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April 6th Presentation: Greenbelt Forest Stewards

Aug 31, 2014

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  • Welcome Greenbelt Forest Stewards! Housekeeping Notes Restroom Location Agenda 10-12 Ecosystem Overview and Smart Landscape Design 12-12:30 Lunch Break/Pass out Resources 12:30-2 Tree Walk in Buddy Attick Park
  • Upcoming EventsApril 20th: Celebration of Earth Day and Arbor Day with Stewardship! Please be at Springhill Lake Recreation Center by 12PM on April 20th Address: 6101 Cherrywood Ln Greenbelt, MD 20770 Agenda: 12-2PM Install a rain cistern on the back side of Springhill Lake Recreation Center to reduce storm water runoff Plant native shrubs that will address soil erosion and water quality concerns 2-2:30PM Break to check out other activities at Springhill Lake including soil monitoring, forest art, and plantings for the Greenbelt Food Forest! 2:30-3PM Planting native fruit trees including Paw Paws, Persimmon, and Red Maple
  • Smart Landscape Design for the Environment Lesley Riddle
  • Sustainability is Environmental sustainability has been defined as Meeting theneeds of the present without compromising the ability of futuregenerations to meet their needs
  • Shaping LandscapesHumans are the only species on earth with the ability to vastly alter our habitat -
  • Understanding our impact What are the consequences of our actions?
  • Disruption Removal of Biomass Altering the Limiting Factor Disturbing soil and land mass Covering soil and land mass Removing soil or land mass
  • Consequence Disruption in weather patterns Accelerated growth algal blooms Sediment loading Excess runoff Reduction in biomass Loss of energy
  • Ecosystems An ecosystem is a community of living and non-living things that work together.
  • Ecosystems Ecosystems have no particular size
  • Ecosystems A healthy ecosystem has lots of species diversity and is less likely to be seriously damaged by human interaction, natural disasters and climate changes
  • Parts and Pieces What are the major parts of an ecosystem? An ecosystem includes soil, atmosphere, heat and light from the sun, water and living organisms
  • Water. Without water there would be no life. Water is a large percentage of the cells that make up all living organisms
  • Getting Dirty Soil is a critical part of an ecosystem. It provides important nutrients for the plants in an ecosystem.
  • Take a Breath The atmosphere provides oxygen and carbon dioxide for the plants and animals in an ecosystem. The atmosphere is also part of the water cycle. Without the complex interactions and elements in the atmosphere, there would be no life at all!
  • Sunbathing 101 The heat and light from the sun are critical parts of an ecosystem. The suns heat helps water evaporate and return to the atmosphere where it is cycled back into water.
  • Nutrient Cycling Nutrient cycling: The amount of nutrients, such as carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, calcium, etc., present in the soil at any given time, is referred to as the standing state. The movement of nutrient elements through the various components of an ecosystem is called nutrient cycling. Another name of nutrient cycling is biogeochemical cycles.
  • Nitrogen
  • Phosphorus
  • What Systems We Impact
  • The Bay The shores of the Chesapeake Bay region cover over 11, 600 miles of wetland, islands and tidal tributary, the bay has a 64, 000 mile drainage basin or watershed. . The Chesapeake Bay is the largest estuarine water body in the United States. With over 16.6 million people living in the Bays watershed, the impact of human activities has been an overwhelming stressor on this fragile ecosystem (Reshetiloff, 2004).
  • Reality Excess nutrients from point and non- point source pollution that flow into waterways can have a significant impact on the balance of life within a natural ecosystem
  • Making A Difference Making a personal connection Understanding systems Reducing human impact
  • Our Goal To think of Nature and people as equally important
  • Understanding Natural Relationships Tugonanythingatallandyoullfindit connectedtoeverythingelseintheuniverse.John Muir
  • Where it all began.
  • Altering the Land Aesthetically The wealthy of practically any country were able to employ professional artisans to build gardens and landscape their homes.
  • Tackling Nature Our desire to impose our will on nature seems to be the predominant factor behind the love of turf Formal garden design is created to showcase the diligence of the person who owns it, not the plants themselves Form over content
  • The Manicured Landscape Many of our ideas about gardening and landscaping derive from English design, brought to America by our ancestors. Maryland, once covered by vast stands of forest, gave way to farmland, meadows and lawns. Today, lawns cover between 30-50 million acres of land in the United States.
  • Design History The stunning effect of Italian landscape design has also had a strong influence on landscape design history all over the world. Early 19th century architects were striving to keep up with the continually increasing, wealthy population following the Industrial Revolution.
  • Grand Ideas butNot enough space As forest, fields, water and other habitats have been altered to accommodate people, the environment receives a one- two punch.As species decline, both flora and fauna - pollution increases, in our air and water.
  • Wisdom.. In garden arrangement, as in all other kinds of decorative work, one has not only to acquire a knowledge of what to do, but also to gain some wisdom in perceiving what it is well to let alone. Gertrude Jekyll
  • Landscaping with Nature in Mind
  • An Environmental Approach - Working with the natural environment is not difficult. With a good understanding of landform, soils, plants, water, climate and wildlife characteristics, the landscape designer can confidently work in harmony with the natural elements on any site - Livable Landscape Design
  • Sustainable Practice All species, including man, need five elements for survival--food, water, cover or shelter, adequate space and clean air. Like a five-legged stool, the removal of one leg (element) throws the balance. The removal of more than one leg (element) may collapse the stool. Through simple landscaping practices, the legs of the stool can be strengthened. By implementing sustainable landscape practices, individuals can make a difference in water quality, wildlife habitat, and human health.
  • Low Impact Development (LID)
  • LID Low Impact Development (LID) has emerged as a highly effective and attractive approach to controlling stormwater pollution and protecting developing watersheds and already urbanized communities throughout the country