Barangay Ubongan Dacu Socio-Economic Profile 2005-2006 1 Historical Background Long before the coming of the Spaniards, there already existed a place in the northernmost part of Masbate having a vast area of 401.9892 sq. km., with wild plants, lush grasses and trees with a deep river and with a very few shelters and inhabitants living in harmony. In 1521, when the Spanish conquistadors had Philippines more or less under their control, many of them were in Masbate looking for new sites to conquer. One day, as young ladies were washing clothes along deep river flowing fast, a Spanish couple passed by and about the name of the place. The inhabitants believed to be of visayan origin called their place “Ubogan”, a visayan language. But the couple was unable to hear the correct name instead, they called it “Ubongan”. As the Christianization of the place grew, so did the landscape of the area. It developed into a Barangay called Barangay Ubongan, with a total of 1,001 number of population. Now it has complete Elementary School, a small church, plaza, Barangay Hall, health Center, Day Care center and Basketball court. The electric supply of this place is sufficient to the needs of the residents and the water supply mainly comes from its watershed. These projects were realized through the initiative of Barangay Captain Levi C. Tumblod, for the betterment of the Barangay. BARANGAY UBONGAN DACU
BARANGAY UBONGAN DACU - Masbate Citymasbatecity.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/BRGY... · use for domestic activities like bathing, ... grow abundantly like narra, molave, ...
Long before the coming of the Spaniards, there already existed a place in the northernmost part of Masbate having a vast area of 401.9892 sq. km., with wild plants, lush grasses and trees with a deep river and with a very few shelters and inhabitants living in harmony. In 1521, when the Spanish conquistadors had Philippines more or less under their control, many of them were in Masbate looking for new sites to conquer.
One day, as young ladies were washing clothes along deep river flowing fast, a Spanish couple passed by and about the name of the place. The inhabitants believed to be of visayan origin called their place “Ubogan”, a visayan language. But the couple was unable to hear the correct name instead, they called it “Ubongan”. As the Christianization of the place grew, so did the landscape of the area. It
developed into a Barangay called Barangay Ubongan, with a total of 1,001 number of population. Now it has complete Elementary School, a small church, plaza, Barangay Hall, health Center, Day Care center and Basketball court. The electric supply of this place is sufficient to the needs of the residents and the water supply mainly comes from its watershed. These projects were realized through the initiative of Barangay Captain Levi C. Tumblod, for the betterment of the Barangay.
Political Subdivision Ubongan Dacu is an upland barangay composed of seven (7) puroks named: Purok I- Centro I, Purok II- Centro II, Purok III- Sitio Kanusa, Purok IV-Comosan, Purok V- Pinamarbuhan, Purok VI- Kaniko and Purok VII- Balugo. Each purok is supervised and lead by one (1) councilor with purok president. They represent each purok in all barangay governance and activities.
Natural Characteristics Barangay Ubongan Dacu has a general terrain of a surface configuration from slightly undulating to rolling and from hilly to mountainous. This is generally prone to erosion when deforested or overgrazed.
Soil The type of soil covering Ubongan Dacu is
generally Himayangan Sandy Clay Loam which is about 393.45 hectares. This is a residual soils developed in place from weathering of non-calcareous shale. It is characterized by light brown to gray; poor granular; gravelly sandy clay loam or surface soil ranging in depth from 0-20 centimeters (cm). In about 20-80 cm. in depth it is dark brown to grayish brown, poor coarse granular to blocky clay loam. Eighty centimeters and below in depth, it has a yellowish red to gray clay loam with mottlings; poor course granular; mellow when wet; friable and compact when dry and sometimes sandstones are on the process of weathering.
Hydrogeology The quality of water is rated poor to fair. Their sources of water are deep/shallow well and dug well. Since their soil is residual in nature developed from sedimentary rocks, sediments are usually seen on the water. It is use for domestic activities like bathing, washing and cooking. Potability of water for drinking must be maintained by practicing boiling or annual bacterial and mineral examination.
Natural Resources As an upland barangay, forest ecosystem still exists in the area. It is located at Purok Pinamarbuhan, Kaniko, and Balugo. It is a dwelling place for some fauna like wild boar, snakes, wild birds such as owl, crow, and locally known git-git, tukmo and tulihao. The forest likewise hosts to flora like wild orchids. A variety of locally known forest and commercial trees grow abundantly like narra, molave, mahogany, ipil-ipil and gemilina. As an erosion-prone barangay, the residents are keeping their forest intact and protected so that this natural catastrophe will be prevented.
