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Journal of Physics: Conference Series OPEN ACCESS Amorphous alloys for brazing copper based alloys To cite this article: V A erban et al 2009 J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 144 012098 View the article online for updates and enhancements. You may also like Effect of Temperature on Corrosion behavior of Copper Silver Phosphorus Brazing Alloys in Chloride Containing Solution Ekavianty Prajatelistia, Andrieanto Nurrochman and Cho Kyehyun - Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of C/C Composite/TC17 Joints with Ag-Cu- Ti Brazing Alloy Xiujie Cao, Ying Zhu, Wei Guo et al. - The Microstructure and Shear Strength of SiC Joints Brazed with SiC Particle Reinforced Si-24Ti Alloy Zhen Li, Qun Wen, Zhihong Zhong et al. - Recent citations Brazing of porous copper foam/copper with amorphous Cu-9.7Sn-5.7Ni-7.0P (wt%) filler metal: interfacial microstructure and diffusion behavior Nur Amirah Mohd Zahri et al - Induction Brazing of Copper Parts Using Amorphous Brazing Alloys Cosmin Codrean et al - An Evaluation of Sn-Cu-Ga and Sn-Cu-Ag Solder Alloys for Applications within the Electronics Industry Georgiana Melcioiu et al - This content was downloaded from IP address 112.119.8.129 on 14/11/2021 at 01:43
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Page 1: Amorphous alloys for brazing copper based alloys - IOPscience

Journal of Physics Conference Series

OPEN ACCESS

Amorphous alloys for brazing copper based alloysTo cite this article V A erban et al 2009 J Phys Conf Ser 144 012098

View the article online for updates and enhancements

You may also likeEffect of Temperature on Corrosionbehavior of Copper Silver PhosphorusBrazing Alloys in Chloride ContainingSolutionEkavianty Prajatelistia AndrieantoNurrochman and Cho Kyehyun

-

Microstructure and Mechanical Propertiesof CC CompositeTC17 Joints with Ag-Cu-Ti Brazing AlloyXiujie Cao Ying Zhu Wei Guo et al

-

The Microstructure and Shear Strength ofSiC Joints Brazed with SiC ParticleReinforced Si-24Ti AlloyZhen Li Qun Wen Zhihong Zhong et al

-

Recent citationsBrazing of porous copper foamcopperwith amorphous Cu-97Sn-57Ni-70P(wt) filler metal interfacial microstructureand diffusion behaviorNur Amirah Mohd Zahri et al

-

Induction Brazing of Copper Parts UsingAmorphous Brazing AlloysCosmin Codrean et al

-

An Evaluation of Sn-Cu-Ga and Sn-Cu-AgSolder Alloys for Applications within theElectronics IndustryGeorgiana Melcioiu et al

-

This content was downloaded from IP address 1121198129 on 14112021 at 0143

Amorphous alloys for brazing copper based alloys

VA Şerban C Codrean D Uţu and C Opriş

Politehnica University of Timisoara Dept for Materials Science and Welding 1 M Viteazu Bvd 300222 Timisoara Romania

serbanmecuptro

Abstract Silver based alloys are used widely when brazing copper based alloys Due to its high cost researchers try to obtain silver free brazing alloys in the shape of amorphous structure ribbons avoiding thus the formation of intermetallic compounds that diminish its ductility and plasticity In this paper the authors present their results in trying to obtain brazing alloys from the Cu-Zn-Ni-P family ribbon shaped with amorphous structure using the melt spinning method The amorphous character of the processed alloy is emphasized by X-Ray diffraction and the brazed joints made with the alloy were submitted to metallographic analysis and shearing tests

1 Introduction Until not long ago brazing was used just to make joints performed to low loadings the brazing alloy was used just as an adhesive the present technique based on the knowledge of phenomena taking place during the brazing process having modern equipments (furnaces with reducing atmosphere or vacuum quenching using high frequency current) allows the manufacturing of different parts from metallic alloys with high strength

In the case of brazing copper based alloys the majority of brazing alloys contain silver (25hellip70) Silver reduces the melting temperature of the alloy it increases its wettability and also it ensures good mechanical and corrosion resistance to the brazed joint Since silver is an expensive metal the trend is to produce silver free brazing alloys that present adequate technological properties and ensure optimal exploitation characteristics to the brazed joint [3]

