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Adhunik kisan april may 2010

Mar 14, 2016

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Adhunik kisan april may 2010
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  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/47vkkqfud

    laj{kdMkW ,e ,y pkSkjh

    oqQyifrjktsUnz f"k fo'ofo|ky;] iwlk

    izdk'kdizdk'ku izHkkx

    jktsUnz f"k fo'ofo|ky;] iwlk

    lEikndMkW ,l ds flag

    ikSkk jksx foHkkxjktsUnz f"k fo'ofo|ky;] iwlk

    LokRokfkdkjjktsU f"k fo'ofo|ky;] iwlk

    okf.kT; O;oLFkkidJh jktho jatuizdk'ku izHkkx

    jktsUnz f"k fo'ofo|ky;] iwlk

    ewY; % 20 #i;s ek=k

    eqnz.k % 1000 izfr;k

    eqnzd %riu fiazfVax izsl ,oa LVs'kujh oDZliVuk & 800 004

    ebZ&twu] 2010 o"kZ 39 vad 3

    lEikndh;

    /kjrh vkSj mldh tyok;q dh fpUrk vkt lkjh nqfu;k dks gSA blds igys czkthyesa 1992 esa gq, ^^fj;ks i`Foh lEesyu** esa i;kZoj.k dh j{kk ds fy, ,d laf/k ijlgefr cuh ftls ;wukbVsM us'kUl QzseodZ dUosU'ku vku DykbesaV psat dgrs gSaAblh e dks tkjh j[krs gq, 1997 esa tkiku esa D;ksVks izksVksdkWy vkSj 2007 esabaMksusf'k;k ds ckyh esa gq, ^^tyok;q lEesyu** esa vUrjkZ"Vh; Lrj ij XykscyokfeZaxdks fu;af=r djus ds izHkkoh mik;ksa dks ykxw djus ij tksj fn;k x;kA tqykbZ 2009esa bVyh ds ykD;wYyk esa lEiUUk gq, th&8 lEesyu esa ,d vke jk; cuh fd 2020rd fo'o ds lHkh jk"Vksa dks xzhugkml xSl ds mRltZu esa 40 izfr'kr deh djuhgksxh rkfd vkSlr rkieku esa o`f) 20 ls0 rd gh gks lds tks fd mkjh vk{kak'k {ks=ds f"k ds fy, Qk;nsean gSA

    Tkyok;q ifjokZu ds [krjksa ls fuiVus ds fy, xzhugkml xSlksa ds mRltZu esadeh ykuk t#jh gSA MsuekdZ esa dksisugsxu DykbesaV dkaQzsUl fnlEcj 2009 lsBhd igys Hkkjr viuh vksj ls 20&25 izfr'kr dkcZu mRltZu esa dVkSrh dk ,sykufd;k] bldk csgrjhu mik; dkcZu VsfMax ds vykos f"k esa izkfrd lalk/kuksa dsmi;ksx o iks"k.k ij vk/kkfjr vkWxsZfud QkfeZax dkcZfud [ksrh ls fd;k tk ldrk gSA

    o"kZ 2007 esa dkcZfud f"k vuqla/kku laLFkku] LohVtjyS.M ls izdkf'kr fjiksZVds vk/kkj ij ;g ik;k x;k gS fd dkcZfud [ksrh ls dkcZu MkbZvkDlkbM dsmRltZu esa deh vkrh gSA D;ksafd bl [ksrh esa jklk;fud moZjdksa dk mi;ksx oftZrgSA bl izdkj ok;qeaMy esa dkcZu MkbZvkDlkbM mRltZu ds ctk; feV~Vh ck;ksek'kesa lafpr gksdj feV~~Vh dk mitkiu c

  • fo"k; lwph

    fo"k; ys[kd i`"B la[;k

    1- tSfod [ksrh ls gh Hkfo"; lqjf{kr MkW ,l ds xks;y ,oa dSyk'k dqekj 1

    2- tSfod lks;kchu % mRiknu ,oa mi;ksx MkW ;ksxsUnz flag 3

    3- dkcZfud [ksrh % tyok;q ifjorZu ds [krjksa ls f'koukFk nkl] jktu dqekj1 ,oa lqjs'k izlkn 5

    fuiVus dk ,d fodYi

    4- Vkbdksxzkek ,d izHkkoh tSfod dhV fu;a=kd dhV iztkfr MkW ?kukuUn frokjh] misUnz JhokLro] 8nqxsZ'k 'kqDy ,oa ts ih xqIrk

    5- rqylh dk vkS"kkh; egRo ,oa mRiknu vfuy dqekj fo|kFkhZ 11

    6- VekVj esa lesfdr jksx izcUku MkW ,l ds flag 12

    7- xUuk esa lesfdr izcUku dhV izcUku MkW gjh pUn] Jh vfuy dqekj] 13MkW th ih f}osnh ,oa MkW jathr js

    8- mUur 'kL; rduhd }kjk clardkyhu [ksrh MkW uouhr dqekj ,oa MkW oh ih flag 17

    9- kku dh jksiuh gsrq lL;h lq>ko MkW ,l ds pkSkjh ,oa Mk ts ih flag 19

    10- jklk;fud dhVuk'kdksa dk lqjf{kr iz;ksx ,oa lkokkfu;ka MkW ?kukuUn frokjh] vfer dqekj fcuk;d] 21izrki 'kkgh ,oa nqxsZ'k 'kqDy

    11- x`gokfVdk MkW izseyrk JhokLro ,oe~ MkW vkbZ ts flag 23

    12- xktj ?kkl % nq"izHkko ,oa fu;a=k.k MkW 'k'kkad R;kxh] MkW fouksn dqekj ,oa 25

    Jh chjsUnz dqekj

    13- ckl chVksa dk fodkl] dVkbZ] pUnzdyk dk MkW jes'k dqekj >k 31izHkko ,oa lqj{kk

    14- ,xzks VSDlVkby MkWlaxhrk nso ,oa MkW Le`fr js[kk ljdkj 34

    15- iQyksa o lfCt;ksa ls cus mRikn dk HkaMkj.k MkW lquhrk dqekjh 37

    16- ifjj{k.k ,oa iks"k.k MkW lquhrk dqekjh 41

    17- f"k ls tqM+s jkstxkj ,oa efgyk, MkW jhrk flag 44

    18- ve:n esa lesfdr m[kM+k jksx izcUku MkW ,l ds flag 46

    ebZ&twu] 2010 o"kZ 39 vad 3

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/1vkkqfud

    tSfod [ksrh ls gh Hkfo"; lqjf{kr

    jgh gSA tgk rd tSfod [ksrh i)fr dk lEcU/k gS] blckjs esa oSKkfudksa ,oa uhfr fu/kkZjdksa ds }kjk dbZ feFkd gSftl dkj.k "kdksa ds fgrdkjh iz.kkyh ij /;ku u nsrsgq;s vkt Hkh Hkkjr ljdkj jklk;fud [ksrh dks c

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/2vkkqfud

    xkscj ls [kkn vkSj vkl ikl miyC/k ouLifr ls ikSklaj{k.k vkS"kf/k rS;kj dh tkrh FkhA i'kq/ku [ksrh dk ,dvfHkUu vax gksrk FkkA ,d iz.kkyh dk mRikn nwljs ds fy;siks"kd gksrk FkkA ysfdu vkt jklk;fud [ksrh ds ;qx esage viuh ikajEifjd [ksrhs dks Hkwy x;s gS rFkk T;knkrjmRikn jlk;ue; gks x;s gSA ijUrq ns[kk tk;s rks vkt Hkhyksx vius ns'kh [kk|kUuksa dks ugh Hkwys gSA vHkh Hkh yksx[kkus ds fy;s ns'kh cktjk] puk] cSaxu] VekVj vkfn dksryk'krs ns[ks tk ldrs gSA vFkkZr ge yksx vius ns'khmRikn ,oa mudh xq.koRrk ugh Hkwy ik jgs gSA jlk;u;qDr [kk|kUu ds nq"ifj.kke iwjs fo'o esa ns[ks tk jgs gS blsekuo LokLF; ,oa i;kZoj.k ds fy;s [krjukd ekuk x;kgSA ftlds pyrs ns'k&fons'k esa jlk;u eqDr [kk|kUu dhekx rsth ls cM+rh tk jgh gSA ;gk rd fd yksx LokLF;o/kZd [kk|kUu ikus ds fy;s vf/kd ewY; rd nsus dks rS;kjjgrs gSA gekjs ns'k Hkkjr esa Hkh tSfod [kk|kUu dh ekxvR;f/kd gSA vr% ;g vko';d ugh gS fd tSfod [ksrhi)fr rHkh viukbZ tk;s tc mldk fu;kZr lqfuf'pr gkstk;sA lS)kfUrd :i ls tks [kk|kUu i;kZoj.k ,oa LokLF;ds vuqdwy gS mls mi;ksx djus dk igyk vf/kdkj mldsmRiknd ,oa ml ns'k dks gSA

    izkphu xzUFkksa esa ns[kk tk;s rks gesa ogk Hkh tSfod [ksrhdk mYys[k fey tkrk gSA bl fy;s tSfrd [ksrh Hkkjr esaizkjfEHkd ;qx ls tqM+h gqbZ gSA gekjs iwoZt tSfod [ksrh ghdjrs FksA oSls ns[kk tk;s rks O;ofLFkr tSfod [ksrh dkizkjEHk 1930 esa bUnkSj dEiksLV cukus dh i)fr ds fodklds lkFk gqvkA fofHkUu Lrjksa ij bl iz.kkyh dk fodklgqvkA vkt fo'o ds lkFk Hkkjr esa Hkh tSfod [ksrh i)frviukbZ tk jgh gSA ,oa tSfod mRikn dh ekx yxkrkjck;s fd bl izdkj dh f"k iz.kkyh viukus ls mUgsmRiknu vPNk feysxk rFkk Hkwfe o [ksr dh e`nk Hkh yEcsle; rd cuh jgsxhA ;g ,d ,slh i)fr gS ftlesa "kdLoa; ds }kjk rS;kj dh xbZ tSfod [kknksa dk iz;ksx djrkgSA ,slk djus ls mldh ykxr de gksrh gSA ysfdu vxjtSfod [kknksa dks Hkh jklk;fud moZjdksa dh rjg [kjhndj tSfod [ksrh djsxk rks ml dh mRiknu ykxr vf/kdvk;sxhA tSfod fo"kSys jlk;fud vo'ks"kksa ls eqDr ,oaLokLF;o?kZd gksrs gS] bls vf/kd fnuksa rd Hk.Mkfjr fd;ktk ldrk gSA vr% ,slh fLFkfr esa miHkksDrk dks dqN vf/kd nke nsus esa vkifRr ugha gksrh gS D;ksafd mls vPNsizdkj dk xq.koDrk ;qDr [kk|kUu feyrk gSA ftldk dqNvf/kd nke fdlku dks feyrk gS rks mlesa fdlh dks dksbZvkifRr ugha gksuh pkfg,A fdlkuksa ds lkeus tSfod [ksrhdjus ds ckn izkIr [kk|kUu ds foi.ku dh dfBukbZ lkeusvkrh gSA bldk gy ml {ks=ksa ds fdlku vkil esa feydjfudky ldrs gSA bldk lcls vPNk mnkgj.k e-i- dsftys dVuh ds usxok xkc dk gSA bl xko ds fdlkutSfod f"k i)fr dh izkajfHkd voLFkk esa LFkkuh; desVh}kjk lIrkg esa ,d fnu tSfod mRikn "kdksa ls ,d= djdVuh 'kgj ys tkrs gSA bl mRikn dks ogk ds miHkksDrkgkFkksa gkFk [kjhn ysrs FksA dVuh ftyk ds iz'kklu us bliz.kkyh dks lQyrk dks ns[krs gq;s ;gk ij ,d nqdkuvkoafVr dj nh] tgk fu;fer :i ls dsoy tSfod mRiknges'kk miyC/k jgrk gSA

    okLro esa ns[kk tk, rks gfjr dzkfUr ds iwoZ Hkkjr dhf"k iw.kZr% ikajifjd [ksrh i)fr ij fuHkZj FkhA bl i)fresa fdlku Lo;a rS;kj fd;s cht] lM+us ;ksX; dpjs ,oa