Land Use Trends Much of the Ubongan Dacu’s land area is used for agricultural purposes.
Mount Balat and Mount Mabaliw are two mountains of Ubongan Dacu. There is a river present in the area called Ubongan River.
Land Use Potential A large portion of their land is potential for more and intensified agricultural activities. It is suitable to grow vegetable crops as well as backyard animal raising. Thus it would satisfy the food consumption not just the barangay but Masbate populace as well. The opening of road will significantly lead to an efficient delivery of goods and services to and
from other nearby barangays like Anas, B. Titong and Bolo as well as barangay Magdalena of Baleno through the development of farm-to-market road. Small scale businesses will flourish due to accessibility of the above mentioned nearby barangays. Some areas of the land are use for infrastructure and basic utilities necessary to uplift the barangay socio-economic status.
Population Size, Number of Households and Population Growth As of 2005, the total population of barangay Ubongan Dacu stands at 1, 280 with 241 total number of households. Average annual population growth rate marks at 3. 628% in 2000 and projected to grow in the year 2005 and 2010 at 134. 93% and 146.27%, respectively (CDS, 2002). This trend indicates a relatively rapid growth.
Number of Households by Purok Barangay Ubongan Dacu
Purok Total Households
Total Members Total Members Male
Total Members Female
I 42 223 111 112
II 34 173 102 71
III 26 146 84 62
IV 35 179 102 77
V 21 123 61 61
VI 42 222 117 104
VII 41 214 120 94
TOTAL 241 1280 697 581 Source: CBMS, 2005
The table showed that Purok I and Purok VI have the largest household population of 42 with relatively the same number of household members. Purok V on the other hand, has the lowest household population counting only to 21 with 123 household members. The biggest male population of the barangay is found in Purok VII and biggest female population is found in Purok I.
The breakdown of ages in the barangay is reflected on the table below.
HH members of the labor force 514 Source: CBMS, 2005
Based on the table above, age profile of the barangay shows that it has a
very young population with only 514 members of the total households who are active in the labor force.
Population Density Barangay Ubongan Dacu has an actual population density of 318.42 persons per square kilometer in 2005. This will be densely populated due to immigration of people from different parts of Masbate City as well as the province. Fertility The barangay has a fertility rate of 1.27 or 127 children aged 0-4 to women of reproductive age (15-49 years old) child to woman ratio. It is considered to have the highest fertility rate among the 30 barangays of Masbate City.
Age Breakdown Brgy. Ubongan Dacu
Infants Birth (less than 1 yr old)Children 0-5 yrs oldChildren 6-12 yrs oldHH members 13-16 yrs oldHH members 6-16 yrs oldHH member 10 yrs old and aboveHH members of the labor force
Road is critical to development since it facilitates the mobility of products and people in the area. It promotes economic activity.
In Barangay Ubongan Dacu, roads are
rough and graveled. Pathways are concrete connecting different puroks. Concrete barangay roads are connecting Purok Centro I and Purok Centro II.
The coastal road opened at this barangay which passes through Purok 4 is rough and graveled.
Box Culvert A 30-meter long with 1.5 meters wide footbridge is located at the boundary of Purok Centro III and Purok Comosan. It was constructed to serve as a detour for residents and visitors going in and out of the barangay. Also, it is used to cross the barangay to prevent passing through the swampy areas of mangrove plantation.
Drainage and Sewerage There is an existing drainage at Purok Centro I. Most of barangay natural drains runs directly to Ubongan River then flows to the sea that envelopes the barangay.
