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INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.cie.org.uk/CIE/WebSite/Images/home/ucie.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET History IGCSE International Relations, 1918-1989 & Germany, 1918-1945 INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/ FWWwilsonW.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/ PRgeorge2.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/ FWWclemen.JPG" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/
52

Best IGCSE Guide Past Ques

Oct 17, 2014

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Documents

INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.cie.org.uk/CIE/WebSite/Images/home/ucie.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET

History IGCSE International Relations, 1918-1989 & Germany, 1918-1945 INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWw ilsonW.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/PRgeor ge2.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWcl emen.JPG" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWo rlando.JPG" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWf ochPO.JPG" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FW WinFrance.JPG" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/ARTerl er.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/GERso cialism..JPG" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/2WWm ussolinP2.JPG" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/2WWhi roshito.JPG" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/ENCYj apanA.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Jlow1.J PG" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Neville_C hamberlain2.jpg" \o "Chamberlain holds the Munich Agreement on his return from Germany in September 1938. He said: My good friends, for the second time in our history, a British Prime Minister has ret INCLUDEPICTURE "http://en.wikipedia.org/upload/b/b0/Neville_C hamberlain2.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINETINCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/RUSluxemburg.JPG" \*

INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/GEReb ert.JPG" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWh inden.JPG" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/GERwo men.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAtru man1.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINETMERGEFORMATINET

INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/RUSsta lin.JPG" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAke nnedyP.JPG" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/COLDc astroF.JPG" \* MERGEFORMATINET

The syllabus content consists of a compulsory core and a depth study. The compulsory core is on International Relations, 1919-1989. The depth study is Germany, 1918-1945. There are two exam papers which have a total weighting of 73%. Paper 1: Essays Paper 1 is on on the core and the depth study in the form of shorter and then longer essay style questions. Paper 1 lasts 1 hour 45 mins. Paper 2: Documents Paper 2 is on on a topic from the Core of the Boards choice. There will be a selection of documents and questions. Historically the Board chooses a 1919-1939 topic one year and a 1945-1989 topic the next. NB: The topic changes each year. 2001, League & 1930s 2002, USSR & Eastern Europe 2003, Hitler's Foreign Policy 2004, Cold War, 1945-49 2005, The Treaty of Versailles 2006, Cuba & the USA, 1958-1962 2007, The Korean War

2008; Events leading to WW2, 1939 Paper 2 lasts 2 hours. Paper 3 or Coursework Candidates must submit two pieces of coursework which have a combined weighting of 27%. Task 1 is a set of 3 essays on Hitler's rise to power Task 2 is a document paper, just like Paper 2 on the Reichstag Fire Approximate schedule Year 10 Autumn Term November Test Spring Term June Exam Autumn Term Berlin Visit January Mocks Spring Term IGCSE Exams Versailles & 1920s Target setting 1930s & Causes WW2 Target setting Germany & coursework Germany & coursework Target setting Cold War usually in early May

Year 11

The Paper 2 topic will be covered in more depth. Syllabus Aims: - acquire knowledge and understanding of the human past - investigate historical events, changes, people and issues - develop understanding of how the past has been represented and interpreted - use historical sources critically in their historical context - draw conclusions and appreciate that these and other historical conclusions are liable to reassessment in the light of new or reinterpreted evidence Assessment Objectives Objective 1: Knowledge, Organization & Communication recall, select, organise and deploy knowledge of the syllabus content Objective 2: Understanding & Empathy demonstrate an understanding of: change and continuity cause and consequence similarity and difference motives, emotions, intentions and beliefs of people in the past Objective 3: Source Enquiry & Interpretation comprehend, interpret, evaluate and use a range of sources as evidence in their historical context The skills objectives are the same as UK NC and the IB Diploma.

Y10 Summer/Y11 January Mock The Y10 Summer exam and Y11 January Mock will closely follow the IGCSE format and will typically be a 2 hour 10 mins paper including; 2 out of 5 essay questions, 1 hour & 10 mins, on International Relations in Y10, Germany in Y11 documents & questions, 1 hour on an International Relations topic

Some useful web sitesHYPERLINK "http://www.schoolshistory.org.uk" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.activehistory.co.uk/Miscellaneous/Pictures/icons/schoolshistory_sm.gi f" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.HistoryGCSE.org" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.activehistory.co.uk/Miscellaneous/Pictures/icons/historygcse.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK

"http://www.intst.net/humanities/history/index.htm" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.intst.net/humanities/information/_borders/historylogosmall.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/forum"INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/images/promo_discussion.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.johndclare.net" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.activehistory.co.uk/Miscellaneous/Pictures/icons/johndclare.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk" INCLUDEPICTURE"http://www.activehistory.co.uk/Miscellaneous/Pictures/schoolhistory.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET

HYPERLINK "http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/images/schoolhis.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET

HYPERLINK "http://www.activehistory.co.uk" \t "_blank" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.historyonthenet.com/images/activehistory_sm.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINETHYPERLINK "http://www.learnhistory.org.uk" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.activehistory.co.uk/Miscellaneous/Pictures/icons/learnhistory.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk" INCLUDEPICTURE

"http://www.activehistory.co.uk/Miscellaneous/Pictures/icons/spartacus.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET

"http://www.weatherheadhistory.ik.org/" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.activehistory.co.uk/Miscellaneous/Pictures/icons/weatherhead.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET

