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  • Adopting ISO 14064 series of standardsBenjamin Tan

    Slide 1

  • Contents

    1. Need for ISO Series of Standards2. Publication of the ISO 14064 standards3. Overview of 14064 standards4. Key Requirements & Approach5. Roles and responsibilities6. Verification Approach7. How can the standards be used?

    Slide 2

  • 1. Need for the ISO series of standards

    Background

    The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)Published guidance for developing national inventories under

    the Kyoto Protocol in 1997.

    Organisations were increasingly interested in reporting their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. However, organisations took their own approach to

    quantification. In addition, GHG information was not readily comparable

    Slide 3

  • Need for the ISO series of standardsContinued

    In September 2001, the first edition of the GHG Protocol had been published by the World Business Council for Sustainable Development(WBCSD) and the World Resources Institute (WRI). This was the first attempt at harmonisation at the organisational level.

    By June 2002, the ISO technical committee on Environmental Management had established a working group to develop international standard(s) for monitoring, reporting and verifying GHG emissions and removals

    On 5 December 2005, the standards were launched at a side event to the Conference to the Parties to the United Nations Framework on Climate Change (UNFCCC) i.e. COP11, Montral Canada

    Slide 4

  • 2. Publication of ISO 14064 Standards

    In March 2006, the ISO working group on Climate Change published 3 standards:

    ISO 14064 Part 1ISO 14064 Part 2ISO 14064 Part 3

    Slide 5

  • Publication of ISO 14064 Standards

    ISO 14064 : 2006 Part 1 - Specification with guidance at the organization level for quantification and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions and removals;

    ISO 14064 : 2006 Part 2 - Specification with guidance at the project level for quantification and reporting of greenhouse gasemissions reductions or removal enhancements; and

    ISO 14064 : 2006 Part 3 - Specification with guidance for the validation and verification of greenhouse gas assertions.

    Slide 6

  • Slide 7

  • 3. Overview of the ISO14064 standards

    Understanding each of the three ISO14064 standards and their scope

    Explain how the standards work together

    Slide 8

  • ISO 14064: Part 1

    This standard is formally titled Specification with guidance at the organization level for quantification and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions and removals

    Details the principles and requirements for designing, developing, managing and reporting organization level GHG inventories.

    Includes requirements for determining boundaries, quantifying emissions and removals, and identifying specific company actions or activities aimed at improving GHG management.

    Includes requirements and guidance on quality management of the GHG inventory, reporting, internal auditing and the organization's responsibilities for verification.

    Slide 9

  • ISO 14064: Part 2

    This standard is formally titled Specification with guidance at the project level for quantification, monitoring and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions reductions and removals enhancements

    This focuses on GHG projects or project based activities specifically designed to reduce GHG emissions or increase GHG removals.

    Includes principles and requirements for determining project baseline scenarios and for monitoring, quantifying and reporting project performance relative to that baseline and provides the basis for GHG projects to be validated and verified.

    Slide 10

  • ISO 14064: Part 3

    This standard is formally titled Specification with guidance for the validation of greenhouse gas assertions

    This part of ISO 14064 provides principles, requirements and guidance for those conducting GHG information validation and verification.

    It describes a process for providing assurance to intended users that an organization's or project's GHG assertions are complete, accurate, consistent, transparent and without material discrepancies.

    Slide 11

  • ISO 14064 Series of Standards

    GHG emissions reductions or

    removal enhancements

    GHG emissions and removals

    quantification and reporting of

    quantification and reporting of

    For the validation and verification of greenhouse gas assertions

    At the project levelAt the Organisational

    Level

    Part 3Part 2Part 1

    Slide 12

  • ISO14065 : 2007

    The ISO14064 series of standards work together with a newer standard: ISO14065

    ISO14065 is formally titled Greenhouse gases Requirements for greenhouse gas validation and verification bodies for use in accreditation and other forms of recognition

    In plain terms, it is a standard which defines which firms can conduct GHG validations and verifications

    Slide 13

  • Relationships between the standards

    ISO14064:1 and ISO14064:2 are used to develop documentation and reports called GHG assertions

    A validation or verification body (who meets the requirements of ISO14065, e.g. LRQA) can use the process outlined in ISO14064:3 to audit these GHG assertions

    The rigour of these audits (level of assurance) is defined by the needs of the intended user of the information in the GHG assertion

    All of these activities may happen in the context of the requirements of the GHG programme

    Slide 14

  • Relationship between three parts of Relationship between three parts of ISO 14064 and ISO 14065ISO 14064 and ISO 14065

    Slide 15

  • 4. Key Requirements & Approach

    Decisions to be made regarding the scope of your inventory:

    a) The parts of the organisation to be included (organisational boundary);

    b) The parts of your operations and the nature of emissions and removals (if any) to be included (operational boundary);

    c) The level of assurance to be applied by verification;d) The Baseline to use; ande) How to communicate your inventory within an Assertion or

    detailed Report.f) Quantification Steps

    Slide 16

  • a) Defining the Organisational BoundaryTwo options:The Control Approach: The organisation would quantify the GHG emissions from all facilities

    over which it has Operational control, or Financial control.

