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أ شیرازشگاه صنعتی دان- مهندسیانشکده دتر و کامپیوعاتوری اط فناعاتوری اطامه کارشناسی در رشته فنا ن پایان نقلیهک وسایلتوماتیب استم ردیا سیاده سازی و پی و طراحییل تحل(AVL) ز فناوریده استفا ا باGPS ,GSM توسط :فشار اردوان اهنما :د راستا اژه کشتگری دکتر منیستاد مشاور : ارتضی کاظمی دکتر میور ماه شهر2931
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Ardavan Afshar B.Sc. Project

Apr 11, 2017

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Ardavan Afshar
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  • -

    (AVL) GPS ,GSM

    :

    :

    :

    2931

  • (AVL) GPS ,GSM

    :

    (GSM) GPS .

    (AVL (Automatic Vehicle Location

    .

    (GSM) (GPS) AVL

    (SMS) GPRS AVL .

  • ....................................................................................................................

    2 .................................................................................. 2 -2

    GPS .................................................................................................... 3 1 -2

    GPS ............................................................................................... 4 9 -2

    5 .......................................................................................... 4 -2

    5 ........................................................................................... 2-4-2

    7 ...................................................................................... 2-4-1

    22 .............................................. 2-5

    GPS ....................................................................................... 23 2-6

    GPS ................................................................................ 23 2-7

    GPS ........................................................................................... 24 2-8

    27 ..................................................................................................................

    GSM ................................................................................................. 21 1-2

    GSM ............................................................................... 22 1-1

    MS) ..................................................................................... 22) 2 -1-1

    BSS)....................................................................... 23) 1 -1-1

    BTS 1-2-2-2 ............................................................................................... 23

    BSC 2-2-2-2 ............................................................................................... 24

    NSS 3-2-2 (22 ............................................................. (

    MSC 1-3-2-2 (27 ................................................................. (

  • 1-1-9-1HLR ............................................................................................... 22

    1-1-9-9 VLR .............................................................................................. 22

    1-1-9-4 OMC ............................................................................................ 22

    33 .................................................................................................................

    AVL ........................................................................................ 32 9-2

    33 ................................................................ AVL 9-2-2

    34 ....................................................................... AVL 9-2-1

    AVL ...................................................................................... 32 9-1

    32 ...............................................................................................................

    43 ..................................................................................... 4-2

    SIM908 ........................................................................................ 42 4-2-2

    GPS ......................................................................................... 42 4-2-2-2

    GSM Modem 2-1-1-4 ................................................................................. 43

    GPS ......................................................................................... 44 4-2-2-9

    GSM ......................................................................................... 44 4-2-2-4

    45 ........................................................ ( ) 4-2-2-5

    42 ........................................................................................ 4-1

    41 ........................................................................................ 4-9

    52 ....................................................................................... 4-4

    54 ................................................................................................................

    61 ..................................................................................................................................................

  • 1..................................................................................................................... 2-2 4............................................................................................. 1-2

    6............................................................................................... 9-2

    7............................................................................................................................................ 4-2

    8................................................................................................................ 5-2

    8............................................................................................................... 6-2

    21............................................................................................................... 7-2

    GPS ...................................................................................................................29 -8-2

    GPS .......................................................................................................................25 -3-2

    27.................................................................................................... 2-1

    GSM 11 1-1

    12.................................................................................................................................................... -9-1

    BTS ..........................................................................................19 BSC 4-1

    BSC,BTS..............................................................................................................14 Abis -5-1

    GSM ................................................................................................................................15 -6-1

    GSM ..................................................................................................16 7-1

    BTS ...........................................................................................................................................18 8-1

    AVL ............................................................................................................................91 2-9

  • AVL .................................................................................................................................92 1-9

    91.................................................................................. AVL 9-9

    99................................................................................................................. AVL 4-9

    AVL ..........................................................................................................................95 -5-9

    AVL ....................................................................................................................................96 -6-9

    93...................................................................................................................... -2-4

    SIM908 ...........................................................................................................................................41 1-4

    GPS ..........................................................................................................42 GPGGA$ -9-4

    GPS ..................................................................................................................................................49 4-4

    GSM .................................................................................................................................................44 5-4

    45..................................................................................................... -6-4

    GSM ..........................................................................................................46 GPS -7-4

    GPS ............................................................................................................................47 -8-4

    47.................................................................................................................... -3-4

    48.................................................................................................................... -21-4

    51................................................................................... -22-4

    52...................................................................................................... -21-4

    52....................................................................... -29-4

    51........................................................................................ -24-4

  • (GPS )

  • 2

    ( GPS1 )

    .