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/3vkkqfud

    Hkkjrh; d`f"k eas ,d izeq[k LFkku cuk;s gq;h gS rFkkfrygu Qlyksa esa yxHkx izFke LFkku ij gSA vkt dsifjizs{; esa lks;kchu ds v/khu {ks=Qy yxHkx 92 yk[koxZ gsDVs;j gS rFkk dqy mRiknu yxHkx 100 yk[k VugSAHkkjr o"kZ lsk;kchu dh izfr gsDVs;j mRikndrk1100fdyksxzke izfr gsDVs;j tks vU; if'peh ns'kksa dhrqyuk esa yxHkx vk/kh gSA ,d losZ ds vuqlkj izfrgsDVs;j de mRikndrk dk dkj.k fdlkuksa ds [ksrksa ijmi;qZDr ikS/k la[;k dk vHkko oSKkfudksa }kjk lq>k;h xbZvf/kd mRiknu rduhd dk iw.kZ #i ls u viuk;k tkuk]Qly dk mfpr ewY; ,oa foi.ku O;oLFkk dk vHkkobR;kfn gSA

    lks;kchu dh mRikndrk c

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/4vkkqfud

    iz{ks= ij cukdj iks"k.k izca/ku djuk pkfg;sA tSfod[kkn ,oa vU; iks"kd rRoksa ds bLrseky ls mit esa o`f)ds lkFk &lkFk Hkwfe dh moZjrk 'kfDr Hkh cuh jgrh gSAdsapqvk [kkn] xkscj xSl dh [kkn] xkSew=] Qly vo'ks"k ,oagfjr [kknksa dh tSfod f"k esa mi;ksx djrsa gSA ns'kh xkscjdh [kkn esa u=tu dh ek=k 0-5&1 izfr'kr gksrh gS ,oa1 gsDVs;j esa 3&6 Vu [kkn dk mi;ksx gksrk gSA blhizdkj dsapqvk [kkn esa u=tu dh ek=k 1-0&1-5 izfr'krgksrh gSA ,oa 1 gsDVs;j ds fy;s 2&3 Vu [kkn vko';dgSA LFkkuh; miyC/krk ds vk/kkj ij mijksDr [kknksa esa lsfdlh ,d [kkn ds lkFk&lkFk jkWd QkLQsV dh 50&100fd-xzk izfr gsDVs;j dh nj ls mi;ksx djuk pkfg;sAlkekU;r% tSfod [kknks dk mi;ksx cksuh ds 10&15 fnuigys dj ysuk pkfg,sA

    [kjirokj izca/ku % lks;kchu dh tSfod [ksrh es[kjirokj ds fujkdj.k ds fy;s xehZ esa 1 xgjh tqrkbZfeV~Vh myVus okys gy ls vo'; djuh pkfg;sA bldslkFk&lkFk cksuh ds ckn nks fujkbZ Hkh vko';d gSA igyhfujkbZ 20&25 fnu ckn ,oa nwljh 40&45 fnu ckn djuhpkfg,sA

    jksx ,oa dhV izca/ku % dhVksa ,oa jksxksa ds lQyrkiwoZd izca/ku ds fy;s izfrjks/kd vFkok lgu'khy fdLeksa dksmxkuk pkfg;sA

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/5vkkqfud

    ftlls feV~Vh dks ty /kkj.k {kerk fujarj deh gksusds lkFk gh mRiknu Hkh fLFkj gks jgk gSA vr% tSfod[ksrh dks cM+kok nsdj feV~Vh dh xq.koRrk dks vf/kdle; rd fVdk [ksrh ds ;ksX; cuk;k tk ldrkgSA

    o TkSfod [ksrh ls iSnk gksus okys [kk|kUuksa esa ikS"kd rRoksadh mi;qDr ek=k mifLFkr gksrh gS A

    o tSfod [ksrh e`nk dks ,d lEiw.kZ vkgkj iznku djrhgS A

    o e`nk es gksus okyh tSfod fdz;kvksa esa lq/kkj gksrk gSA

    o tSfod lks;kchu ds mRiknu ds le; dpjs ds mfprizca/ku ds dkj.k izkfrd larqyu cuk jgrk gSA

    o [kknksa] dhVksa ,oa jksxksa dh jksdFkke esa dke vkus okysmRiknksa dk mRiknu fdlku vius [ksr ij gh djrkgS rks blls mRiknu ykxr esa deh vkrh gSA

    o fdlkuksa dks tSfod lks;kchu dk ewY; lkekU; lks;kchudh rqyuk esa vf/kd izkIr gksrk gS ftlls mudh vk;esa o`f) gksrh gSA

    tSfod [ksrh dh vko';drk %&

    o [ksrh es jklk;fud moZjdksa ,ao dhVuk'kd jlk;uksads vlarqfyr mi;ksx ls Hkwfe dh mRiknu {kerk esfujarj gks jgh deh dks nwj djus ds gsrq A

    o [ksrh dh ykxr es deh djus gsrqA

    o i;kZoj.k larqyu cukus rFkk i;kZoj.k iznw"k.k jksdusgsrqA

    o fo'o O;kij laxBu ds ekin.M+ksa ds vuqlkj f"kmRiknu cM+kus gsrq A

    Hkkjr o"kZ esa izFke gfjr dzkafr ds le; dsoy mRiknuc

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/6vkkqfud

    dkcZfud [ksrh % tyok;q ifjorZu ds

    [krjksa ls fuiVus dk ,d fodYif'koukFk nkl] jktu dqekj ,oa lqjs'k izlkn

    lL; foHkkxjktsUnz d`f"k fo'ofo|ky;] iwlk] leLrhiqj & 848 125

    1- e`nk foHkkx] flapkbZ vuqlakku laLFkku] fcexat] jksgrkl

    x;k gS fd dkcZfud [ksrh ls dkcZu MkbZvkDlkbM ds

    mRltZu esa deh vkrh gSA D;ksafd bl [ksrh esa jklk;fud

    moZjdksa dk mi;ksx oftZr gSA bl izdkj ok;qeaMy esa

    dkcZu MkbZvkDlkbM mRltZu ds ctk; feV~Vh ck;ksekk

    esa lafpr gksdj feV~Vh dk mitkiu c

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/7vkkqfud

    iznwfkr gksus ls cp tk;sxhA blds vykos dkcZu

    MkbZvkDlkbM ds mRltZu esa Hkh deh vk;sxhA

    LohVtjySa.M esa yEch vof/k moZjd iz;ksx ls ;g

    irk pyk gS fd ijaijkxr [ksrh dh rqyuk esa dkcZfud

    [ksrh 12&15 izfrkr vf/kd dkcZu MkbZvkDlkbM dks

    feV~Vh dh ck;ksekl esa lafpr djrk gSA vkfLV;k vkSj

    teZuh ds oSKkfudksa us ;g lkfcr fd;k gS] fd dkcZfud

    [ksrh djus ls 575 ls 700 fdyksxzke izfr gsDVs;j dkcZu

    MkbZvkDlkbM feV~Vh ds ck;ksekl esa lafpr gksrk gS tks fd

    feV~Vh ds mitkiu esa LFkk;hiu iznku djrk gSA

    dkcZfud [ksrh dk egRoiw.kZ ,oa ewY;oku ifj.kke ;s

    gksrk gS fd feV~Vh g~;wel;qDr gks tkus ds dkj.k tyok;q

    ifjokZu ds izfrdwy izHkko ls Hkh vius vkidks

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/8vkkqfud

    izdkj dh fcekfj;kW mRiUu gks tkrh gSa blfy, ;g furkUr

    vko';d gks x;k fd bu jlk;fud dhVfo"kksa ij fuHkZjrk

    Bhd ugha gSA budk mi;ksx dsoy vifjgk;Z ifjfLFkfr

    esa gh fd;k tkuk pkfg, rFkk tSfod dhVukf'k;ks dks iz;ksx

    esa yk;k tk;sA tSfod dhVuk'kdks es Vkbdksxzkek uked

    v.M ijthoh dk egRoiw.kZ LFkku gSA ;g ,d cgqr gh NksVs

    vkdkj dh rrS;k gksrh gSA tks fd ,d lQy v.Mk

    ijthoh gS] bl ijthoh dhV dk iz;ksx x.k ysfiMksIVsjk ds

    vf/kdrj dhVksa ds fu;=.k ds fy, lQyrkiwoZd fd;k tk

    ldrk gSA ftues ls Vkbdksxzkek tSiksfude] Vkbdksxzkek

    fdykful] Vkbdksxzkek ozSflfy;sfUll] Vkbdksxzkek izsfV;ksle]

    Vkbdksxzkek oSDVjh] Vkbdksxzkek fdi=h vkfn izeq[k gSA

    Vkbdksxzkek iztkrh ds dhVksa dk vkdkj lw{e gksrk gS

    tks yxHkx 2&3 fe0eh0 yEcs gksrs gSa budk jax xgjk

    dkyk rFkk gRdk dkyk gksrk gS bl dhV dh eknk rrS;k

    uk'kh dhVksa ds v.Ms dh ryk'k djds mlds v.Mksa ds

    vUnj vius v.Mjksid dks /kalkdj v.Mk ns nsrh gS

    ijthoh dhVksa ds v.Ms ls fMEc fudydj iks"kd v.Ms ds

    vUnj viuk thou o`Rr pykrs gS ftlds QyLo:i

    yxHkx 3&4 fnuksa es iks"kd v.Ms dk jax cny tkrk gSA

    vUr es iskkd v.Ms ls lwM+h fudyus ds LFkku ij ijthoh

    dhV dk o;Ld ckgj fudyrk gSA Vkbdksxzkek iztkrh ds

    }kjk fofHkUu Qlyksa ds cs/kd dhVksa dk lQyrkiwoZd

    fu;a=.k fd;k tk ldrk gSA ftlesa fuEu Qly bl izdkj

    gS& /kku] xUuk] dikl]] oSaxu] fHk.Mh] o nyguh lCth]

    nyguh Qly puk] eVj] vjgj] eDdk] xksHkh oxhZ;

    lfCt;ka o VekVj bR;kfnA

    Vkbdksxzkek ,d izHkkoh tSfod dhV fu;a=kd dhV iztkfrMkW ?kukuUn frokjh] misUnz JhokLro] nqxsZ'k 'kqDy ,oa ts ih xqIrk

    ikni laj{k.k foKku foHkkxnwu ih th dkWyst vkWiQ ,xzhdYpj lkbal ,.M VsDuksykWth]nsgjknwu ,oa ch vkj Mh] ih th dkWyst] nsofj;k] miz

    Hkkjrh; vkcknh dk yxHkx 70&72 izfr'kr fgLlk

    xkoksa esa fuokl djrh gS ftlesa ls yxHkx 67 izfr'kr

    vkcknh f"k ij fuHkZj gSA fo'o dh vkcknh c

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/9vkkqfud

    Rkfydk% 1- Vkbdksxzkek ijthoh dhV dh izeq[k iztkfr;ksa dk Qlyokj iz;ksx

    -la- Qly dk uke dhV Ikjthoh iztkfr iz;ksx fof/k

    1 xUuk vxsrh ruk os/kd] izjksg] iksjh o Vkbdksxzkek fdyksful cqokbZ ds 45 ls 90 fnuxq:nkliqj os/kd ckn lIRkkg ds vUrjky

    ij 4&6 ckj 50]000v.Ms@gs0 dh nj lsiz;ksx djas

    pksVh cs/kd Vkbdksxzkek tsiksfude cqokbZ ds 60 fnu ckn 50]000 v.Ms@gs0 dh nj8&10 fnu ds vUrjkyij 6 ckj iz;ksx djsa

    2 fHk.Mh] oSaxu o ijksg os/kd ,ao Qy cs/kd Vkbdksxzkek tsiksfude] ikS/k cqokbZ ds 30 fnu cknnyguh lfCt;ka Vkbdksxzkek fdyksful ;k dhV ds fn[kkbZ nsus

    ij 50]000 v.Ms@gs0dh nj ls 7 fnu dsvUrjky ij 4&6 ckjiz;ksx djs

    3 nyguh Qycs/kd Vkbdksxzkek tsiksfude] ikS/k cqokbZ ds 30 fnu cknpuk] eVj] vjgj Vkbdksxzkek ozSflfy;sfUll] ;k dhV ds fn[kkbZ nsus

