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A Broken World (Europe: 1920s & 30s)

Jan 04, 2016

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Intro Italy Mussolini Germany Weimar Republic Inflation Hitler’s Rise Dawes Plan Nazis in Power Economics Anti-Semitism. Key Terms Fascist Reforms Beer Hall Putsch Mein Kampf New Economic Policy Nuremberg Laws Final Solution. A Broken World (Europe: 1920s & 30s). Italy. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • A Broken World (Europe: 1920s & 30s)IntroItalyMussoliniGermanyWeimar RepublicInflationHitlers RiseDawes PlanNazis in PowerEconomicsAnti-SemitismKey TermsFascist ReformsBeer Hall PutschMein KampfNew Economic PolicyNuremberg LawsFinal Solution

  • ItalyJournalist & reformer: Fascist LeaderChaos in Italy after WWI; he came to powerFollowing a military coup, became Italys leader: 1922-43Benito Mussolini(1883-1945)

  • Black Shirts(Mussolinis Personal Military Squad)

  • Fascist PropagandaMussolinis headquarters in Rome; his face is larger than life (si = Italian for yes)

  • Once In Office(Buy Italian Campaign shows Nationalism)

  • Fascist Reforms(1920s)Lateran Pact-(between Pope & Mussolini) made Catholicism the state religion.Broad system of public works projects (jobs).All opposition was crushed.Women were encouraged to have large families & discouraged from work outside the home.

  • Germany(1920-33)Weimar RepublicName of Germanys government after WWI.It was a republic (people could elect representatives) but allowed for a Dictatorship in a crisis.It was very unstable & unpopular (Versailles Treaty).

  • Germanys Great Inflation(1920s)1914: 4 Marks = $1 US1921: 65 Marks = $1 US9/1923: 9 million Marks = $1 US11/1923: 4 trillion Marks = $1 US Germany had to pay the cost of WWI.

  • The children show how it took 100,000 Marks to make $1 US when the picture was taken

  • Germanys Great Inflation(1920s) Germany had to pay the cost of WWI.1914: 4 Marks = $1 US1921: 65 Marks = $1 US9/1923: 9 million Marks = $1 US11/1923: 4 trillion Marks = $1 US

  • Cycle: Reparations & LoansGermans struggled to make reparations paymentsBritish & French struggled to repay loans to US Solution: Dawes Plan

  • Dawes Plan(1924)US Plan US loaned about $2.6 billion to GermanyGermany paid about $2.4 billion in reparations to the British & FrenchFrench & British repaid $2.4 billion in loans to US from WWI

    US Stock Market Crash (1929) influences worldwide economic depression

  • Adolf Hitlers RiseBorn in AustriaStruggled as an artistWWI gave him focus; he was injured

    (1889-1945)

  • Nazi PartyWhile working for army he was hired to investigate radical groupsEnded up joining Nazi PartyParty membership grew TEMENDOUSLY

  • Beer Hall Putsch(1923)Hitler attempted to seize powerHe failed & spent one year in prison

  • Mein Kampf(My Struggle)Re-build German armyRe-unification of all German-speaking peopleLiving-space: Expand German territory in (eastern Europe)Teutonic Race was master race

  • Hitler Assumes PowerAs economy worsened, Nazi party gained supportIn 1933 Hitler was named ChancellorNazi Election PosterAn attack in February allowed Hitler to suspend civil liberties

  • Reichstag Fire, February 1933(Following this, Hitler was given dictatorial powers)

  • New Economic Policy(1930s)MASSIVE Public Works programs; highway system, etc.1932-6 million unemployed1934-2.7 million unemployedSocial welfare programs provided aid to familiesMassive build-up of German military

    Hitler Opening Volkswagen Factory

  • Nuremberg Laws(1930s)German-Jews were robbed of citizenship & were fired from government jobs.Sex & marriage between Jews & non-Jews was outlawed.Goal: Pass (Nuremburg) laws so Jews leave the country.Sign: Do Not Buy From Jews

  • Anti-Semitism(A Jewish-owned business was bombed: 1938)

  • Hitlers Final SolutionDeveloped 12/7/41- extermination of all Jews

  • WWII & Holocaust (Links To Maus)Maus Vol. I, page 82The Noose Tightens1939: Concentrate Jews Ghettos of Poland12/41: Final Solution is developed = extermination of all Jews

  • Holocaust & Hitlers Final Solution6 million Jews; worldwide Jewish population of 15 millionOther victims included: 3.7 million Soviets POWs; homosexuals, disabled, gypsies, & others12,000/day at AuschwitzMaus Vol. II, page 41

  • A Broken World (Europe: 1920s & 30s)IntroItalyMussoliniGermanyWeimar RepublicInflationHitlers RiseDawes PlanNazis in PowerEconomicsAnti-SemitismKey TermsFascist ReformsBeer Hall PutschMein KampfNew Economic PolicyNuremberg LawsFinal Solution

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