Top Banner

of 97

Annual SCBA Refresher.pdf

Oct 09, 2015

Download

Documents

Misha Kolish
Welcome message from author
This document is posted to help you gain knowledge. Please leave a comment to let me know what you think about it! Share it to your friends and learn new things together.
Transcript
  • 1 Revision 2009Fire/EMS Training Academy

    Self Contained Breathing Apparatus

    Training and Refresher

  • 2 Given the SCBA Training and Refresher Course, the student will be able to: Describe the training requirements for SCBA in

    General Order 08-17 Identify the different parts of the SCBA

    Scott AV-3000 Facepiece Scott E-Z FLO Regulator Scott Pack

    Describe how to inspect the Scott Pak SCBA and AV-3000 Facepiece

    Describe the operation the Scott Pak SCBA Describe the emergency procedures for the SCBA Demonstrate don and doffing of the PPE and SCBA

    Course Objective

  • 3Overview

    General Order on Respiratory Protection ProgramAV-3000 FacepieceE-Z FLO RegulatorPack Components

    Inspection of the SCBA and FacepieceOperating the SCBA

    Emergency ProceduresDonning and Doffing the SCBA

  • 4General OrderDivision 08: Health and Safety

    Chapter 17: Respiratory Protection Program

  • 5General Order 08-17

    Training Policy The initial qualification process to use a respirator,

    including SCBA, requires: Medical evaluation that includes the an OSHA Respiratory

    Medical Evaluation Questionnaire. Fit testing. Training. Demonstration of proficiency.

  • 6General Order 08-17

    The initial training shall ensure that the member is thoroughly familiar with the respirator and has experience in using it in a non-hazardous environment. The initial training shall address:

    Why the respirator is necessary and how improper fit, use, or maintenance can compromise its protection.

    Capabilities and limitations of the respirator. Inspection, donning, doffing, seal checking, and normal use of

    the respirator. Emergency procedures, including situations that involve

    malfunction of the respirator, maintenance, and storage procedures.

    Recognition of medical signs and symptoms that may limit or prevent effective use of the respirator.

    The general requirements of 29 CFR 1910.134, Respiratory Protection.

  • 7General Order 08-17

    Each member shall demonstrate proficiency in the proper procedures for:

    User inspection of the respirator. Donning the respirator, including the seal check. Confident use of the respirator. Emergency procedures. Doffing, cleaning, and maintenance.

  • 8General Order 08-17

    Training Policy Members must qualify annually to use respirators.

    Qualification requires: Annual refresher training within 60 days of scheduled fit

    testing. Fit testing. Demonstration of proficiency. Annual medical clearance utilizing an OSHA Respiratory

    Medical Evaluation Questionnaire.

  • 9AV-3000 Facepiece

  • 10

    AV-3000 Facepiece

    Voice Emitter Nose Cone Regulator Adapter Port Head Harness Head Straps

  • 11

    AV-3000 Facepiece

    Voice Emitter

    Nose Cone

    Regulator Adapter Port

    Head Harness

    Head Straps

    Head Straps

  • 12

    E-Z FLO Regulator

  • 13

    E-Z FLO Regulator

    Parts Air Saver Switch or Don/Doff Switch Purge Valve Regulator Quick Disconnect Face Piece Lock Tab Mechanism Heads Up Display (HUD)

  • 14

    E-Z FLO Regulator

    Air Saver Switch or the

    Don/Doff Switch

    Heads Up Display (HUD)

    Face Piece Lock Tab Mechanism

    Regulator Quick

    Disconnect with HUD Connector

    Purge Valve

  • 15

    E-Z FLO Regulator

    Viberalert Alarm

    Alarms at 1125 psi or 25% of air left in the cylinder

  • 16

    Heads Up Display Full Bottle

    Bottle

    Bottle Yellow Light Flashing Slowly

    bottle Red Light Flashing Rapidly

    Low Battery for Heads Up Display

    E-Z FLO Regulator

  • 17

    Pack Components

  • 18

    Pack Components

    Harness Remote Gauge PASS Device RIC Universal Air Connection Quick Disconnect Emergency Breathing Support System Pressure Reducer High and Low Pressure Supply Lines

  • 19

    Pack Components

    Shoulder Strap

    Waist Strap

    PASS Sensor Module and Batteries

    Cylinder LarchSCBA

    Harness

  • 20

    Pack Components

    Pressure Reducer

    High Pressure Supple Line

    Low Pressure Supple Line

    RIC Universal Air Connection

    Remote Gauge

  • 21

    Pack Components

    Emergency Breathing Support System

    Quick Disconnect

    Dust Cap

    EBSS airline Hold Down Strap

  • 22

    Pack Components

    Emergency Breathing Support System Emergency breathing support system (EBSS), the Life-Link

    permits two users to share a common air supply in emergencies. Life-Link features a tactile-feel, quick-connect coupling on the regulator supply line.

