Top Banner
Biblical Covenants How they fit together

Biblical Covenants

Feb 22, 2016




Biblical Covenants. How they fit together. The words Involved. In the Old Testament the Hebrew word is berith In the New Testament the word is diatheke . . The Meanings of the word Covenant. In everyday life- a pact, agreement, or bargain between two parties. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Welcome message from author
This document is posted to help you gain knowledge. Please leave a comment to let me know what you think about it! Share it to your friends and learn new things together.

Biblical Covenants

Biblical CovenantsHow they fit togetherThe words InvolvedIn the Old Testament the Hebrew word is berithIn the New Testament the word is diatheke. The Meanings of the word CovenantIn everyday life- a pact, agreement, or bargain between two parties.In Biblical studies- a sovereign declaration by God to bring selected individuals, nations, or mankind universally into a particular relationship with Himself and to bring to pass particular works or blessings in keeping with His purpose.The Kinds of CovenantsGeneral CovenantsShoe CovenantSalt CovenantBlood CovenantExtra biblicalCovenant of RedemptionBiblicalBiblical CovenantsEdenic Covenant- (covenant of works)Gen. 2:15-17 And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it. And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.Biblical CovenantsThe Adamic Covenant-So the LORD God said to the serpent, "Because you have done this, "Cursed are you above all the livestock and all the wild animals! You will crawl on your belly and you will eat dust all the days of your life. And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring [fn] and hers; he will crush [fn] your head, and you will strike his heel. To the woman he said, "I will greatly increase your pains in childbearing; with pain you will give birth to children. Your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you. To Adam he said, "Because you listened to your wife and ate from the tree about which I commanded you, 'You must not eat of it,' "Cursed is the ground because of you; through painful toil you will eat of it all the days of your life. It will produce thorns and thistles for you, and you will eat the plants of the field. By the sweat of your brow you will eat your food until you return to the ground, since from it you were taken; for dust you are and to dust you will return. Adam [fn] named his wife Eve, [fn] because she would become the mother of all the living.The LORD God made garments of skin for Adam and his wife and clothed them. Genesis 3:14-21

Biblical CovenantsAbrahamic Covenant-The LORD had said to Abram, "Leave your country, your people and your father's household and go to the land I will show you. "I will make you into a great nation and I will bless you; I will make your name great, and you will be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you, and whoever curses you I will curse; and all peoples on earth will be blessed through you. Genesis 12:1-3Biblical CovenantsMosaic CovenantNow if you obey me fully and keep my covenant, then out of all nations you will be my treasured possession. Although the whole earth is mine, you [fn] will be for me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.' These are the words you are to speak to the Israelites."So Moses went back and summoned the elders of the people and set before them all the words the LORD had commanded him to speak. The people all responded together, "We will do everything the LORD has said." So Moses brought their answer back to the LORD. Exodus 19:5-8

Biblical CovenantsThe Palestinian CovenantYou are standing here in order to enter into a covenant with the LORD your God, a covenant the LORD is making with you this day and sealing with an oath. Deuteronomy 29:9-30:20Biblical CovenantsDavidic CovenantI have been with you wherever you have gone, and I have cut off all your enemies from before you. Now I will make your name great, like the names of the greatest men of the earth. And I will provide a place for my people Israel and will plant them so that they can have a home of their own and no longer be disturbed. Wicked people will not oppress them anymore, as they did at the beginning and have done ever since the time I appointed leaders [fn] over my people Israel. I will also give you rest from all your enemies. " 'The LORD declares to you that the LORD himself will establish a house for you: When your days are over and you rest with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring to succeed you, who will come from your own body, and I will establish his kingdom. He is the one who will build a house for my Name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever... Your house and your kingdom will endure forever before me [fn] ; your throne will be established forever.' " II Samuel 7:4-17

Biblical CovenantsThe New Covenant"The time is coming," declares the LORD, "when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah. It will not be like the covenant I made with their forefathers when I took them by the hand to lead them out of Egypt, because they broke my covenant, though I was a husband to [fn] them, [fn] " declares the Lord. "This is the covenant I will make with the house of Israel after that time," declares the LORD. "I will put my law in their minds and write it on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people. No longer will a man teach his neighbor, or a man his brother, saying, 'Know the LORD,' because they will all know me, from the least of them to the greatest," declares the Lord. "For I will forgive their wickedness and will remember their sins no more. Jeremiah 31:31-34