HYPERLINK

Year 10September/OctoberINCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.iwmcollections.org.uk/media/images/Art/web1art/1202-20.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.iwmcollections.org.uk/media/images/Art/colo/2855.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINETDead Germans in a Trench Sir William Orpen RA The scale of the human tragedy of the First World War was unprecedented Of 65 million men mobilised, over half were killed, wounded or captured A Peace Conference at the Quai d'Orsay Sir William Orpen RADelegates seating and standing around a table. Behind them is a highly ornate and gilded room with chandeliers, cherubs, and a statue of Victory above the fireplace. Left to right (seated): Signor Orlando, Mr D Lloyd George, M Georges Clemenceau, President Woodrow Wilson); & 3 others

HYPERLINK "http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/lj/warslj/art_versailles.shtml" http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/lj/warslj/art_versailles.shtmlHYPERLINK "http://www.iwmcollections.org.uk/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpcgi.exe" http://www.iwmcollections.org.uk/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpcgi.exe

Were the Peace Treaties of 1919-23 fair ?What were the motives of the Big 4 at Versailles ? Why did the victors not get everything the wanted ? What was the impact of the peace treaty on Germany ? Could the treaties be justified at the time ? Detailed Content Peace Treaties of 1919-23; roles of individuals such as Clemenceau, Wilson, Orlando & Lloyd George and in peacemaking process; impact of treaties on defeated countries; contemporary opinions about treaties.

On the webINCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/greatwar/peace/images/title.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET

HYPERLINK "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/greatwar/g5/cs1/default.htm" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/greatwar/images/roundbutton/roundbutton_g5cs1.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/greatwar/g5/cs2/default.htm" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/greatwar/images/roundbutton/roundbutton_g5cs2.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/greatwar/peace/frameset.htm" http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/greatwar/peace/frameset.htmINCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/war/images/banner-wwone.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET

Versailles and Peacemaking By Dr Ruth HenigHYPERLINK "http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/war/wwone/versailles_01.shtml" http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/war/wwone/versailles_01.shtml

The Ending of World War One, and the Legacy of Peace By Professor Martin KitchenHYPERLINK "http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/war/wwone/war_end_01.shtml" http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/war/wwone/war_end_01.shtml

Visit Chateau de Versailles & The Hall of Mirrors (La Galerie des Glaces)HYPERLINK "http://www.chateauversailles.fr/en/111_The_Grand_Apartment_And_Hall_of_Mirrors.php"

http://www.chateauversailles.fr/en/111_The_Grand_Apartment_And_Hall_of_Mirrors.php

HYPERLINK "http://www.chateauversailles.fr/en/" http://www.chateauversailles.fr/en/

INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/images/history_sub.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET GCSE Bitesize International Relations, 1919-1992 HYPERLINK "http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/" http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/

Year 10November/DecemberINCLUDEPICTURE "http://history.acusd.edu/gen/WW1Pics/90861ex.GIF" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.unog.ch/frames/library/archives/lon/photos/title.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://flagspot.net/images/l/league.gif" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://flagspot.net/images/l/league.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET The League of Nations symbol, the Armillary sphere, the League Head quarters at Geneva and the League flag

To what extent was the League of Nations a success ?How successful was the League in the 1920s ? How far did the weaknesses in the League's organization make failure inevitable ? How far did the Depression make the work of the League more difficult ? How successful was the League in the 1930s ? Detailed Content League of Nations - strengths and weaknesses in its structure and organisation; successes and failures in peacekeeping during 1920s; impact of World Depression on work of League

after 1929; failures of League during 1930s; Manchuria and Abyssinia. On the web INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/images/history_sub.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET GCSE Bitesize International Relations, 1919-1992 HYPERLINK "http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/" http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/

INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.indiana.edu/~league/homelogooff8_r7_c2.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.indiana.edu/~league/" http://www.indiana.edu/~league/ HYPERLINK "http://www.unog.ch/80256EE60057F2B7/ (httpHomepages)/5562355D4417A43F80256F04007174DB?OpenDocument" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.unog.ch/80256EDD006B8954/hd_unog.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.unog.ch/80256EDD006B8954/hd_the_palais_des_nations.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINETHYPERLINK "http://www.unog.ch/80256EE600581D0E/(httpHomepages)/BCE0EBD8DCE4470C80256F040067307C?OpenDocument" http://www.unog.ch/80256EE600581D0E/(httpHomepages)/BCE0EBD8DCE4470C80256F040067307C?OpenDocument HYPERLINK "http://www.unog.ch/80256EE60057D930/(httpPages)/8C989922E1DBC95980256EF8005048CA?OpenDocument" http://www.unog.ch/80256EE60057D930/(httpPages)/8C989922E1DBC95980256EF8005048CA?OpenDocument

HYPERLINK "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/heroesvillains/mussolini/default.htm" http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/heroesvillains/mussolini/default.htm

Year 10SpringINCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.geocities.com/causesofww2/munich1.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINETMussolini, Hitler, Goering, Himmler & Hess examine the map of Czechoslovakia Chamberlain holds up the piece of paper Daladier is top right

Why had international peace collapsed by 1939 ?What were the long term consequences of the peace treaties of 1919-1923 ? What were the consequences of the failure of the League in the 1930s ? How far was Hitler's foreign policy to blame for the outbreak of war in 1939 ?

