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An Update of Offshore Wind Energy Planning and the Use of Spatial Data on the West Coast Bureau of Ocean Energy Management Frank Pendleton Biologist / GIS Coordinator Western Electric Coordinating Council - Environmental Data Work Group (EDWG) November 25, 2019
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Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

Sep 23, 2020

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Page 1: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

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An Update of Offshore Wind Energy Planning and the Use of Spatial Data on the West Coast

Bureau of Ocean Energy Management

Frank PendletonBiologist / GIS Coordinator

Western Electric Coordinating Council - Environmental Data Work Group (EDWG) November 25, 2019

Page 2: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

What We Will Cover

https://www.asme.org/engineering-topics/articles/energy/developing-verifying-deepwater-offshore-wind

American Society of Mechanical EngineersVolturnUS University of Maine

BOEM Overview1

Status of BOEM Activities2

OSW in California3

Review a few Datasets4

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Page 3: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM)

BOEM Overview:• Department of Interior (DOI)

o Oversees development of energy and mineral resources on the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS)

• Jurisdiction

o 3 to 200 nautical miles (nm) from coastline

o Excludes National Marine Sanctuaries, National Wildlife Refuges, Parks and Monuments

Page 4: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM)

Environmental:• Science and Analysis

Leasing:

• Types of Leases

• Commercial, limited and research leases

• Competitive and non-competitive process

• How to obtain an OCS lease?o Submit an unsolicited lease request

o Respond to a BOEM notice in the Federal Register

Page 5: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

Pacific OCS Renewable Energy ActivitiesOregon State UniversityWave Energy Test Site

Humboldt Call Area

Morro Bay Call Area

Diablo Canyon Call Area

Research Lease

Competitive Leases

Page 6: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

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California Wind Energy Call Areas

Page 7: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

Intergovernmental Task Force

Call for Information & Nominations (Call)

Area Identification

Environmental Reviews

Proposed Sale Notice (PSN)

Final Sale Notice (FSN)

Auction

Issue Lease(s)

Site Characterization

(i.e. Geophysical & Geological Surveys, Biological Surveys, etc.)

Site Assessment Plan (SAP)

(i.e. Meteorological buoy or tower)

Construction & Operations Plan (COP)

Facility Design Report (FDR)

Fabrication and Installation Report (FIR)

Decommissioning

OCS Renewable Energy Authorization Process

Planning & Analysis Leasing Site

AssessmentConstruction

& Operations

2 Years 1-2 Years 5 Years 2 Years (+25)

Page 8: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

Offshore Wind Technologies

Illustration by Joshua Bauer, NREL8

Page 9: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

Why Floating OSW?

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The West is Deep!

Page 10: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

The West is Deep!

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Page 11: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

Technology: Growth of the Wind Turbine

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Page 12: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

Prototypes

University of Maine20 kW Turbine Maine USA2013

Principle Power 2.0 MW Turbine Portugal 2011 - 2016 17 m waves / 60 knot winds

Statoil (Equinor)2.3 MW Turbine Norway2009

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Page 13: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

Commercial Demonstration Project

• Hywind– 2017– Scotland– 5 Turbines– 6 MW (30 total)– 20,000 homes

http://www.businessinsider.com/hywind-scotland-glimpse-into-worlds-first-floating-wind-farm-2017-8/#here-are-the-experimental-turbines-that-will-form-the-floating-wind-farm-1From: Business Insider 8/3/1713

Page 14: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

Where Can OSW Go?• BOEM Jurisdiction

• Federal Waters• 3 nmi – 200 nmi

• ≈215,000 sq miles

100%

Percent of Federal Waters

Federal Waters(215,000 sq mi)

Page 15: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

• Depth• > 1300 m

• 34,000 sq miles remaining

16%

84%

Percent of Federal Waters

Federal WatersDepth > 1300 m(34,000 sq mi)

Rest of EEZ

Where Can’t OSW Go?

Page 16: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

• Wind Speed• > 7 m/s

• 19,000 sq miles

Where Can’t OSW Go?

9%

91%

Percent of Federal WatersFederal WatersDepth > 1100 mWinds > 7 m/s(19,000 sq mi)

Rest of EEZ

Page 17: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

• National Marine Sanctuaries• Not BOEM Jurisdiction

• 14,000 sq miles remaining

Where Can’t OSW Go?

6%

94%

Percent of Federal WatersFederal WatersDepth > 1300 mWinds > 7 m/sNo Sanctuaries(14,000 sq mi)

Rest of EEZ

Page 18: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

• Cables

Where Can’t OSW Go?

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Page 19: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

• Near a Grid Connection• Morro Bay• Diablo Canyon• Eureka

Where Can OSW Go?

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Page 20: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

• CA Call Areas

Where Can OSW Go?