Starting form the discoveries concerning the applicative potential of the manufacturing of brazing alloys in the shape of amorphous ribbons [4] using the ultra-rapid cooling of the melt technique in the last 20 years numerous applications for these alloys were found The advantages which these amorphous ribbons brazing alloys present are structural and geometrical homogeneity as well as providing good mechanical and corrosion resistance to the brazed joint

2 Obtaining of the brazing alloy The ldquomelt-spinningrdquo method was used for the processing of the amorphous brazing alloys which

involves the ultra-rapidly cooling of the melt on the exterior surface of a rotating cylinder This method has two steps [1]

bull Processing of the master alloy with a chemical composition favorable to amorphization bull Re-melting and continuous casting of the master alloy on a rotating cylinder

The 13th International Conference on Rapidly Quenched and Metastable Materials IOP PublishingJournal of Physics Conference Series 144 (2009) 012098 doi1010881742-65961441012098

ccopy 2009 IOP Publishing Ltd 1

The experiments performed in this paper followed the manufacturing of a copper based brazing alloy from the Cu-Ni-P-Zn family The chemical composition of the brazing alloy must be chosen so that it ensures both the amorphization of the alloy and a good spreading and wettability These conditions are accomplished usually by compositions situated around the eutectics [1] [3] The presence of phosphorus is necessary because this element acts as a dissolvent and in the case of brazing copper the tendency in not to use any fluxes Also phosphorus has positive influence on the formation of amorphous structures Nickel improves mechanical properties and corrosion resistance and the presence of zinc decreases the melting temperature of the alloy

Having in mind these considerations as well as some preliminary researches the following chemical composition was chosen for the brazing alloy Cu54 Zn25 Ni9P12

The primary alloy was elaborated by introducing the raw material (CuP7 metallic Ni metallic Zn) in an induction heated graphite crucible using an induction melting equipment having as main component a compact converter with transistors type CTC 100K12 The resulting melt was cast in a mould 13 mm diameter rods were obtained

The microscopic structure of the primary alloy is a dendritic structure specific to the cast state of the metals (figure 1)

Figure 1 Microstructure of the primary alloy Figure 2 Processing of the ribbons The ribbons were obtained by the melt-Spinning method using the installation from figure 2 The

processing technology of the ribbons involves the following steps cutting the primary alloy rods into 20 mm pieces inserting the primary alloy in the crucible and fixing the quartz crucible inductive heating and melting of the primary alloy bringing the cooling roll to the optimal rotative speed relative positioning of the crucible towards the cooling roll applying the over-pressure to the melt using inert gas and ejecting the melt through the orifice of the ejecting nozzle on the surface of the cooling roll (figure 2)

Having in mind the anterior experience in elaborating such ribbons by ultra-rapidly melt cooling in a first stage the following parameters were used for experiments melt temperature 800 oC rotative speed of the cooling roll 2100 rotmin ejecting nozzle dimensions 07x4 mm distance nozzle-surface of the cooling roll h = 08 mm overpressure applied to the melt 020 Bar

The above conditions lead to obtaining ductile continuous geometrically uniform ribbons with 20 microm thickness and 4 mm width The macroscopic aspect of the ribbons is presented in figure 3

The amorphous structure authentification of the obtained ribbons was done using X-Ray diffraction analysis This was conducted on the DRON 3 diffractometer using a Mo-Kα-radiation The diffraction pattern of the obtained ribbon reveals typical halos with no evidence of crystalline Bragg peaks (figure 4) One can affirm thus that the ribbons that were obtained have amorphous structure

The 13th International Conference on Rapidly Quenched and Metastable Materials IOP PublishingJournal of Physics Conference Series 144 (2009) 012098 doi1010881742-65961441012098

2

I au

2θ 20 30 40 50 60 70

Figure 3 Ribbon shaped brazing alloy Figure 4 Diffractograme of the obtained ribbons

3 Producing of the brazed joints using the processed alloy In order to test the brazing behavior of the processed alloy brazed joints were made using

resistance spot brazing because it is a rapid brazing method that ensures high heating and cooling speeds avoiding the precipitation of intermetallic compounds in the joint Brazing resistance is a capillary adhesion process which uses as heating source an electric resistance The principle consists by passing of a high intensity and low voltage electric current through a resistive circuit so that the joining place heats up to the brazing temperature The heating process in the joining place was assured with two electrodes that were brought in contact with the base material near the joint [2] [5]