Was the policy of appeasement justified ? How important was the Nazi-Soviet Pact ? Why did Britain & France declare war on Germany in 1939 ? Detailed Content Collapse of international order in 1930s; increasing militarism of Germany, Italy and Japan; Hitler's foreign policy to 1939; the Saar, remilitarisation of the Rhineland, Austria, Czechoslovakia and Poland; appeasement, Nazi-Soviet Pact and outbreak of war in 1939. On the web INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/snapshots/snapshot30/images/title.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/snapshots/snapshot30/snapshot30.htm" http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/snapshots/snapshot30/snapshot30.htm INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/snapshots/snapshot31/images/title.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/snapshots/snapshot31/snapshot31.htm" http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/snapshots/snapshot31/snapshot31.htm INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/images/history_sub.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET GCSE Bitesize International Relations, 1919-1992 HYPERLINK "http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/" http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/

INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.worldatwar.net/images/title.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.worldatwar.net/index.html" http://www.worldatwar.net/index.html

YEAR 11September/OctoberHYPERLINK "http://www.abcgallery.com/G/grosz/grosz15.html" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.abcgallery.com/G/grosz/sgrosz15.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.abcgallery.com/G/grosz/grosz26.html" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.abcgallery.com/G/grosz/sgrosz26.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.abcgallery.com/G/grosz/grosz19.html" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.abcgallery.com/G/grosz/sgrosz19.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.abcgallery.com/G/grosz/grosz10.html" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.abcgallery.com/G/grosz/sgrosz10.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINETEclipse of the Sun...Pillars of Society The Agitator A Winters Tale

George Grosz identifies some of the characters in Weimar society... Army commanders, monarchists, freikorps, priests, bureacrats and the bewildered. In The Agitator he identifies the future threat in 1928. HYPERLINK "http://www.abcgallery.com/G/grosz/grosz.html" http://www.abcgallery.com/G/grosz/grosz.html

Was the Weimar Republic doomed from the start ?How did Germany emerge from defeat at the end of the First World War ? What was the impact of the Treaty of Versailles on the Republic ?

To what extent did the Republic recover after 1923 ? What were the achievements of the Weimar Republic ? Detailed Content The Revolution of 1918 and the establishment of the Republic. The Versilles settlement and German reactions to it. The Weimar constitution, main political divisions, the role of the army. Political disorder, 1919-1923; eonomic crises and hyper-inflation; the occupation of the Ruhr. The Stresemann era. Cultural achievements of the Weimar period

On the web INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/ENCgermany.JPG" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Germany.htm" http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Germany.htm INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/images/history_sub.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET GCSE Bitesize Germany HYPERLINK "http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/" http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/

Year 11October/NovemberHYPERLINK "http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/images/art/sa3.jpg" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/images/art/sa3at.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/images/art/30jan.jpg" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/images/art/30jant.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINETThe Nazis came to glorify the Kampfzeit, the period before 1933 when the party fought for power. This painting shows an S.A. Man in a meeting hall battle. This painting by Arthur Kampf commemorates the Nazi seizure of power on 30 January 1933. The SA marched in torchlit procession through Berlin

HYPERLINK "http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/" http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/

Why was Hitler able to dominate Germany by 1934 ?

What did the Nazi Party stand for in the 1920s ? Why did the Nazis have little success before 1930 ? Why was Hitler able to become Chancellor in 1933 ? How did Hitler consolidate his power by 1934 ?

Detailed Content The early years of the Nazi Party: Nazi ideas and methods, the Munich Putsch, the roles of Hitler and other Nazi leaders. The impact of the Depression on Germany: political, economic and social crisis of 1930-33, reasons for the Nazis' rise to power, Hitler takes power, the Reichstag fire and the March election. The Enabling Act, removal of the opposition, night of the Long Knives and the death of Hindenburg. The Army oath. On the web INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/images/history_sub.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET GCSE Bitesize Germany HYPERLINK "http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/" http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/ INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/ENCgermany.JPG" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Germany.htm" http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Germany.htm

Year 11November/DecemberHYPERLINK "http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/images/rk/rk3.jpg" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/images/rk/rk3t.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/images/rk/rk2.jpg" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/images/rk/rk2t.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET Perfect order and absolute control are symbolized by Hitler's Reich Chancellery and office HYPERLINK "http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/kanzlei.htm" http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/kanzlei.htm

How effectively did the Nazis control Germany, 1933-1945 ?How much opposition was there to the Nazi regime ? How effectively did the Nazis deal with their political opponents ? How did the Nazis use culture and the mass media to control people ?

Was Nazi Germany a totalitarian state ? Detailed Content The Enabling Act, removal of the opposition, Night of the Long Knives. The Army oath, Methods of control and repression, the police state , SS and Himmler. Use of Culture and the mass media, Goebbels. Opposition to Nazi rule On the web

INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/images/prop.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa" http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.thirdreichruins.com/topbarreich.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINETHYPERLINK "http://www.thirdreichruins.com/" http://www.thirdreichruins.com/

INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/ENCgermany.JPG" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Germany.htm" http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Germany.htm INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/images/history_sub.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET GCSE Bitesize Germany HYPERLINK "http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/" http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/

Year 11December/JanuaryHYPERLINK "http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/images/ws/ws07.jpg" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/images/ws/ws07t.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/images/art/padua.jpg" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/images/art/paduat.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/posters/tolz41.gif" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/posters/tolz41t.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET Quote of the day posters were put up by Hitler Youth and in as many public places as possible. This one is by Joseph Goebbels: "It was the Jews who discovered Marxism. It is the Jews who for decades have attempted to revolutionize the world with it." "The Fhrer Speaks." The family from old to young is gathered round the Volksempfnger, an inexpensive radio receiver, listening to Hitler speak. This poster advertises a country rally of the Nazi party from 1941 A woman ploughs the field while her husband fights on the front. HYPERLINK "http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/" http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/

What was it like to live in Nazi Germany ?How did young people react to the Nazi regime ? How successful were Nazi policies towards women and the family ? Why did the Nazis persecute many groups in German society ?

