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1 ALWAYS … PATSY CLINE Glossary October 2017, Jewel Theatre Company Shaun Carroll, Director © Susan Myer Silton, Dramaturge Note: this glossary not only provides word definitions, but includes additional information relevant to the play and its characters Key: DJ (disc jockey), LA (Los Angeles), NYC (New York City), UK (United Kingdom), US (United States), WWI (World War I) ACT I Cast, p. 5 All page numbers refer to the numbers imprinted on the script in the lower right of the page Patsy Cline: Patsy Cline was born Virginia Patterson Hensley on September 8, 1932, in the Winchester (Virginia) Memorial Hospital. She died in a plane crash March 6, 1963 in the hill country near Camden, Tennessee, at the age of 30, just as her career was at its highest peak. Country performers Hawkshaw Hawkins and Cowboy Copas died with her, as did her manager, Randy Hughes. Hughes was piloting all of them in his Piper Comanche home from a benefit concert in Kansas City, Kansas for Jack Wesley Call, aka “Cactus Jack”, one of Country’s well-known Midwestern DJs, who had died in a car crash a month earlier. Also performing in the show were George Jones, George Riddle and The Jones Boys, Billy Walker, Dottie West, Wilma Lee and Stoney Cooper, George McCormick, and the Clinch Mountain. According to Margaret Jones in her biography, Patsy: The Life and Times of Patsy Cline, “Country people are famous for coming to the aid of those in need”. Sam and Hilda’s home in Gore, where they lived before Patsy’s birth
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  • 1

    ALWAYSPATSYCLINEGlossaryOctober2017,JewelTheatreCompanyShaunCarroll,DirectorSusanMyerSilton,DramaturgeNote:thisglossarynotonlyprovidesworddefinitions,butincludesadditionalinformationrelevanttotheplayanditscharactersKey:DJ(discjockey),LA(LosAngeles),NYC(NewYorkCity),UK(UnitedKingdom),US(UnitedStates),WWI(WorldWarI)ACTICast,p.5 AllpagenumbersrefertothenumbersimprintedonthescriptinthelowerrightofthepagePatsyCline:PatsyClinewasbornVirginiaPattersonHensleyonSeptember8,1932,intheWinchester(Virginia)MemorialHospital.ShediedinaplanecrashMarch6,1963inthehillcountrynearCamden,Tennessee,attheageof30,justashercareerwasatitshighestpeak.CountryperformersHawkshawHawkinsandCowboyCopasdiedwithher,asdidhermanager,RandyHughes.HugheswaspilotingalloftheminhisPiperComanchehomefromabenefitconcertinKansasCity,KansasforJackWesleyCall,akaCactusJack,oneofCountryswell-knownMidwesternDJs,whohaddiedinacarcrashamonthearlier.AlsoperformingintheshowwereGeorgeJones,GeorgeRiddleandTheJonesBoys,BillyWalker,DottieWest,WilmaLeeandStoneyCooper,GeorgeMcCormick,andtheClinchMountain.AccordingtoMargaretJonesinherbiography,Patsy:TheLifeandTimesofPatsyCline,Countrypeoplearefamousforcomingtotheaidofthoseinneed.

    SamandHildashomeinGore,wheretheylivedbeforePatsysbirth

  • 2

    WhenPatsywasborn,herparentshadbeenmarriedforsixdays.Hermother,HildaVirginiaPattersonwas15yearsold.HildametSamuelLawrenceHensley,43,awidowerfromhisfirstmarriage,whileheworkedinasandmineinElkton,Virginia.TheiraddresswaslistedasGore,asettlementofflintyhillfolk(Patsy:TheLifeandTimesofPatsyCline)intheheavilywoodedmountainsneartheWestVirginialine.AfewweeksafterVirginia,orGinny,wasborn,SammovedherandHildabacktoSolsburg,thefamilyestatejustoutsideofElkton,onthebanksoftheShenandoahRiver.TheimpressivehomesteadwasbuiltbySolomonJobeHensley,Patsyspaternalgrandfather.TheHensleyswereamongVirginiasfirstfamilies;theytakeupfourcolumnsintheElktontelephonebook.

    SolHensley(above)andSamHensley(below)duringWWI

    Solwasoneoftheoriginalhillbilliesathird-generationVirginian,bornonhisgranddaddysfarm,HensleyHollow,deepintheheavilywoodedBlueRidgeMountains.Bythetimehestartedafamily,Solhadalreadytransformedhimselfintoacountrysquire,withathousandacresofprimeRockinghamCountyfarmlanddistributedoverthreefarms.Hisfortuneswouldchange,however,ultimatelycontributingtothedemiseofthefamilydynastyhehadbuilt.SouthernagriculturedeclinedafterWWI,exacerbatedfurtherbyaseveredrought.Thencamethestockmarketcrashof1929,andtheGreatDepression,whichdebilitatedthefewproductivefarmsthatremained.Buriedinunsellablegoodsandmortgageforeclosures,hewasforcedtounloadhislandinbitsandchunks.Atthesametime,Solgotinvolvedinascandalwithafifteen-year-oldgirlfromElkton.Her