    1 -1

    , GPS

    .

    , , ,

    (N.N.S.S) GPS ... .

    [1] . GPS

    (NASA) (1960) 61

    Doppler 2374 .

    (DOD)

    GPS .

    . GPS 2389

    , N.N.S.S) OMEGA) , , GPS

    LONG-C ,SECOR .1] ]

    1 Global Position System

  • 3

    [29] 1-1

    GPS 2 -1

    .

    . 51

    2379 .

    NAVSTAR

    .

    GLONASS .1] ]

  • 4

    [11] 2-1

    GPS 3 -1

    , -

    -

    (Multi Path) -

    . 211 2 ppm 1 -

  • 5

    4 -1 .

    1-4-1

    .

    .

    [2] .

    :

    :

    .. .

    [8] .

  • 6

    [9] 3-1

    :

    [9] .

    :

    .

    .

    .

  • 7

    1-4-2

    :

    :

    .. .

    .

    ) 9 1

    (

    [17] .

    .

    [17] 4-1

    2 Telecontar 3 Traffic manager

  • 8

    . :

    .

    :

    .

    [18]

    [18] 5-1

  • 9

    [18] 6-1

    . : 4

    :

    5

    .

    .

    3 4 Marketing 5 Digital Werk

  • 10

    3.

    [18] .

    . : 6

    [19] .

    .

    .

    1111 : 7

    .

    .

    [20]

    8 :

    .

    .

    6 Banking 7 Weather forecasting 8 Farming

  • 11

    [21] .

    [21] 7-1

  • 12

    1-5 , ,

    , ,

    .

    ,

    [1] .

    . Data upload

  • 13

    GPS 1-6 ) ( 14 GPS

    55 6 11111

    (L) GPS . 21

    (L1, L2) . L1 1575 MHZ L2 1227 MHZ .

    L . cm 24 cm 19

    Prescies) P))( ) C/A Acquistion Coarse )

    [2] .

    GPS

    .

    . 25 21 (Elevation Musk. Ang)

    [9] .

    GPS 1-7 GPS

    .

    GPS.

    , ,

    . ,

    ,

  • 14

    . ,

    , GPS.

    ) ( .

    [1] .

    [GPS [29 -8-1

    GPS 1-8, . . GPS

    . GIS , ,

    , , .

  • 15

    , GPS

    , .

    .

    )( .

    , GPS

    .

    GIS

    , . , ,

    GPS .

    .

    . GPS , GPS

    . GPS

    , .

    ,

    .

    ,

    .

    ) ( ,

    , .

  • 16

    GPS .

    . ,

    GPS C/A .

    211 , %35 .

    GIS .

    ,

    .

    . GPS ,

    [1] . GPS

    GPS -9-1

  • 17

    (GSM )

  • 18

    GSM -1

    AVL GPS

    3GSM

    .

    [7] .

    [7] 1-2

    9 Global System for Mobile communication

  • 19

    GSM 2-1 GSM( CEPT ) 2381

    900MHZ

    21

    PTT (CEPT) 16( EEC ) 21

    [7] .

    .

    2386

    .

    .

    2386

    2387. ELAB

    .

    VLSI 1

    [7] . 10 Roaming

  • 20

    CODEC . CODEC 16KB/s CODEC

    MPE-LPC RELP

    . KB/S29 LPC

    . GSM GSM

  • 21

    GSM 2-2 GSM

    [15]: GSM

    ( 22 MS)

    ( 21 BSS)

    29) NSS)

    [GSM [15 2-2

    11 Mobile Station 12 Base Station Subsystem 13 Network and Switching Subsystem

  • 22

    (MS) 1 -2-2

    :

    14 ME

    25 SIM

    [15] . 16IMEI

    [15] -3-2 14 Mobile Equipment 15 Subscriber Identity Module 16 International Mobile Equipment Identity

  • 23

    (BSS ) 2 -2-2 ( NSS ) (MS )

    A BSC BTS Abis 18BSC 17BTS

    . BSC MSC

    BTS 1-2-2-2

    BTS ) MS)

    BTS . BSC

    BTS (MS )

    BTS

    TRX . BTS 9

    [15] .