    Vkbdksxzkek fdyksful ij 50]000 v.Ms@gs0 dhnj ls 7 fnu ds vUrjkyij 4&6 ckj iz;ksx djs

    4 /kku rukcs/kd ] iRrh yisVd Vkbdksxzkek tsiksfude ikS/k jksikbZ ds 30 fnuckn ;k dhV ds fn[kkbZnsus ij 50]000 v.Ms@gs0dh nj ls 4&6 ds vUrjkyij iz;ksx djs

    5 eDdk] Tokj o cktjk rukcs/kd Vkbdksxzkek fdyksful cqokbZ ls 15 fnu ckn50]000 v.Ms@gs0 dh njls 7 fnu ds vUrjky ij4&5 ckj iz;ksx djs

    6 dikl Qycs/kd] ykylwM+h /kCcsnkj Vkbdksxzkek fdyksful cqokbZ ds 45 fnu ckn ;klwM+h dhV ds fn[kkbZ nsus ij

    1]00]000 v.Ms@gs0 dhnj 7 fnu ds vUrjkyij 6 ckj iz;ksx djsa

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/10vkkqfud

    7 xksHkhoxhZZ; lCth Mh0oh0,e0] Qqycs/kd Vkbdksxzkek oSzflfy;sfUll ikS/k jksikbZ ds 20 fnuckn ;k dhV fn[kkbZ nsusij 50]000 &75]000v.Ms@gs0 dh nj ls 7&8fnu ds vUrjky ij 4&6ckj iz;ksx djsaA

    8 VekVj Qyos/kd Vkbdksxzkek oSzflfy;sfUll cqokbZ ds 45 fnu ckn ;kdhV ds [ksr esa fn[kkbZnsus ij 50]000 v.Ms@gs0dh nj ls ,d lIRkkg dsvUrjky ij 4&6 ckjiz;ksx djsaA

    Lkko/kkfu;kaW

    u Vkbdksxzkek ds dkMZ dks [ksr esa lka;dky ds le; ghyxkuk pkfg,A

    u VkbdksdkMZ yxkus ds 3 fnu igys o 3 fnu ckn rdfdlh Hkh jklk;fud dhVuk'kh dk iz;ksx ugh djukpkfg,A

    u VkbdksdkMZ ds ;krk;kr esa vf/kdre lko/kkuh cjruhpkfg,A

    u VkbdksdkMZ dks o;Ld dhV ds fudyus ls igys gh[ksrksa esa yxkuk pkfg,A

    u o"kkZ dh lEHkkouk gksus ;k o"kkZ gksrs le; VkbdksdkMZugh yxkuk pkfg,A

    iz;ksx ls ykHk

    u Vkbdksxzkek iztkfr dk dksbZ Hkh fo"kkDr izHkko euq";ksaij ugh iM+rk gSA

    u blds iz;ksx ls ok;qe.My esa fdlh izdkj dk dksbZfo"kkDr izHkko ugha iM+rk gSA

    u blds iz;ksx ls ykHknk;d dhVksa dks dksbZ uqdlkuugha igaWqprk gSA

    u blds iz;ksx ls dhVksa esa blds izfr izfrjks/kd {kerkdk fodkl ugh gksrk gSA

    u bldh ykxr Hkh dhVuk'kh dh vis{kkr de gksrhgSA

    -la- Qly dk uke dhV Ikjthoh iztkfr iz;ksx fof/k

    [ksrh&ckjh esa gkfu igqpkus okys gkfudkjd dhVksa ds fu;a=k.k ds fy, vfkdls vfkd tSfod dhV fu;a=kd dhVksa dk iz;ksx djuk pkfg,A dhVuk'kdjlk;uksa dk iz;ksx vafre fodYi ds :i esa djuk pkfg,Avfkd tkudkjh gsrq dhV foKku foHkkx ds oSKkfudksa ls lEidZ djsa ;k gesafy[ksaA

    lEiknd

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/11vkkqfud

    rqylh dk vkS"kkh; egRo ,oa mRiknuvfuy dqekj fo|kFkhZ

    nwu ih-th- dkWyst vkWiQ ,xzhdYpj lkbZUl ,.M VsDuksykWth] lsykdqbZ] nsgjknwu

    Lokkhurk ds ipkr~ lqxafkr rsy rFkk vU; izkfrdmRiknksa esa vR;fkd mUufr gqbZ gSA bl n`fV ls fcgkj,oa >kj[k.M jkT; esa vfkd lEHkkouk,a gSa D;ksafd ;gkdh tyok;q ikSkksa ds mRiknu ds n`fVdks.k ls vuqdwfyrgSA fcgkj ,oa >kj[k.M jkT; dks ^ gcZy^ jkT; ds :iesa fodflr fd;k tk ldrk gS] ftlls fd kd vfrfjDrvk; mikftZr dj ldsA

    rqylh dh [ksrh dk egRo blds ikSks ls izkIr gksusokys rsy ds dkj.k gS] tks fd lqxUk ,oa vkSkkh m|ksx dsfy, vR;Ur mi;ksxh gSA bldk rsy [kkus&ihus ds inkFkksZesa lqxUk mRiUu djus] xzkbi okVj cukus ,oa vusd ekmFkQskulZ inkFkksZ ds cukus esa iz;ksx esa yk;k tkrk gSA bldkmi;ksx mnj jksxksa esa] dhVk.kqukkd] QQwnhukkd ds :ies afd;k tkrk gSA csfly dSEQj tks rsy ty esa j[kusij josnkj gks tkrk gS dk iz;ksx d.kZkwy] narkwy esa fd;ktkrk gSA us= izdksi esa blds i=ksa dk jl ekq esa feykdjvka[k esa vatu djus ls nq[kus okyh ,oa yky gqbZ vka[kvPNh gks tkrh gsA fcPNw fok esa blds chtksa dks cdjh dsnwk esa feykdj nak LFkku ij yxkus ls fcPNw dk fok uVgks tkrk gSA

    bl ikSks ds lqxfUkr rsy esa jklk;fud laxButSls&vkslhehu] feFkkby psohdkWy 70&75 izfrkr]fluh;ksy] fyekywy 12&15 izfrkr tks ijQ;wejh ,oadkLesfVd m|ksx esa iz;ksx esa yk;k tkrk gSA fiuhu&dsEijVjihu gkbMsM rRo ik;s tkrs gSA feFkkby pschdkWy ls,suhFkky cuk;k tkrk gS tks m|ksx mRiknksa esa iz;ksx fd;ktkrk gSA

    rqylh ds rsy dh c

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/12vkkqfud

    cuus dh voLFkk esa gksrs gSaA vr% bl Qly dks xsgwW ;kvkyw dh dVkbZ ds ckn vUr% Qly ds :i esa kdmitk ldrs gSa rFkk vfrfjDr vk; vftZr dj ldrs gSA

    rqylh dh vPNh izdkj ls [ksrh djus ij yxHkx10000&12000 :0 izfr gSDVs;j izFke okZ [kpZ gksrk gSrFkk f}rh; ,oa r`rh; okZ esa yxHkx 13000&14000 :0[kpZ vkrk gSA rsy dk Hkko vkSlru 250&300 :0 izfrfdxzk jgrk gSA vr% 175&200 fdxzk rsy izfr gSDVs;jmRiknu ls yxHkx 43750&60000 :0 izFke okZ esa izkIrgksrs gSaA vr% yxHkx 33000&48000 :0 izfr gSDVs;j kq)ykHk izkIr fd;k tk ldrk gS rFkk f}rh; ,oa r`rh; okZesa 70000&80000 :0 izfr gSDVs;j kq) ykHk yxHkx izkIrfd;k tk ldrk gSA

    CykbV dh jksdFkke ds fy, MkbFksu ,e&45 dk 0-2izfrkr ?kksy ikSks ij nks&rhu ckj ,d lIrkg ds vUrjkyij fNM+dko djrs jguk pkfg,A dhV fu;U=.k gsrqeSykfFk;ku] FkkbMku dk 0-3 izfrkr ?kksy fNMduk pkfg,A

    ;g Qly 70&80 fnuksa esa rS;kj gks tkrh gSA Qlydh dVkbZ iw.kZ iqi e vkus ij ebZ ;k twu ekg esa dhtkrh gSA igys okZ esa yxHkx 2&3 rFkk mlds ckn 4dVkbZ dh tk ldrh gSA ikSkksa dks Hkwfe dh lrg lsdkVdj ,d fnu [ksr esa gh NksM+ nsrs gSaA ftlls ikSkksa esaueh dh ek=k dqN de gks tk;sA ikSks ds rus esa rsy dhek=k ugah ds cjkcj gksrh gSA T;knkrj rsy ifRr;ksa esagksrk gSA rsy dh ek=k ,oa betksy dh ek=k lcls T;knkml le; gksrh gS] tc ikSks esa Qwy vkus voLFkk rFkk cht

    VekVj esa lesfdr jksx izcUkuMkW0 ,l0 ds0 flag

    ikSkk jksx foHkkxjktsUnz f"k fo'ofo|ky;] iwlk

    VekVj esa cgqr lh fcekfj;ksa yxrh gS tSls] vknzZ iru] vkYVjusfj;k vaxekjh] iNsrhvaxekjh] dkyj jkV] thok.kq i.kZfpkh] i.kZdqpau] bR;kfnA bu fcekfj;ksa ls VekVj dh Qlydks de uqdlku gks blds fy, fuEufyf[kr lesfdr jksx izcUku dks ;ku esa j[kuk pkfg,Au ebZ ds izFke lIrkg esa xehZ dh xgjh tqrkbZ djus ckn gh [ksr dh rS;kj djuk pkfg,Au tqu&tqykbZ esa gjh [kkn [ksr esas rS;kj djuk pkfg,Au ulZjh esa uhe dh [kYyh 100 xzke@oxZ ehVj dh nj ls feykuk pkfg,Au tgk VekVj esa i.kZ dqpau jksx dh mxzrk gks ogk ij bldh [ksrh iNsrh [kjhQ ,oa jch ds :i es ysuk pkfg,Au VekVj ds cht dk 'kksku VkbdksMjek 1 izfr'kr $ bfeMkDyksizhM 2-5 xzke@fd-xzk- cht ls djuk pkfg,Au jksi.k ls iwoZ VekVj ds ikSk dks 0-25 izfr'kr bfeMkDyksizhM ds ?kksy esa vkkk ?kaVk j[kus ds ckn 1 izfr'kr

    VkbdksMjek ds ?kksy esa 10 feuV j[kuk pkfg,Au ikSk dk jksi.k flrEcj ds nqljs lIrkg ls ysdj rhljs lIrkg rd vo'; dj ysuk pkfg,Au jksi.k ds 15&20 fnu ckn 1 izfr'kr VkbdksMjek ls Hkwfe dks flafpr djuk pkfg,] bl f;k dks iqu% 15&20

    fnu ds ckn nksgjk nsuk pkfg,Au thok.kq lae.k dks jksdus ds fy, nks ifDr;ksa ds e; dh e'nk dks IykfLVd dh dkyh iUuh ls

