Jan 03, 2016
BUTTERFLY VALVE LOSSES
STEPHEN “DREW” FORD
13 FEB 2007
• GIVEN: The butterfly valve losses in Fig. 6.19b may be viewed as a Bernoulli obstruction device, as in Fig. 6.39.
• FIND: First fit the Kmean versus the opening angle in Fig6.19b to an exponential curve. Then use your curve fit to compute the “discharge coefficient” of a butterfly valve as a function of the opening angle. Plot the results and compare them to those for a typical flowmeter.
View of the butterfly valve from downstream
Using the as the degree of the opening for the variable in out equation.
Using these values as the original K’s
• The velocity through the valve is different than the velocity in the entire pipe due to the small silver opening in the valve.
The problem states using Eq. 104 may be helpful.
Q VtAt (6.104)
Where At is the area of the silver in the valve. This area is Found to be (1-cos())
The continuity equation gives us:
Q = ApVp = AtVt
Manipulation of the continuity equation in terms of the Velocity in the Valve.
The minor losses in valves can be measured by finding “the ratio of the head-loss through the device to the velocity head of the associated piping system.”
V 2 2g, K is the dimensionless loss coefficient
The problem states that using the Velocity through the valve will give a better K value. So multiplying the original K by a value of (Vpipe/Vvalve
)2 which is a mathematical “1” gives a new equation for K.
Koptimal Koriginal 1 cos() 2
Which yields the new equation for K
20o 30o 40o 50o 60o 70o 80o 90o
K1 .567 1.052 1.21 1.05 0.779 0.507 0.301 0.165 K2 0.743 1.29 1.37 1.27 0.775 0.471 0.261 0.134 K3 0.427 0.64 0.59 0.419 0.249 0.131 0.063 0.027
The calculated values of the K of three different manufactures from the original K values form Fig. 6.19b.
Finding the curve fit lines of the original K values and plug in it in to the Koptimal equation. These curve fit equations are:
K1 = 1101.9e-0.0978 (1-cos())2
K2 = 1658.3e-0.1047 (1-cos())2
K3 = 1273.3e-0.1919 (1-cos())2
The graph of all 3 manufacture’s valves with the new K values.
Butterfly valve losses of 3 different manufactures
20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90
Valve Position (degrees)
Biomedical ApplicationPatients who suffer from valvular diseases in the heart may require replacing the non-functioning valve with an artificial heart valve. These valves keep the large one-dimensional flow going. Fluid mechanics plays a large role in designing these valve replacements, which require minimal pressure drops, minimize turbulence, reduce stresses, and not create flow separations in the vicinity of the valve.