    : BTS

    MS BSC

    MS

    17 Base Transceiver Station 18 Base Station Controller

  • 24

    BSC 2-2-2-2 BTS BTS BSC

    BSC BSC GSM

    :

    BTS

    MS

    MSC MS

    [BTS [15 BSC 4-2

  • 25

    BSC BTS Abis .

    64kbps kbps 16 TRAU BSC MSC

    .

    [BSC,BTS [15 Abis -5-2

  • 26

    NSS 3-2-2 ()

    NSS

    . (PSTN) ISDN

    NSS :

    23MSC ) (

    11HLR

    12VLR

    11OMC

    GSM -6-2

    19 Mobile Switching Center 20 Home Location Register 21 Visitor Location Register 22 Operations and Maintenance Center

  • 27

    MSC 1-3-2-2 ) (

    OMC BSC GSM

    [6] . GSM

    :

    Handover BSC

    [GSM [15 7-2

  • 28

    2-2-3-2HLR : Mobile Station MSC

    .

    . HLR

    .

    [6] .

    2-2-3-3 VLR : Mobility GSM

    MSC

    VLR 6]. ]

    2-2-3-4 OMC : .

    . MSC

    Operating & Maintenance O&M

    Backup

    .

    .

  • 29

    . .

    [6]

    [BTS [5 8-2

  • 30

    ( AVL )

  • 31

    : AVL -3

    GSM GPS

    19AVL

    AVL

    ( GSM )( GPS )

    GPS

    .

    [AVL [23 1-3

    23Automatic Vehicle Location

  • 32

    : AVL 3-1 GPS GSM AVL

    AVL

    [6] :

    AVL

    AVL

    [AVL [22 2-3

  • 33

    : AVL 3-1-1

    . USB RS232

    GSM

    .

    :

    .

    AVL

    Data Logger .

    [6] .

    [23] AVL 3-3

  • 34

    : AVL 3-1-2 AVL

    GPS

    .

    .

    . GSM

    [6]

    [25] AVL 4-3

  • 35

    GPRS GSM GPS

    ) AVL .

    GPS (

    . GPS

    GPS .

    [6]( : USB RS232 )

    ) ( -1

    -2

    ) ( -3

    -4

    -5

    .

    . GSM

    AVL GSM

    GPS

  • 36

    GPRS25 SMS14

    .

    : AVL 3-2

    :

    .

    .

    AVL -5-3

    24 Short Message 25 Global Packet Radio Service

  • 37

    AVL 3-3

    : AVL

    14 7

    .

    .

    AVL -6-3

  • 38

    AVL

  • 39

    : AVL -4

    AVL

    AVL

    .

    : AVL

    (Moblile ) .2

    (Fixed ) .1

    GPS( vehicle )

    (Longitude( )Longitude )GSM

    Google Map

    CD

    .

    .

  • 40

    : 4-1 : AVL

    -1-4

  • 41

    .

    : SIM908 4-1-1

    SMS

    GPRS .

    :

    : GPS 4-1-1-1 SIM908

    :

    [6] .

    SIM908 2-4

  • 42

    GPS SIM908

    .

    GPS

    $GPGGA, $GPGLL , $GPGSA , $GPGSV , $GPRMC

    $GPGGA .

    GPS GPGGA$ -3-4

    UTC Time GPS ID Message ID

    N/S Indicator Latitude

    Longitude

    E/W Indicator Satellites Used

    21 1

    [12] .

  • 43

    GSM Modem 2-1-1-4 : GSM Modem

    GSM WIMAX ,GSM

    PSTN GSM

    [11] .

    (SMS ( SMS

    .

  • 44

    : GPS 4-1-1-3 GPS

    GPS

    .