    The quick disconnect on the EBSS does not have a Heads Up Display connector.

  • 23

    Pack Components

    RIC Universal Air Connection (UAC) The RIC/UAC allows air to be supplied to a down or

    trapped firefighter by either a Scott RIT-PAKII or another compressed air source.

  • 24

    Pack Components

    Pass Manual Reset Button

    Warning Light

    Manual Alarm Button

    Activator Button

    Pressure Gauge

    Personal Alert Safety System (PASS)

  • 25

    Pack Components

    Pressure Gauge

    Open & Close Valve

  • 26

    Pack Components

    Pressure Gauge

    Should Be less than a 100 PSI difference between the two gauges

  • 27

    Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece

  • 28

    Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece

    SCBA must be properly serviced and prepared for the next use each time it is used.

    Air cylinder must be changed or refilled. Face piece and regulator must be sanitized

    according to the manufacturers instructions. Unit must be cleaned, inspected, and checked for

    proper operation.

  • 29

    It is the users responsibility to ensure that the SCBA is in ready condition before it is returned to the fire apparatus.

    The daily inspection procedure should be used when restoring a unit to service after it has been used.

    Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece

  • 30

    If an SCBA inspection reveals any problems that cannot be remedied by routine maintenance, the SCBA must be removed from service for repair.

    Only properly trained and certified personnel are authorized to repair SCBA.

    Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece

  • 31

    Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece

    Daily Inspection Each SCBA unit should be inspected daily or at the

    beginning of each shift.

  • 32

    Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece

    Skill DrillDaily SCBA Inspection

    Step 1: Check backback and harness straps.

    Step 2: Check air-cylinder pressure. Turn on the air-cylinder valve and check gauge pressure.

  • 33

    Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece

    Step 3: Check condition of all hoses while pressurized.

    Step 4: Activate integrated PASS device, if present.

  • 34

    Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece

    Step 5: Check the face piece.

    Step 6: Connect the regulator to the face piece and take test breaths.

  • 35

    Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece

    Step 7: Close the cylinder valve and open the emergency by-pass valve to bleed the pressure.

    Step 8: Check function and activation pressure of low-air alarm. Close by-pass valve and restore unit to a ready condition.

  • 36

    Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece

    Skill Drill Replacing an SCBA Cylinder

    Step 1: Place the SCBA on the floor or a bench. Step 2: Turn off the cylinder valve.

  • 37

    Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece

    Step 3: Open the by-pass valve to bleed off pressure.

    Step 4: Disconnect the high-pressure supply hose.

  • 38

    Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece

    Step 5: Release the cylinder from the backpack.

    Step 6: Slide a full cylinder into the backpack. Align the outlet to the supply hose. Lock the cylinder in place.

  • 39

    Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece

    Step 7: Check that the O ring is present and in good shape.

    Step 8: Connect the high-pressure hose to the air cylinder.

  • 40

    Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece

    Step 9: Open the cylinder valve. Check gauge reading.

  • 41

    Operating the SCBA

  • 42

    Operating the SCBA

    Connecting the regulator to the pack Parts

    Female quick disconnect with Heads Up Display connector Male quick disconnect with Heads Up Display connector

    Male Quick Disconnect

    From Regulator

    From SCBA Pack

    HUD Connector

    HUD Connector

    Female Quick

    Disconnect

  • 43

    Operating the SCBA

    Connecting the regulator to the pack Line up both the female quick disconnect (from the

    SCBA pack) to the male adapter (from the regulator) and the Heads Up Display connector.

  • 44

    Operating the SCBA

    Disconnecting the regulator from the pack Push both quick disconnects and hold Push the quick disconnect sleeve back to release the

    connectors

  • 45

    Turning on the air supply Fully open the main cylinder valve.

    Operating the SCBA

  • 46

    Donning and Doffing the PPE and SCBA

  • 47

    Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA

    Skill DrillDonning Personal Protective Clothing

    Step 1: Place your equipment in a logical order for donning.

    Step 2: Place your protective hood over your head and down around your neck.

