 5% f l b l

    Cement  #3 largest user of

    Paint  5% of global

    CO2  80-90% of

    input is

    user of CaCO3

     $85 B/ year

    11

    input is CaCO3

  • Complementing Geologic Sequestration is th ibl k tanother possible market

    Future: 1-2 GT CO2/Yr Future: 1-2 GT CO2/Yr

    Today: 45 M tons CO2/Yr

    Today: 45 M tons CO2/Yr

    COMPLEMENT SEQUESTRATION

    Value Proposition - Speed, Stability, Safety - Avoid Monitoring

    Below Ground: Complement

    Below Ground: Complement Key Challenges

    - Cost - Regulation-dependent

    Complement Geologic Sequestration

    Complement Geologic Sequestration

    g - Small Market

    12

  • Replacing sequestration is much more tt ti th l ti itattractive than complementing it

    $250

    $200 Sell

    CaCO3 output~$10/ton is

    $150

    outputsequestration, only 50 ¢/ton monitoring

    $100 Transport

    Capture Our

    Catalyst 80% of C t

    $0

    $50 p Catalyst

    Today Costs are from Capture

    13

    $0

    CCS Average Our Technology Average

  • Operating environment dynamicsp g y

    Technology OverviewTechnology Overview

    Potential ApplicationsPotential Applications

    O ti i tOperating environment

    Conclusions

    14

  • Nascent players in target segments

    Competitor Segment Carbon negative process produces: ‘Traditional’

    productionCalcium b t Other

    C b t pcarbonate Carbonates

    Key Players: Multinational

    chemical producers

    Stage of development: Moving towards commercialization Moving towards

    commercialization Commercial scale

    production

    NEW SKY ENERGY

    commercialization commercialization production

    Service / Product:

    Carbon sequestration   

    Carbon capture   

    Sell CaC03 output   

    15

  • Implications for technologyp gy

     Carbon mineralization market appears pp open

     Demonstrated financial backingg

     While cost equation remains important, little financial information on e a c a o a o o competitors exists

    16

  • Regulation: A Picture of C iFragmented Carbon Policy

    I t ti l U it d St t  Kyoto Protocol  Tax Incentives

    International United States

     EU-ETS

     NZ ETS

     Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI)

     NZ ETS

     GGAS / Tokyo Metropolitan

     VERs

     Carbon SequestrationMetropolitan Government

     Carbon Sequestration Funds

    Going Forward: It’s not “if” but “when.”

  • Technical and commercial conclusions

    Technology OverviewTechnology Overview

    Potential ApplicationsPotential Applications

    O ti i tOperating environment

    Conclusions

    18

  • Technological Challenges and Questions

    Use of flue gas

    Inputs Catalyst+ Output=

    Use of flue gas as CO2 source

    NaOH cost, Lower costs at

    scale

    Purity of CaCO3Number of times catalyst can be

    d

    aO cost, availability, and

    energy use

    reused Availability of CaCl2

    Overall Energy Balance

    19

    Overall Energy Balance

  • Overall energy balance is a game- t b t P t id b d t dstopper, but Peptoids can be adapted

    Carbon Mineralization Technologies

    Turn CO2 into Mineralsu CO2 to e a s

    PEPTOID CATALYST

    Our current reaction:

    PEPTOID CATALYST

    Recommended reaction (example):Our current reaction:

    CaCl2 + CO2 + 2NaOH  CaCO3 + 2 NaCl + H2O

    Recommended reaction (example):

    Mg2SiO4 + 2CO2  2MgCO3 + SiO2

    20

     Net CO2 sequestration Net CO2 emissions

  • Commercial opportunity exists pp y with some caveats

    A potentialA potential alternative to

    geological sequestration

    Addressing technological

    Changes to regulatory framework

    challenges at scale

    framework should make market more

    attractive

    21

  • Immediate focus on technology gy development…

    Match technology gy

    with a marketAddress concerns around

    Explore commercial

    opportunities

    technology

    opportunities

    22

  • Thank youy

     Questions?Q

    23

  • APPENDIX APPENDIX SLIDES

  • Our technology has a

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