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Battles of the American War for Independence

Dec 31, 2015

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Battles of the American War for Independence. Lexington and Concord. Lexington and Concord. On April 19 th 1775, fighting broke out at Lexington and Concord. The battle was between the British soldiers (The Redcoats ) and the Colonial “Minutemen”. Lexington and Concord. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Battles of the American Revolution

Battles of the American War for Independence Lexington and Concord

Lexington and ConcordOn April 19th 1775, fighting broke out at Lexington and Concord. The battle was between the British soldiers (The Redcoats) and the Colonial Minutemen

Lexington and ConcordThe British had marched to the two towns hoping to seize (take) a warehouse of weapons. They also wanted to arrest several Colonial leaders.

Lexington and ConcordNo one knows who fired the first shot but it was known as The shot heard round the world. This is also considered the start of the American War for Independence. Battle of Long Island

Battle of Long IslandIn 1776 Washington and his soldiers occupied New York City.During the battle, the British drove Washington and his army out of the city.

Battle of Long IslandThe British troops then took control and occupied New York City for most of the war. Battle of White Plains

Battle of White PlainsWashington and the Colonial army were defeated. But Washington managed to keep the army intact and retreated across the Delaware River. Battle of Trenton

Battle of TrentonOn December 26th, Washington decided to re-cross the Delaware River and surprise attack the British soldiers. Battle of TrentonThis helped them win the battle. This victory raised morale among the American soldiers.Battle of Saratoga

Battle of SaratogaThe British made a plan that would divide the colonies in two parts.They knew that if the colonies were divided then it would be easier to defeat them.Battle of SaratogaBut the British General Howe made a mistake by leaving New York City and marching to capture Philadelphia first.

Battle of SaratogaThis gave the colonists time to prepare for the battle. Due to the Britishs errors, the American army won the battle. This battle is seen as a major victory.Battle of SaratogaOne of the Americans fighting in this battle was Wentworth Cheswell.This battle was seen as a turning point in the war. Winter at Valley Forge

Winter at Valley Forge

Winter at Valley ForgeThe victory at Saratoga did not mean total victory for the Americans. Washington marched his tired troops to Valley Forge and stationed them there to rest for the winter.

Winter at Valley ForgeAlthough no actual battle was fought at Valley Forge, it ended up being a major test for Washingtons army.

Winter at Valley ForgeWashington had 12,000 troops and soon they faced food and clothing shortages. He even faced threats to his leadership.

Winter at Valley ForgeThe soldiers had no shoes and no warm clothes. This made the long marches in the snow made the situation worse.

Winter at Valley ForgeWashington did use this time at Valley Forge to train his troops. Baron von Steuben and The Marquis de Lafayette came and trained the soldiers. War in the South

War in the SouthThe British thought the Southern land owners would side with the British and they were wrong.

War in the SouthThe Spanish helped the colonists and they were led by Bernardo de Galvez. He shipped the colonists supplies and even protected Louisiana and the Mississippi River from British attacks.

War on the High Seas

War on the High SeasThe British had a very strong navy and the Americans lacked one. So the colonists relied on privateers (private ships). War on the High SeasIn 1779, John Paul Jones became an American naval hero. He took his ship and faced off against a larger warship in the British Navy.

War on the High SeasJones did not give up and managed to defeat the warship and this boosted morale among the colonists.

Battle of Yorktown

Battle of YorktownAfter many years the war finally came to an end in Yorktown, Virginia.

Battle of YorktownWashington, with the help of the French, forced British general Cornwallis into a corner on a peninsula.

Battle of YorktownThe water around the peninsula was occupied by French ships. Washingtons troops blocked the only land route.

Battle of YorktownThis was the last major battle of the war. The British were forced to accept defeat. The British surrendered on October 19th, 1781.Battle of YorktownThe Treaty of Paris 1783 was later signed and the United States became its own country.

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