Did most people in Germany benefit from Nazi rule ? How did the coming of war change life in Nazi Germany ? Detailed Content Economic policy including rearmament. Different experiences of Nazi rule: women and young people, anti-Semitism, persecution of minorities. Opposition to Nazi rule. Impact of the Second World War on Germany. The war economy & Total War. The Holocaust

On the web

UNDERCOVER IN NAZI GERMANY!HYPERLINK "http://www.activehistory.co.uk/games/spy/spy.htm" http://www.activehistory.co.uk/games/spy/spy.htm INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.yadvashem.org/new_hompage/images/up.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.yadvashem.org" www.yadvashem.org

HYPERLINK "http://www.ushmm.org/" \t "_top" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.ushmm.org/tops/ushmmo.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.ushmm.org" http://www.ushmm.org INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/ENCgermany.JPG" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Germany.htm" http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Germany.htm

INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.jlrweb.com/whiterose/images/header_german.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.jlrweb.com/whiterose/" http://www.jlrweb.com/whiterose/

HYPERLINK "http://motlc.wiesenthal.com/index.html" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://motlc.wiesenthal.com/gifs/title.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://motlc.wiesenthal.com/index.html" http://motlc.wiesenthal.com/index.html Voices of the Holocaust HYPERLINK "http://www.bl.uk/services/learning/curriculum/voices.html" http://www.bl.uk/services/learning/curriculum/voices.html

The Nuremberg War Crimes Trials archiveHYPERLINK "http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/imt/imt.htm" http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/imt/imt.htm INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/images/history_sub.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET GCSE Bitesize Germany HYPERLINK "http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/" http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/

INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/war/images/banner-genocide.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET

HYPERLINK "http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/war/genocide/launch_ani_auschwitz_map.shtml" http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/war/genocide/launch_ani_auschwitz_map.shtml

Year 11February/March Who was to blame for the Cold War ?Why did the USA-USSR alliance begin to break down in 1945 ? How had the USSR gained control of Eastern Europe by 1948 ? How did the USA react to the Soviet expansionism ? What were the consequences of the Berlin Blockade ? Who was more to blame for starting the Cold War ? Detailed Content Origins of Cold War; 1945 summit conferences and breakdown of USA-USSR alliance in 1945-6; Soviet expansionism in Eastern Europe to 1948 and American reactions to it; occupation of Germany and Berlin Blockade. On the web

HYPERLINK "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/G4/cs1/default.htm" \t "_self" HYPERLINK "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/G2/cs4/default.htm" \t "_self" HYPERLINK "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/G2/cs3/default.htm" \t "_self" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/G2/images/CS/G2_r3_c7_f2.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/G2/images/CS/G2_r7_c6_f2.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/G4/images/CS/G4_r2_c2_f2.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/G4/cs3/default.htm" \t "_self" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/G4/images/CS/G4_r5_c3_f2.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/G4/cs4/default.htm" \t "_self" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/G4/images/CS/G4_r7_c6_f2.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/G3/cs1/default.htm" \t "_self"

INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/G3/images/CS/G3_r2_c4_f2.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/G3/cs2/default.htm" \t "_self" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/G3/images/CS/G3_r4_c2_f2.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/G3/cs3/default.htm" \t "_self" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/G3/images/CS/G3_r6_c3_f2.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/" http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/ Democratic and Communist Ideology - Matching ExerciseHYPERLINK "http://www.activehistory.co.uk/Miscellaneous/hotpots/gcse/coldwar/ideology.htm" http://www.activehistory.co.uk/Miscellaneous/hotpots/gcse/coldwar/ideology.htm

INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/images/history_sub.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET GCSE Bitesize International Relations HYPERLINK "http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/" http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/

Year 11March/April How effectively did the USA contain the spread of Communism ?USA & Cuba, 1959-1962 USA and Vietnam, 1955-1975

Detailed Content Events of Cold War; case studies of American reactions to Cuban Revolution, including Missile Crisis and effects; American involvement in Vietnam War.

HYPERLINK "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/G5/cs2/default.htm" \t "_self" HYPERLINK "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/G5/cs1/default.htm" \t "_self" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/G5/images/CS/G5_r2_c2_f2.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET

INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/G5/images/CS/G5_r5_c3_f2.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/G6/cs1/default.htm" \t "_self" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/G6/images/CS/G6_r2_c3_f2.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/G6/cs2/default.htm" \t "_self" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/G6/images/CS/G6_r4_c2_f2.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/" http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/

HYPERLINK "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/heroesvillains/jfk/default.htm" http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/heroesvillains/jfk/default.htm

How secure was the USSR's control over Eastern Europe, 1948-1989 ?Why was there opposition to Soviet control in Hungary in 1956 and Czechoslovakia in 1968, and how did the USSR react to this opposition ? How similar were events in Hungary in 1956 and Czechoslovakia in 1968 ? Why was the Berlin Wall built in 1961 ? What was the significance of Solidarity in Poland for the decline of Soviet influence in Eastern

Europe ? How far was Gorbachev personally responsible for the collapse of Soviet control over Eastern Europe ? Detailed Content Soviet power in Eastern Europe; resistance to Soviet power in Hungary 1956, Czechoslovakia 1968; causes and consequences of Berlin Wall; Solidarity in Poland; Gorbachev and collapse of Soviet Empire. HYPERLINK "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/G4/cs3/default.htm" \t "_self" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/G4/images/CS/G4_r5_c3_f2.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/G4/cs4/default.htm" \t "_self" INCLUDEPICTURE "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/G4/images/CS/G4_r7_c6_f2.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET HYPERLINK "http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/coldwar/" http://www.learningc.gov.uk/coldwar/

St. Georges British International School Library History Reading List of Fiction, Biography and Plays. World War I Breslin, Theresa, Remembrance, Corgi, 2002. 823 BRE GF* Catran, Ken, Letters from the coffin trenches, Out of Print. Cooper, Patrick, Wings to fly, Andersen Press, 2001. Deary, Terry, The frightful First World War and woeful Second World War, Scolastic, 2000. 823 DEA YAF* Harris, Ruth Elwin, The dividing sea, Walker, 2002. Harris, Ruth Elwin, The beckoning hills, Walker, 2002.

