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Arousal, Stress, and Anxiety. Defining Arousal, Stress, and Anxiety Trait States

Dec 14, 2015

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Arousal, Stress, and Anxiety Slide 2 Defining Arousal, Stress, and Anxiety Trait States Slide 3 Measuring Arousal and Anxiety Physiological signs (heart rate, respiration, skin conductance, biochemistry) Global and multidimensional self-report surveys e.g. Sport Anxiety Scale (trait anxiety) e.g. Sport Competition Anxiety Test (trait) e.g. Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 Slide 4 Trait and State Anxiety Relationship High versus low trait anxious people usually have more state anxiety in highly evaluative situations. Slide 5 Stress and the Stress Process Define Stress: (continued) Slide 6 The Stress Process Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Selye Model of Stress Three Phases of Stress Response The General Adaptation Syndrome is a model that is comprised of three elements or phases which describe the bodys response to stress:General Adaptation Syndrome Slide 7 The Stress Process Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Selye Model of Stress Three Phases of Stress Response Alarm- adrenaline, noradrenaline Resistance allocate energy Exhaustion lowered response Slide 8 Stress and Stress Process Implications In what stages of the stress process can we intervene? How is stress best viewed? Reduced by three methods : Environmental Engineering Somatic stress management Cognitive stress management Stress Management Slide 9 Sources of Stress and Anxiety ____________ Situational sources Personal sources ____________ Other? _____________ ____________ Other?_____________ Slide 10 How Arousal and Anxiety Affect Performance Drive theory InvertedU hypothesis Individualized zones of optimal functioning Multidimensional anxiety theory Slide 11 How Arousal and Anxiety Affect Performance Catastrophe model Reversal theory Anxiety direction and intensity Significance of all these views Slide 12 Why Arousal and Anxiety Influence Performance Increased muscle tension and coordination difficulties Attention and concentration changes: - - Slide 13 Why Arousal Influences Performance Attentional narrowing Slide 14 Implications for Practice Interactional Model of Anxiety Slide 15 Implications for Practice Recognize arousal and state anxiety signs (feeling ill, dazed,muscle tension etc.) Tailor coaching strategies to individuals: Different strokes for different folks. Sometimes arousal and state anxiety must be reduced, other times maintained, and other times facilitated. Develop performers confidence. Slide 16 Recognize Symptoms of Arousal and State Anxiety Cold, clammy hands Constant need to urinate Profuse sweating Negative self-talk Dazed look in eyes (continued) Slide 17 Cotton (dry) mouth Constantly sick Difficulties sleeping Recognize Symptoms of Arousal and State Anxiety Feel ill Headache (continued) Slide 18 Recognize Symptoms of Arousal and State Anxiety Increased muscle tension Butterflies in stomach Inability to concentrate Consistently perform better in non- evaluative situations Others? _______________________