The joints were made on the PPU-125 equipment The brazing parameters (current Is = 400 A time ts = 16 s pressing force 500 N) were optimized after a set of preliminary experimentations (figure 5)

350

300

400

450

500

5 10 15 20 25 time s

I A

1

2

3 4 0

0 ndash optimum zone 1 ndash melting of base material 2 3 ndash partial fusion of brazing alloy 4 ndash overheating of base material

Figure 6 Brazed joint

Figure 5 Optimizing of brazing parameters Brazing by overlapping was made on two copper tie plates 1 mm thickness and 15 mm width

without any brazing flux The brazed joint is shown in figure 6 In order to characterize the brazed joint metallographic analysis and shearing tests were

performed Metallographic analysis supposes making metallographic samples Etching of the brazed joint was done by immersion at 20degC for 10 seconds using a solution of cupric ammoniacal chloride Microscopic analysis revealed a geometrically uniform brazed joint without any precipitations of intermetallic compounds (figure 7)

Shearing tests were conducted on an Instron type equipment (figure 8)

The 13th International Conference on Rapidly Quenched and Metastable Materials IOP PublishingJournal of Physics Conference Series 144 (2009) 012098 doi1010881742-65961441012098

3

In the case of the tested samples it was found out the fact that the brazed joint presented no deterioration the breaking being produced in the base material (figure 8-right image) which leads to the conclusion that the brazed joints present a higher shearing strength than the copper

Figure 7 Microstructure of the brazed joint Figure 8 Shearing test

4 Conclusions Studies and researches conducted reveal the possibi to obtain brazing alloy for the copper based silver free alloys directly from the melt in t e of ductile ribbons with amorphous structure The processed brazing alloy is characterized by a good brazing behavior and because there is phosphorus in the chemical composition the presence of fluxes is not necessary to produce the brazed joint This may lead to the easy automation of the technological process

The microscopic analysis showed that the structure of the brazed joint presented no precipitations of intermetallic compounds and ensures good ductility to the joint

out that the shea zed joint is superior to the fracture strength of the base material

[3] of the 6 Int Conf ldquoLotrsquo01rdquo

lasreg Alloy Brazing Foil Applications (Ibid 68 N10) pp 39

2001 Punktfoumlrmiges Widerstandsloumlten-Die Alternative zum Widerstandspunktschweiβen

lityhe shap

Following the shearing tests it was found ring strength of the bra

References [1] Codrean C and Şerban VA 2007 Metale amorfe si nanocristaline ed Politehnica Timişoara

pp 33-65 [2] Codrean C Şerban VA Burcă M and Radu B 2007 Experiments Regarding Resistance Spot

Brazing of Austenitic Stainless Steel With Amorphous Brazing Alloys (Welding in the World 51 SPEC ISS) pp 339-346

Ilina IN Pashkov IN and Rodin IB 2001 Interaction of Some Non-Silver Brazing Metals with Base Materials (Microstructure and Properties) (Proc th

Aachen) pp 326-328 [4] Rabinkin A 1989 Recent Development in Metg

[5] Sitte G(bdquoDer Praktikerldquo 53 H5) pp196-200

The 13th International Conference on Rapidly Quenched and Metastable Materials IOP PublishingJournal of Physics Conference Series 144 (2009) 012098 doi1010881742-65961441012098

4

Page 2: Amorphous alloys for brazing copper based alloys - IOPscience

Amorphous alloys for brazing copper based alloys

VA Şerban C Codrean D Uţu and C Opriş

Politehnica University of Timisoara Dept for Materials Science and Welding 1 M Viteazu Bvd 300222 Timisoara Romania

serbanmecuptro

Abstract Silver based alloys are used widely when brazing copper based alloys Due to its high cost researchers try to obtain silver free brazing alloys in the shape of amorphous structure ribbons avoiding thus the formation of intermetallic compounds that diminish its ductility and plasticity In this paper the authors present their results in trying to obtain brazing alloys from the Cu-Zn-Ni-P family ribbon shaped with amorphous structure using the melt spinning method The amorphous character of the processed alloy is emphasized by X-Ray diffraction and the brazed joints made with the alloy were submitted to metallographic analysis and shearing tests