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/13vkkqfud

    xUuk esa lesfdr izcUku dhV izcUkuMkW gjh pUn] Jh vfuy dqekj] Mk th ih f}osnh ,oa MkW jathr js

    f"k foHkkx] bZ[k vuqlakku laLFkkujktsUnz d`f"k fo'ofo|ky;] iwlk] leLrhiqj & 848 125

    xUuk ,d udnh Qly gksus ds dkj.k f"k vFkZO;oLFkkesa bldk fo'ks"k LFkku gSA vusd iz;klksa] vuqdwy tyok;q]flapkbZ vkSj mUur'khy iztkfr;ksa dh miyCkrk esas o`f) dsckn Hkh izfr bdkbZ iSnkokj vis{kkr de izkIr gksrh gSAdhVksa dh l?kurk bldk ,d izeq[k dkj.k gS ftlls mitesa 20 izfr'kr dh deh vkSj phuh m|ksx dks 15 izfr'krdh gkfu dk vuqeku yxk;k x;k gSA xUuk mRiknd dksdhVksa ds vkikr] {kfr ds y{k.k ,oa muds izcUk dhtkudkjh vko';d gSA xUuk dks dhVksa ls gksus okyh {kfrls dSls cpk;k tk; mlds ckjsa esa foLr`r tkudkjh nh tkjgh gSA {kfr ds vkkkj ij dhVksa dks rhu Jsf.k;ksa esa ckVktk ldrk gSA

    tM+ uk'kd dhV

    1- nhed % nhed ,d cgqHk{kh dhV gSA xUus dhQly dks loZizFke nhed }kjk gkfu gksrh gSA xUus dhjksikbZ ds ckn dVs gq, xqfYy;kas ds fljksa ij bldk vke.kizkjEHk gksrk gS] mlds ckn teus okyh vk[kksa dks u"Vdjds izeq[k {kfr igqapkrh gSA vadqj.k esa 30&60 izfr'krrd vka[ks u"V gks tkrh gSaA ,d vuqeku ds vuqlkj 2-5izfr'kr mit ,oa 4-5 izfr'kr phuh esa deh ikbZ xbZ gSAblds ifjokj esa ia[kkkjh uj ,oa eknk] desjh lSfud] jkuh,oa jktk dhV gksrs gSaA bl dhV dh desjh izeq[k :i lsgkfu igqWapkrh gSA xUuk ds c

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/14vkkqfud

    esa cus fNnzksa ls ckgj fudyrk utj vkrk gSA xzflriksfj;ka vR;fkd fNfnzr gks tkus ij FkksM+h gok pyus ijikSks dk ijh fgLlk VwV dj fxj tkrk gSA

    f}rh; vkikr esa ikSkksa ds vxksys ughs lw[krs gSaA bldhV ds vkikr dh fLFkfr dk tk;tk fuEu y{k.kksa ls Li"Vfd;k tk ldrk gSA

    o fiYyqvksa dk dhVey ydM+h ds cqjkns ds vkdkj esaiksfj;ksa ds fNnzksa ls izpqj ek=k esa fudyrk gqvkfn[kkbZ nsrk gSA

    o ikSkksa ds vxksys ugh lw[krs gSAo vkkUr ikSks dh leLr xqfYy;ka vR;fkd fNfnzr gks

    tkrh gS vkSj ,d gh iksjh esa 5&6 fNnz ns[ks tkldrs gSA

    o vkikr dh vR;fkd fLFkfr esa ikSks dh fdlh voLFkkesa fiYyw jsxrs gq, fn[kkbZ iM+rs gSA

    ;fn bl dhV dk vkikr Qly esa fn[kkbZ iM+s rksloZizFke v.M lewg ,oa ykokZ dks pqudj u"V djnsaA vkkUr ikSkksa dks tehu ls dkVdj lewy ikSks dksu"V dj nsaA ;g izf;k dhV ds utj vkus rddjrs jgsaA jksius ds 45 fnu ckn Vkbdksxzkek Dyksfuldk 50000 v.Mk 10 fnu ds vUrjky ij 4&6 ckj[ksr esa NksM+sA

    5- LrEHk fNnzd % bl dhV dk vkikr Qly ijtqykbZ ls vDVwcj rd gksrk gSA bl dhV ds fiYywrus esa Nsndj Hkhrjh Hkkx dks xzflr dj Nfr igqWapkrsgS ftlls ikSkksa dh c

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/15vkkqfud

    vfkd jl pwlus ds dkj.k ifRr;ksa dk jax ihyk iM+usyxrk gS vkSj vUr esa lw[k tkrh gSA bl dhV dsdkys jax ds v.Mkdkj f'k'kq ,oa I;wik iRrh dh fupyhlrg ij fpids jgrs gSaA bl dhV ds vkikr dhigpku jl pwlrs le; vFkok dhV ls fpifpik lkekq fudyus ij fd;k tk ldrk gSA fpifpis ekq ijdkyh jax dh QQwan vkus yxrh gS] ftlds dkj.kizdk'k&la'ys"k.k dh f;k esa ckkk iM+rh gSA bl dhVdk izdksi de ukbVkstu okyh isM+h Qly esa vkSjtgkWa ikuh Hkjk jgrk gS mu LFkkuksa esa vfkdrk ls gksrkgSA izdksi gksus ij blds fu;U=.k gsrq fDoukyQksl25 bZ0lh0 dk 1 ls 1-5 yhVj@gs0 dh nj lsfNM+dko djsaA

    4- 'kYd dhV % bl dhV dk izdksi ebZ ls flrEcj ,oatwu&twykbZ esa vfkd gksrk gSA blds f'k'kq ,oa o;Ldnksuks gh eq[;r% isM+h Qly esa ifRr;ksa dk jlpwldj gkfu djrs gSa tks ifRr;ksa ds uhps fpids jgrsgSaA dHkh&dHkh xUus ds vUnj lqbZ ds leku Nsncukdj jl pwlrs gSA vkkUr Qly khjs&khjs ihyhiM+us yxrh gSA ;g ihykiu ij ls ifRr;ksa dsfdukjs ls izkjEHk gksdj uhps dh vksj c

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/16vkkqfud

    vke.k gksus ij Qly ij cqjk izHkko iM+rk gS D;ksafddkyh QQwan ifRr;ksa esa mx vkrh gS ftlls izdk'kla'ys"k.k f;k ckfkr gks tkrh gSA izkjfEHkd dYyslw[k tkrs gS vkSj var esa Qly Hkh lw[kus yxrh gSAbl dhV ds fu;U=.k gsrq 'kYd dhV dh fu;U=.kiz.kkyh iz;ksx esa ykbZ tk ldrh gSA

    6- ekbV % xUus dks eq[; :i ls rhu izdkj dhekbV gkfu igqWapkrh gSaA xUus dh yky ekbV ds izdksils ifRr;ksa ij NksVs&NksVs yky jax ds kCcs curs gSaAckn esa ;s iwjh ifRr;k yky gks tkrh gSa rFkk xzflrifRr;ka lw[k tkrh gSaA xUus dh tkys ekbV ifRr;ksads fupyh lrg ij ckjhd tkys cukdj jgrh gSablds jl pwlus ls eq[; f'kjk ds nksuksa vksj lQsnkCcs iM+ tkrs gSaA ckn esa blds }kjk cuk;s tkys Hkwjsgks tkrs gSa ,oa ifRr;ka lw[k tkrh gSaA isM+h ij bldk

    izdksi vxLr&flrEcj esa vfkd gksrk gSA fCyLVjekbV ifRr;ksa ds fupys fgLls ij tks rus ls yxkgksrk gS ij gkfu igqWapk dj pdRrs fCyLVj cukrhgSA pdUrs izkjEHk esa gYds gjs vkSj ckn esa tax ds jaxdh ykfyek fy;s fn[kkbZ nsrs gSaA bldk izdksiflrEcj&vDVwcj esa T;knk ik;k tkrk gSA rhuksaekbV ds fu;U=.k ds fy, vks ekbV&57 bZ0lh0 2yhVj@gs0 dh nj ls fNM+dko djsaA

    vU; dhV

    xzklgksij % bl dhV ds f'k'kq ,oa izkS

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/17vkkqfud

    ch0vks0 138] ch0vks0 139] ch0vks0 145 ,oa dks0iw0 9301izHksn vkrs gSa tcfd ch0vks0 91] ch0vks0 110] ch0vks0 136]ch0vks0 137] ch0vks0 141] ch0vks0 146] ch0vks0 147]dks0iw0 9206] dks0iw0 9302 ,oa dks0iw0 9702 e; fiNkrJs.kh ds vUrxZr vkrs gSaA olardkyhu jksi okyh Qly dks'kjndkyhu jksi dh vis{kk c

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/18vkkqfud

    fljkmj fofk esa 90 ls0eh0 dh nwjh ij fljkmj[kksnrs gSa rFkk rhu vk[kksa okyh xqfYy;ksa dks vk[k ls vk[klVkrs gq, fcNkrs gSa A VSUp fofk esa 90 ls0eh0 dh nwjh ijfljkmj [kksndj 30 ls0eh0 pkSM+h rFkk 30 ls0eh0 xgjhukyh esa cht dks fcNkrs gSa tcfd tksM+h iafDr fofk esafljkmj [kksydj dqnky ;k VSDVj pkfyr ;a= ls fljkmjdks lkQ dj nsrs gSa ftlls fljkmj dh pkSM+kbZ 20 ls0eh0gks tkrh gS A fljkmj ds nksuksa fdukjs ij 3 vk[kksa okyhdhVuk'kh ,oa doduk'kh nok ls mipkfjr cht dks fljkls fljk lVkdj fcNk nsrs gSaA rhuksa fofk;kssa esa ;ku j[krsgSa fd ,d Hkh vk[k Hkwfe ij uhps dh vksj u iM+s A vk[kksadks uhps dh vksj j[kus ls vadqj.k {kerk izHkkfor gks ldrkgS A

    [kkn ,oa moZjd

    bZ[k mRiknu ds fofHkUu miknkuksa esa [kkn ,oa moZjdksadk LFkku vxz.kh gS A [ksr tqrkbZ ds le; yxHkx 200fDoaVy izfr gsDVs;j lM+k gqvk dEiksLV ;k xakdh;izsleM Mkydj vPNh rjg feyk nsa A VSap fofk ls jksi dsfy, dEiksLV ds bl ek=k dks bZ[k jksi ds 3&4 lIrkg iwoZgh VSap [kksndj feh esa vPNh rjg feyk nsuk pkfg, A

    flafpr {ks= ds fy, fljkmj fofk gsrq 150 fdyksxzkeus=tu] 85 fdyksxzke LQwj ,oa 60 fd0xzk0 iksVk'k izfrgsDVs;j dh vko';drk gksrh gS tcfd tksM+h iafDr ,oaVSap fofk ds fy, e'k% 175] 85 ,oa 60 fd0xzk0 izfrgsDVs;j us=tu] LQwj ,oa iksVk'k vuq'kaflr gS A jksi dsle; us=tu dh vkkh ek=k rFkk LQwj ,oa iksVk'k dh iwjhek=k nh tkuh pkfg, A tksM+h iafDr ,oa VSap fofk esa jksids le; fn, tkus okys 85 fd0xzk0 us=tu esa ls 40fd0xzk0 [kyh ds :i esa vkSj 45 fd0xzk0 jklk;fudmoZjd ds :i esa fn;k tkuk pkfg, A rhuksa fofk;ksa esa 'ks"kcps gq, us=tu dk vkkk fgLlk izFke flapkbZ ds ckn ,oavkkk fgLlk feh p

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/19vkkqfud

    jksiuh ds le; dk egRo vkSj Hkh c

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/20vkkqfud

    ftad lyQsV dk O;ogkj izR;sd 3 Qly ds ckn pwuk;qDr feh esa rFkk pqukjfgr feh esa 6 Qly ds ckn djsaAus=tu dh 'ks"k vk/kh ek=k dks nks ckj esa jksiuh ds 20 fnuo 40 fnu ds ckn mifjos'ku djsaa iksVk'k dh cph ,dpkSFkkbZ Hkkx dks 40&50 fnu ckn mifjos'ku djsaA

    dhV] O;kf/k vkSj [kjirokj esa lcls T;knk mit dk kl/kku esa [kjirokj ls gksrk gSa [kjirokj eq[; Qly dslkFk iks"kd rRo] ty vkfn dkjdksa ds fy, izfrLiZ/kk djrsgSaA ftlls u dsoy mit esa deh gksrh gs cfYd xq.koDrkHkh izHkkfor gksrh gSA [kjirokj fu;a=.k ds fy, jksikbZ ds3 fnu ckn rFkk ,d lIrkg ds vanj cwVkDyksj uked nok3 yhVj ysdj 500&600 fyVj ikuh esa ?kksy cukdj ,dgs0 {ks= esa fNM+dko djsaa fNM+dko esa fcyEc djus ij[kjirokj fu;a=.k esa deh vkrh gSA blfy, rhu fnuckn gh fNM+dko djuk ykHkizn gSA