  • 48

    Step 3: Put on boots and pull up bunker pants. Place the suspenders over your shoulders and secure the front of the pants.

    Step 4: Put on your turnout coat and close the front of the coat.

    Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA

  • 49

    Step 5: Place your helmet on your head and adjust the chin strap securely. Turn up your coat collar and secure it in front.

    Step 6: Put on your gloves.

    Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA

  • 50

    Step 7: If there are two people present, check each others clothing.

    Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA

  • 51

    Skill DrillDonning SCBA from a Seat-Mounted Bracket

    Step 1: Don full PPE ensemble prior to mounting the fire apparatus. Safely mount the apparatus and sit in the seat, placing arms through SCBA shoulder straps.

    Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA

  • 52

    Step 2: Fasten your seat belt. Partially tighten the shoulder straps. When the apparatus stops, release the seat belt and release the SCBA from its brackets. Exit the apparatus.

    Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA

  • 53

    Step 3: Attach waist belt and cinch down.

    Step 4: Adjust shoulder straps until they are tight.

    Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA

  • 54

    Step 5: Open the main cylinder valve.

    Step 6: Loosen or remove helmet and pull hood back. Don face piece and check for leaks. Replace protective hood and helmet and secure chin strap.

    Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA

  • 55

    Step 7: If necessary, connect regulator to face piece.

    Step 8: Activate air flow and PASS alarm.

    Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA

  • 56

    Skill DrillDonning SCBA Using the Over-the-Head Method

    Step 1: Open the case and lay out the SCBA with the cylinder valve away from you and the shoulder straps out to the sides.

    Step 2: Fully open the main cylinder valve.

    Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA

  • 57

    Step 3: Bend down and grasp the SCBA backplate with both hands. Using your legs, lift the SCBA over your head. Rotate the SCBA 180 , so the waist straps are pointed to the ground.

    Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA

  • 58

    Step 4: Slide the SCBA down your back while your arms slide into the shoulder straps. Tighten the shoulder straps and secure the waist belt.

    Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA

  • 59

    Step 5: Remove your helmet and pull the hood back. Don your face piece and check for an adequate seal. Pull your protective hood into position, replace your helmet, and secure the chin strap.

    Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA

  • 60

    Step 6: If necessary, connect the regulator to the face piece. Activate the airflow and PASS alarm.

    Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA

  • 61

    Skill DrillDonning SCBA Using the Coat Method

    Step 1: Open the case and lay out the SCBA with the cylinder valve away from you and the shoulder straps out to the sides. Fully open the main cylinder valve. Place your dominant hand on the opposite shoulder strap.

    Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA

  • 62

    Step 2: Lift the SCBA and swing it over your dominant shoulder.

    Step 3: Slide your other hand between the SCBA cylinder and the corresponding shoulder strap.

    Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA

  • 63

    Step 4: Tighten the shoulder straps.

    Step 5: Attach the waist belt and adjust tightness.

    Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA

  • 64

    Step 6: Remove your helmet and pull your hood back. Don the face piece and check for an adequate seal.

    Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA

  • 65

    Step 7: Pull the hood into position, replace the helmet, and secure the chin strap. If necessary, connect the regulator to the face piece. Activate the airflow and PASS alarm.

    Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA

  • 66

    Skill DrillDonning a Face Piece

    Step 1: Fully extend the straps on the face piece.

    Step 2: Place your chin in the chin pocket.

    Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA

  • 67

    Step 3: Fit the face piece to your face, bringing the straps or webbing over your head.

    Step 4: Tighten the lowest two straps.

    Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA

  • 68

    Step 5: If there are more straps, tighten the top straps last.

    Step 6: Check for a proper seal.

    Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA

  • 69

    Step 7: Pull your protective hood up so it covers all bare skin. Don your helmet and secure the chin strap.

    Step 8: Install the regulator on your face piece or attach the low-pressure air supply hose to the regulator.

    Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA

  • 70

    Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA

    Skill DrillDoffing SCBA

    Step 1: Use caution! Your regulator, helmet, SCBA Pack and facepiece can be hot. If your equipment is warm or hot, do not remove your structural firefighting gloves to remove your equipment. If you remove your gloves, you could get burned. Remove the regulator from the face piece or disconnect the low-pressure hose from the regulator.

  • 71

    Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA

    Step 2: Remove your helmet and pull the protective hood down around your neck.

    Step 3: Loosen the face piece straps.

  • 72

    Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA

    Step 4: Remove your face piece.

    Step 5: Release your waist belt.