    The Equity Share Approach: The organisation would account for its portion of GHG emissions

    from its facilities. E.g. for a 50:50 joint venture company, theorganisation would account for 50% of the total emissions.

    Slide 17

  • Defining the Organisational Boundary

    Facilities to be considered for inclusion:

    Combustion facilities. Process facilities. Office locations. Laboratory/Research facilities. Vehicle operations.

    Slide 18

  • b) Defining the Operational BoundaryThe inventory must include: All Greenhouse Gases (CO2, CH4, N2O, PFCs, HFCs, SF6) Direct emissions

    Such as process emissions and combustion emissions from sources that the organisation owns/controls.

    Energy Indirect emissionsEmissions from electricity, heat or steam imported into facilities that the organisation owns/controls.

    The inventory may include: Other Indirect emissions

    Emissions from facilities or sources that the organisation does not own or control.

    Slide 19

  • Defining the Operational Boundary

    Emissions to be considered for inclusion:Direct: Combustion emissions from boilers, kilns, generators, on-road and

    off-road vehicles Process emissions from manufacturing processes, waste water

    treatment, waste incineration etc.Energy Indirect Energy indirect from electricity consumed.Other Indirect Combustion emissions from contractors vehicles etc. Process emissions from suppliers processes.

    Slide 20

  • Organisational and operational boundaries

    Parent Company

    Company BShipping

    Company CPower generation

    Company AOil & Gas

    Refinery1

    Refinery2

    Coalmine

    PowerplantPort

    Shipfleet

    Organisational boundaries

    Operational boundaries

    Slide 21

  • c) Deciding the Level of Assurance to apply

    The level of assurance to be applied to verification:Reasonable Assurance Reduces the verification risk to a low level; Samples data from all raw/source data levels, through all

    transpositions and aggregations; More man days.Limited Assurance Reduces the verification risk to a medium level; Checks data streams from raw/source data level, but samples

    through all transpositions and aggregations; Less man days.

    Slide 22

  • Examples of Assurance Statements

    Reasonable Assurance Statement

    The statement could be worded as: Based on the process and procedures conducted, the GHG assertion is materially correct and is a fair representation of the GHG data and

    information, and is prepared in accordance with the related International Standard on

    GHG quantification, monitoring and reporting, or to relevant national standards or practices

    Note: materiality concept that individual or the aggregation of errors, omissions and

    misrepresentations could affect the greenhouse gas assertion and could influence the intended users decisions

    Slide 23

  • Examples of Assurance Statements

    Limited Assurance Statement

    The statement could be worded as: Based on the process and procedures conducted, the GHG assertionthere is no evidence that the GHG assertion is not materially correct and is not a fair representation of GHG data

    and information, and has not been prepared in accordance with the related International

    Standard on GHG quantification, monitoring and reporting, or to relevant national standards or practices.

    Slide 24

  • d) Deciding the baseline period to use

    Baseline Usually a 12 month period; Must be quantified; Must use a consistent approach to quantification as

    used in later years; Must be complete with regard to all sources.

    Slide 25

  • e) Deciding how to communicate

    GHG Assertion or Claim Can be data presented within a wider Environmental or CSR

    Report; Can be normalised data to unit of turnover or unit of service.

    GHG Report Must include data; Has wider reporting requirements with regard to systems, quality

    management, training, report frequency etc., etc.

    Slide 26

  • f) Quantification steps In plain terms these steps are:

    Identify GHG sources and sinks

    Select quantification methodology

    Calculate emissions and removals

    Select or develop emissions factors

    Select and collect activity data

    Choose what you are going to quantify

    Choose how you are going to quantify

    Collect the information you need

    Find or develop the factor to convertyour information to tCO2e

    Perform the math to reach tCO2e values

    Slide 27

  • 5. Roles and responsibilities & Important Terms

    Understanding of the players with roles and responsibilities in the standards and important terms.

