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Adolescent-Parent Disagreements and Parenting Styles in Worldwide

Jan 22, 2018

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  1. 1. Presented by Abeer Alamri Adolescent-Parent Disagreements
  2. 2. Phinney et al. Research Overview Connecting the Study Findings with the self- Determination (STD) Theory Activity (1) Parenting Styles Culture and Social Pictures From Arab World Activity (2) Further Questions
  3. 3. Autonomy and relatedness in adolescent-parent disagreements: Ethnic and developmental factors By Phinney, J. S., Kim-Jo, T., Osorio, S., & Vilhjalmsdottir, P. (2005)
  4. 4. Research Overview Phinney et al. (2005) Purpose Hypotheses Methodology participants Survey-tool Analyses Results(19-22) from each group
  5. 5. The Six Hypothetical Vignettes Chores Concert Family dinner Major Dating Moving out
  6. 6. Early Adolescents Increasing Years Late European Americans
  7. 7. Findings Comparison of the Four Ethnic Groups European Americans Mexican Americans Korean Americans Armenian Americans
  8. 8. Connecting the Study Findings with the Self- Determination (STD) Theory
  9. 9. Innate psychological needs for competence, autonomy, and relatedness must be considered. (Deci & Ryan, 2000)
  10. 10. Relatedness refers to the desire to feel connected to others to love and care, and to be loved and cared for. Autonomy refers to volition -the organismic desire to self- organize experience and behavior and to have activity be concordant with one's integrated sense of self.
  11. 11. When people's goal-directed behavior is autonomous rather than controlled, the correlates and consequences are more positive in terms of the quality of their behavior as well as their health and well-being (Deci & Ryan, (2000) p.243)
  12. 12. According to SDT, these three needs can be satisfied while engaging in a wide variety of behaviors that may differ among individuals and be differentially manifest in different cultures, but in any case their satisfaction is essential for the healthy development and wellbeing of all individuals regardless of culture.
  13. 13. Activity (1) In the coming slide, there are two quotes retrieved from the STD theory from Deci & Ryan (2000). With the person who sits next to you: 1)Discuses these statements, 2) compare your ideas about the statements with Phinney et al. article, 3)share with us
  14. 14. The concept of autonomy is far less prevalent in empirical psychology than are the ideas of competence and relatedness. And indeed, when it is discussed it is often incorrectly equated with the ideas of internal locus of control, independence, or individualism. For us, however, autonomy concerns the experience of integration and freedom, and it is an essential aspect of healthy human functioning The three basic psychological needs in STD are universal which could be applied from culture to culture
  15. 15. Parenting Styles Diana Blumberg Baumrind (born August 23, 1927) is a clinical and developmental psychologist known for her research on parenting styles and for her critique of the use of deception in psychological research.
  16. 16. Parenting styles were based on two aspects: Parental responsiveness, which refers to the degree the parent responds to the child's needs. Parental demandingness which is the extent to which the parent expects more mature and responsible behavior from a child.
  17. 17. Parenting Styles Indulgent parents (also referred to as permissive or nondirective) are more responsive than they are demanding. They are nontraditional and lenient, do not require mature behavior, allow considerable self regulation, and avoid confrontation (Baumrind, 1991, p.62).
  18. 18. Authoritarian parents are highly demanding and directive, but not responsive. They are obedience- and status- oriented, and expect their orders to be obeyed without explanation (Baumrind, 1991, p. 62). These parents provide well-ordered and structured environments with clearly stated rules. Parenting Styles
  19. 19. Authoritative parents are both demanding and responsive. They monitor and impart clear standards for their childrens conduct. They are assertive, but not intrusive and restrictive. Their disciplinary methods are supportive, rather than punitive. They want their children to be assertive as well as socially responsible, and self regulated as well as cooperative Parenting Styles
  20. 20. Uninvolved parents are low in both responsiveness and demandingness. In extreme cases, this parenting style might encompass both rejectingneglecting and neglectful parents, although most parents of this type fall within the normal range. Parenting Styles
  21. 21. Cross-cultural study conducted in Eight Arab countries: Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Egypt, Algeria, Jordan, Lebanon, the Palestinian occupied territories, and Israel A sample of 3,022 rural and urban Arab adolescents in the 11th grade of school (16-17 years old). Culture and Social Pictures From Arab world
  22. 22. Contrary to the positive attitude toward individuation in the West, the collective and authoritarian (tight or uncertainty-avoidant) culture does not appreciate autonomy but rather considers it a threat to the harmony of the collective. The family (extended and nuclear) is more important than the individual. Children grow up with values of loyalty to and respect for their families. The socialization of children relies very much on punishment to enforce values, norms, and behavioral manners Arab individuals possess a collective identity. The self is not completely individuated, but rather the person continues to be enmeshed in the collective family identity. Self-concept is very much a reflection of family approval, and self-esteem is very much a reflection of the familial affiliation.
  23. 23. Many Arabs developed negative attitudes toward Western culture as part of their resistance and their need to preserve their own identity and culture. However, Arab families are influenced by two cultural frames of reference: the Arab Muslim authoritarian- collective culture and the Western liberal individualistic culture.
  24. 24. Results show that all parenting styles differed across Arab societies. Cluster analysis revealed three combined parenting patterns: inconsistent (permissive and authoritarian), controlling (authoritarian and authoritative), and flexible (authoritative and permissive).
  25. 25. Parenting styles were varied across Arab countries (societies) In traditional countries such as Yemen and Saudi Arabia, tending to be more authoritarian than parenting styles in modern countries such as Lebanon and Jordan. The parenting styles applied to girls tend to be more authoritative and less authoritarian than those applied to boys. Parenting in rural areas tends to be more authoritarian. First born children experience less authoritarian and more permissive parenting styles The socioeconomic level of the family has a positive correlation with permissive and authoritative parenting styles and a negative correlation with the authoritarian style. Take away points
  26. 26. Activity (2) What other aspects in addition to culture / ethnic may cause the youth conflicts?
  27. 27. From Youth & Conflict, UN http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/unyin/documents/ch14.pdf
  28. 28. Further questions regarding this topic Whether the same ethnic youths would have the same reactions and reasons if they financially self sufficient? How would we rate the sense of acquiescence, negotiation and self-assertion for the adolescents when they live in their original countries?
  29. 29. Thank you Questions?
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