    /kku dh [ksr esa ikuh j[kus ;k [ksr dks xhyk j[kusesa mit esa deh ugha gksrh gSA blfy, tgkWa ikuh dh vf/kdrk gks ogkWa 3&4 lsa-eh- ikuh j[ksa rFkk ikuh dh deh okys{ks=ksa esa [ksr dks cjkcj xhyk j[ksaaA ;g /;ku j[kuk pkfg,fd fdlh Hkh gkyr esa [ksr esa njkj ugha iM+us nssaA

    bl izdkj [ksrh djus ij [kjhQ esa Hkh /kku ds mPNhiSnkokj yh tk ldrh gS

    O;ogkj djsaaaA blds ckn vPNh rjg ikVk nsdj [ksr dsjksikbZ djsaA jksi iafDr c) djsaA vxkr ok e/;e izHksn dsfy, drkj ls drkj ok ikS/ksa ls ikS/ks dh nwjh 15&15 lsa-eh- ok vEch vof/k ds fy, 20&15 lsa-eh- j[kuk ykHkdkjhgSA ,d LFkku ij 2 ls T;knk fcPkM+k u yxkosaA fcyEc dhfLFkfr esa l?ku jksiuh djsa o 3&4 fcpM+ksa dk iz;ksx djsa,d lIrkg ckn iqu% NqVs ;k ejs LFkku ij jksikbZ djsaA

    Qlyksa ls mudh {kerk ds vuq:i mRiknu izkIrdjus esa iks"kd rRoksa dh Hkwfedk lcls egRoiw.kZ gSA /kkudh mit'khy fdLesa vf/kd ek=k feh ls iks"kd rRoksa dkvo'kks"k.k djrh gS blh ds larqfyr izcU/ku ls iSnkokjxq.koDrkiw.kZ vkSj vPNh feyrh gSA jklk;fud moZjdksa dsyxkrkj] va/kk/kaq/k vkSj vlarqfyr iz;ksx ls tehu dhmoZjk'kfDr] i;kZoj.k] Qly mRiknu vkSj mldh xq.koDrkij izfrdwy vlj iM+ jgk gSA gjh [kkn tSls]

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/21vkkqfud

    4- f"k jlk;uksa dk leqfpr ek=k ls vf/kd ek=k dkiz;ksx gksus o dhVksa ds ckjs esa lgh tkudkjh dk ugksukA

    5- jklk;fud dhVuk'kdksa dk ?kksy rkykcksa] ukyksa oV~;qcosy ds ikl cukuk ,oa muds vo'ks"k o MCcs rFkk[kkyh crZuksa dks ogha NksM+ nsukA [kkyh crZuksa rFkkMCcksa dks u"V u djukA

    6- jklk;fud dhVuk'kdksa ds iz;ksx ds le; iz;ksxdjus okys ;k fNM+dko djus okys dk lgh oL= ,oanLrkuksa dks u iguukA

    7- jklk;fud dhVuk'kdksa ds iz;ksx ds i'pkr gkFk] eqago iSj vkfn dk u /kwyuk ,oa fcuk /kwys Hkkstu djukA

    c- jklk;fud dhVuk'kdksa dk euq"; ds LokLF;ij izHkko

    jklk;fud dhVuk'kdksa dk vuqfpr ek=k esa iz;ksxdjus ls i;kZoj.k iznwf"kr gksrk gS ftlds QyLo:ieuq";ksa esa dbZ izdkj dh fcekfj;ka gksrh gSa tSls] 'olulEcU/kh fcekfj;ka] dSalj o Ropk lEcU/kh fcekfj;ka bR;kfnAjklk;fud dhVuk"kdksa }kjk mipkfjr [kk| inkFkksZ esavfkd ek=k esa gksus ij [kkus ds i'pkr isV esa ikpulEcU/kh fcekjh iSnk gks tkrh gS tSls isfp'k] mYVh] nLr,oa Hkkstu esa fo"kkDrrk bR;kfnA vf/kd fokkDrrk gksus ijdHkh&dHkh euq";ksa dh vkdfLed e`R;q rd gks tkrh gSAblds izHkko ls ljnnZ] osgks'kh o pDdj vkus dh leL;kgks tkrh gSA euq";ksa dks uqdlku djus ds lkFk&lkFk I"kqvksads Hkh LokLF; o muds mRiknksa dks nwf"kr dj nsrs gSaftudk mi;ksx djus ij euq";ksa esa dbZ izdkj dh foekfj;kagks tkrh gSaA Hkkjr esa loZizFke o`gnLrj ij dhVuk'kdksa dkvlj dsjy esa 1953 esa gqvk Fkk ftlesa 108 ykxksa dh ekSrgqbZ FkhA 1984 esa Hkksiky xSl =klnh esa 5000 ykxksa dh ekSrsgqbZ Fkha rFkk mlls yxHkx 2 yk[k yksx izHkkfor gq, FksA

    jklk;fud dhVuk'kdksa dklqjf{kr iz;ksx ,oa lkokkfu;ka

    MkW ?kukuUn frokjh] vfer dqekj] fcuk;d izrki 'kkgh ,oa nqxsZ'k 'kqDynwu ih-th- dkWyst vkWiQ ,xzhdYpj lkbal ,.M VsDuksykWth] nsgjknwu

    gfjrdzkfUr dh lQyrk o Hkkjrh; f"k dh mRikndrkesa jklk;fud dhVuk"kdksa dk cgqr gh egRoiw.kZ LFkku jgkgSA jklk;fud dhVuk'kdksa ds QyLo:i Qlyksa ,oaxksnkeksa esa yxus okys dhVksa dh la[;k dks fu;af=r fd;kx;k ftlds QyLo:i f"k mRikndrk esa dzkfUr vkbZAorZeku le; esa f"k mRikndrk dks c

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/22vkkqfud

    ds fy, ikl ds f"k foKku dsUnz ;k f"k j{kk vf/kdkjhls lEidZ djsaA

    jklk;fud dhVuk'kdksa ds iz;ksx ds le; lko/kkuh j[kukcgqr gh vko';d gS tks fuEufyf[kr gS%

    1- dhVuk'kdksa dks [kk| lkexzh ds ikl u j[ksaA

    2- dhVuk'kdksa dks Nwrs le; gkFk esa nLrkus vo'; gksuspkfg,

    3- dhVuk'kdksa dk mix;ksx mfpr le; ij gh djsa tc'k=q dhV dh la[;k gkfudkjd :i ys jgh gks

    4- fdlh Hkh dhVuk'kd dk funsZf'kr ek=k ds vuqlkj ghiz;ksx djsa ,oa mlds Qkjeqys'ku dk Hkh /;ku j[ksaAtSls] nkusnkj nok dk ?kksy cukdj u iz;ksx djsaA

    5- dhVuk'kdksa ds Hkki o Qqgkj ls mfpr nwjh cuk;s j[ksa

    6- dhVuk'kd dk iz;ksx djrs le; /kqeziku djuk o[kkuk euk gS

    7- ?kksy cukrs le; dhVuk'kd dk 'kjhj ls lEidZ ugksA

    8- gok dh rjQ eqag djds dHkh Hkh fNM+dko o cqjdkou djsaA

    9- dhVuk'kd iz;ksx djrs le; dhVuk'kd lqj{kkRedfdV dk iz;ksx djsa ;k 'kjhj diM+s ls

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/23vkkqfud

    Qy okfVdk edku ds fiNokM+s ;k nksuksa fdukjs esacuk;k tkrk gSA blls e;e mPpkbZ okys o`{k tSls]ve:n] vukj] dsyk] vkfn yxk, tk ldrs gSA lCthokfVdkds ckgjh esM+ ij iihrk rFkk vkWxu esa NIij rFkk rkj dhtkyh Mky dj vaxwj dh csy QSykbZ tk ldrh gSA QwyokfVdk ?kj ds fdlh Hkh dksus ij cukbZ tk ldrh gS ftlesacsyk] pesyh] xqynkmnh] xsank vkfn yxkbZ tk ldrh gSA?kj ds lkeus Hkh dsUnzh; okfVdk esa ekSlehQwy] kksHkdkjho`{k vkfn yxk, tk ldrs gSA ;fn LFkku miyCk gks rks?kj esa fdlh kkUr dksus esa csynkj ikSks dh lgk;rk ls ,ddwt Hkh cukbZ tk ldrh gSA x`gokfVdk ds eq[; ekxZ esanksuks vksj fdukjks ls f?kjh gqbZ ekSlehQyksa dh D;kfj;k]xqykc dh D;kfj;k] eksjia[kh rFkk vkksd ds o`{k yxk, tkldrs gSaA

    Xk`gokfVdk esa D;kfj;ksa ds flpkbZ ds fy, ukyh gksuhpkfg,A vxj flpkbZ ds fy, jcj dh ukyh dk mi;ksxfd;k tk jgk gks rks ukyh dh vko;drk ugh gSA nksukfy;ksa ds chp VekVj rFkk iqnhuk yxkbZ tk ldrh gSAx`gokfVdk esa lfCt;ksa ds cht yxkus ds fy, ,d ikSkkkykHkh gksuk pkfg,A ?kj ds dwM+s&dpjs rFkk ?kj dh jlksbZ kjds voksk rFkk Qly voksk ds lnqi;ksx ds fy, ,d[kkn dk xM

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/24vkkqfud

    dk izdkj rFkk x`gokfVdk ds fy, ikSkks dk p;u ij fuHkZjdjrh gSA

    ;fn x`gokfVdk dks lqfu;ksftr

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/25vkkqfud

    o`f) o"kZ Hkj gksrh jgrh gS A bldh WpkbZ 50 ls 150ls0eh0 rd gksrh gS rFkk tM++sa xgjh tkrh rFkk bldsifRr;ksa dh vkfr xktj ;k xqynkmnh dh rjg gksrh gSAikSkksa esa teko ds ,d ekg ckn 'kk[kkvksa ds 'kh"kZ ij lQsnQwy vkuk 'kq: gks tkrk gS] bu Qwyksa esa vR;fkd la[;kesa ijkxd.k gksrs gS tks gok }kjk ,d LFkku ls nwljs LFkkurd igWqqp tkrs gS rFkk izR;sd ikSks ls lkkkj.kr% 15 ls 40gtkj cht mRikfnr gksrs gS rFkk izfr gsDVj ls yxHkx 30ls 35 djksM+ cht curs gS A ;gh cht ok;q rFkk ikuh dslkFk cgdj ,d LFkku ls nwljs LFkku rd vklkuh ls igWqptkrs gSa] chtksa esa lqlqIrkoLFkk ugha gksrh gS] bl izf;k esaifjiDo cht esa vuqdwy ifjfLFkfr;ksa feyus ij ikSks lsfxjdj rqjUr teus dh {kerk gksrh gS A ;g [kjirokjvPNh n'kk esa 4&6 lIrkg esa viuk thou pdz iwjk djdso"kZHkj esa 4&5 thou pdz iwjk dj ysrk gS D;ksafd ;grkidze rFkk izdk'k mnklhu ikSkk gS A

    ikFksZfu;e ds fofHkUu nq"izHkko

    ikFksZfu;e [kjirokj esa gkfudkjd xq.k mlesaik;s tkus okys tgjhys jlk;u tSls %& ikjFksfuu] fQukWfyd,fl+M+ ,oa Dyksjtsfud ,flM ds dkj.k gksrs gSA ;g[kjirokj Qlyksa] euq";ksa rFkk Ik'kqvksa lHkh ds fy, cM+hleL;k gS A