Barangay Hall 1 -concrete one-storey building - 3.70mX2.20m=8.14sq.m
Barangay Plaza and Court 1 -20.00mX20.30m=406sq.m -stage of 3.80mX8.00m= 30.4sq.m -20 concrete bench
Church or Chapel 1 -one storey concrete building -8.50X9.60m=81.60sq.m
Day Care 1 -semi-concrete one-storey building -4.10X6.20m= 25.42sq.m
Elementary School 1
-600 sq. m -stage with 9.00mX4.00m= 32sq. m - composed of 4 buildings with 7 rooms
Health Center 1 -concrete one-storey building -5.30X3.60m=19.08sq.m
Waiting Shed 1 -concrete -3.30X2.20m=7.26sq.m
Streetlights 1 6 sets functional Source: Office of the Barangay Captain,2006
Water supply within the barangay may be rated as poor to fair with the population largely dependent on shallow well, deep well and even springs and creeks. The waters from deep well areas are, in general, of good quality. Care must be exercised, however, in limestone formations where calcium carbonates are the major content. The aquifers are generally
susceptible to pollution caused by the activities of man and animals. As reflected on the table 6, 51%% or 126 households don’t have access to safe water facility vis-à-vis drinking water.
During the 1st quarter of 2006, water development has been done by the city government to ensure that the populace has a source for drinking that is accessible and safer. Level II or the community water system- shared was developed with spring (bukal) as its main source. With this, the occurrence of
The barangay has no MASELCO connection. However, there is one (1) barangay generator and three (3) private generators in the barangay. It served 25 households in Purok 1-3. It operates from 6:00PM to 10:00PM.
Motor boat is the main mode of transportation between barangay Ubongan Dacu and poblacion. The people pass through Magdalena, a barangay of Baleno Municipality which is 1.5 kilometer away from Ubongan Dacu. It is also accessible by land vehicle like motorcycle.
Inventory of the Modes of Transportation Barangay Ubongan Dacu
Mode of Transportation Number Schedule or Frequency of Travel
Motorboat 2 7:00 AM ( From B. Titong) Source: Office of the Barangay Captain, 2006
Barangay Ubongan Dacu’s telecommunication is served by Globe and Smart though only in some parts of the barangay. A satellite phone was provided by the city for barangay captain powered by Smartlink. Its telegraph and postal station are also located in the poblacion. Cemetery/Burial Ground There is no existing cemetery at the barangay. The dead are being buried at Magdalena, Baleno Cemetery and Barangay Anas.
Solid Waste Management The majority of solid wastes within the barangay are composed of household wastes, agricultural wastes like leaf litters and coconut husks and other biodegradable materials can also be found.
The wastes are often dumped or burned by residents in backyard pits. Those residing near the sea or along the coastline just dumped their garbage at the sea. Some dispose wastes literally anywhere. There are some households that practice recycling and composting. Compost wastes are used as fertilizers.
Based on the table above, it revealed that the top five Minimum Basic Need of Barangay Ubongan Dacu are the following: 1) Proportion of households with income less than the poverty threshold; 2) Proportion of households with income less than the food threshold; 3) Proportion of households without access to sanitary toilet facilities; 4) Proportion of children 13-16 years old not in high school; 5) Proportion of households without access to safe water. It can be derived that poverty poses the main concern of the barangay as well as the city. Hence, programs and projects developed by the city government should be geared towards poverty reduction.
Summary of Issues/Concerns and Challenges
1. Proportion of household with income less than the poverty threshold.
Encourage investors in the barangay to open new livelihood opportunities that will provide the residents job that will give them a permanent monthly income.
Provide capital for food processing projects and other small scale business.
Skills enhancement training for residents in preparation for job opportunities such as welders, mechanics, and other related works.
Intensification of seeds and animal dispersal with fertilizer and agricultural equipment.
2. On proportion of households with no access to sanitary toilet
Almost 69% or 167 households do not have sanitary toilet. This means that there is an indiscriminate dumping of human waste anywhere which may pose hazard to the health condition of the populace. In view of this, the barangay may allocate funds for this problem so that public or a private toilet should be constructed with common septic tank.
3. Proportion of children 13-16 years old not in high school.
Grant scholarship to poor but deserving students.
4. Proportion of households with no access to safe water.
Construction of Level II water project (communal faucet) should be implemented to cover the whole barangay. Such project will reduce the contamination of water source.
Chlorination of open dug well as well as deep or shallow well.
5. Other social concern that should be given priority:
Health- upgrade health facilities and provide additional health equipment to provide better health care services to those in need. Also increase in the allotment for medicines should be included in the budget of the barangay.
