# 7th Grade - Summer Math Packet - Green Brook ... 7th Grade - Summer Math Packet 2 Unit: KNOWLEDGE of ALGEBRA, PATTERNS, and FUNCTIONS Objective: Evaluate an algebraic expression. •

Mar 14, 2020

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• 7th Grade - Summer Math Packet

1

Unit: KNOWLEDGE of ALGEBRA, PATTERNS, and FUNCTIONS Objective: Write an algebraic expression to represent unknown quantities. • A variable is a symbol, usually a letter, used to represent a number. • Algebraic expressions are combinations of variables, numbers, and at least one operation. Examples: The sum of 5 and some number is written as: 5 + n because the operation that is associated with the word sum is addition. The difference of a number and three tenths is written as: n - .3 because the operation that is associated with the word difference is subtraction.

1.)

a number plus 2

1

2.)

a number minus .7

3.)

the difference of twenty-one hundredths and a number

4.)

the sum of a number and forty-six

• 7th Grade - Summer Math Packet

2

Unit: KNOWLEDGE of ALGEBRA, PATTERNS, and FUNCTIONS Objective: Evaluate an algebraic expression. • A variable is a symbol, usually a letter, used to represent a number. • Algebraic expressions are combinations of variables, numbers, and at least one operation. • Multiplication in algebra can be shown as 4n or 4 x n • The variables in an algebraic expression can be replaced with any number. • Once the variables have been replaced, you can evaluate, or find the value of, the algebraic expression. Examples: Evaluate 44 + n if n= 9 44 + n original expression 44 + 9 replace the variable with it‟s value 53 solution

1.)

Evaluate 150 + n if n = 15

2.)

Evaluate 12n if n = 9

3.)

Evaluate 15n + 19 if n = 3

1

4.)

Evaluate 30n if n = 2.5

5.)

Evaluate 24n k if n = 6 and k = 8

6.)

Evaluate nk – 2b + 8 if b = 1.5, k = 8, and n = 7

• 7th Grade - Summer Math Packet

3

Unit: KNOWLEDGE of ALGEBRA, PATTERNS, and FUNCTIONS Objective: Evaluate numeric expressions using order of operations. • A numerical expression is a combination of numbers and operations. • The Order of Operations tells you which operation to perform first so that everyone gets the same final answer. • The Order of Operations is: Parentheses, Exponents, Multiplication or Division (left to right), and Addition or

Subtraction (left to right.) Examples:

48 (3 + 3) – 22 original expression

48 6 - 22 simplify the expression inside the parentheses

48 6 – 4 calculate 22 8 – 4 divide 48 by 6 4 subtract 4 from 8

1.)

(8 + 1) x 12 – 13

2.)

13 x 4 – 72 8

3.)

88 – 16 x 5 + 2 – 3

4.)

100 52 x 43

5.)

45 9 – 3 + 2 x 3

6.)

(52 + 33) x (81 + 9) 10

• 7th Grade - Summer Math Packet

4

Unit: KNOWLEDGE of ALGEBRA, PATTERNS, and FUNCTIONS Objective: Determine the unknown in a linear equation (addition & subtraction). • Addition equations: Subtract the same number from each side of the equation so that the two sides remain equal. • Subtraction equations: Add the same number to each side of the equation so that the two sides remain equal. Examples: b + 3 = 6 original equation b – 8 = 4 original equation - 3 - 3 subtract 3 from each side +8 +8 add 4 to each side b + 0 = 3 solution b + 0 = 12 solution b = 3 simplify b = 12 simplify

1.)

g + 5 = 12

2.)

s – 12 = 29

3.)

m + 3.5 = 10.5

4.)

k – 5.5 = 8.5

5.)

w + 6.25 = 22

6.)

g – 3.75 = 49.75

• 7th Grade - Summer Math Packet

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Unit: KNOWLEDGE of ALGEBRA, PATTERNS, and FUNCTIONS Objective: Determine the unknown in a linear equation (multiplication & division). • In a multiplication equation, the number by which a variable is multiplied is called the coefficient. In the multiplication

equation 2x = 8, the coefficient is 2. • Multiplication equations: Divide both sides by the coefficient so that the two sides remain equal.

• In a division equation, the number by which the variable is divided is called the divisor. In the division equation 4

x ,

4 is the divisor. • Division equations: Multiply both sides of the equation by the divisor so that the two sides remain equal. Examples:

4b = 16 original equation 6

m = 11 original equation

4 4 divide both sides by 4 6 x 6

m = 11 x 6 multiply each side by 6

1b = 4 solution 1m = 66 solution b = 4 simplify m = 66 simplify

1.)

7x = 63

2.)

9

k = 8

3.)

5b = 3.55

4.)

7

n = 5.55

5.)

12m = 84.72

6.)

13

p = 2.67

• 7th Grade - Summer Math Packet

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Unit: KNOWLEDGE of GEOMETRY Objective: Identify and describe diagonal line segments. • A line segment connecting two vertices of a polygon is either a side or a diagonal. Examples:

AE is a side of polygon ABCDE

AD is a diagonal of polygon ABCDE

1.)

Is AB a diagonal of polygon ABCD? YES NO

2.) Circle all of the diagonals of polygon ABCDEF.

BA BC BD BE BF

CA CB CD CE CF

DA DB DC DE DF

EA EB EC ED EF

FA FB FC FD FE

3.) Name one diagonal of polygon WXYZ

4.) Name all of the diagonals polygon ABCDE

5.) Draw one diagonal on polygon KLMN

6.) Draw all of the diagonals of polygon ABCDEFGH

D

A

B

C

E

A D

C B

F E

D

C

A

B

A

B C

D

D

A

B

C

E

A

B

C

D A

B C

D

F

E

G

H

• 7th Grade - Summer Math Packet

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Unit: KNOWLEDGE of GEOMETRY Objective: Compare or classify triangles as scalene, equilateral, or isosceles. Triangles are polygons that have three sides, three vertices, and three angles. Triangles can be classified by the number of congruent sides, which are sides of equal length. The same markings on the sides of a triangle show that the sides are congruent. Examples: Equilateral triangle Isosceles triangle Scalene triangle Three congruent sides Two congruent No congruent sides

1.) Shown is Equilateral triangle ABC.

AB = 6 cm.

BC = ________

CA = ________

2.) Shown is Isosceles triangle XYZ.

XY = 5 in. What must be the length

of side YZ ?

3.) Shown is Scalene triangle MNO. Circle the set of numbers which could be the lengths of the three sides. 3 cm, 5 cm, 6 cm 2 cm, 4 cm, 4 cm 2 cm, 2 cm, 2 cm

4.) Classify triangle DEF.

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