Top Banner

Click here to load reader

4th REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTALLY REGIONAL · PDF file 4th REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTALLY REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTALLY SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT (EST) FORUM 24-26 February 2009, Seoul ... e l u m C h

Mar 27, 2020

ReportDownload

Documents

others

  • 44thth REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTALLY REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTALLY SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTSUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT

    (EST) FORUM(EST) FORUM

    2424--26 February 2009, Seoul26 February 2009, Seoul

  • Energy Consumption by SectorEnergy Consumption by Sector ( 40+ Million TOE)( 40+ Million TOE)

    2%

    43%

    4%

    2%

    21%

    28%

    Domestic Other Govt. Transport Agriculture Industrial Commercial

    Industrial Sector takes the largest slice of national energy consumption closely followed by transport sector (28%) (Source: Pakistan Energy Year Book 2006)

  • In du

    s

    Jh elu

    m

    Ch en

    ab

    Rav i

    Sut lej

    Ind us

    DISPUTED TERRITORY

    Karimabad

    Chilas

    Sazin

    Mansehra

    N-15

    S-1

    Malakand

    Chitral

    Torkham PESHAWAR

    Rawalpindi ISLAMABAD

    N-5 Kharian

    LAHORE

    Okara

    Bahawalpur

    Rahimyar Khan

    N-5

    Mastung

    Kalat

    Surab

    Taftan

    Nok Kundi Dalbandin

    Nushki

    QUETTA

    Chaman

    N-40

    N -25

    Dadhar

    DeraMuradJamali

    Shikarpur

    N-65

    Jacobabad

    Sukkur

    N-5 0

    Kuchlak QilaSaifullah

    Zhob

    DI Khan

    N-70 Loralai DG Khan

    Muzaffargarh

    Skardu Dambu

    Naran

    Dadu

    Larkana

    N- 55

    Rajanpur

    N- 55

    N -5

    5 Moro

    Ghotki Ubauro

    Mianchannu

    Mughal Kot

    Retra

    Parachinar

    KhushalGarh N-80

    Murree KohalaN-75

    MM --22

    MM--11

    MM--33 Pindi Bhattian

    Faisalabad

    Khairpur

    Sahiwal

    Gujranwala

    EE-- 44

    MM--88 Kararo

    C H I N A C H I N A

    I R

    A N

    I R

    A N

    S-2

    Besima Nag

    Punjgur

    Kohat

    N-85

    N-30

    S-3

    EE--33 Wazirabad

    Khanewal

    EE-- 55

    Chakothi

    Kalam

    Besham

    N- 95

    N-90

    Gujrat

    Jhelum

    Taunsa

    Karakoram Pass 5575m

    Abbotabad Hasanabdal

    Qila Abdullah

    Sust

    GILGIT N-35

    National Highways & MotorwaysNational Highways & Motorways

    Lodhran

    Ratoder o

    Muzaffarabad

    Jalkhad

    Leh

    Karak

    Jalalabad

    EE-- 55

    B A

    L U

    C

    H I

    S T

    A N

    G I L G I T

    P U

    N

    J A

    BF

    A T

    A

    NW FP

    K A S H M I R

    Khuzdar

    Wad

    Sibi

    Naushero Firoz

    Chakdara

    Dir

    Drosh

    Saidu

    Multan

    K2 8611m

    KhunjrabKhunjrab PassPass

    N- 45

    Sambarial

    Kotri Kabir Ranipur

    MM-- 88

    MM--88

    N-25

    N-25

    EE--66

    EE-- 66

    Indus

    Kab ul J A M U &

    Sup er H

    ighw ay

    Liari

    Bela

    Uthal

    Ormara

    N-10 N-5

    Kotri

    ThattaN-5

    MM--99

    ARABIAN SEAARABIAN SEA

    EE-- 77Hoshab

    Gabd Pleri

    S I N D

    Turbat

    Hyderabad

    Hala

    KARACHI

    PasniGwadar Jiwani

    Awaran

    Duregi

    Kakkar

    RAIL

    ROAD RAIL

    95%90%

    2%

  • Broad National Transport DataBroad National Transport Data AreaArea == 796,096 Sq796,096 Sq-- kmkm

    Population Population == 161 million (2007)161 million (2007)

    Total Road Network Total Road Network == 260,000 kilometers260,000 kilometers

    National Highways & MotorwaysNational Highways & Motorways == 11,500 11,500 KmsKms

    Roads have dominant share in both transport of passengers (94%) Roads have dominant share in both transport of passengers (94%) and the Goods (97%) followed by railways.and the Goods (97%) followed by railways.

    Total Number of Vehicles close to 10 million Total Number of Vehicles close to 10 million

    55.4% are two Wheelers and 44% four Wheelers (including Cars)55.4% are two Wheelers and 44% four Wheelers (including Cars)

    Annual growth rate is 9 %Annual growth rate is 9 %

    The country offers the most attractive transit route to the CentThe country offers the most attractive transit route to the Central ral Asian countries.Asian countries.