1 Introduction Until not long ago brazing was used just to make joints performed to low loadings the brazing alloy was used just as an adhesive the present technique based on the knowledge of phenomena taking place during the brazing process having modern equipments (furnaces with reducing atmosphere or vacuum quenching using high frequency current) allows the manufacturing of different parts from metallic alloys with high strength

In the case of brazing copper based alloys the majority of brazing alloys contain silver (25hellip70) Silver reduces the melting temperature of the alloy it increases its wettability and also it ensures good mechanical and corrosion resistance to the brazed joint Since silver is an expensive metal the trend is to produce silver free brazing alloys that present adequate technological properties and ensure optimal exploitation characteristics to the brazed joint [3]

Starting form the discoveries concerning the applicative potential of the manufacturing of brazing alloys in the shape of amorphous ribbons [4] using the ultra-rapid cooling of the melt technique in the last 20 years numerous applications for these alloys were found The advantages which these amorphous ribbons brazing alloys present are structural and geometrical homogeneity as well as providing good mechanical and corrosion resistance to the brazed joint

2 Obtaining of the brazing alloy The ldquomelt-spinningrdquo method was used for the processing of the amorphous brazing alloys which

involves the ultra-rapidly cooling of the melt on the exterior surface of a rotating cylinder This method has two steps [1]

bull Processing of the master alloy with a chemical composition favorable to amorphization bull Re-melting and continuous casting of the master alloy on a rotating cylinder

The 13th International Conference on Rapidly Quenched and Metastable Materials IOP PublishingJournal of Physics Conference Series 144 (2009) 012098 doi1010881742-65961441012098

ccopy 2009 IOP Publishing Ltd 1

The experiments performed in this paper followed the manufacturing of a copper based brazing alloy from the Cu-Ni-P-Zn family The chemical composition of the brazing alloy must be chosen so that it ensures both the amorphization of the alloy and a good spreading and wettability These conditions are accomplished usually by compositions situated around the eutectics [1] [3] The presence of phosphorus is necessary because this element acts as a dissolvent and in the case of brazing copper the tendency in not to use any fluxes Also phosphorus has positive influence on the formation of amorphous structures Nickel improves mechanical properties and corrosion resistance and the presence of zinc decreases the melting temperature of the alloy

Having in mind these considerations as well as some preliminary researches the following chemical composition was chosen for the brazing alloy Cu54 Zn25 Ni9P12

The primary alloy was elaborated by introducing the raw material (CuP7 metallic Ni metallic Zn) in an induction heated graphite crucible using an induction melting equipment having as main component a compact converter with transistors type CTC 100K12 The resulting melt was cast in a mould 13 mm diameter rods were obtained

The microscopic structure of the primary alloy is a dendritic structure specific to the cast state of the metals (figure 1)

Figure 1 Microstructure of the primary alloy Figure 2 Processing of the ribbons The ribbons were obtained by the melt-Spinning method using the installation from figure 2 The

processing technology of the ribbons involves the following steps cutting the primary alloy rods into 20 mm pieces inserting the primary alloy in the crucible and fixing the quartz crucible inductive heating and melting of the primary alloy bringing the cooling roll to the optimal rotative speed relative positioning of the crucible towards the cooling roll applying the over-pressure to the melt using inert gas and ejecting the melt through the orifice of the ejecting nozzle on the surface of the cooling roll (figure 2)

Having in mind the anterior experience in elaborating such ribbons by ultra-rapidly melt cooling in a first stage the following parameters were used for experiments melt temperature 800 oC rotative speed of the cooling roll 2100 rotmin ejecting nozzle dimensions 07x4 mm distance nozzle-surface of the cooling roll h = 08 mm overpressure applied to the melt 020 Bar

The above conditions lead to obtaining ductile continuous geometrically uniform ribbons with 20 microm thickness and 4 mm width The macroscopic aspect of the ribbons is presented in figure 3

The amorphous structure authentification of the obtained ribbons was done using X-Ray diffraction analysis This was conducted on the DRON 3 diffractometer using a Mo-Kα-radiation The diffraction pattern of the obtained ribbon reveals typical halos with no evidence of crystalline Bragg peaks (figure 4) One can affirm thus that the ribbons that were obtained have amorphous structure

