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Dec 27, 2015
Artificial IntelligenceDo we stand in the way?
Brandon BushongApril 21, 2006
OutlineGoal for A.I.Defining IntelligenceThe Turing TestMoral ConsiderationsPotential for A.I.
If youre going to dream, dream bigGoal of A.I. Basic, yet optimistic criteria for an androidUnion of linguistics and everyday knowledgeAbility to interpret demeanor and speechNonverbal communication
Neuroscience Says to Keep DreamingComplexity of the brainNeural networks100 billion neurons vs. 30 neurons? vs. 30+ years and 15 research teams
Defining IntelligenceRequirements for thinkingA human body?What is the unquestionable definition of intelligence?Objections (Psychological & Philosophical)?Operational definitionThe Turing testan imitation game
The Turing TestTest fundamentalsThree participantsSegregationFoundation for artificial sentienceKey assumptionHumans thinkhttp://www.alanturing.net/turing_archive/pages/Reference%20Articles/TheTuringTest.html
Moral ConsiderationsAutonomy requires ethical and moral actionDue to interaction with humansWhat is an unyielding definition of morality?Objections (Psychological & Philosophical)?Operational definitionThe Moral Turing testRestricts conversation to moralityhttp://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/hegel/triads/morality.htm
The Requirements for an Autonomous Moral AgentConversing is not enoughUnderstanding circumstances is essentialKnowledge of the inner status of ethical beings, communal procedure of creating accountability attributions, and customary moralityDistinguishing between data and information
Data vs. InformationComputers process dataSurface-level form of informationUnderstanding a situationRequires information processingRelating to the data being processedExample: Impending implosion of the EarthHow do you know 1 + 1 = 2?How do you know when you are in love?
Processing InformationTo be able to process information, a computer would need to understand the informations contextContext affects interpretationFarmer vs. Sandcastle builderComputers are at a disadvantageFinite amount of storageNecessitates more than a pre-set procedureAgree or disagree?Requires adaptationDeveloped by a physical presence in the worldArtificial beings are incapable of passing the Moral Turing testhttp://facweb.cs.depaul.edu/yele/Course/IS421/S4/open%20road%20context%20solution.gif
Why an Artificial Being Cannot Pass the Turing TestThe test does not actually measure intelligenceExamines human intelligence, as shaped by the environmentThe use of subcognitive questionsProbes a machine for the accumulation of human experiencesUse of the senses and processing the data obtained with ones sensesEx: Smells, tastes, etc.Ability to explain a decision based on the use of the senseshttp://www.corbinstreehouse.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/dadsyard_flowers_DSCF0027.JPGhttp://www.supereggplant.com/archives/sugar%20cookies.JPG
Why an Artificial Being Cannot Pass the Turing TestTo pass the Turing test, an artificial being must live as a humanTo be intelligent, according to the Turing test, a machine must be humanhttp://www.xensory.com/blogs/robotsnext/repliee.jpg
In SummaryWhen humans act as the definition of intelligence, there is no room for other sentient beings.http://www.wbru.com/albums/warpedtour/crowd.sized.jpg
ReferencesBernstein, J. (2001). A.I. The New Yorker, 295-300.Brackenbury, I, & Ravin, Y. (2002). Machine intelligence and the Turing test. IBM Systems Journal, 41, 524-529.French, R. M. (2000). Peeking behind the screen: The unsuspected power of the standard Turing test. Journal of Experimental & Theoretical Artificial Intelligence, 12, 331-340.Jin, Z., & Bell, D. A. (2003). An experiment for showing some kind of artificial understanding. Expert Systems, 20, 100-107.Proudfoot, D. (2004). The implications of an externalist theory of rule-following behavior for robot cognition. Minds and Machines, 14, 283-308.Stahl, B. C. (2004). Information, ethics, and computers: The problem of autonomous moral agents. Minds and Machines, 14, 67-83.Zimmer, C. (2001). Alternative life styles. Natural History, 110, 42-45.