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Page 21: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

Where Can OSW Go? • CA Call Areas

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Page 22: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

Where Can OSW Go? • CA Call Areas

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Page 23: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

Data!

https://coastalmap.marine.usgs.gov/GISdata/regional/westcoast/bathymetry/caorwall.htm23

• Review a few Datasets• Bathymetry• Wind• Vessel Traffic• Birds• Marine Mammals

• CA OSW Energy Gateway• DataBasin

Page 24: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

Bathymetry

• USGS Data• 100 m contours

https://coastalmap.marine.usgs.gov/GISdata/regional/westcoast/bathymetry/caorwall.htm24

Page 25: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

Slope• NOAA DEMs• ≈ 80 m pixels

https://maps.ngdc.noaa.gov/viewers/bathymetry/?layers=dem25

Page 26: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

EXPRESS• Expanding Pacific Research and

Exploration of Submerged Systems

• NOAA, MBARI, USGS, SeaGrant, GFOE, BOEM

• Seafloor Mapping• Bathymetry (depth)• Habitats / Ecosystems• Hazards

• Benthic Webinarhttps://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/explorations/19express/logs/oct16/oct16.htmlwww.usgs.gov/centers/pcmsc/science/express-expanding-pacific-research-and-exploration-submerged-systems?qt-science_center_objects=0#qt-science_center_objects

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Page 27: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

Wind Speed• National Renewable

Energy Laboratory (NREL)

• Many Data Sources

• Modeled to Provide consistent dataset for USA

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Page 28: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

• NREL Wind Prospector

Wind Speed Data

https://maps.nrel.gov/wind-prospector/28

Page 29: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

• Hourly Wind Speed• By Month (Jan)

Wind Speed Data

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Page 30: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

Hourly Wind Speed

“What’s the average wind speed at 2:00 in January?”

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Central California Humboldt

Page 31: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

Annual AverageWindSpeed

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Page 32: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

• Spring 2020

• 1 Year

• Wind Profile

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Pacific Northwest National Lab

Page 33: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

PNNL Lidar Buoys

Illustration PNNL 33

Page 34: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

Other Factors

Vessel Traffic*Marine Mammals*Birds*Fish & Fisheries*Benthics*ArchaeologyViewshedDepartment of DefenseEtc…

34 * https://www.boem.gov/regions/pacific-ocs-region/environmental-science/west-coast-renewable-energy-science-exchange

Page 35: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

• Automatic Identification System (AIS)– Air Traffic Control for Ships

• 25,000,000 points / month– MairneCadastre.gov/ais

• Vessel ID, Date, Type, Size, Status…

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Vessel Traffic

Page 36: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

AllShips

2011 2017

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Page 37: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

All Ships2017

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Page 38: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

ShipType

Cargo Tanker

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Page 39: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

Bird Data• Survey Type

– Observers (Ships)– Observers (Aerial)– Aerial Photos

• Models– Habitat Maps

© David Pereksta

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Page 40: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

Bird Data

• PaCSEA– USGS, BOEM– Aerial Surveys– 2011 and 2012– 6 Surveys

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Page 41: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

Seabird Resources

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• Vulnerability Index– USGS / BOEM– Conservation Status, Behavior,

Flight Height…

• Bird Webinar Jan 8th 2020

Page 42: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

Marine Mammals• Whales and Dolphins

– NOAA – Surveys July – Dec

• 1991, 1993, 1996, 2001, 2005, 2008

Becker et al (2016) Moving Towards Dynamic Ocean Management: How Well Do Modeled Ocean Products Predict Species Distribution. Remote Sensing.42

Page 43: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

Marine Mammals• Fin Whale

(Summer / Fall)

Becker et al (2016) Moving Towards Dynamic Ocean Management: How Well Do Modeled Ocean Products Predict Species Distribution. Remote Sensing.43

Page 44: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

Marine Mammals

• Humpback Whale (Summer / Fall)

Becker et al (2016) Moving Towards Dynamic Ocean Management: How Well Do Modeled Ocean Products Predict Species Distribution. Remote Sensing.44

Page 45: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

DataBasinCalifornia Offshore Wind Energy Gateway

https://databasin.org/services/gateways/list45

Databasin.org

Page 46: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

DataBasinCalifornia Offshore Wind Energy Gateway

https://databasin.org/services/gateways/list46

Databasin.org

Page 47: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

DataBasinCalifornia Offshore Wind Energy Gateway

https://databasin.org/services/gateways/list47

Databasin.org

Page 48: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

DataBasinCalifornia Offshore Wind Energy Gateway

https://databasin.org/services/gateways/list48

Databasin.org

Page 49: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

Other Portals

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MarineCadastrehttps://marinecadastre.gov/

West Coast Ocean Data Portalhttp://portal.westcoastoceans.org/

Page 50: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management - WECC - BOEM Offshore Win… · Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) BOEM Overview: • Department of Interior (DOI) o Oversees development

Maps bring data into your soul…“trog luddite”

[email protected]

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