The 13th International Conference on Rapidly Quenched and Metastable Materials IOP PublishingJournal of Physics Conference Series 144 (2009) 012098 doi1010881742-65961441012098

2

I au

2θ 20 30 40 50 60 70

Figure 3 Ribbon shaped brazing alloy Figure 4 Diffractograme of the obtained ribbons

3 Producing of the brazed joints using the processed alloy In order to test the brazing behavior of the processed alloy brazed joints were made using

resistance spot brazing because it is a rapid brazing method that ensures high heating and cooling speeds avoiding the precipitation of intermetallic compounds in the joint Brazing resistance is a capillary adhesion process which uses as heating source an electric resistance The principle consists by passing of a high intensity and low voltage electric current through a resistive circuit so that the joining place heats up to the brazing temperature The heating process in the joining place was assured with two electrodes that were brought in contact with the base material near the joint [2] [5]

The joints were made on the PPU-125 equipment The brazing parameters (current Is = 400 A time ts = 16 s pressing force 500 N) were optimized after a set of preliminary experimentations (figure 5)

350

300

400

450

500

5 10 15 20 25 time s

I A

1

2

3 4 0

0 ndash optimum zone 1 ndash melting of base material 2 3 ndash partial fusion of brazing alloy 4 ndash overheating of base material

Figure 6 Brazed joint

Figure 5 Optimizing of brazing parameters Brazing by overlapping was made on two copper tie plates 1 mm thickness and 15 mm width

without any brazing flux The brazed joint is shown in figure 6 In order to characterize the brazed joint metallographic analysis and shearing tests were

performed Metallographic analysis supposes making metallographic samples Etching of the brazed joint was done by immersion at 20degC for 10 seconds using a solution of cupric ammoniacal chloride Microscopic analysis revealed a geometrically uniform brazed joint without any precipitations of intermetallic compounds (figure 7)

Shearing tests were conducted on an Instron type equipment (figure 8)

The 13th International Conference on Rapidly Quenched and Metastable Materials IOP PublishingJournal of Physics Conference Series 144 (2009) 012098 doi1010881742-65961441012098

3

In the case of the tested samples it was found out the fact that the brazed joint presented no deterioration the breaking being produced in the base material (figure 8-right image) which leads to the conclusion that the brazed joints present a higher shearing strength than the copper

Figure 7 Microstructure of the brazed joint Figure 8 Shearing test

4 Conclusions Studies and researches conducted reveal the possibi to obtain brazing alloy for the copper based silver free alloys directly from the melt in t e of ductile ribbons with amorphous structure The processed brazing alloy is characterized by a good brazing behavior and because there is phosphorus in the chemical composition the presence of fluxes is not necessary to produce the brazed joint This may lead to the easy automation of the technological process

The microscopic analysis showed that the structure of the brazed joint presented no precipitations of intermetallic compounds and ensures good ductility to the joint

out that the shea zed joint is superior to the fracture strength of the base material

[3] of the 6 Int Conf ldquoLotrsquo01rdquo

lasreg Alloy Brazing Foil Applications (Ibid 68 N10) pp 39

2001 Punktfoumlrmiges Widerstandsloumlten-Die Alternative zum Widerstandspunktschweiβen

lityhe shap

Following the shearing tests it was found ring strength of the bra

References [1] Codrean C and Şerban VA 2007 Metale amorfe si nanocristaline ed Politehnica Timişoara

pp 33-65 [2] Codrean C Şerban VA Burcă M and Radu B 2007 Experiments Regarding Resistance Spot

Brazing of Austenitic Stainless Steel With Amorphous Brazing Alloys (Welding in the World 51 SPEC ISS) pp 339-346

Ilina IN Pashkov IN and Rodin IB 2001 Interaction of Some Non-Silver Brazing Metals with Base Materials (Microstructure and Properties) (Proc th

Aachen) pp 326-328 [4] Rabinkin A 1989 Recent Development in Metg

[5] Sitte G(bdquoDer Praktikerldquo 53 H5) pp196-200

The 13th International Conference on Rapidly Quenched and Metastable Materials IOP PublishingJournal of Physics Conference Series 144 (2009) 012098 doi1010881742-65961441012098