    Slide 28

  • Organisation & Facility ISO14064 adopts definitions consistent with general

    understanding of these terms:Organisation - company, corporation, firm, enterprise, authority or institution, or part or combination thereof, whether incorporated or not, public or private that has its own functions and administrationFacility single installation, set of installations or production processes (stationary or mobile), which can be defined with a single geographic boundary, organisational unit or production process.

    Slide 29

  • Verification? Verification is the process of confirming

    whether a statement about actual circumstances or past performance is true and correct

    Only statements about actual performance, events or circumstances can be verified

    Verification focuses on data, information, facts and records

    Both GHG inventories and GHG projects can be verified

    Slide 30

  • Validation? Validation is a process of systematic

    assessment to form an opinion as to whether statements about future performance or eligibility are reasonable

    A validation examines assumptions, methodologies, justifications, plans and procedures

    It focuses on systems, processes and baselines

    Undertaken on entry to the GHG programme or prior to the creation of credits

    Slide 31

  • Validator and Verifier

    validator competent and independent person or persons with the responsibility for performing and reporting on the results of a validation.

    ISO14064verifier competent and independent person or persons with the responsibility for performing and reporting on the results of a verification

    ISO 14064

    Fundamentally, these are GHG auditors. The firm that undertakes the work is called a validation or verification

    body It is the role of validators and verifiers to provide an unbiased opinion

    on the veracity of GHG statements.

    Slide 32

  • Intended User

    The intended user is the individual or organisation identified by those reporting GHG-related information as being the one who relies on that information to make decisions.

    ISO14064

    In affect, this is the target audience of the information. This could be a specific group (e.g. the GHG Programme Authority) or

    multiple groups such as stakeholders (e.g. the local community, general public or non-government organisations).

    Slide 33

  • Relationships between players

    The validator or verifier provides comfort to the intended user that the report is accurate and complete

    The responsible party is held accountable by the intended user for the accuracy and completeness of the information

    The validator or verifier must be independent from the responsible party to give an unbiased opinion to the intended user

    Slide 35

  • 6. Our Verification ApproachTo ensure: A detailed review of your

    existing systems; We can assist you to

    implement robust mechanisms which build upon existing mechanisms such ISO 14001.

    Initial Review Initial Review of:

    existing systems for data collection, management and reporting; existing inventories for completeness, consistency, accuracy; compliance with the chosen standard; sample facilities

    Verification Planning Reporting and presentation of initial findings (for both short-term action and longer term improvement)

    Verification Verification of Information & Data Verification of GHG Assertion or Report

    Reporting Preparation of Final Report and Presentation of Findings (for both short-term action and longer term improvement) Preparation of Assurance Statement

    Slide 36

  • Our Verification Approach Future Years

    To ensure: Best use of external audits; Limited disruption to

    operations; Detailed confirmation of

    practices.

    Initial Review Initial Review of:

    changes to systems for data collection, management and reporting; changes to inventories; on-going compliance with the chosen standard reports of sample facilities possibly completed by other assessors

    Verification Planning Reporting and presentation of initial findings (for both short-term action and longer term improvement)

    Verification Verification of Information & Data Verification of GHG Assertion or Report

    Reporting Preparation of Final Report and Presentation of Findings (for both short-term action and longer term improvement) Preparation of Assurance Statement

    Slide 37

  • 7. How can the standard be used?

    The standard can be used: To implement robust systems for the monitoring and reporting of GHG

    emissions To facilitate the development and implementation of an organization's

    GHG management strategies and plans, To facilitate the ability to track performance and progress in the

    reduction of GHG emissions and/or the increase in GHG removals, To enhance the credibility, consistency and transparency of GHG

    quantification, monitoring and reporting to any interested parties, Supports and facilitates GHG unit trading Improved management of GHG related liabilities and assets

    Slide 38

  • We have only one EarthWe all share the same habitat!

    We can do our part to protect this one planet

    Slide 39

  • Lloyds Register Quality Assurance LimitedPresenter: Benjamin Tan Senior Assessor, Management Systems Office Number: 6891 7281Email: benjamin.tan@lr.org

    You can also contactMs. Janice CheeSenior Sales & Marketing Executive

    Address:460 Alexandra Road#28-01/02 PSA BuildingSingapore 119963T +65 6891 7281 M +65 9877 9090 F +65 6278 7683Email: janice.chee@lr.orgWebsite: www.sea.lrqa.com

    Slide 40