Harris, Ruth Elwin, The silent sea, Walker, 2002. Harris, Ruth Elwin, Beyond the Orchid House, Walker, 2002. Hemingway, Ernest, A farewell to arms, Heinemann, 1985. 823 HEM GF* Johns, Captain W.E., Biggles learns to fly, Red Fox, 1992. Lawrence, Iain, Lord of the Nutcracker menINCLUDEPICTURE \d \z "images/stars/4star.gif", Collins, 2002. McKay, Sharon E., Charlie Wilcox, Out of Print. Montgomery, Lucy Maud, Rilla of Ingleside, Atlantic Books, 1985. Morpurgo, Michael, Private Peaceful, Collins, 2003. Remarque, Erich Maria, All quiet on the Western Front, Heinemann, 1970. 823 REM GF* Riordan, James, War song, Oxford University Press, 2002. Robinson, Derek, War story, Cassell, 2001. China and Japan 1920s and 30s Chang, Jung, Wild Swans, Flamingo, 2003. Golden, Arthur, Memoirs of a geisha, Longman, 2000. 823 GOL GF* Grant, Pamela, When a girl is born, Oxford University Press, 1993. 823 GRA YAF* Hearn, Liam, Across the nightingale floor, Macmillan, 2003. 823 HEA YAF* Kawabata, Yasunari, The master of Go, Penguin, 1985. 823 KAW GF* Mah, Adeline Yen, Chinese Cinderella, Pearson, 2002. 823 MAH GF* Inter War Europe Dahl, Roald, Boy, Penguin, 1984. 920 DAH YAF* Hill, Archie, Summers end, Pergamon, 1979. 823 HIL YAF* Watts, Irene N., Goodbye Marianne, Floris, 2000. Watts, Irene N., Remember Me, Floris, 2001. Watts, Irene N., Finding Sophie, Floris, 2002. The Rise of the Nazis and Life in Nazi Europe Brecht, Bertolt, The resistable rise of Arturo Ui (play), Methuen, 2002. Frank, Anne, The diary of Anne Frank, Heinemann, 940.53 FRA YAF* Frank, Rudolf, No hero for the Kaiser, Richard Drew, 1987. 823 FRA YAF* Holm, Anne, I am David, Heinemann. 1981. 823 HOL YAF* Isherwood, Christopher, Goodbye to Berlin, Hogarth Press, 1939. 823 ISH GF* Jung, Reinhardt, Dreaming in black and white, Egmont, 2000. 823 JUN YAF* Kerr, Judith, When Hitler stole Pink Rabbit, Collins, 1998. Orgel, Doris, Devil in Vienna, Heinemann, 1991. 823 ORG YAF* Richter, Hans Peter, Friedrich, Heinemann, 1978. 823 RIC YAF* Richter, Hans Peter, I was there, Out of Print. Serraillier, Ian, The silver sword, Puffin, 1960 Wiesel, Elie, Night, Penguin, 1981. Cold War LeCarre, John, The spy who came in from the cold, Richard Clay, 1963. 823 LEC GF* LeCarre, John, The Russia House, Hodder and Stoughton, 1980. 823 LEC GF* LeCarre, John, A perfect spy, Hodder and Stoughton, 1986. 823 LEC GF*

* Titles available from the School Library

Past IGCSE History Questions

The Treaty of VersaillesThe most controversial clause of all in the Treaty of Versailles was Article 231.This stated that Germany accepts the responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss and

damage to which the Allied governments and their people have been subjected as a consequence of the war imposed upon them by the aggression of Germany and her allies. (a) (b) In what ways did the Treaty of Versailles weaken the German economy? [5 ] Why did Germany dislike the Treaty of Versailles? [7 ]

To what extent was the Treaty of Versailles a sensible treaty in the circumstances of the time? Explain your answer. [8 ] (a) In what ways did the Treaty of Versailles weaken the German economy? (b) Why did Germany dislike the Treaty of Versailles? 5 7

(c) To what extent was the Treaty of Versailles a sensible treaty in the circumstances of the time? Explain your answer. 8 (a) What were Germanys main territorial losses under the Treaty of Versailles? (b) Why was Germany dissatisfied with the peace treaty? (a) In what ways did the Treaty of Versailles weaken the German economy? Level 1 General answer 1-2 e.g. 'The financial impact was high.' 'They lost important land.' 'Unemployment rose.' 'They could not meet repayments.' Level 2 Describes ways 2-5 e.g. 'Germany had to accept full blame for starting the wars and had to pay reparations of 6600 million.' 'A reduction in the numbers in the armed forces increased unemployment.' 'The Saar and Upper Silesia were lost. These were important industrial areas.' (b) Why did Germany dislike the Treaty of Versailles? Level 1 General answer/describes terms of Treaty 1 e.g. 'It was unfair/harsh. Level 2 Identifies why 2-4 e.g. 'It was a diktat.' 'It ignored the 14 points.' 'It reduced the armed forces.' 'It would stop them recovering.'