    GawadarGawadar port operationalized to further facilitate and enhance port operationalized to further facilitate and enhance movement of transitmovement of transit--traffic.traffic.

  • EST Policy GoalEST Policy Goal

    The National EST policy aims to protect,

    conserve and restore environment in order to

    improve the quality of life of the citizens

    through sustainable development

  • EST Policy Objective

    Promotion of efficient, cheap & clean mass transit as the key to an environmentally sustainable transport system

  • Urban Transport Features PuPublic transport system largely owned and blic transport system largely owned and operated by the private sector.operated by the private sector. Characterized by :Characterized by : A growing number of personal modes of transport: A growing number of personal modes of transport: (Cars, motorcycles, etc.)(Cars, motorcycles, etc.) Private Transport largely based on Mini Private Transport largely based on Mini Buses/Wagons. Buses/Wagons. Serious CongestionSerious Congestion EncroachmentsEncroachments Infrastructure needs to be augmented (Quality & Infrastructure needs to be augmented (Quality & Quantity)Quantity) Lack of Effective EnforcementLack of Effective Enforcement

  • Environmentally Sustainable Environmentally Sustainable Transport (EST) Transport (EST) -- Action PlanAction Plan

    Institutional ArrangementInstitutional Arrangement Vehicle Registration, Motor Vehicle Vehicle Registration, Motor Vehicle Examination (Examination (MVEMVE’’ss), Driver Training), Driver Training CNG Buses (Mass Transit)CNG Buses (Mass Transit) Roadway FacilitiesRoadway Facilities SafetySafety

  • Institutional Arrangement

    Government emphasis on regulatory role.Government emphasis on regulatory role. Provincial Transport Departments to play the Provincial Transport Departments to play the lead role (registration, licensing, vehicle fitness)lead role (registration, licensing, vehicle fitness) Regional Transport Authorities (Regional Transport Authorities (RTAsRTAs)/Executive )/Executive District Officers (District Officers (EDOsEDOs) are strengthened and ) are strengthened and manned by professionalsmanned by professionals Ministry of Communications looks after the Ministry of Communications looks after the subject of road and road transport & coordinates subject of road and road transport & coordinates with the provincial governmentswith the provincial governments

  • Set emission standards

    Improve fuel quality

    Law against smoke emitting vehicles

    Require periodic inspections for in-use vehicles

    Educate and facilitate vehicle maintenance

    STRATEGIES TO CONTROL VEHICLE EMISSIONS

  • Implementation Strategy- Transport

    Respective entities Respective entities Initiation of monthly Transport Energy Audits by all Municipal Corporations, PIA, Private Transporters, Railways and shipping, etc.)

    Provincial & district Provincial & district governments through governments through PPP modePPP mode

    Up-gradation of existing Motor Vehicle Examiners (MVEs) into credible monitoring and service providers to the transport sector

    Transport/ Registration Transport/ Registration AuthoritiesAuthorities

    Phased tune-ups of vehicles & other energy efficient driving practices among drivers, vehicle and fleet mangers and operators

    ResponsibilityInterventions

  • Fuel Efficiency in Transport Sector

    ACTION PLAN Motor Vehicle Examiners (MVE’s) to be strengthened uniformly across the country through private public partnership (PPP) by Provincial Governments All road plying vehicles to be brought under ambit of MVE through legislation Phased installation of emission control/ tune up equipment on PPP basis at retail outlets of oil companies

  • Annual Average Levels of Different Category Annual Average Levels of Different Category Pollutants for 1999, 2004, and 2006Pollutants for 1999, 2004, and 2006

    1300130022226868105105808018.318.378.478.4%Increase/ %Increase/ DecreaseDecrease

    6.56.53.63.618.818.824.024.028.828.8194194374.5374.520062006

    0.70.72.52.517.017.017.017.020.920.918218234934920042004

    0.50.54.44.411.211.211.711.7161616416421021019991999

    MethaneMethane

    (PPM)(PPM)

    COCO (PPM)(PPM)

    OO33 (PPB)(PPB)

    SOSO22 (PPB)(PPB)

    NoNoxx (PPB) (PPB)

    PMPM1010 Ug/mUg/m33

    TSPTSP Ug/mUg/m33

    YearYear

  • Ambient Air Quality Ambient Air Quality - Strategy Development of Pakistan national ambient air Development of Pakistan national ambient air quality standardsquality standards Implementation of Ambient Air Quality lawsImplementation of Ambient Air Quality laws Improvement of fuel qualityImprovement of fuel quality Development of effective motor vehicles testing, Development of effective motor vehicles testing, inspection

Welcome message from author
This document is posted to help you gain knowledge. Please leave a comment to let me know what you think about it! Share it to your friends and learn new things together.