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Assignment 4: Third

Jan 18, 2015

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Technology

dominque23

 

  • 1. TC 5022 Training Skills in Information Technology Third Generation (3G) Wireless Technology1.0 What is 3G? Definition.3G (Third Generation) is a generic name for a set of mobile technologies set to be launched by the end of 2001 which use a host of high-tech infrastructure networks, handsets, base stations, switches and other equipment to allow mobiles to offer high-speed Internet access, data, video and CD-quality music services.3G Key words.:: 2G (Second Generation):: 2.5G (Interim GSM Generation before 3G, after 2G - GPRS):: GPRS (General Packet Radio Service):: 3G (Third Generation):: IMT-2000 (International Mobile Telecommunications 2000):: UMTS (Universal Mobile Telephony System):: CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access):: W-CDMA (Wideband CDMA):: FOMA (Freedom of Mobile Multimedia Access):: cdma2000 rd The wireless world is experiencing a revolution; with the imminent introduction of 3 generation technology based on Wide Code Division Multiple Access (W-CDMA) we can expect a more sophisticated and diverse range of services than ever been offered before. 3G: Dive into the Multimedia Wave.UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System) is a so-called "third-generation (3G)," broadband, packet-based transmission of text, digitized voice, video, and multimedia at data rates up to and possibly higher than 2 megabits per second (Mbps), offering a consistent set of services to mobile computer and phone users no matter where they are located in the 1 Accomplished by Dotsolo group