The CategoriesGeneral or universal- Covenants which deal with the whole of the human race as represented in its federal headsEdenic Covenant- nullified because of the fallAdamic CovenantNoahic CovenantThe CategoriesGeneral-Theological covenants- Covenants which deal with Gods great theocratic purposes in the worldAbrahamicMosaicPalestinianDavidicNewThe CharacteristicsEdenic Covenant- Administered by Adam in an un-fallen state. Nullified after the fallCovenants of GraceThe Adamic Covenant- Administered by AdamThe Noahic Covenant- Administered by NoahCharacteristics continuedThe Abrahamic Covenant- Administered by Abraham (Patriarchs) Abraham, Isaac, JacobThe Mosaic Covenant- Administered by MosesThe Palestinian Covenant- Administered by MosesThe Davidic Covenant- Administered by DavidThe New Covenant- Administered by Jeremiah (the prophets)General or Universal CovenantsThe Edenic Covenant (Gen. 2:15-17)Its time- From creation to the fall of manIts Purpose- Adam charged toPopulate the earth (Gen 1:28)Subdue the EarthExercise dominion over the animal creationCare for garden and enjoy the fruits of it (Gen 1:29; 2:15)Refrain from eating fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil under penalty of death (Gen 2:16-17)Terminated at the fall. Fall made it necessary to establish Adamic CovenantGeneral or Universal CovenantsAdamic CovenantIts time- From fall of man to the millenniumIts Purpose-to set forth the conditions that will be in effect until the curse of sin is lifted and earth is restored to Edenic conditions.Its Provision-Serpent on bellySatan is judged1st prophecy of MessiahGround cursedPerspirationMan died spiritually and ultimately physically.Its termination- At the millennium when earth is returned to Edenic conditionsGeneral or Universal CovenantsNoaic Covenant Gen. 9:1-19Its time- from the flood to the millenniumIts purpose- so Noah and human race would know that provisions of the Adamic covenant remain in effect, with the exception that human government is responsible for checking sin and violence.Its provisionsRepopulate earth confirmedSubjection of animal kingdom reaffirmedMan allowed to eat meat, dont eat bloodSacredness of human life established (capital punishment)Promise to never destroy earth with floodRainbowSeasons and harvestIts termination- At the millennium The Theological CovenantsCategories of Theological CovenantsMinor (controls affairs of man)Individuals with individuals (Laban and Jacob) Genesis 31:44; David and Jonathan (I Samuel 18:3)Individuals and groups- Isaac and AbimelechNations and NationsMarriage (Proverbs 2:17; Malachi 2:14)Major- Deal with Gods great righteous programs of redemption, Israel, and the establishment of His reign of righteousness on earth.Major Theological CovenantsConditional- If you willI willUnconditional- I willCharacteristics of Major Theological CovenantsA clear, specific declaration of Scripture that a covenant is being madeA specific declaration concerning the application of the covenants both immediate and in the futureDefinite, specific, demonstrable, covenant language or phraseology usedNo hidden covenants in Scripture.Examples of Maj. Theo. CovenantsAbrahamic Covenant (Gen. 12:1-3) unconditionalIts time- From Abraham to the millenniumIts purpose- to guarantee to Israel a nation forever.Its provisionsNational provisions I will make of thee a great nationPersonal provisions I will make thy name greatUniversal provisions- In thee shall all families of the earth be blessedIts termination- at the end of the millenniumExamples of Maj. Theo. CovenantsThe Mosaic Covenant (Exo. 19:5-20:26)Its time- From Mt. Sinai in the days of Moses to the crucifixion of ChristIts Purpose- To show those who had believed the Abrahamic Covenant how to live and what to do in the event that they sinnedIts provisionsThe commandments (righteous will of God)The judgment (the social life of Israel)The Ordinances (The religious life of Israel)Its termination- The crucifixion of ChristExamples of Maj. Theo. CovenantsThe Palestinian Covenant (Deut. 27-30)Its time- From Moses to MillenniumIts purpose- to guarantee Israel Land foreverIts provisionsThe Legal Aspects (Deut. 27-29)Immediate/ ConditionalThe Grace Aspects (Deut. 30:1-9)Distant/ UnconditionalIts termination- At the end of the millenniumExamples of Maj. Theo. CovenantsDavidic Covenant (II Samuel 7:4-17)Its time- From David to Millennium end.Its Purpose- To guarantee Israel a King foreverIts ProvisionA Place (LAND) forever (from Euphrates to the Nile)An unending DynastyAn everlasting Kingdom (government)A Throne foreverIts Termination- End of the MillenniumExamples of Maj. Theo. CovenantsThe New Covenant (Jeremiah 31:31-34)Its Time- From days of the prophets to the end of the MillenniumIts Purpose- To guarantee to Israel a National regenerationIts provisionsNational regenerationNational restorationPersonal ministry of the Holy SpiritIts termination- At the end of the Millennium