'They were humiliated.' Level 3 Explains why 4-7 e.g. 'They were not allowed to attend the Paris peace conference. The terms were presented to Germany without negotiation.' 'They had been forced to accept the responsibility for the war and the damage caused and therefore had to pay reparations.' 'The amount of reparations was extremely high and this led to hyperinflation.' 'It reduced the armed forces whilst others did not, thus reducing its symbol of pride.' 'It lost territory. Its colonies and the Saar and Upper Silesia were important to the German economy. This was humiliating.' 'Under the 14 points other countries were granted self-determination but Anschluss with Austria was forbidden and in Czechoslovakia Germans were ruled by non-Germans.' (c) To what extent was the Treaty of Versailles a sensible treaty in the circumstances of the time? Explain your answer. Level 1 Unsupported assertions 1 e.g. 'It was because it ensured fighting ended.' Level 2 Identifies why 2-3 e.g. 'It was dealing with complex problems.' 'There was demand for revenge.' 'A less harsh treaty would not have satisfied public opinion.' 'It did not meet the thoughts of the Big three leaders.' 'Germany had to pay 6600m.' (Identifies clauses) Level 3 Explains why it was sensible OR not 3-5 e.g. 'Germany had to pay reparations for all the damage caused.' 'It returned land (Alsace-Lorraine) that Germany had captured in earlier times.' 'It could not have been sensible as it was imposed - a diktat.' 'Germany had already agreed to many of the terms in the armistice.' With hindsight the Treaty helped to create the Nazi regime in Germany.' Level 4 Explains why it might AND might not be sensible at the time 5-7 e.g. 'The war had been very severe. The victors were determined that the terms were so severe that there was no chance of hostilities breaking out again.' 'The agreed armistice terms impacted on the peace treaty. Germany had accepted the principle of reparations, the loss of Alsace-Lorraine and the army leave the left bank of the Rhine. It should therefore not have been a surprise when they appeared in the final peace treaty.' 'All the politicians at the peace conference were under pressure to meet the expectations of public opinion not make the peace treaty they wanted and there had to be compromise.' 'It was a view that if Germany had won they would have enforced a more severe treaty as they had done against Russia in March 1918.' 'It set up a body, the League of Nations to deal with any unresolved

issues.' 'Each of the big three thought that it might have been different. There was a fear that the harshness might result in further war (Britain) whilst France thought it should have been more severe to punish Germany for earlier events.' Level 5 Explains with evaluation of to what extent - at that time 8 (a) (b) Describe mandates and plebiscites Explain why the treaty was harsh on Germany 5 7

Evaluate how far Germans accepted the treaty by end of 1923 8 (a) Describe the French occupation of the Ruhr, and the German reaction to it.

Why did the Treaty of Versailles cause problems for Germany in the 1920s? (c) How successful was the League of Nations in dealing with international disputes in the 1920s. Explain your answer (a) Describe Wilsons aims

Explain why Germany was treated severely (c) Did the treaties satisfy the victors. Explain your answer.

League & Italy & Japan(c) How successful was the League of Nations in dealing with disputes during the 1920s? Explain your answer.

Study the extract and then answer the questions which follow. If one dictator cannot be stopped from attacking Abyssinia,nothing can stop another dictator from attacking Lithuania,Memel and Austria.If the League of Nations fails to prevent war,security will end,not only for the small nations,but for France and Czechoslovakia as well. A British MP speaking in Parliament,1 August 1935. What was the Hoare-Laval Pact?[5 ] Why was the conquest of Abyssinia by Italy not prevented by the League of Nations?[7 ] (c) To what extent can the outbreak of war in 1939 be blamed upon the failure of the League of Nations?Explain your answer.[8 ]

Study the extract,and then answer the questions which follow. The League may be a difficult scheme to work,but the significant thing is that the Powers have promised to make it work. Mankind has,in the short space of ten years,jumped from the old order to the new. We are witnessing one of the great miracles of history. From a speech made in 1930. Describe two successes the League of Nations had in the 1920s in solving disputes.[5 ] Why was the League of Nations quite successful in the first ten years of its existence?[7 ] (c) The good work of the League was destroyed by the Depression of the 1930s. Do you agree? Explain your answer.[8 ]

Describe the attacks that Japan made on China in the 1930s.[5 ] Why was Italy able to defeat the Abyssinians?[7 ] (c) How important for events in Europe were Hitler s pacts with Italy and Japan? Explain your answer.[8 ]

Study the extract, and then answer the questions which follow. Article 16: Should any member of the League resort to war, it shall be regarded as having committed an act of war against all other members of the League, and this will end immediately all trade and financial relations with that member. From the Covenant of the League of Nations. How did the League of Nations hope to prevent future wars between nations? [5] Why did the League of Nations fail to restrict the aggression of Japan in the 1930s? [7] (c) How far was the League of Nations a failure? Explain your answer. [8]