Social Welfare- there is a need to construct an additional day care center to cater children 3-6 years old. Moreover, day care centers should be given budget for the provision of educational materials to children as well as the classroom for better comprehension and familiarization of the pre-school children. For the vulnerable groups, mutual aid system should be given.
6. An increase in the population of the barangay calls for the need to
expand its barangay site.
Thus, the barangay council is working for the acquisition of barangay lot in the nearest years to come.
The programs of the city government are geared towards poverty reduction. Developmental social programs and projects are being conceive to provide quality education, better health care, security, and empowering all sectors of the society.
Electo Verano Elementary School (Ubongan Elem School) is the only primary school in the barangay. It caters to children 6-12 years old. However, there are children 13 years old and above who still attend to elementary school. This is a complete elementary school covering an area of one (1) hectare. It is complemented with1:1 teacher-classroom ratio and with an
approximately 1:35 teacher-pupil ratio. Performance indicators of the elementary
school also reflect that it has a graduation rate of 96.83% with almost 0.47% drop-out rate. Other indicators are found on table 13.
The facilities of Electo Verano Elementary School in terms of its classrooms are basically good with one classroom that needs repair. However, school facilities deemed necessary for the total development are lacking. Absence of laboratory facilities, industrial arts, agriculture and H.E. rooms and insufficiency of toilets and are setbacks in the educational system of the school. Thus, there is a need to install/construct such facilities in order to provide better learning and hands-on experience of the lessons being taught to the school children.
The accessibility of elementary and secondary education poses another problem of the barangay. Barangay Ubongan Dacu has 72 children (6-12 years old) or a proportion of 24.3% who are not attending elementary education. For secondary or high school, a total of 89 children ages 13-16 years old or a proportion 63.10% who are not attending secondary education.
The proportion of literates in Barangay Ubongan Dacu stands at 89.2%. It shows that only 10.8% are not literate. Of the total population of 10 years old and above, there are 92 individuals who are not able to do simple reading and writing. Of these 92, there are 39 female and 53 male. The Department of Education through its Alternative Learning System (ALS) provides education depending on the intervention they need.
Report of Not Literates 10 Years Old And Above Barangay Ubongan Dacu
Purok Not Literate Total Percentage
01 5 5 10 6.80
02 10 4 14 11.86
03 10 5 15 15.30
04 5 6 11 9.24
05 4 2 6 6.52
06 9 10 19 12.75
07 10 7 17 12.87
Total 53 39 92 10.80 Source: CBMS, 2005
Health Barangay Ubongan Dacu has one (1) Barangay Health Center with one (1) midwife assigned to monitor and conduct health services and three (3) Barangay Health Workers. The health center is equipped with thermometer, blood pressure apparatus and weighing scale. Some patients of the barangay with minor medical and dental needs sought care at BHS while major cases are being brought to any government or private hospitals at Masbate poblacion where there is adequate facilities and equipment. One of the problems encountered by the barangay is the lack of medicine supplies and other vital health facilities.
Malnourished children among 0-5 years old are very minimal in the barangay as reflected on the CBMS. It has a malnutrition rate of 1.60%%. Adequate and proper nutrition for the children is very important so that they would grow healthy and develop fully particularly the mental and physical aspects.
Table 14 Malnutrition Rate
Barangay Ubongan Dacu
Purok Malnourished Children Total Percentage
1 1 3 4 8.69
2 0 1 1 3.03
3 1 2 3 10
4 0 3 3 8.33
5 0 0 0 0
6 1 1 2 4.54
7 2 1 3 5.55
Total 5 11 16 6.10 Source: CBMS, 2005
Health is likewise concern with the use of contraceptive among couples in Barangay Ubongan Dacu. With the population growing fast in this barangay, there is a need to have an intensive advocacy on the use of family planning method. This is the reason why population is ballooning in rural areas like Ubongan Dacu because there is no education relevant to population explosion vis-à-vis responsible parenthood. As shown on the table below, there are only 24 couples who use family planning method.
Based on Community Based Monitoring System of 2006, 69.6% of the total numbers of households don’t have sanitary toilet facility.