2. TC 5022 Training Skills in Information Technology world. Based on the GSM communication standard, UMTS, endorsed by major standards bodies and manufacturers, is the planned standard for mobile users around the world by 2002. Once UMTS is fully implemented, computer and phone users can be constantly attached to the Internet as they travel and, as they roaming service, have the same set of capabilities no matter where they travel to. Users will have access through a combination of terrestrial wireless and satellite transmissions. Until UMTS is fully implemented, users can have multi- mode devices that switch to the currently available technology (such as Gprs and Edge ) where UMTS is not yet available.With UMTS, you will directly dive straight into the mobile multimedia wave Today's cellular telephone systems are mainly circuit-switched, with connections always dependent on circuit availability. packet-switched connection, using the Internet Protocol (Internet Protocol), means that a virtual connection is always available to any other end point in the network. It will also make it possible to provide new services, such as alternative billing methods (pay-per-bit, pay-per-session, flat rate, asymmetric bandwidth, and others). The higher bandwidth of UMTS also promises new services, such as video conferencing. UMTS promises to realize the Virtual Home Environment in which a roaming user can have the 2 Accomplished by Dotsolo group 3. TC 5022 Training Skills in Information Technology same services to which the user is accustomed when at home or in the office, through a combination of transparent terrestrial and satellite connections.UMTS is a network consisting of two main elements connected over a standard interface, called Iu. These two elements are: U-TRAN (UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network). This is composed of Node B which is equivalent to the GSM BTS and the Radio Network Controller (RNC) which is equivalent to the GSM BSC. A novelty with the U-TRAN concept is the existence of a new modulation scheme: the Frequency Division Duplex (FDD) and W-CDMA. This mode offers the highest efficiency within a single system whatever the conditionswide area, urban, indoor coverage from outdoor, indoor, and so on. One carrier use 5 Mhz. The Core Network. This is the equivalent of the GSM NSS. There are two options for the implementation of 3G and the evolution of the GSM Core Network: o ATM based architecture: this R'99 architecture may reuses in some cases thetwo-domain architecture of GSM/GPRS, with: Iu-PS (Packet Switched) interface instead of Gb on the packet domain. lu-CS (Circuit Switched) interface instead of A on the circuit domain.o Transport Independent and multimedia architecture: this R'00 architecture is in line with the Next Generation Networks architecture and introduces separation of control and user planes. It also integrates multimedia capabilities. Difference between regular TDMA and W-CDMA 3 Accomplished by Dotsolo group 4. TC 5022 Training Skills in Information Technology Difference between regular CDMA and W-CDMA W-CDMA makes possible a world of mobile multimedia4 Accomplished by Dotsolo group 5. TC 5022 Training Skills in Information Technology 2.0 3G Network5 Accomplished by Dotsolo group 6. TC 5022 Training Skills in Information Technology Diagram of phases of standards development Standisation phase for naming and addressing in 3G PhaseSGSNsGGSNs Mobile terminals Network elements for IP etc...andexternal multimedia servicesUMTS Release IPv4,IPv6 IPv4 or First IPv6First IPv6 application99 optional R4UMTS Release not yet decided, IPv4 and IPv6IPv6 exclusively00 probably the same (IPv6 exclusively as R99R5 for multimedia)6 Accomplished by Dotsolo group 7. TC 5022 Training Skills in Information Technology ITU-T ITU-T is an international standards organization related to the United Nations that develops standards for telecommunications. Two popular standards developed by ITU-T are the V series and the X series. 3.0 3G Concept Phone3G: Applications, Services and MarketBy offering their customers new user-friendly high-speed multimedia services, mobile operators will access new sources of revenues.Via their 2G/3G quad-band (900/1800/1900/2200 Mhz) / dualmode multimedia mobile phones of tomorrow, users will access three main families of applications and services:Always-onfor example, e-mail, personal organizer, traffic management, automation, sales, and so on.Informationfor example, Web surfing, corporate Intranet, net games, music, news services, location, events and transportation services.Purchasingfor example, on-line shopping, banking, gambling, ticketing.It is projected that by 2004, outside North America, forty percent of e-commerce transactions with consumers will be initiated from a portable cellular-enabled service. Example;7Accomplished by Dotsolo group 8. TC 5022 Training Skills in Information Technology 4.0 3G ServicesServices that will benefit from: Higher bandwidth Lower usage costs Faster connectKey Internet and wireless indicators Usage, services and spendingDescriptions of popular 2G services3G services assumptions3G service categories: hierarchy and relationships3G Services Vision Voice/high quality audio 8Accomplished by Dotsolo group 9. TC 5022 Training Skills in Information Technology High-speed Internet access Video conferencing and multimedia Global roaming capability One number, one mobile, home & office phone Description and evaluation of major 3G Mobile and Fixed Wireless Data, Video, Voice and Multimedia Services in the context of bandwidth requirements, usage and acceptance limiters, product and service precedents, correlation to basic human needs, cultural and social conformity, mobility correlation, investments and modifications needed in related and supporting systems, and marketing and education effort. o Location related information and services Travel/driving instructions Physical locations/addresses Identifying current location Asset tracking Messaging E-mail, IM, fax, voice mail, conferencing, alerts, etc. "Look At This" One-way Spontaneous Video Applications Mobile e-commerce o Product & service purchases o Financial transactions/Payments Remote Control/Monitoring o Dispensing machines o Home appliances, electronics 9Accomplished by Dotsolo group 10. TC 5022 Training Skills in Information Technologyo Office machineso HVACo Securityo Healthcareo Vehicle information General Informationo Product/servicedescriptions,pricing, availabilityo Travelo Sportso Stock/financialo Newso Weathero Entertainmentschedules/locations/reservations Internet access and surfing Corporate databaseso Customer informationo Order status Messaging Document access General Video Entertainmento Audio (clips/streaming)o Video (clips/streaming)o Games and gamblingo Books and magazines New Product and Service Success Testso Characteristics of successful newproducts and services 10 Accomplished by Dotsolo group 11. TC 5022 Training Skills in Information Technologyo Applying success tests to 3Gservices Maslow's Hierarchy of Human Needs Differences between the Mobile Environment and the Desktop (Fixed) Environmento Characteristics of the MobileInformation Environment Response rates U.S. 3G Acceptance Influencerso Economic, social, cultural andtelecommunications services Mobility Correlation of 3G services Individual Service Deployment Prerequisitesand Usage/Acceptance Influencers General Market Prerequisiteso Carrierso Systemso Spectrum Service Deployment Issueso Billingo Terminalso Contento Privacy/Securityo 11Accomplished by Dotsolo group 12. TC 5022 Training Skills in Information Technology 5.0Marketing GSM : Worldwide Cellular Subscriber (CDMA+PDC+GSM+AMPS+ANALOGUE)End of Year '00: 420.000.0002000 vs 1999 = + 160 millionsWorldwide Cellular Subscriber forecast for 2001in MillionsAccording to... 450 La Tribune (NOKIA) 03/01 535 Micrologic Research 03/01480Lehman Brothers 02/0112 Accomplished by Dotsolo group 13. TC 5022 Training Skills in Information Technology460 Goldman Sachs 02/01 510 Morgan Stanley 02/01 450-500Nokia 02/01 450 Siemens 04/01 501 M Ericsson 02/01 502Motorola 02/01 503 Le Monde 01/01 505Schorder Salomon 506 Evli Securities 12/00 507 Dataquest 10/00Merill Lynch475 02/01490 Deutsche Bank 02/01 450Ericsson 03/01 450 Siemens 03/01 500Motorola 03/01 507 Dataquest 03/01506,5Dataquest 03/01690,4 Micrologic Resear