(a) What was the Hoare-Laval Pact? (b) Why was the conquest of Abyssinia by Italy not prevented by the League of Nations? (c) To what extent can the outbreak of war in 1939 be blamed upon the failure of the League of Nations? Explain your answer. (a) How did the League of Nations hope to prevent future wars between nations? Level 1 General answer 1-2 e.g. By dealing with the problem. Apply sanctions. By co-operation. By ending trade and financial relations. (Source) Level 2 Describes ways 2-5 e.g. By giving all members equal voting rights. By maintaining the peace settlement. By getting the quarrelling members to talk about their problems. By condemning an aggressor so they felt guilty and backed down. Imposing economic sanctions. Through the use of collective security. Through the encouragement of nations to disarm. (b) Why did the League of Nations fail to restrict the aggression of Japan in

the 1930s? Level 1 General answer 1 e.g. It did not have the strength. It was not prepared to take action. Level 2 Identifies why 2-4 e.g. Japan ignored the League. It was too far away. The investigation took too long. Unwilling to impose economic or military sanctions. (2 marks) Level 3 Explains why 4-7 e.g. Japan was a powerful nation and was determined to ignore the League. The League was powerless. Asia was a long way away and not seen as vital to the countries in Europe. It was thought that Japan had legitimate economic interests in Manchuria. China was weak and some members of the League welcomed the imposition of order. It instigated an investigation (Lytton) which took over a year to complete by which time the invasion was complete. Japan refused to hand back Manchuria and left the League. Members were unwilling to impose economic sanctions as the Depression was already damaging world trade. The Powers were unwilling to impose military action for fear of Japanese attacks on Far East colonies. (c) How far was the League of Nations a failure? Explain your answer. Level 1 Unsupported assertions 1 e.g. It was not a failure in the 1920s. It was a failure because it was weak. Level 2 Identifies impact 2-3 e.g. It failed because it did nothing about Manchuria or Abyssinia. It was a failure because the Second World War started. It was a failure because it failed to get disarmament. It failed because they had to introduce other treaties and pacts. It had success in 1920/1 over minor disputes. It was affected by the Great Depression. It was successful in getting refugees back home, improving working conditions and health. Level 3 Explains failure OR success 3-6 Level 4 Explains failure AND success 5-7 Candidates may well use specific incidents to explain failure (or success). These should be credited. e.g. The League was a failure over Abyssinia as it failed to imposed appropriate meaningful sanctions, such as oil, and thus allowed Italian aggression. It was a failure because it was not powerful enough as America was not a member. This made economic sanctions ineffective in for

example Abyssinia. Countries such as Britain and France were reluctant to act unless their own interests were threatened as in Manchuria. The impact of the Depression was great and encouraged countries to look after themselves such as Germany and the growth of the Nazis. The league was a failure as it allowed countries such as Germany to rearm and this resulted in the Second World War. The League failed in the 1920s to bring about disarmament with the Washington Conference being as close as it came. Its work had to be assisted by the Locarno Treaties which resolved left over problems from the war and the Kellogg-Briand Pact that encouraged the settlement of disputes by peaceful means. The successes of the League came in the 1920s when it dealt successfully with minor disputes over the Aaland Islands and in Upper Silesia. The League successfully dealt with refugees in Turkey and work to defeat leprosy. It freed large numbers of slaves in Sierra Leone. Level 5 Explains and evaluates how far 8 Describe how peace treaties affected France (b) Explain why some countries viewed setting up the LoN with suspicion (c) Did the structural weaknesses of the League cause its failure ? Explain your answer.

Causes of World War 2Study the extract, and then answer the questions which follow.

I now have to inform the House that in the event of any action which clearly threatened Polish independence and which the Polish Government accordingly considered it vital to resist with their armed forces, His Majestys Government would feel themselves bound at once to lend the Polish Government all support in their power. They have given the Polish Government an assurance to this effect. British Prime Minister Chamberlain speaking in the House of Commons, 31 March 1939. When Hitler came to power, what did he hope to achieve in foreign policy? [5] Why did Britain go to war over Poland in 1939? (c) [7]

How far was the Treaty of Versailles to blame for the outbreak of war in 1939? Explain your answer. [8]

Study the photograph, and then answer the questions which follow.

German people in the Saar celebrating the results of the 1935 plebiscite. How did the 1935 plebiscite change the situation in the Saar? [5] Explain why Hitler wanted the Nazi-Soviet Pact of 1939. [7] (c) The policy of appeasement was justified. How far do you agree with this statement? Explain your answer. [8]

(a) When Hitler came to power, what did he hope to achieve in foreign policy? (b) Why did Britain go to war over Poland in 1939? (c) How far was the Treaty of Versailles to blame for the outbreak of war in 1939? Explain your answer

(a) Describe the way Hitler broke Treaty of Versailles from 1933 to end of 1938

(b) Explain why UK and France followed policy of appeasement Evaluate the view that Hitler was a gambler rather than a planner in foreign affairs. Describe the events leading to Anschluss Explain why Britain and France allowed Anschluss (c) Hitlers policies towards Austria and Czechoslovakia were a complete success. Do you agree ?

(a) (b) (c) Describe the Munich agreement Explain why Nazi-Soviet pact was important WWII was caused by British-French mistakes in 1938-39. Do you agree ?

Weimar and Nazi Germany(a) (b) (c) Describe the Munich Putsch. Why did support for the Nazis increase after the Wall Street Crash of 1929? How important was the Night of the Long Knives in establishing Hitler in power in 1933-34? Explain your answer.

(a) (b) (c) Describe the use of propaganda by Hitler to control the German people. Why was it important to win the hearts and minds of young people? How popular was the Nazi regime with the German people? Explain your answer.

Photo of a Freikorps unit in Munich, May 1919. (a) (b) (c) Describe the activities of the Freikorps in Germany,1919 20 .[5 ]

Why were there so many uprisings and disturbances in Germany in the years 1919 22? [7 ] How far was Germany s treatment in the Versailles peace settlement unfair? Explain your answer. [8 ]

9 Study the poster, and then answer the questions which follow.

A 1932 election poster. It says We want work and bread. Elect Hitler. Describe the Munich Putsch. [5]

Why did the support for the Nazis increase after the Wall Street Crash of 1929? [7] (c) How important was the Night of the Long Knives in establishing Hitler in power in 193334? Explain your answer. [8]

Study the picture of crowds at the 1936 Nazi Party rally in Nuremberg, and then answer the questions which follow.