4

Page 3: Amorphous alloys for brazing copper based alloys - IOPscience

The experiments performed in this paper followed the manufacturing of a copper based brazing alloy from the Cu-Ni-P-Zn family The chemical composition of the brazing alloy must be chosen so that it ensures both the amorphization of the alloy and a good spreading and wettability These conditions are accomplished usually by compositions situated around the eutectics [1] [3] The presence of phosphorus is necessary because this element acts as a dissolvent and in the case of brazing copper the tendency in not to use any fluxes Also phosphorus has positive influence on the formation of amorphous structures Nickel improves mechanical properties and corrosion resistance and the presence of zinc decreases the melting temperature of the alloy

Having in mind these considerations as well as some preliminary researches the following chemical composition was chosen for the brazing alloy Cu54 Zn25 Ni9P12

The primary alloy was elaborated by introducing the raw material (CuP7 metallic Ni metallic Zn) in an induction heated graphite crucible using an induction melting equipment having as main component a compact converter with transistors type CTC 100K12 The resulting melt was cast in a mould 13 mm diameter rods were obtained

The microscopic structure of the primary alloy is a dendritic structure specific to the cast state of the metals (figure 1)

Figure 1 Microstructure of the primary alloy Figure 2 Processing of the ribbons The ribbons were obtained by the melt-Spinning method using the installation from figure 2 The

processing technology of the ribbons involves the following steps cutting the primary alloy rods into 20 mm pieces inserting the primary alloy in the crucible and fixing the quartz crucible inductive heating and melting of the primary alloy bringing the cooling roll to the optimal rotative speed relative positioning of the crucible towards the cooling roll applying the over-pressure to the melt using inert gas and ejecting the melt through the orifice of the ejecting nozzle on the surface of the cooling roll (figure 2)

Having in mind the anterior experience in elaborating such ribbons by ultra-rapidly melt cooling in a first stage the following parameters were used for experiments melt temperature 800 oC rotative speed of the cooling roll 2100 rotmin ejecting nozzle dimensions 07x4 mm distance nozzle-surface of the cooling roll h = 08 mm overpressure applied to the melt 020 Bar

The above conditions lead to obtaining ductile continuous geometrically uniform ribbons with 20 microm thickness and 4 mm width The macroscopic aspect of the ribbons is presented in figure 3

The amorphous structure authentification of the obtained ribbons was done using X-Ray diffraction analysis This was conducted on the DRON 3 diffractometer using a Mo-Kα-radiation The diffraction pattern of the obtained ribbon reveals typical halos with no evidence of crystalline Bragg peaks (figure 4) One can affirm thus that the ribbons that were obtained have amorphous structure

The 13th International Conference on Rapidly Quenched and Metastable Materials IOP PublishingJournal of Physics Conference Series 144 (2009) 012098 doi1010881742-65961441012098

2

I au

2θ 20 30 40 50 60 70

Figure 3 Ribbon shaped brazing alloy Figure 4 Diffractograme of the obtained ribbons

3 Producing of the brazed joints using the processed alloy In order to test the brazing behavior of the processed alloy brazed joints were made using

resistance spot brazing because it is a rapid brazing method that ensures high heating and cooling speeds avoiding the precipitation of intermetallic compounds in the joint Brazing resistance is a capillary adhesion process which uses as heating source an electric resistance The principle consists by passing of a high intensity and low voltage electric current through a resistive circuit so that the joining place heats up to the brazing temperature The heating process in the joining place was assured with two electrodes that were brought in contact with the base material near the joint [2] [5]

The joints were made on the PPU-125 equipment The brazing parameters (current Is = 400 A time ts = 16 s pressing force 500 N) were optimized after a set of preliminary experimentations (figure 5)

350

300

400

450

500

5 10 15 20 25 time s

I A

1

2

3 4 0

0 ndash optimum zone 1 ndash melting of base material 2 3 ndash partial fusion of brazing alloy 4 ndash overheating of base material

Figure 6 Brazed joint

Figure 5 Optimizing of brazing parameters Brazing by overlapping was made on two copper tie plates 1 mm thickness and 15 mm width

without any brazing flux The brazed joint is shown in figure 6 In order to characterize the brazed joint metallographic analysis and shearing tests were

performed Metallographic analysis supposes making metallographic samples Etching of the brazed joint was done by immersion at 20degC for 10 seconds using a solution of cupric ammoniacal chloride Microscopic analysis revealed a geometrically uniform brazed joint without any precipitations of intermetallic compounds (figure 7)