Inventory of Toilet Facilities Barangay Ubongan Dacu
PUROK NAME TOTAL # OF HH’S
HOUSEHOLDS W/ STF
HOUSEHOLDS W/O STF
I 42 28 14 33.33
II 34 9 25 73.52
III 27 5 22 84.61
IV 35 7 28 80
V 21 10 11 52.38
VI 42 11 31 73.80
VII 40 4 36 90
TOTAL 241 74 167 69.60 Source: CBMS, 2005
Indiscriminate dumping of human waste pose health hazards to the residents as it causes diseases. Thus, it is necessary that the residents should have sealed toilet bowls to prevent related diseases.
Improved quality of social services is one of the major concerns of the city. It aims to provide all the essential needs of the people particularly to those who are underprivileged. Social services are geared to reach even the remotest barangay of the city. Services such as family counseling, gender and development, pre marriage counseling, day care services, senior citizens, and self employment assistance and emergency assistance are provided. On one hand, for the children’s welfare, one day care center is presently existent in the barangay with one day care worker. It has about 30 enrollees. On the other hand, for adults, there are three community organizations at present the barangay has. These are Women’s Organization with 40 members, Senior Citizen with 150 members and Youth Organization (MCYC) with 45 members. These organizations remained strong and
continue to help in empowering women and youth alike and support to elders.
Persons with disabilities are also a main concern of the social welfare. The barangay has a total of 39 physically challenged individuals.
Table 17 Persons with Disabilities Barangay Ubongan Dacu
Purok Number of Persons with Disabilities
Type of Disability
I 6 -Deaf and Mute -Deaf -Autistic, -Polio -Mental Impairment -Epileptic
II 6 Paralysis (hands and Feet) -Deaf
III 7 - Hand disabled - Paralysis (hand) -Deaf -With Clef Palate (Ngongo)
IV 11 -Autistic, -Blind (one/both eyes) -Blurred vision -With clef palate (Ngongo) -Paralysis (hands and feet) -Body -Hydrocephalus
V 3 -Hand disabled -Deaf
VI 3 -Blind (both eyes) -Mental Impairment
VII 3 -Blind (one eye) -Blurred vision
Source: CBMS, 2005
Housing or shelter is not much a concern of the barangay. Based on Community Based Monitoring System conducted by the LGU, The 241 total households are all durable within the next five years, meaning no house is made of makeshift materials.
15 households or 6.30% are squatters in the barangay. Most families are tenants or have permission to construct their houses on a particular land/lot.
Table 18 Households Living in Blighted Areas
Barangay Ubongan Dacu
Households Number of Squatters
I 42 2 4.76
II 34 2 5.88
III 26 1 3.84
IV 35 0 0
V 21 4 19.04
VI 42 5 11.90
VII 40 1 2.50
Total 241 15 6.3 Source: CBMS, 2005
A total of 19 Barangay Police were assigned to different puroks of Barangay Ubongan Dacu. Fortunately, they are armed with police paraphernalia thus effectively implement peace and order in the community. All puroks have a regular on duty Barangay Police or “tanod” with five (5) members of Barangay Unified Force (BUF) assigned to assist them in monitoring the barangay especially during night time in order to assure the residents of a safe and peaceful community.
The barangay has an organized barangay justice system headed by
Lupon assigned. Through this justice system, petty crimes can be resolved on barangay level. This is reflected on the 0.20% crime rate in Barangay Ubongan Dacu in 2005.
One of the programs of the city government is to provide recreational facilities in every barangay for the development of the youth. It is also a mechanism that will turn them away from vices. Basketball and billiard is the main sports they engaged in. A basketball court is located at the plaza. For some recreation, residents usually take on to videoke bar
and videohouse. Table 22 shows the sports and recreational facilities present in the barangay.
Below is the inventory of recreational facilities present in the barangay.
Barangay Ubongan Dacu utilizes 199.28 hectares for agricultural purposes comprising 94% of its total land area. The major crops produced are rice, corn, coconut, root crops, vegetables like eggplant, pechay, okra, tomato and fruits like bananas. Some of the farmers and populace also practice backyard raising for
Table 26 Inventory of Farm Machineries and Post Harvest Facilities
Barangay Ubongan Dacu
No. and Ownership
Owned by Barangay/Coop
Rice/Corn Mill 1
Vargas Plow 40
Source: City Agriculture Office
Despite the industrious effort of all farmers, many concerns and problems still pose as their hindrance in sustaining their livelihood and reaping more harvest. The problems that emerged are 1) irrigation; 2) lack of machineries to have a better harvest; 3) far distance of the place where they trade their products and related concerns. Though the main livelihood of the populace is farming, fishing is another source of living by some families. Other livelihood sources of people are carpentry, tending aquaculture, doing labor and handicraft making. Trade and Commerce
Copra is main product of the barangay. It is traded to some parts of Masbate and can reach as far as Bicol mainland and Manila. Tradable products of this barangay are agricultural farm produced. These products are mainly traded to flea market in Masbate City every Friday- Sunday. Some are just sold within the barangay. There are no other major business establishments within the barangay. Sari-sari stores abound within the barangay.