Describe the use of propaganda by Hitler to control the German people. [5]

Why was it important to win the hearts and minds of young people? [7] (c) How popular was the Nazi regime with the German people? Explain your answer. [8] Study the extract, and then answer the questions which follow. As soon as I received my salary, I rushed out to buy the daily necessities. My daily salary, as editor of a magazine, was just enough to buy one loaf of bread and a small piece of cheese. An acquaintance of mine, a clergyman, came to Berlin from a suburb with his monthly salary to buy a pair of shoes for his baby. By the time he arrived, he could only afford to buy a cup of coffee. The recollections of a woman who lived in Berlin during 1923. Describe the effects of the hyperinflation of 1923 on the lives of German people. [5] Why did France and Belgium occupy the Ruhr in 1923? [7] (c) How far did Stresemann restore pride and prosperity to Germany? Explain your answer. [8] Study the extract, and then answer the questions which follow. The Reich Press Law of 4 October 1933 ordered that all editors had to be German citizens, of Aryan descent, and not married to a Jew. They had to keep out of their newspapers anything which in any manner is misleading to the public, tends to weaken the strength of the German Reich, or offends the honour and dignity of Germany. What was the Enabling Law of March 1933? [5] Why did Hitler seek to control all forms of the media? [7] (c) How far had Hitlers policies gained the support of the German people by 1939? Explain your answer. [8] Study the extract,and then answer the questions which follow. A Jew may not be a citizen of the Reich.He has no vote.He may not fill public office.Marriages between Jews and nationals of German or similar blood are forbidden. Extract from the Nuremberg Laws,September 1935.

Describe the treatment of the Jews in Nazi Germany from 1935.[5 ] Why were the Jews persecuted by the Nazis?[7 ] (c) By the end of the 1930s,did Hitler rule Germany by oppression or by popular support? Explain your answer.[8 ] Study the extract and then answer the questions which follow. I want now to fulfil the vow which I made to myself five years ago when I was in a military hospital: to know neither rest nor peace until the November criminals had been overthrown and until,on the ruins of the wretched Germany of today,there should have arisen once more a Germany of power and greatness,of freedom and splendour. Hitler speaking at the Munich beer-hall meeting before the putsch of 1923. Describe the Munich Putsch of 1923.[5 ] Why did the Nazi Party make little progress in Germany before 1930?[7 ] (c) Did the election results of 1930 33 prove that the people of Germany supported Hitler s ideas and policies? Explain your answer.[8 ] Study the extracts and then answer the questions which follow. (i)Numbers of 10 18 year olds in Hitler Youth organisations (boys and girls) 1933:2.3 million 1934:3.9 million 1935:5.9 million 1936:7.3 million (ii)Goebbels view of the place of women in the German Reich was Woman has the task of being beautiful and bringing children into the world. Describe the activities of the Hitler Youth organisations.[5 ] Why did the Nazis want to change and control women s roles?[7 ] (c) How successful were Nazi policies towards young people?Explain your answer.[8 ]

(a) (b) (c)

Describe the activities of the Hitler Youth organisations. Why did the Nazis want to change and control women's roles? How successful were Nazi policies towards young people? Explain your answer.

(a) (b) (c) Describe the use of propaganda by Hitler to control the German people. Why was it important to win the hearts and minds of young people? How popular was the Nazi regime with the German people? Explain your answer.

(a) Describe the Munich Putsch. (b) Why did support for the Nazis increase after the Wall Street Crash of 1929?

(c) How important was the Night of the Long Knives in establishing Hitler in power in 1933-34? Explain your answer. Level 1 Unsupported assertions 1 e.g. Very, as after he had tighter control. Level 2 Identifies path to dictatorship 2-3 e.g. Rohm was a challenge to Hitler. Hitler was concerned about the SA. Hitler became Chancellor. The Nazi party gained control. Rohm, Strasser and von Schleicher were arrested. The Enabling Act was passed. It eliminated opposition. Level 3 Explains importance OR other reasons 3-5 Level 4 Explains importance AND other reasons 5-7 e.g. Rohm was a potential rival to Hitler. He was a leading member of the SA. On 30th June 1934 Hitler arrested Rohm and other leaders using the SS. They were taken to Munich and shot. Over the next few days other leaders including Gregor Strasser were arrested and shot. He had removed his rivals and tightened his control. On behalf of Hitler, Papen persuaded Hindenburg to invite Hitler to become Chancellor despite only three Nazis being in the government. This was on 30th January 1933 On 27th February the Reichstag was set on fire. Lubbe was arrested and found guilty. Hitler used this as evidence of a communist plot. On the night of the fire 4000 leading communists were arrested and imprisoned and used the fire to intensify anti-communist hysteria. Hindenburg passed an emergency decree to suspend all the articles in the constitution that guaranteed personal liberty. Hitler won full control in the March 1933 elections. To do this he banned the communist party and shut down their newspapers. He used the SA to intimidate opponents. He introduced the Enabling Act in March 1933 which gave him power to pass laws without the consent of the Reichstag. Following this Act Hitler closed down the state parliaments and appointed Nazis as state governors. He arrested trade union leaders and merged the unions into a German Labour Front and made a law that the only political party was the Nazi Party. In August 1934 Hindenburg died and Hitler used the opportunity to declare himself Fuhrer of Germany. Level 5 Explains opposition and evaluates how important 8

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