    [GPS [26 4-4

    : GSM 4-1-1-4 SIM908 GSM

    .

  • 45

    [GSM [27 5-4

    ) ( 4-1-1-5

    RS232 SIM908

    9600b/s

    .

  • 46

    : 4-2 . CD #C

    :

    SIM908 ) )

    GPS

    GPS

    AVL

    SIM908

    .

    -6-4

  • 47

    ( COM1 )

    ( 9600b/s )

    .

    GSM GPS -7-4

    phone nember , message

    . Send

    Gps Turn On The Gps

    GPS AT+CGPSPWR=1

    AT+CGPSRST=0 Restart .

  • 48

    GPS -8-4

    Get Information From Satellite

    AT+CGPSINF=2 .

    -9-4

    Send My Location To Server

    . AVL

  • 49

    : 4-3

    .

    Server GSM GPS

    .

    [28] -11-4

  • 50

    Server RS232 GSM Modem

    . Server 9600b/s

    .

  • 51

    : 4-4 CD #C

    .

    ( SMS )

    Google

    .

    .

    -11-4

  • 52

    GSM Modem .

    . Server GSM Modem

    -12-4

    New Vehicle

    -13-4

  • 53

    11/13/1129 Ardavan

    . 25:95

    . 29.467214,53.634567,$$ :

    59,694567 13,467124 $$

    .

    :

    -14-4

  • 54

  • 55

    AVL.

    AVL .

    Chipset

    . .

    Monitoring

    .

  • 56

    GPS( 2989) .2 ( : 2985 ) .1 AVR .9 http://hamshahrionline.ir : .4 http://tavanir.org : .5 (1388 ) .6

    ( GSM ) GPS (AVL)

    http://hamshahrionline.ir/http://tavanir.org/

  • 57

    7. GSM , cdmaOne and 3G Systems ,Chin-Chun-Lee ,2001

    8. S. Pace, The Global Positioning System: Assessing National Policies,

    Rand Corporation, San Monica, CA, 1995.

    9. M. Brain, How GPS receivers work, Howstuffworks (http://

    www.howstuffworks.com/gps.htm).

    10.GPS-GSM Mobile Navigator, Ma Chao & Lin Ming, Atmel Application

    Journal,2007

    11.GPS-SMS Communication Channel for the AVL System,Andrew

    S.Young & joseph eskobla, Dept of Physics,University of west

    indies,2008

    12 .http://www.garmin.com [cited sep 2013 ]

    13 .http://www.gsmword.com [cited sep 2013 ]

    14 .http://www.w3.org [cited sep 2013 ]

    15 .http://www.tutorialspoint.com[cited sep 2013 ]

    16 .http://www.google.com [cited sep 2013 ]

    17. http://www.eyefortransport.com [cited sep 2013 ]

    18. http://www.thedesertsun.com [cited sep 2013 ]

    http://www.howstuffworks.com/gps.htmhttp://www.garmin.com/http://www.gsmword.com/http://www.w3.org/http://www.tutorialspoint.com/http://www.google.com/http://www.eyefortransport.com/http://www.thedesertsun.com/

  • 58

    19. www.trimble.com/gps [cited sep 2013 ]

    20. http://www.sciencedaily.com [cited sep 2013 ]

    21. http://gpseducationresource.com [cited sep 2013 ]

    22. http://www.gsm-modem.de [cited sep 2013 ]

    23. http://www.greyhawktech.com [cited sep 2013 ]

    24. http://shahryarnews.net [cited sep 2013 ]

    25. http://worldtron.en.ec21.com [cited sep 2013 ]

    26. http://antennas.diytrade.com/ [cited sep 2013 ]

    27. http://gzgkzs.en.made-in-china.com [cited sep 2013 ]

    28. http://electroswift.com [cited sep 2013 ]

    29. http://gps.gov [cited sep 2013 ]

    http://www.trimble.com/gpshttp://www.sciencedaily.com/http://gpseducationresource.com/http://www.gsm-modem.de/http://www.greyhawktech.com/http://shahryarnews.net/http://worldtron.en.ec21.com/http://antennas.diytrade.com/http://gzgkzs.en.made-in-china.com/http://electroswift.com/http://gps.gov/