Tourism For people who love nature, Barangay Ubongan Dacu has a protected forest where they can commune with some wild birds and other forest creatures. Nature tripping is not just the tourism potential\al of the barangay but also promoting their fiesta where tourists will experience their warm-welcome.
Employment Majority of the population depend on
employment or labor for their food and other basic needs. Farming is still a predominant livelihood of the residents. However, due to inadequate employment opportunities at the barangay, some local populace look for jobs in urban areas after being equipped with basic education at school. These constitute to the professionals and sub-professionals of the barangay. The table below shows the unemployment statistics of the barangay which constitutes for only 15 years old and above populace.
Table 27 Unemployment Rate
Barangay Ubongan Dacu
Purok Unemployed Total Percentage Total Labor Force
Vision By the year 2010, Brgy. Ubongan Dacu will have a good quality of life through an effective delivery of basic services and development and promotion of our human and agricultural resources in a peaceful, God loving and environment friendly community. Mission: Paga-pangunahan san barangay council pati an bulig san city government an paghatag san basic services sa mga tawo pareho san tubig, kuryente, kamino, livelihood program kag health services para sa pag-asenso san mga pumuloyo kag pag-uswag san barangay.
Barangay Officials 2002-2006
Levi C. Tumblod - Barangay Captain Elisa T. Laurio - Barangay Kagawad Elma M. Cortes - do Ramir T. Torrecampo - do John B. Sese - do Nilo B. Flores - do Hydie F. Calub - do Adorne C, Verano - do Remabel B. Cardiño - SK Chairman Marilou B. Zaragoza - Barangay Secretary Roberto B. Sese - Barangay Treasurer
Table 28 List of Barangay Captains for the last 20 years Barangay Ubongan Dacu
Names Name of Position Term
Jorge Pajimola Teniente del Barrio 1968-1972
Electo T. Verano Barangay Captain 1972-1982
Rosario C. Tumblod Barangay Captain 1982-1990
Hermogenes G. Banoy OIC- Barangay Captain 1990-1994
Loreto S. Gabata Barangay Captain 1994-1997
Levi C. Tumblod Barangay Captain 1997- Present Source: Office of the Barangay Captain,2006
The total revenue of Barangay Ubongan Dacu posted an increase in 2006 as compared to the previous year. It can be attributed to the increase of their Internal Revenue Allocation (IRA). Nevertheless in the last three years, there is an increase of the said IRA of the barangay. For expenditure, personnel services cover the highest for the last three years. It can be observed that the expenditure in 2006 is greater as compared to its income.
Table 29 Total Revenue for the Last Three Years
Barangay Ubongan Dacu
Item 2004 2005 2006
IRA 492,614.00 529,719.00 614,153.00
Real Property Tax 5,450.01 18,069.85 20,614.00
Operation and Service Income
0.00 0.00 0.00
Business Taxes and Licenses
0.00 0.00 0.00
Miscellaneous Income 961.57 596.30 492.539
Aids and Grants and Subsidies
110,000.00 100.000.00 100,000.00
Total 609,025.58 648,385.15 735,259.54 Source: City Budget Office, 2006
Table 30 Total Expenditure for the Last Three Years
Barangay Ubongan Dacu
Item 2004 2005 2006
Personal Services 293,764.00 271,764.00 295,764.00
Maintenance and Other Operational Expenses
234,587.67 217,007.07 204,521.63
Capital Outlay 54,315.00 262,481.00 283,467.80
Total 582,666.67 751,252.07 783,753.43 Source: City Budget Office, 2006
Table 31 20% Annual Development Plan Barangay Ubongan Dacu (2004)