Shearing tests were conducted on an Instron type equipment (figure 8)

The 13th International Conference on Rapidly Quenched and Metastable Materials IOP PublishingJournal of Physics Conference Series 144 (2009) 012098 doi1010881742-65961441012098

3

In the case of the tested samples it was found out the fact that the brazed joint presented no deterioration the breaking being produced in the base material (figure 8-right image) which leads to the conclusion that the brazed joints present a higher shearing strength than the copper

Figure 7 Microstructure of the brazed joint Figure 8 Shearing test

4 Conclusions Studies and researches conducted reveal the possibi to obtain brazing alloy for the copper based silver free alloys directly from the melt in t e of ductile ribbons with amorphous structure The processed brazing alloy is characterized by a good brazing behavior and because there is phosphorus in the chemical composition the presence of fluxes is not necessary to produce the brazed joint This may lead to the easy automation of the technological process

The microscopic analysis showed that the structure of the brazed joint presented no precipitations of intermetallic compounds and ensures good ductility to the joint

out that the shea zed joint is superior to the fracture strength of the base material

[3] of the 6 Int Conf ldquoLotrsquo01rdquo

lasreg Alloy Brazing Foil Applications (Ibid 68 N10) pp 39

2001 Punktfoumlrmiges Widerstandsloumlten-Die Alternative zum Widerstandspunktschweiβen

lityhe shap

Following the shearing tests it was found ring strength of the bra

References [1] Codrean C and Şerban VA 2007 Metale amorfe si nanocristaline ed Politehnica Timişoara

pp 33-65 [2] Codrean C Şerban VA Burcă M and Radu B 2007 Experiments Regarding Resistance Spot

Brazing of Austenitic Stainless Steel With Amorphous Brazing Alloys (Welding in the World 51 SPEC ISS) pp 339-346

Ilina IN Pashkov IN and Rodin IB 2001 Interaction of Some Non-Silver Brazing Metals with Base Materials (Microstructure and Properties) (Proc th

Aachen) pp 326-328 [4] Rabinkin A 1989 Recent Development in Metg

[5] Sitte G(bdquoDer Praktikerldquo 53 H5) pp196-200

The 13th International Conference on Rapidly Quenched and Metastable Materials IOP PublishingJournal of Physics Conference Series 144 (2009) 012098 doi1010881742-65961441012098

4

Page 4: Amorphous alloys for brazing copper based alloys - IOPscience

I au

2θ 20 30 40 50 60 70

Figure 3 Ribbon shaped brazing alloy Figure 4 Diffractograme of the obtained ribbons

3 Producing of the brazed joints using the processed alloy In order to test the brazing behavior of the processed alloy brazed joints were made using

resistance spot brazing because it is a rapid brazing method that ensures high heating and cooling speeds avoiding the precipitation of intermetallic compounds in the joint Brazing resistance is a capillary adhesion process which uses as heating source an electric resistance The principle consists by passing of a high intensity and low voltage electric current through a resistive circuit so that the joining place heats up to the brazing temperature The heating process in the joining place was assured with two electrodes that were brought in contact with the base material near the joint [2] [5]

The joints were made on the PPU-125 equipment The brazing parameters (current Is = 400 A time ts = 16 s pressing force 500 N) were optimized after a set of preliminary experimentations (figure 5)

350

300

400

450

500

5 10 15 20 25 time s

I A

1

2

3 4 0

0 ndash optimum zone 1 ndash melting of base material 2 3 ndash partial fusion of brazing alloy 4 ndash overheating of base material

Figure 6 Brazed joint

Figure 5 Optimizing of brazing parameters Brazing by overlapping was made on two copper tie plates 1 mm thickness and 15 mm width

without any brazing flux The brazed joint is shown in figure 6 In order to characterize the brazed joint metallographic analysis and shearing tests were

performed Metallographic analysis supposes making metallographic samples Etching of the brazed joint was done by immersion at 20degC for 10 seconds using a solution of cupric ammoniacal chloride Microscopic analysis revealed a geometrically uniform brazed joint without any precipitations of intermetallic compounds (figure 7)

Shearing tests were conducted on an Instron type equipment (figure 8)

The 13th International Conference on Rapidly Quenched and Metastable Materials IOP PublishingJournal of Physics Conference Series 144 (2009) 012098 doi1010881742-65961441012098

