Mar 19, 2016
chinaSocial 9Ms. Kohl, Ms. Cross, Ms. McConnellBy: Dylan and Jared Miller, Alyssa Tanner, Kristen Larrio
Ancient Chinese military
• 1600 BC- 220 AD – emergence of China to the downfall of Han Dynasty• 1600 BC- emergence of historical china along the Yellow River Valley• 1532 BC- battle of Ming Chaio• 1532- 1027 BC- dominance of the Shang dynasty this dynasty rapidly expanded through a series of conquests• 1057 BC- battle of Mu Yu- Wu Wang, the “Martial King” of the Chou, a semi-barbaric people from the south, defeat the Shang through the effective use of over 300 chariots.
• 1027 BC- rise of the Chou dynasty • 1025 BC- Wu Wang dies and Chou Kung is proclaimed regent for 7 years until Wu’s son is old enough to rule the kingdom
• 1000 BC- Chou expands to the eastern sea
• 839 BC- Chou is defeated• 800- 600 BC- Chou dynasty slowly disintegrates• 506 BC- battle of Bai- Ju• 475- 221 BC- Era of the Warring state•
Ancient Chinese lawThe ancient Chinese law consist of Confucian philosophy, codified law and criminal sanction
2000 BC – The Chinese worshipped a lot of different Gods – weather gods, sky gods and also a higher god that ruled over all of the other called ‘Shang-Ti’. People also believed that their ancestors became gods when they died, each family worshipped their own ancestors.
1100 BC- The time of the Chou Dynasty the Chinese were also worshipping a natural force called ‘T’ien’ which we usually translate as heaven.
Food• There is archaeological evidence of rice farming along the
Yangtse River as early as about 5000 BC. They cooked it by boiling it in water or they made it into wine.
• But rice didn’t grow in Nothern China, so people gathered wild millet and sorghum instead. By 4500 BC they were farming millet and they ate it boiled into a kind of porridge.
• Tea also grows wild in China and by about 3000 BC people began to drink tea and soon after so did everyone else.
Clothing• People generally wore tunics. Women wore long tunics down to the
ground with belts and men would wear shorter ones down to their knees. In winter people sometimes wore jackets or pants with their tunics.
• Poor people made their clothes of hemp or ramie, rich people made their clothes of silk.
• 500 AD the emperor decided that all poor people had to only wear blue or black clothes and rich people could wear colors.
• Both men and women wore their hair long, people said you got your hair from your parents so it was disrespectful to cut it.
Clothing • About 1100 AD a fashion started for women to bind
their feet. They thought that to be beautiful they had to have tiny feet only about 3 inches long. They got these tiny feet by wrapping tight bandages around the feet of young girls only five or six years old. The bandages were so tight they broke the girls’ toes and bent them underneath their feet and then they had to walk on them like that. The girls spent most of their time in pain, and after about three or four years they stopped hurting so much. Although women with bound feet couldn’t walk very well at all and when they had to work in the fields, they would often crawl.
MusicThe music of China dates back to the dawn of Chinese civilization with documents and artifacts providing evidence of a well- developed musical culture as early as the Zhou dynasty (1122- 256 BC). Today, the music continues a rich traditional heritage in one aspect, while emerging into a more contemporary form at the same time.
The legendary founder of music in Chinese mythology was Ling Lun, who made bamboo pipes tuned to the sound of birds.
traditionsChinese weddings have certain traditional customs associated with them. As a form of expressing gratitude, the bride and the groom kneel in front of their parents and offer them tea. In response to this parents drink a small portion of tea and gift the pair a red envelope. The tea ceremony was once an occasion of the families of the newly wed couple to know each other. In olden times, drinking the tea offered/ showed acceptance of the marriage while refusal represented opposition to the marriage.
As a part of the Chinese tradition, the husband has to carry his wife over a pan of coals so that she can successfully pass through labor. Pregnant women are supposed to be very careful in everything they do as it is believed that their actions influence the unborn baby. The hour, day, month, and year in which the baby is born determined the eight characters of chinese astrology under which the baby falls. The chinese believe that these characters are highly influential throughout the life of the newborn
On meeting someone for the first time, the Chinese shake hands. A hand shake may be accompanied by a bow to show respect. According to the Chinese customs, guests always gift their hosts on visiting them. It is best to present the host with, fresh flowers or fruit. The hosts are not supposed to unpack the gift until the guest leave. Hosts usually escort their guests to a considerable distance when they leave
In ancient times, people used to cover the bodies of the dead with brushwood and clay and leave it in the families home. They left utensils filled with food near the corpse. They thought the spirit of the dead would re-enter the body and would need food. Food items, which would not perish soon were kept beside the dead body. The ancient Chinese dwelt in natural or artificial caves. The Chinese traditions of burying the dead in caverns emerged from this kind of dwelling. As time passed, people sought a separate place to bury their dead and this ancient practice changed.
languageChinese was the language that was spoken in ancient china right from the Han dynasty. The language is distinguished by its high level of internal diversity although all spoken varieties of the Chinese language are tonal and analytic. Depending on the classification scheme, there are between six and twelve main regional groups of the Chinese language of which mandarin is most popular which is followed by Wu, Min, and Cantonese.
Origins of the writing in chinaMost linguists believe that writing was invented in china during latter half of the 2nd millennium BC and that there is no evidence to suggest the transmission of writing from elsewhere. The earliest recognisable examples of written Chinese date from 1500- 950 BC and were inscribed on ox scapulae and turtle shells- “oracle bones”.
Cool language factsIn 1899 a scholar from Beijing named Wang Yirong noticed symbols that looked like writing on some “dragon bones” which he had been prescribed by a pharmacy. At that time “dragon bones” were often used in Chinese medicine and were usually animal fossils. Many more “oracle bones” were found in the ruins of the Shang capital near Anyang in the north of Henan province.
• 2,500 years ago the Chinese had a game similar as football called Cuju.
• Cu means to kick, Ju means a type of a leather ball that is filled with feathers.
• The popularity spread from the army to the royal courts and all the way up to the upper class.
• liju was a game that was like polo, dates back to the peroid of Han Dynasty (202BC~220).
• For entertainment the Chinese just played games like bored games etc.
• liju was a game like polo.• lu ban lock, it is a six inter locking block puzzle.• Dou Cuzhi=Cricket fighting
• There most popular crop is rice.• Shen Nong Shi tasted all kinds of herbs, even poison, to
finally select the grains that could be eaten by people. • Chinese agriculture can be traced back to about 10,000
years ago.• Only about 10 percent of China's land is right for there
agriculture.• China has to feed one-fifth of the world's population.• 4,000 to 10,000 years ago Chinese agriculture was
developed on the basis of plucking and picking as well as hunting and fishing.
• The gap between the growing population and available land is becoming smaller, diversification of crops and multiple harvest of mode became popular across the country.