  • 3

    GoldieandJamesPatterson,Patsysmaternalgrandparents

    familyextractedasubstantialamountofmoneyforhisindiscretion.WhenPatsywasborn,theironyofthesituationpromptedfolksinElktontoremark,Likefather,likeson,althoughSam,unlikeSol,couldntbuyhiswayout.Sam,thefirstbornson,wasindeedlikehisfatherinmanyways,inheritinghishandsomelooks,pride,musicalability,aggression,independence,extravaganttaste,ungodly,uncontrollabletemper(Patsy:TheLifeandTimesofPatsyCline)andtyrannicalpatriarchalattitude.Amasterblacksmith,hewasalsoanexpertwheelwright,horseshoer,toolmaker,quarrymanandgeneralmechanic.Hisgreatestgift,however,washissinging.Hehadinherited,ashewouldpassontoPatsyandhisotherchildren,theHensleymusicaltalent.Heplayedthepiano,andinhisstrong,sweettenorwithitslucid,almosttheatricaldiction,hesangalwayssoloinweeklymutigenerationalfamilysongfestsandthechurchchoir.ThedayaftertheUSenteredWWI,Samenlisted.HewouldparticipateincombatintheArgonneForest,oneofWWIsbloodiestbattles.Hereturnedchanged,withanewedgetohisalreadyformidabletemper.Theslightestthingswouldsethimoff,andhebegantogoonharddrinkingbingesthatlastedtheentireweekend.ItwasaroundthistimethatSammarriedhisfirstwife,WynonaJones.Shewaspregnantwiththeirfourthchildwhenshediedinacaraccident,alsolosingthebaby.Hewasdevastated,anditdidnthelpthat,inthewakeofWynonasdeath,hisfatherwasswiftlylosingthefamilyfortune.Samwouldvirtuallyabandonhischildrentoahousekeeperwholateradoptedthem,and

  • 4

    joinotherDepression-eranomads,livinginhiscarandtravelingtodifferentstatestoworkonfarms,quarriesandtherailroad.ItwasduringareturnvisittohishometownthathemetPatsysmother,thefifteen-year-olddark-hairedbeauty,Hilda.Theirunionwastempestuous,characterizedbyviolentdisputesthatwerefueledbySamsdrinking.Theimpoverishedfamily,whichwouldsoonincludeanotherdaughter,Sylviaandson,SamJr.,calledJohn,becameitinerant.Theycouldntpaytheirrent,sotheydmovesometimestwoorthreetimesayearintosomebighousethatsatempty(Patsy:TheLife

    AyoungGinnyHensley(Patsy)andherbrother,SamHensleyJr.,calledJohnbythefamily

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    andTimesofPatsyCline),vacatedbyitsownerswhosoughtworkoutsidetheareatheylivedduringtheDepression.Asaresult,Patsyhadsporadicschooling,droppingoutnearlyeverygradebecausethefamilymovednineteentimeswhenshewasgrowingup.Shedroppedoutforthelasttimeinhersophomoreyearofhighschool.

    PatsyatJohnHandleyHighSchool,inthelastschoolphotoshewouldtake,1947

    Withinayear,thefamilywouldstopsquattinginabandonedhouses,andmoveintoarun-downduplexoncrowdedKentStreetinWinchester,whereDepression-eraruralfamiliesmovedwhentheylefttheirhardscrabblefarms,hopingtofindworkinthecity.SouthKentStreetwasconsideredthewrongsideofthetracks.Becauseshewasfromthere,PatsywaslookeddownuponbythepeopleofWinchesterherentirelife,evenaftersheachievedrenownandsuccess.WhenshewonArthurGodfreysTalentScoutShowin1957withWalkinAfterMidnight,theWinchesterEveningStarnoted,shelivesat608S.KentSt.,withsuchtalentandability,asiftalentcomingfromsuchanaddresswasunheardof.Threeyearslater,whenshehadherhitIFalltoPieces,sheperformedattheWinchesterDrive-Inbetweenthefeaturedmovies.Thepeoplewatchingleanedontheircarhornsandbooedher.EventhoughshehadmadeanameforherselfandhadalreadyperformedattheGrandOleOpry,theymadefunofher.Shebrokedowncryingandthemanagertookhertohistrailer.Sheaskedhim,WhydopeopleinWinchestertreatmelikethis?MargaretJonesstartsher1994biographywithanimagethatspeakstothedisdainWinchesterhadforPatsywhileshewasaliveandforyearsafterherdeath.InJones

  • 6

    vignette,Patsyistwenty-fiveyearsold,andridingonthetopofthebackseatofaredOldsmobileconvertibleintheAppleBlossomFestivalparadeinherhometownofWinchester.ThisisherthirdtimeintheannualMayparadethefirsttwotimes,hernamewasomittedfromtheprogram.Insteadofthecowgirloutfitsheworeinherpreviousparadeoutings,asanodtohernewly-mintedstatusasapopsingingsensation,sheisattiredinhercrossoverlookofatight,red,straplesstwo-piecesequinedoutfit,rhinestoneearringsandhighheels.Shehasreturnedintriumph,havingrecentlyandsingularlybrokentheapplause-o-meteronArthurGodfreys"TalentScouts"whilesinging"Walkin'AfterMidnight"beforeacombinedradioandTVaudienceof82millionpeople.Thesonghasalreadyclimbedtothetopofthepopandcountrycharts.

    Patsyinthe1957AppleBlossomParade

    InthepictureJohnsonpaints,PatsyisnotthequeenofthisparadeherconvertibleisfarbehindMissAnneDeniseDoughty-Tichbornesmassivefloat.TheQueenoftheAppleBlossoms,theidealofSouthernwomanhood,doesnthailfromWinchesterasPatsydoes,notevenfromtherightsideofthetracks.Forthatmatter,sheisntevenfromtheSouth.HerMajestyQueenShenandoahXXXhappenstobea19-year-oldEnglishwomanwithunimpeachablecredentials,apedigreeandanaristocraticbackgroundnoneofwhichPatsyhas.Astheparadecomesintoitshomestretch,Patsyandsomeofherfriendsinthecrowdcanclearlyhearthecatcallsdirectedmockinglyather.Concerned,herfriendsseekheroutaftertheparadeisoverandfindheronasidestreet.Sheiscompletelyaloneevenherdriverhaddesertedher.Theparadeover,sheisignoredagain.

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