3

In the case of the tested samples it was found out the fact that the brazed joint presented no deterioration the breaking being produced in the base material (figure 8-right image) which leads to the conclusion that the brazed joints present a higher shearing strength than the copper

Figure 7 Microstructure of the brazed joint Figure 8 Shearing test

4 Conclusions Studies and researches conducted reveal the possibi to obtain brazing alloy for the copper based silver free alloys directly from the melt in t e of ductile ribbons with amorphous structure The processed brazing alloy is characterized by a good brazing behavior and because there is phosphorus in the chemical composition the presence of fluxes is not necessary to produce the brazed joint This may lead to the easy automation of the technological process

The microscopic analysis showed that the structure of the brazed joint presented no precipitations of intermetallic compounds and ensures good ductility to the joint

out that the shea zed joint is superior to the fracture strength of the base material

[3] of the 6 Int Conf ldquoLotrsquo01rdquo

lasreg Alloy Brazing Foil Applications (Ibid 68 N10) pp 39

2001 Punktfoumlrmiges Widerstandsloumlten-Die Alternative zum Widerstandspunktschweiβen

lityhe shap

Following the shearing tests it was found ring strength of the bra

References [1] Codrean C and Şerban VA 2007 Metale amorfe si nanocristaline ed Politehnica Timişoara

pp 33-65 [2] Codrean C Şerban VA Burcă M and Radu B 2007 Experiments Regarding Resistance Spot

Brazing of Austenitic Stainless Steel With Amorphous Brazing Alloys (Welding in the World 51 SPEC ISS) pp 339-346

Ilina IN Pashkov IN and Rodin IB 2001 Interaction of Some Non-Silver Brazing Metals with Base Materials (Microstructure and Properties) (Proc th

Aachen) pp 326-328 [4] Rabinkin A 1989 Recent Development in Metg

[5] Sitte G(bdquoDer Praktikerldquo 53 H5) pp196-200

The 13th International Conference on Rapidly Quenched and Metastable Materials IOP PublishingJournal of Physics Conference Series 144 (2009) 012098 doi1010881742-65961441012098

4

Page 5: Amorphous alloys for brazing copper based alloys - IOPscience

In the case of the tested samples it was found out the fact that the brazed joint presented no deterioration the breaking being produced in the base material (figure 8-right image) which leads to the conclusion that the brazed joints present a higher shearing strength than the copper

Figure 7 Microstructure of the brazed joint Figure 8 Shearing test

4 Conclusions Studies and researches conducted reveal the possibi to obtain brazing alloy for the copper based silver free alloys directly from the melt in t e of ductile ribbons with amorphous structure The processed brazing alloy is characterized by a good brazing behavior and because there is phosphorus in the chemical composition the presence of fluxes is not necessary to produce the brazed joint This may lead to the easy automation of the technological process

The microscopic analysis showed that the structure of the brazed joint presented no precipitations of intermetallic compounds and ensures good ductility to the joint

out that the shea zed joint is superior to the fracture strength of the base material

[3] of the 6 Int Conf ldquoLotrsquo01rdquo

lasreg Alloy Brazing Foil Applications (Ibid 68 N10) pp 39

2001 Punktfoumlrmiges Widerstandsloumlten-Die Alternative zum Widerstandspunktschweiβen

lityhe shap

Following the shearing tests it was found ring strength of the bra

References [1] Codrean C and Şerban VA 2007 Metale amorfe si nanocristaline ed Politehnica Timişoara

pp 33-65 [2] Codrean C Şerban VA Burcă M and Radu B 2007 Experiments Regarding Resistance Spot

Brazing of Austenitic Stainless Steel With Amorphous Brazing Alloys (Welding in the World 51 SPEC ISS) pp 339-346

Ilina IN Pashkov IN and Rodin IB 2001 Interaction of Some Non-Silver Brazing Metals with Base Materials (Microstructure and Properties) (Proc th

Aachen) pp 326-328 [4] Rabinkin A 1989 Recent Development in Metg

[5] Sitte G(bdquoDer Praktikerldquo 53 H5) pp196-200

The 13th International Conference on Rapidly Quenched and Metastable Materials IOP PublishingJournal of Physics Conference Series 144 (2009) 012098 doi1010881742-65961441012098

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