  • 73

    Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA

    Step 6: Loosen the shoulder straps and remove the SCBA.

    Step 7: Shut off the air-cylinder valve.

  • 74

    Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA

    Step 8: Bleed the air pressure from the regulator.

    Step 9: Place the SCBA in a safe location.

  • 75

    Skill DrillDoffing Personal Protective Clothing

    Step 1: Remove your gloves.

    Step 2: Open the collar of your turnout coat.

    Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA

  • 76

    Step 3: Release the helmet chin strap and remove your helmet.

    Step 4: Remove your turnout coat.

    Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA

  • 77

    Step 5: Remove your protective hood.

    Step 6: Remove your bunker pants and boots.

    Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA

  • 78

    Emergency Procedures

  • 79

    Emergency Procedures

    If at anytime you have a problem with the operation of your SCBA, call Mayday over the radio and follow the Mayday Procedures.

    Addressing situations Regulator Failure Facepiece Failure Out of Air How to Air Conservation How to use the EBSS How to activate the PASS

  • 80

    Emergency Procedures

    Regulator Failure Occurs when the regulator will not deliver air to the

    facepiece during normal operations.

  • 81

    Emergency Procedures

    Regulator Failure Procedure for using the Purge Valve

    Call Mayday and follow the Mayday Procedures. Slowly open and close the purge valve to allow air flow to

    the facepiece.

    Purge Valve

  • 82

    Emergency Procedures

    Facepiece Failure This can occur when the facepiece cracks or breaks,

    where you loose the seal, during operations that allows continuous airflow out of the mask.

    This will waste the air in your SCBA.

  • 83

    Emergency Procedures

    Facepiece Failure Procedure for Facepiece Failure

    Call Mayday and follow the Mayday Procedures. Attempt to cover the possible crack or break in the facepiece. Reset the Air Saver Switch or the Don/Doff Switch to stop the air

    rushing out of the mask. If needed, use the Purge Valve.

  • 84

    Emergency Procedures

    Out of Air Your first indication of low air is your Viberalert Alarm. It

    alarms at 1125 psi or 25% of air left in the cylinder. You still have 2 to 5 minutes of air left.

    Do Not Panic!Never Rip Your Facepiece Off!

  • 85

    Emergency Procedures

    Out of Air Procedure for Out of Air

    Call Mayday and follow the Mayday Procedures. If you run out of air, you have two options.

    1. Use buddy breath connection (EBSS) with your partner and get out.

    2. Just Pull the mask slightly off your face to relieve the collapsing face piece and get out! Get as low to the ground as possible so you can

    breath and the hood that is surrounding the face piece will filter the smoke that you breath in.

  • 86

    Emergency Procedures

    Conserving Air During emergency operations, you will be using the air

    in your SCBA. When you use about 75% (1/4 tank or about 1125 psi) of your air supply, your regulator will start vibrating to notify you your air supply is getting low.

    When this happens, you will need to start evacuating yourself/team out of the area.

  • 87

    Emergency Procedures

    Conserving Air Procedures

    Reset the Air Saver Switch or the Don/Doff Switch Call Mayday and follow the Mayday Procedures. Slowly open and close the purge valve to allow air flow to

    the facepiece. Take a deep breath of air and hold your breath for 5 seconds.

    Repeat the process until you are out of the building/IDLH environment.

  • 88

    Emergency Procedures

    Emergency Breathing Support System (EBSS) SCBAs are equipped with the EBSS. It is located next to the

    remote gauge/PASS device. If you are working during an incident and you find a firefighter

    down and the SCBA is empty, you can quickly connect their regulator to your SCBA. It basically allows two people to use the air off of one pack at the same time for emergency evacuation purposes only.

  • 89

    Emergency Procedures

    Procedure for Using the EBSS

    Both fire fighters shall be in close proximity.

    Unsnap the EBSS airline Hold Down Strap and remove the dust cap.

  • 90

    Emergency Procedures

    Procedure for Using the EBSS

    Disconnect the low-pressure regulator hose at the quick-connect of the empty pack and quickly re-connect it to the pack with air. The HUD will not work on the 2nd fire fighter, it does not have a HUD connector on the EBSS line.

  • 91

    Emergency Procedures

    Procedure for Using the EBSS Coordinate movements, there is only a few feet of hose, as

    you evacuate yourselves from the building/IDLH environment.

  • 92

    Emergency Procedures

    Personal Alert Safety System (PASS) An electronic device that sounds a loud audible signal

    if a fire fighter is motionless for a set time period or if activated manually by the fire fighter.