    Qlyksa ij izHkko

    xktj ?kkl dh tM+ksa ds jlk;uksa ls Qlyksa dsvadqj.k rFkk c

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/26vkkqfud

    f"k Hkwfe esa vis{kkr de gksrh gS rFkk dqN Qlyksa esabl [kjirokj dh leL;k vfkd gksrh gS tgkW QlyizcUku mfpr rjhds ls ugha gks ikrk gSA vr% bldsfu;a=.k gsrq eq[;r% fuEufyf[kr fofk;ksa dk bLrsekyfd;k tk ldrk gSA

    v oSkkfud fofk c ;kaf=d fofk l jklk;fudfofk n tSfod fofk

    oSkkfud fofk

    bl fofk esa [kjirokj fu;a=.k gsrq muds izos'k rFkkQSyko dh jksdFkke ds fy, [kjirokj dkuwu ,oa laxjkskdkuwu cuk;s x;s gS] ftudks izHkkoh :Ik ls viukus lsdkQh gn rd fu;a=.k fd;k tk ldrk gSA vkLV~sfy;k dsDohUlySaM esa f"k ekud vfkfu;e ds vUrZxr ikFksZfu;efefJr Qlyksa ds chtksa ds fodz; ij jksd yxk nh x;hgSA vr% lHkh jkT;ksa esa bl [kjirokj ds fu;a=.k gsrq blsmijksDr vfkfu;e ds vUrZxr j[kdj blds mUewyu dhizfdz;k dkQh rhozxfr ls py jgh gSA

    ;kaf=d fofk

    xkWoksa ,oa 'kgjkssa ds vkoklksa ds vklikl rFkk Qlyksa dsD;kfj;ksa esa mxs gq, bl [kjirokj dks Qwy vkus dhvoLFkk ls iwoZ gh m[kkM+dj lewy :Ik ls u"V dj nsukpkfg,] vU;Fkk cht cuus ij os tehu esa fxjdj 10&12fnu esa te vkrs gSA ikSkksa dks gkFk ls m[kkM+uk ekuoLokLF; ds fy, ?kkrd gks ldrk gSA vr% bl ckr dk;ku j[kuk pkfg, fd ikFksZfu;e ds ikSkksa dks m[kkM+us lsiwoZ gkFkksa esa jcj ds nLrkus ;k ikWyhFkhu dh FkSfy;k rFkkeqg ij diM+k vo'; igu ysuk pkfg,A ikSkksa dks lghrjhds ls tM+ ls u m[kkM+us vFkok njkrh vkfn ls dkVusls budh iquZo`f) gks tkrh gSA vr% gkFk ls m[kkM+s x;s tM+lfgr ikSks dks dEiksLV ;k dsapqvk [kkn cukus gsrq xM~

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/27vkkqfud

    jgrk gSA blds ykokZ ,oa I;wik rus ds vanj dk Hkkx[kqjpdj [kkrk gSA blls c

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/28vkkqfud

    yksx bldks tykus ds :Ik esa Hkh iz;ksx esa ykrs gSA ck;ksxSl mRiknu esa bldks xkscj ds lkFk feyk;k tkrk gS ,oa ikSksdh yqXnh ls fofHkUu izdkj ds dkxt rS;kj fd;s tkrs gSA

    lwph 1%&fofHkUu f"k ,oa vf"k {k s=k s a es a ikFk Z s fu;e [kjirokj ds fu;a=.k ds fy, 'kkdukf'k;ksa dh iz;ksx fofk;kW

    0la0 'kkduk'kh jlk;u dk uke f"kr Hkwfe ftlesa Qly mRiknu gks jgk gSiz;ksx dh nj rFkk le;

    v- f"k {ks=

    1- ,Vkthu eDdk]Tokj o cktjk 1-0&1-5 fd0xzk0 lfdz; rRo@gs0] vadqj.k ds igyscqokbZ ds rqjUr ckn

    2- ,ykDyksj lks;kchu] fHk.Mh o jktek 2-0 fd0xzk0 lfdz; rRo@ gs0] vadqj.k ds igyscqokbZ ds rqjUr ckn

    3- DyksjhE;wjkWu bFkkby dsyk] VekVj] ,oa lks;kchu 10&12 xzke lfdz;rRo@gs0] cqokbZ ds 25&30 fnu ckn

    4- esVhC;wftu vkyw] lks;kchu rFkk VekVj 0-5&0-75 fdz0xzk0 lfdz; rRo@gs0] vadqj.k dsigys cqokbZ ds rqjUr ckn

    5- Mkb;wjkWu vaxwj] liksVk] uhcw rFkk vUUkkukl 1-5 fd0xzk0 lfdz; rRo@gs0] vadqj.k ls igyscqokbZ ds rqjUr ckn

    c- vf"k {ks= ftlesa dksbZ Qly ugha yh tkrh gS

    1- ,Vkftu 1-5 fd0xzk0 lfdz; rRo@gs0] Qwy vkus ls iwoZ

    2- XykbQkslsV 2-0 fd0xzk0 lfdz; rRo@gs0 1-0 izfr'kr ?kksy Qwy vkus ls iwoZ

    3- 2&4&Mh0 2-0&2-5 fd0xzk0 lfdz; inkFkZ@gs0 Qwy vkus ls iwoZ

    4- esVhC;wftu lsUdksj2-0 fd0xzk0 lfdz; rRo@gs0 Qwy vkus ds iwoZ

    5- Mkb;wjkWu 1-5 fd0xzk0 lfdz; rRo@gs0 Qwy vkus ls iwoZ

    6- ued ?kksy 15 izfr'kr dk ?kksy Qwy vkus ds iwoZ

    7- veksfu;e lYQsV 20 izfr'kr dk ?kksy Qwy vkus ds iwoZ

    ikFkZfu;e ?kkl (xktj ?kkl) dks vius ?kj ds vklikl ugha mxusa nsaA ;fn ;g?kkl vkids ?kj ds vklikl mxh gks rks lkokkuhiwoZd m[kkM+dj tyk nsa] blsviuk lkekftd nkf;Ro le>sa ,slkdjus ek=k ls vius {ks=k fo'ks"k esa 'olulEcUkh fcekjh dks fu;af=kr djus esa vki viuk ;ksxnku ns ldsaxsA

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/29vkkqfud

    vxj ge ifj.kkeksa dk voyksdu djsa rks ikrs gSa fdjklk;fud [kknksa ds vR;f/kd iz;ksx us gekjh feV~Vh dhlajpuk esa lsa/k yxkuk 'kq: dj fn;k gS QyLo:i Hkkjrdh gtkjksa gsDVs;j Hkwfe izfro"kZ catj ,oa csdkj gksrh tkjgh gSA Hkwfe dh ty&la/kkj.k {kerk Hkh dEiksLV ds vkHkkoesa izHkkfor gqbZ gSA

    [ksrksa esa ueh vf/kd le; rd ugha jg ikrh] QyLo:i[ksr esa vf/kd ikuh nsuk iM+rk gS ftlls ty dk vf/kdnksgu fd;k tk jgk gSA blds ctg ls gekjk ty Lrjfnu izfrfnu rsth ls ?kV jgk gSA iatkc ,oa gfj;k.kkblds Toyar mnkgj.k gSaA vkus okys le; esa vxj f"kdk;ksZ ds fy, ikuh dh dhYyr gksus yxs rks blesa dksbZvk'p;Z gesa ugha gksuk pkfg,A

    vesfjdk ds i;kZoj.k lqj{kk ,tsalh bZ0 ih0 ,0 dsvuqlkj fo'o ds c

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/30vkkqfud

    mDr rhuk s a i)fr;k s a e s a ls fdlku viuhvko';drkuqlkj dksbZ Hkh i)fr viukdj ty mRikndrkesa o`f) ds y{; dks izkIr djus esa vge Hkwfedk fuHkk ldrsgSaA

    gesa oSls pkjk Qlyksa dks yxkuk pkfg, tks de ikuhesa rFkk de Je esa yacas le; rd gekjs i'kqvksa dks pkjkdh miyC/krk lqfuf'pr dj ldsaA lqccqy] ?kkeu ?kkl]iSjk ?kkl] fnukukFk ?kkl vkfn dqN ,sls pkjs gSa ftudsmRiknu ls ty dh cpr ds lkFk lkFk Hkwfe laj{k.k Hkhfd;k tk ldrk gSA

    ljpuk dks lq/kkjus esa lgk;d gksxk ftlls Hkwfe dh vkSlrty la/kkj.k {kerk esa o`f) gksxhA rFkk ge vius tymRikndrk esa o`f) ds y{; dks gklhy djus esa dke;kcgks ldrs gSA

    i'kq vk/kkfjr f"k iz.kkyh dks fofHkUu :iksa esa fy;ktk ldrk gSa ;Fkk &

    1 xk;@HkSal@cSy ikyu + f"k dk;ZA

    2 cdjh@eqxhZ ikyu + f"k dk;ZA

    3 cdjh@eqxhZ ikyu + eNyh ikyu + f"k dk;ZA

    vkkqfud fdlku if=kdk lu~ 1972 ls fdlkuksa ,oa f"k oSKkfudksa ds e; ,d lsrq dk dke dj jgh gSA blesa f"koSKkfudksa ds vykok f"k ls tqM+s fofHkUu fo'ks"kKksa ds vkys[k izdkf'kd fd;s tkrs gSaA bl if=kdk esa iQly mRiknu]i'kqikyu] eqxhZ] cdjh] lqdjh] eNyh] ekqeD[kh ikyu] m|kfudh dh leL;k,] vkS"kkh; ,oa lxak iQlyksa dh leL;k,]f"k okfudh] tSfod [ksrh tSls vusd fo"k;ksa ij s bl if=kdk dk lnL; cuk;saA

    uke % ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O;olk; % ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------vofk % ------------------------------------------------------------------- ls ------------------------------------------------------------------------- rdirk % ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------o eSaus blds lkFk okf"kZd lnL;rk 'kqYd # 180@& f}okf"kZd lnL;rk 'kqYd # 300@& dk cSad MkV uEcj

    ---------------------------------- fnukad ---------------------------------------- tks leUo;d] izdk'ku izHkkx ds uke ls gS rFkk ih-,u-ch-] iwlk] leLrhiqj esa ns; gS bl i=k ds lkFk layXu fd;k gSA

    o eSaus blds lkFk okf"kZd lnL;rk 'kqYd # 180@& f}okf"kZd lnL;rk 'kqYd 300@& dk iksLVy vkMZjuEcj ------------------------------------- fnukad ------------------------------------------- tks leUo;d] izdk'ku izHkkx ds uke ls gS rFkkih-,u-ch-] iwlk] leLrhiqj esa ns; gS bl i=k ds lkFk layXu fd;k gSA

    o eSaus blds lkFk okf"kZd lnL;rk 'kqYd # 180@& f}okf"kZd lnL;rk 'kqYd 300@& dk LFkkuh; psduEcj --------------------------------------- fnukad -------------------------------------------- tks leUo;d] izdk'ku izHkkx ds uke ls gSrFkk iwlk] leLrhiqj esa ns; gS bl i=k ds lkFk layXu fd;k gSA

    o eSa blds lkFk okf"kZd lnL;rk 'kqYd # 180@& f}okf"kZd lnL;rk 'kqYd 300@& uxn ns jgk gwA

    fnuakd gLrk{kjuksV % bl if=kdk ds fy, vki okf"kZd@f}okf"kZd lnL; cu ldrs gSaA lnL;rk 'kqYd leUo;d] izdk'ku izHkkx ds ukels gh gksuk pkfg,A fdlh vU; uke ls lnL;rk 'kqYd Lohdkj ugha gksxkA 'kqYd iwlk] leLrhiqj esa gh Hkqxrs; gksuk pkfg,A'kqYd cSad MkV@iksLVy vkMZj@LFkkuh; psd ;k uxn :i esa ls fdlh ,d izdkj ls fd;k tk ldrk gSA

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/31vkkqfud

    oufon dqtZ us ckl ij fy[ks vius ys[k esa blHkkjrh; fo'okl dk mYys[k fd;k gS fd ckl esa izjksgfudyuk vkjEHk gksus ds igys vkkh&ikuh gksuk vfuok;ZgSA oufon MCyw-,p-Lyheu us Hkh vius O;fDrxr vuqHkols fy[kk gS fd muds izkax.k esa yxs cklks ds chMksa esa rcrd u;s izjksg vkus vkjEHk ugh gq, tc rd vkkh&ikuhugha gqvkA

    iwjh rjg c

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/32vkkqfud

    1 lafkLrEHkksa dks fojyu djus ds fy, bl izdkj lsdkVuk pkfg, fd ks"k cps lafkLrEHk iwjh f'kQkLrEHklagfr esa bl izdkj forfjr jgsa fd u;s izjksgksa dsfodkl ds fy, LFkku fey tk, vkSj os >qdus ;kfxjus u ik,] bl jhfr ls chVksa dks [kqyk vkSj dk;Zdjus ;ksX; j[kk tk ldrk gSA

