Anxiety Disorders Anxiety Disorders
Dec 31, 2015
Anxiety DisordersAnxiety Disorders psychological disorders characterized by persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxietyWe have all experienced anxiety to some degree but this anxiety becomes anxiety disorder when it takes over and impairs life (OCD example)Anxiety Overview - YouTube
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)Excessive, Constant and long-lasting anxiety that is not focused on any particular object or situationSometimes called free-floating anxietyAnxiety lasts for weeks at a timeSleeplessness, worry, tense, jittery, perspiration, agitatedGAD affects around 3.4% of the US population2/3 of those that suffer from GAD are womenOther problems often accompany GAD depression and substance abuse
stages of social anxiety - YouTube
Panic DisorderEpisodes last only minutes but include acute terror patient experiences chest pain, choking, heart palpitations, sweating, and dizziness (often thought to be having a heart attack)Attack occurs without provocation 1-2% of the US population experience Panic Disorder but at least 30% have experienced at least one panic attackThose with Panic Disorder also experience other anxieties due to fear of an attack
Panic Disorder VideosJon & Jordan Knight On Panic Attacks Part 1 YouTubeQ. How would the psychodynamic perspective explain panic attacks?Airline Panic Attack
PhobiasActivity- Complete Fear Survey.An irrational fear of an object or situationThose with phobias know that their fear is irrational, yet this is not enough to make the fear go awayClassified in the DSMSpecific PhobiasFear of _____Most prevalent anxiety disorders (7-11% of US population)Social PhobiasAnxiety of being criticized by othersEx. fear of public speaking
PhobiasAgoraphobiaFear of being away from a safe place (home)Usually refuse to leave home due to fear of anxiety Many with Panic Disorder develop agoraphobiaAffects around 5% of the population and more likely to occur in womenExercise: Annabelle adapting and Agoraphobia
The Benchwarmers: Howie's Greatest Moments YouTube
Phobia Party SNL - YouTube
Obsessive Compulsive Disorders (OCD)Persistent unwanted thoughts (obsessions) causing a need to engage in a particular behavior/ritual (compulsion)Obsession and Compulsions are intense, disturbing and bizarre. Affects 2.4% of the US population
ObsessionsCleaning (germaphobes)- Boy in basement, teacher, mother/daughterChecking - ovens, door locks, under car.Counting steps, rituals with random sometimes very large numbers ex-student and tiles, alarm clocks.Odd/even numbers- Alana N.
OCD ClipsHowie Mandel OCD on Ellen
ocd girl YouTube
Pushed to the Extreme: OCD-3years in Hell - YouTube
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder(PTSD)Flashbacks and nightmares of an extremely troubling event. These memories cause anxietyExperience sleep disturbances and are easily startledWatch The Full Program Online | The Soldier's Heart | FRONTLINE | PBS
What do you think the following perspectives say about anxiety disorders?Exercise- 2001 Free responsePsychoanalytic Perspective The Learning Perspective (Behaviorists)The Biological Perspective The Social Cognitive PerspectiveThe Cognitive Perspective
Perspectives and anxietyPsychoanalytic Perspective - Freud would say anxiety is a product of repressed impulses and ideas. Anxiety is a byproduct of unresolved unconscious conflicts.
Perspectives and anxietyThe Learning Perspective (Behaviorists)Fear conditioning anxiety occurs from unpredictable bad events fear is classically conditioned. Ex. Billy the uni-cheeked boyOftentimes a stimulus generalization is seenReinforcement helps maintain phobias and compulsionsFears could be learned through observations
Perspectives and anxietyThe Biological Perspective We are biologically prepared to fear threats faced by our ancestors (this has helped our survival)Genes predisposition to fear and anxietyTwins often develop the same phobiasPhysiology over arousal of brain activity see page 632 of PET scan
Perspectives and anxietyThe Cognitive Perspective Anxiety is a result of dysfunctional ways of thinking.Dr. Phil What were you thinking?Alex Rodriquez, Ben Stein, Halley Berry
Social-CognitiveLocus of ControlLearned HelplessnessSelf Efficacy
BiopsychosocialQ Look at the word and decide how would these people explain anxiety disorders?