    Located with the remote gauge

    Motionless for 20 sec pre-alarm

    Motionless for 30 sec full alarm

  • 93

    Emergency Procedures

    Warning Light

    Green Light Normal

    Red Light Warning

    Manual Alarm Button

  • 94

    Review

    General Order on Respiratory ProtectionAV-3000 FacepieceE-Z FLO RegulatorPack Components

    Inspection of the SCBA and FacepieceOperating the SCBA

    Emergency ProceduresDonning and Doffing the SCBA

  • 95

    Summary

    Given the SCBA Training and Refresher Course, the student will be able to: Describe the training requirements for SCBA in

    General Order 08-17 Identify the different parts of the SCBA

    Scott AV-3000 Facepiece Scott E-Z FLO Regulator Scott Pack

    Describe how to inspect the Scott Pak SCBA and AV-3000 Facepiece

    Describe the operation the Scott Pak SCBA Describe the emergency procedures for the SCBA Demonstrate don and doffing of the PPE and SCBA

  • 96

    Practical Session

    Equipment needed: PPE SCBA AV-3000 Facepiece with Regualtor

  • 97

    Practical Session

    Demonstrate Inspecting the SCBA Donning PPE Donning SCBA

    From a Seat-Mounted Bracket Using the Over-the-Head Method Using the Coat Method

    Donning a Facepiece Activating your PASS

    Self Contained Breathing ApparatusTraining and RefresherCourse ObjectiveOverviewGeneral Order Division 08: Health and Safety Chapter 17: Respiratory Protection ProgramGeneral Order 08-17General Order 08-17General Order 08-17General Order 08-17AV-3000 FacepieceAV-3000 FacepieceAV-3000 FacepieceE-Z FLO RegulatorE-Z FLO RegulatorE-Z FLO RegulatorE-Z FLO RegulatorE-Z FLO RegulatorPack ComponentsPack ComponentsPack ComponentsPack ComponentsPack ComponentsPack ComponentsPack ComponentsPack ComponentsPack ComponentsPack ComponentsInspecting the SCBA and FacepieceInspecting the SCBA and FacepieceInspecting the SCBA and FacepieceInspecting the SCBA and FacepieceInspecting the SCBA and FacepieceInspecting the SCBA and FacepieceInspecting the SCBA and FacepieceInspecting the SCBA and FacepieceInspecting the SCBA and FacepieceInspecting the SCBA and FacepieceInspecting the SCBA and FacepieceInspecting the SCBA and FacepieceInspecting the SCBA and FacepieceInspecting the SCBA and FacepieceOperating the SCBAOperating the SCBAOperating the SCBAOperating the SCBAOperating the SCBADonning and Doffing the PPE and SCBADonning & Doffing the PPE & SCBADonning & Doffing the PPE & SCBADonning & Doffing the PPE & SCBADonning & Doffing the PPE & SCBADonning & Doffing the PPE & SCBADonning & Doffing the PPE & SCBADonning & Doffing the PPE & SCBADonning & Doffing the PPE & SCBADonning & Doffing the PPE & SCBADonning & Doffing the PPE & SCBADonning & Doffing the PPE & SCBADonning & Doffing the PPE & SCBADonning & Doffing the PPE & SCBADonning & Doffing the PPE & SCBADonning & Doffing the PPE & SCBADonning & Doffing the PPE & SCBADonning & Doffing the PPE & SCBADonning & Doffing the PPE & SCBADonning & Doffing the PPE & SCBADonning & Doffing the PPE & SCBADonning & Doffing the PPE & SCBADonning & Doffing the PPE & SCBADonning & Doffing the PPE & SCBADonning & Doffing the PPE & SCBADonning & Doffing the PPE & SCBADonning & Doffing the PPE & SCBADonning & Doffing the PPE & SCBADonning & Doffing the PPE & SCBADonning & Doffing the PPE & SCBADonning & Doffing the PPE & SCBADonning & Doffing the PPE & SCBAEmergency ProceduresEmergency ProceduresEmergency ProceduresEmergency ProceduresEmergency ProceduresEmergency ProceduresEmergency ProceduresEmergency ProceduresEmergency ProceduresEmergency ProceduresEmergency ProceduresEmergency ProceduresEmergency ProceduresEmergency ProceduresEmergency ProceduresEmergency ProceduresReviewSummaryPractical SessionPractical Session