    2 vizks

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/33vkkqfud

    blh izdkj vDVwcj ls vkjEHk djds twu rd cklksadk ikf{kd dVkbZ fd;k tkrk jgk vkSj muds fldqM+us vkSjdhV vke.k dk lkIrkfgd i;Zos{k.k fy;k tkrk jgkAdhV vke.k ls eqfDr ds loksZke ekg fnlEcj jgk ijUrqvDVwcj ds vUr ls tuojh rd dh vofk ls Hkh vPNsifj.kke izkIr gq,A

    pUnz dh dykvksa dk izHkko

    fcgkj] >kj[k.M] mM+hlk ,oa vU; iwohZ Hkkjr ds jkT;ksaesa ;g fo'okl gS fd ".k i{k esa dkVs x;s cklksij dhM+syxus dh lEHkkouk vfkd gksrh gSA

    bl ij ou foHkkx }kjk Hkkjr ds vusdksa ou ize.Myksaij dk;Z fd;s x;sA 'kksk ds ifj.kke crkrs gS fd d`".k i{k];k uopUnz ls 2&3 fnu iwoZ ;k mlds i'pkr dkVs x;scklksa esa 'kqDy i{k esa dkVs x;s cklks dh vis{kk dhM+s vfkdyxrs gSa] bldk eq[; dkj.k dhM+ksa dk fp=o.kZ n`"Vrk gSAckl dkVus ij blds dYe dk mtyk ihyk jax rFkkblls LVkpZ dk mRltZu dhM+ksa dks vkdkj esa vkdf"kZrdjrs gSa rFkk Hkkstu dh lgt miyCkrk rFkk vkdkj esamtys jax dh Li"V n`"Vrk gh bldk eq[; dkj.k izrhrgksrk gSA

    lHkh ckrksa dks ;ku esa j[kus ij tuojh ds vkl&ikl;k 'khr_rqvksa ds vkjfEHkd ekg dh vofk dVkbZ ds fy,loksZke izrhr gksrk gSA

    lqj{kk & chtkadqj voLFkk esa cklksa ds lcls cM+s] 'k=q ipwgs ii lkghy iii fxygfj;k iv lqvj v [kjxks'kvi xk;&HkSal rFkk cdfj;k gSaA

    chVk ou tkus ij Hkh dHkh&dHkh pwgksa ,oa lkghy lsdkQh gkuh igqprh gSa tks fcy cukdj jkbtkse dks blizdkj dqrj Mkyrs gSa fd vkkh dk >ksadk vkrs gh chVkkjk'kk;h gks tkrk gS] fo'ks"k dj ck

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/34vkkqfud

    ikjEifjd [ksrh ds dkj.k fdlku fiNM+ jgs gS vkSjns'kksa ds eqdkcys datosZ'ku ,xzhdYpj ;kfu laj{k.k [ksrhubZ rduhd gSA bldk lQy iz;ksx rqdhZ] vQxkfuLrku]bjku] ikfdLrku vkfn nskksa esa gks jgk gSA vc blsfgUnqLrku esa Hkh viuk;k tkus yxk gSA

    f"k mRiknu esa ,xzks VsDlVkby dh mi;ksfxrk

    rduhdh VsDlVkby ds fofHkUu izdkj esa ls ,d ,xzksVsDlVkby dk {ks= gS ftldk mi;ksx gkbZ Vsd f"k esagksrk gS ftlls f"k mRiknu esa o`f) ds lkFk&lkFk feV~Vh]isM+&ikSksa vkfn lajf{kr jgrs gSA ,xzks VsDlVkby lajf{krvkSj la;fer f"k O;oLFkk gS ftlesas isM+ ikSkksa dk ekSleds cnyrs fetkt ls f"k dk cpko lEHko gSA ,xzksVsDlVkby dk mi;ksx xzhu gkml esas fd;k tkrk gSA

    xzhu gkml esa rkieku ueh vkfn dks fu;af=r j[kktkrk gS] f"k mRiknu ykxr esa yEcs le; ckn dehvkrh gS vkSj mRiknu o`f) ls equkQk dbZ xq.kk crs gS& ?kjsyq oL=]gFkdj?kk vkSj ml ij cqus x, ikjEifjd oL=A ijUrqvkt rsth ls cnyrs ;qx vkSj okrkoj.k us VsDlVkby dksikjEifjd ifjHkk"kk ds ckgj ykdj ,d foLr`r nk;jk ,oakkj.kk nh gSA VsDLVkby dk oL= mi;ksx ds {ks= dslkFk&lkFk rduhdh {ks= esa Hkh cgqr ;ksxnku gSA

    rduhdh VsDlVkby ds mi;ksx ,oa lEHkkoukvksa esafujarj o`f) gks jgh gSA fodflr ns'kksa esa rduhdh VsDlVkbydk mi;ksx cgqr T;knk gSA Hkkjr esa Hkh bldh vkikjlEHkkouk,a gSA Hkkjr esa rduhdh VsDlVkby dk mi;ksx7-7 chyh;u ;w0,l0 MkWyj gS tks fd c

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/35vkkqfud

    xzhugkml esa bl ckr dh lqfokk gksrh gS fd ;g izdk'k dhrhozrk] rkieku] m".krk dks fua;f=r dj ldsaaA xzhu gkmldks viukus esa lcls cM+h ckkk ;g gS fd rduhd eagxhgSA ysfdu xq.koRrk ds izfr cku us bl rduhdesa dkQh lqkkj fd;k gSA Qwyksa dh [ksrh esa vHkh rd 1-5izfr'kr gh xzhu gkml dk mi;ksx dj jgs gSA Hkkjr esaxzhu gkml lajpuk dk mi;ksx 1900 fefy;u Vu lsc

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/36vkkqfud

    esa mi;ksx gks jgk gSA ckdh lc fu;kZr gks jgk gSA cfku dks ns[krs gq,xzhu gkml dYVhos'ku vkSj ,xzks VsDlVkby dh Hkkjr esavikj lEHkkouk,a gSA ;g VsDlVkby {ks= dk c

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/37vkkqfud

    ftlds nkSjku mRikn 'ksYQ ;k HkaMkj esa jgrk gS vkSj blesalarks"ktud xq.koRrk cuh jgrh gS] mldh fu/kkuh vk;qdgykrh gSA lHkh [kkn~; inkFkksZ dh ,d lhfer fu/kkuhvk;q gksrh gSA fu/kkuh vk;q esa fdlh Hkh rjg dh deh dsQyLo:i miHkksDrk dh f'kdk;rsa gksaxh vkSj mRikn dkfo; cqjh rjg ls izHkkfor gksxkA [kkn~; dks nks Hkkxksa esackaVk tk ldrk gS % 1- fodkjh; ,oa vf/kfodkjh; vkSj 2-Lo;a LFkkbZ fodkjh; [kk| ds gksrs gS] ftUgsa dsoy FkksM+sle; ds fy, j[kk tk ldrk gS ijUrq budk laj{k.k[kjkch iSnk djus okys lw{ethoksa dh o`f) vkSj ,Utkbe dhlf;rk dks de djds djuk iM+rk gSA vf/kfodkjh;[kkn~; dqN vf/kd gh LFkkbZ gksrs gS D;ksafd blds fy, dqNizkd`frd laj{kd dk mi;ksx gksrk gSA Lo;a LFkkbZ [kkn~;lw{ethoksa ls izHkkfor ugha gksrs gS D;ksafd ,sls [kkn~; ;k rksfMgkbMsV fd;s gq, gksrs gS ;k fQj fuEure vknzZrk j[krsgSA

    fodkjh; [kkn~; eq[;:i ls thok.kq] QQwan] [kehjvkSj ,Utkbe }kjk [kjkc gksrs gSA lkekU;r% thok.kq ds}kjk okj.k HkkSfrd ,oa jklk;fud ifjorZu ls igys gksrhgSA thok.kq dbZ rjg ds ifjorZu [kkn~; esa djrs gSA dqNthok.kq [kkn~; esa ,flM iSnk djrs gS] dqN thok.kq [kkn~;ds jax&:i n'kk dks fcxkM+ nsrs gSA QQqan vkSj [kehj Hkh[kkn~; dks [kjkc dj nsrs gSA

    dqN isfj'kscy [kkn~; 5&7 fnu rd gh j[ksa tk ldrsgS tcfd lsehisfj'kscy 30 ls 90 fnu rd j[ks tk ldrsgSA

    HkaMkj.k ds nkSjku rkieku ds vuqlkj [kkn~;ksa esafofok dsfedy vkSj ekbZksckbyksftdy fj,sD'ku gksrs gSAuuisfj'kscy [kkn~; esa rkieku c

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/38vkkqfud

    dkj.k Hkh ifjorZu gksrk gS tSls&jax [kjkc gks tkrk gS]MCck ;k ik= dk xy tkuk] fiaM ;k xqPNk cu tkuk]eqyk;e gks tkuk bR;kfnA

    Qy dk jl tSls&ukjaxh jl esa foVkfeu lh0 lsT;knk {kfr mldks O;ogkj djus ;ksX; bUnz;xzkgh ughajgus esa gSA ukjaxh jl ;k Qy jl dk HkaMkj.k 5 fMxzh lsa0;k blls de rkieku ij djus ls foVkfeu *lh* dh {kfrcgqr de gksrh gSA

    Qy vkSj lCth mRiknksa ds HkaMkj.k esa izHkkfor djusokys dkjd gS&Qy ,oa lCth ds izdkj ,oa xq.koRrk]mRiknu dh fof/k] e'khu dk O;ogkj] rkieku ,oa vknzZrk,oa ykbVA

    Ifjjf{kr inkFkksZ dk HkaMkj.k

    lkekU;r% Hkwfe ds mij cus xksnke esa gh Qy vkSjlfCt;ksa ds mRikn dk HkaMkj.k fd;k tkrk gSA dqN mRiknrks fcuk ekSle ds [kir gks tkrs gS vkSj dqN mRikn tSls]Qy jl ,oa iYi ls cus vU; is; inkFkZ yo.k ty esa j[ksgq, Qy vke vkSj vkaoyk ls eqjCck] vpkj ;k pVuhtSls inkFkZ cuk;s tkrs gSA bl lHkh inkFkksZ ij HkaMkj.kokrkoj.k dk izHkko iM+s fcuk ugha jgrk gS] fo'ks"kdjHkaMkj.k :e dh vknzZrk dkA

    fMCckcan Qy vkSj lfCt;ksa dk HkaMkj.k

    vf/kdre HkaMkj.k] inkFkZ vkSj ik= ij fuHkZj djrk gSAvEyh; [kkn~; tSls&Qy ;k Qyjl ls MCcs [kjkc gksldrs gSA vEy fMCcsa esa Nsn ;k xSl cuk ldrk gS vkSjfMCcs Qwy ldrs gSA dkap ik= esa can inkFkksZ dh xq.koRrkesa {kfr izdk'k esa jgus ls gks ldrh gSA vr% Qy ;k lCthfo'ks"k ds vuqlkj mi;qDr ik= dk gh bLrseky djukpkfg,A

    fMCck can [kkn~; esa fo'ks"kdj gok inkFkZ dh lrg dksdkyk vkSj dHkh&dHkh foVkfeu *lh* esa dqN {kfr Hkh djldrh gSA

    fMCckcan Qy vkSj lfCt;ksa esa bfUnz; xzkgh xq.koRrkvkSj iks"kdeku esa ifjorZu] fo'ks"kr% [kkn~; dh vkarfjdf;kvksa] [kn~; vkSj ik= ds chp ikjLifjd f;kvksa dsQyLo:i gksrs gSA izR;sd fMCckcan Qy ;k lCth dh ,d

    210C rkieku ij gksrk gSA blls fuEu vkSj mPp rkiekuij budh o`f) dh nj de gks tkrh gSA

    HkaMkj.k ds nkSjku mRikn ds xq.k esa ifjorZu

    izkjEHk esa Qyksa ,oa lfCt;ksa dks thok.kqvksa ds vke.kls cpkus ds fy, izhlZo fd;k tkrk gSA ml le; ghV]lqxj] ,sflM vkSj dsfedy dk mi;ksx ekbksCl] QQwanvkSj [kehj dks fu;a=.k esa djus ds fy, fd;k tkrk FkkAckn esa tc fthax rkieku ij izhtjos'ku fd;k tkusyxk rks foVkfeu lh0 izhtZo djuk ,d eqn~nk cu x;kA

    vk/kqfud fof/k;ksa ls rS;kj Qyksa ,oa lfCt;ksa dsmRiknksa esa LokLF;o/kZd ,oa dykRed xq.koRrk dbZ eghuksavkSj o"kksZ rd cuh jg ldrh gSA pwafd rkts Qyksa ,oalfCt;ksa ls LokLF; ladV izhtZoM izksMDV ls de la[;kesa gksrk gS] blfy, muds HkaMkj.k esa ikSf"Vd xq.koRrk ijeq[; /;ku fn;k tkrk gSA

    fodflr ns'kksa esa ifjofrZr Qy vkSj lfCt;ksa dkiks"k.k Lrj T;knk gksrk gS] dkj.k ,DLVk fefujy] foVkfeu]dyj ,oa lqxa/k dk bLrseky dqN ekeyksa esa dkWef'kZ;yizksMDV dk iks"kd eku] izkfrd [kkn~; ls c

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/39vkkqfud

    ,oe dejs ds rkieku ij 20 fnu ds fy, lafpr fd;ktk ldrk gSA

    fgehr Qy vkSj lfCt;kWa

    Qy vkSj lfCt;ksa dk HkaMkj.k fgehdj.k }kjk dbZdkj.kksa ij fuHkZj djrk gS] tSls&inkFkZ dh fdLe] [ksrh dsrjhds] rqM+kbZ dh fof/k;kWa] fgehr] O;ogkj vkSj VkaliksVZo LVksjst ds nkSjku rkiekuA fdlh Hkh ,d pj.k esaxq.koRrk dh gkfu ;k {kfr dks nwljs pj.k esa ugh lq/kkjktk ldrk gSA blfy, lHkh pj.kksa dk bdVBk izHkko gksrkgSA fgehdr fd;s gq, Qy] lCft;ksa ij rkieku ?kV&c

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/40vkkqfud

    [kjkch iSnk ugha dj ldrsA lw[ks inkFkksZ dks yEch vof/k ds HkaMkj.k okLrs ty] ok;q] izdk'k ,oa iznq"k.k ls cpkukpkfg,A

    lw[ks mRikn dh xq.koRrk HkaMkj.k rkieku vkSj vknzZrkij fuHkZj djrh gSA mPp rkieku o mPp vknZzrk lw[ksQy vkSj lfCt;ksa ds fy, cgqr [krjukd gS] D;ksafd bun'kkvksa esa lHkh dsfedy fj,sD'ku rsth ls gksrh gSA lYQjMkbvkWDlkbM xk;c gks tkrk gSA czkmfuax c

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/41vkkqfud

    d`f=e :i ls ids dh vis{kk vfkd dSjksVhu jgrk gSA

    Xktj] fepZ vkSj ihyh eDdk esa ifjiDou ds nkSjkudSjksVhu dh ek=k c

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/42vkkqfud

    ikLrsjhdj.k 75 ls 80 fMxzh ls0 rkieku ij fd;k tkrkgSA uhacwoxhZ; Qyksa ds jl dk ifjj{k.k {kf.kd ikLrsjhdj.k}kjk fd;k tkrk gSA {kf.kd QkLVsjhdj.k 85 ls 90 fMxzhlsa0 ij {k.k ek= ds fy, fd;k tkrk gSA ikLrsjhdj.k dsnkSjku m"ek }kjk iks"kd eku esa {kfr de gksrh gSAvkWDlhdj.k }kjk ;g {kfr vkSj vfkd c

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/43vkkqfud

    vkkqfud rjhdksa }kjk futZfyr mRikn esa ,sLdkWfcZdvEy vkSj dSjksVhu dh {kfr cgqr gh de gksrh gS] ijUrqmRikn dk ykxr ewY; cgqr vfkd c

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/44vkkqfud

    bR;kfn lkjs dk;Z efgykvksa }kjk gh lEikfnr gksrs gSA

    tula[;k ds vuqikr esa jkstxkj ds lk/ku de gksusls ns'k ds lkeus csjkstxkjh ,d leL;k cuh gqbZ gSA f"kmRiknu dh vf/kd ek=k xkoksa esa miyC/k gksrh gS A f"kmRiknksa ij vusd ,sls jkstxkj gS ftUgsa xzkeh.k efgyk,viukdj viuk lkekftd&vkfFkZd fLFkfr csgrj cukldrh gSA tSls %

    [kk|kUu vk/kkfjr m|ksxksa

    xsgw

    xsgw dk cktkj ewY;] mRiknu ewY; ds yxHkx cjkcjgh gksrk gSA bl rjg fdlku dks xsgw mRiknu esa ?kkVk gksrkjgk gSA ysfdu iz'u gS fd og vxj xsgw u mxk;s rks jksVhdgk ls [kk;sA vr% xsgw mxkuk mldh foo'krk gS ysfduxzkeh.k efgyk, xsgw ls vusd ,sls mRikn rS;kj dj ldrhgS ftuesa T;knk ls T;knk equkQk fey ldrk gSA tSsls %csdjh m|ksx] nfy;k m|ksx] lwth m|ksx] foLdqV m|ksx]eSnk m|ksx vkfnA

    /kku

    xzkeh.k efgykvksa ds fy, /kku ij vk/kkfjr m|ksxksa esaizeq[k gS & pwM+k m|ksx] ykbZ m|ksx] pkou m|ksx rFkkHkqft;k pkoy m|ksx bR;kfnA

    eDdk

    ;fn xzkeh.k efgyk, eDds ds O;olkf;d Lo:i dhvksj /;ku ns rks blls dbZ ykHkdkjh m|ksx LFkkfir fd;stk ldrs gSA tSls & ikiduZ m|ksx] uedhu m|ksx]dkuysDl vkfnA

    nygu vk/kkfjr m|ksx

    nygu ij vk/kkfjr vusd m|ksx gS ftUgsa lQyrkiwoZdefgykvksa }kjk yxk;k tk ldrk gSA pus ls cslu m|ksx]

    f"k ls tqM+s jkstxkj ,oa efgyk,MkW jhrk flagx`g foKku

    f"k foKku dsUnz] fcexat (jksgrkl)jktsUnz d`f"k fo'ofo|ky;] iwlk] leLrhiqj & 848 125

    vkt xko esa iq:"kksa ds eqdkcys vf/kdrj efgyk, ghf"k dk dk;Z djrh gSA f"k {ks= esa efgykvksa dh cM+hla[;k esa lgHkkfxrk jgh gSA f"k dk;Z esa lf; iq:"kksa dks63 izfr'kr lgHkkfxrk dh rqyuk esa efgykvksa dh lgHkkfxrk78 izfr'kr gSA rdjhcu 50 izfr'kr efgyk etnwjksa dksf"k Jfedksa ds :i esa oxhZd'r fd;k x;k gS vkSj yxHkx70 izfr'kr f"k dk;Z efgykvksa }kjk fd;k tkrk gSA f"kmRiknks esa xzkeh.k efgykvksa dk cM+k ;ksxnku gSA i'kqikyuij rks efgykvksa dk ,dkf/kdkj lk gS tSls i'kqvksa dks pkjkf[kykuk] nw/k nwguk] i'kqvksa dks ugykuk] mudh ns[kHkkydjuk] ngh] ?kh] eV~Bk rS;kj djuk vkfn dk;Z rks efgyk,iwjh fu"Bk ds lkFk djrh gSA

    vUrjk"Vh; Je laxBu ds vkdMks ds vuqlkjfodkl'khy ns'kksa esa vUu mRiknu ds {ks=ksa esa efgykvksa dkipkl izfr'kr ;ksxnku gS] tcfd [kk| fu"iknu esa rks'kr&izfr'kr efgyk, gh dk;Z djrh gSA lalkj esa etnwjksadh dqy la[;k esa efgykvksa dk fgLlk yxHkx 1@3 gSAvkfFkZd losZ{k.k 2000&01 ds vuqlkj efgyk Jfed dqyO;Ld Jfedksa dk 31 izfr'kr gSA efgyk Jfedksa dh la[;kd`f"k {ks= esa yxkrkj c

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/45vkkqfud

    Hkwus gq, nkus ds iSdsV] vadqfjr nkus ds iSdsV] uedhu dsiSdsV] cM+h m|ksx] lRrw m|ksx vkfn yxk;s tk ldrs gSAeVj] mM+n o elwj ls nky rFkk cM+h vkSj uedhu] ewaxdh nky ls uedhu rFkk yM~Mw vkfn cukus ds ?kjsywm|ksx LFkkfir fd;s tk ldrs gSA

    lCth vk/kkfjr m|ksx

    gjh ifRr;kokyh lfCt;ksa tSls ikyd] esFkh] /kfu;k]pkSykbZ vkfn dks Nk;k esa lq[kkdj mudk pw.kZ cuk;k tkldrk gSA bl ikmMj dks vkWQlhtu esa tc os miyC/k u gks rks iz;ksx fd;k tk ldrk gSA vr% efgykvksa dsfy, gjh ifRr;ksa okyh lfCt;ksa ds pw.kZ iSdsV ds m|ksxvR;Ur ykHkdkjh gks ldrs gSA

    lCth ifjjf{kr inkFkZ

    VekVj tSe] tsyh] vkpkj] cMh+ vkfnA

    QwyxksHkh lq[kkSrk] vkpkj

    irkxksHkh lq[kkSrk] cMh

    vkyw fpIl] lq[kkSrk] ikiM+]cMh

    gjk eVj lq[kkSrk

    vc 'kgjhdj.k ds dkj.k yksaxkas dks lajf{kr inkFkZ[kkus dh vknr c

  • vkkqfud fdlku u ebZ&twu 2010/46vkkqfud

    gS ftlesa izksVhu dh ek=k cgqr de gksrh gSA e'k:eizksVhu dks ouLifr izksVhu ls csgrj vkSj i'kq&izksVhu tSlkmre ekuk tkrk gSA e'k:e esa 20 ls 40 izfr'kr rdmPp Js.kh dk izksVhu ik;k tkrk gSA

    vkS"k/kh; ,oa lqxa/kh; ikS/kks dh [ksrh

    fcgkj pqdh f"k iz/kku izns'k gSA vr% Hkwfe ,oatyok;q ds vuqdwy vkS"k/kh; ,oa lqxa/kh; ikS/kks dh vklkuhls [ksrh dh tk ldrh gSA ,slk djus ls fdlkuksa vkSjxzkeh.k efgyk,W dh vkfFkZd ,oa lkekftd n'kk esa lq/kkjgksxk rFkk fons'kh eqnzk vftZr djus dh laHkkouk ck tkrk gSA fNyds dh lrg cnjax gks tkrh gSA izHkkfor isM+ksa dh Mkfy;ka ,d&,d djds lw[kusyxrh gSaA izHkkfor fgLls dks dkVus ij dSfEc;e rd mrd cnjax gks tkrs gSaA izHkkfor isM+ksa dh tM+ksa ds laogurdksa ds :k tkus ls ikuh o vU; iks"kd rRo ij ugha tk ikrs gSaA QyLo:i isM+ lw[k tkrk gSA ;g jksxmu {ks=ksa esa vfkd rhoz gks tkrk gS tgkWa dh e'nk dk ih0 ,p0 eku 7-5 ls vfkd gksrk gSA Hkwfe dh ueh Hkh jksxdks QSykus esa lgk;d gksrh gSA 60&80 izfr'kr e'nk vknZzrk ij jksx dk izdksi c