Top Banner

of 69

436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

Jul 06, 2018

ReportDownload

Documents

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    1/69

    CHAPTER 1 SURVEYING AND LEVELL ING 2ND EDITION[OUP/

    1

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    2/69

    CHAPTER 1 SURVEYING AND LEVELL ING 2ND EDITION[OUP/

    2

    CHAPTER 1

    INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW

    Objective

     A!!"eci#te t$e i%!&"t#'ce &( )"ve*i'+

    St#te t$e &bjective &( )"ve*i'+

    E,!-#i' t$e b#ic !"i'ci!-e &( )"ve*i'+ C-#i(* )"ve* #cc&".i'+ t& i't")%e't

    %et$&. !)"!&e #'. !-#ce

    E,!-#i' t$e c&'t")cti&' #'. &"i'+ &( .i((e"e't

    t*!e &( c#-eE,!-#i' t$e !)"!&e !#"t #'. &"i'+ &( te-ec&!e #'. !i"it -eve-

    Lit t$e t*!e &( e""&" e'c&)'te"e. i' )"ve* &"

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    3/69

    CHAPTER 1 SURVEYING AND LEVELL ING 2ND EDITION[OUP/

    AGENDA

    Objective &( S)"ve*i'+

    3#ic P"i'ci!-e

    3#ic Te"%i'&-&+*

    C-#i(ic#ti&' &( S)"ve*

    Ge'e"#-

    P-#' #'. 4#!

    Sc#-e

    Te-ec&!e

    S!i"it Leve-

    E""&"

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    4/69

    CHAPTER 1 SURVEYING AND LEVELL ING 2ND EDITION[OUP/

    5

    OBJECTIVES OF SURVEY

    C&--ect #'. "ec&". .#t# &( !&i't &' t$e

    )"(#ce &( t$e e#"t$

    C&%!)te #"e# #'. v&-)%e P"e!#"e !-#' #'. %#!

    L#* &)t e'+i'ee"i'+ &" )i'+ )"ve*

    .#t# C$ec t$e #cc)"#c* &( -#i. &)t &"

     

    3AC6

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    5/69

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    6/69

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    7/69

    CHAPTER 1 SURVEYING AND LEVELL ING 2ND EDITION[OUP/

    ;

    BASIC PRINCIPLES

    < L&c#ti'+ !&i't b* i'.e!e'.e't %e#)"e%e't

     

    3AC6

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    8/69

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    9/69

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    10/69

    CHAPTER 1 SURVEYING AND LEVELL ING 2ND EDITION[OUP/

    10

    BASIC DEFINITIONS

    G"e#t ci"c-e #'. !$e"ic#- T"i#'+-e

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    11/69

    CHAPTER 1 SURVEYING AND LEVELL ING 2ND EDITION[OUP/

    11

    BASIC DEFINITIONS

    Leve- -i'e $&"i?&'t#- -i'e #'. !-)%b -i'e

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    12/69

    CHAPTER 1 SURVEYING AND LEVELL ING 2ND EDITION[OUP/

    12

    BASIC DEFINITIONS

    E#"[email protected] 4#+'eti%

     

    3AC6

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    13/69

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    14/69

    CHAPTER 1 SURVEYING AND LEVELL ING 2ND EDITION[OUP/

    15

    CLASSIFICATION OF SURVEYS

    I't")%e't b#e. S)"ve* < C$#i' )"ve* < C&%!# )"ve*

    < P-#'e T#b-e S)"ve* < T$e&.&-ite S)"ve* < Leve--i'+ < T#c$e&%et"*

    < ED4 )"ve* < T&t#- St#ti&' S)"ve* < Re%&te e'i'+ S#te--iteb#e. S)"ve*

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    15/69

    CHAPTER 1 SURVEYING AND LEVELL ING 2ND EDITION[OUP/

    17

    CLASSIFICATION OF SURVEYS

    4et$&.b#e. S)"ve*

    < T"i#'+)-#ti&'

    < T"i-#te"#ti&' < T"#ve"i'+

    < Leve--i'+

    < T#c$e&%et"* < T"i+&'&%et"ic Leve--i'+

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    16/69

    CHAPTER 1 SURVEYING AND LEVELL ING 2ND EDITION[OUP/

    1:

    CLASSIFICATION OF SURVEYS

    P)"!&eb#e. )"ve*

    < Rec&''#i#'ce

    < P"e-i%i'#"* S)"ve* < E'+i'ee"i'+ S)"ve*

    < Ge&+"#!$ic#- S)"ve*

    < 4i'e S)"ve* < R&)te S)"ve*

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    17/69

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    18/69

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    19/69

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    20/69

    CHAPTER 1 SURVEYING AND LEVELL ING 2ND EDITION[OUP/

    20

    SURVEY INSTRUMENTS

    S)"ve* i't")%e't #"e .e-ic#te #'. e'itive8

    C#"e i' )i'+ i't")%e't

    < &--& %#')(#ct)"e"@ i't")cti&'

    < 6ee! i't")%e't i' t$e b&, &" c&ve" !"&!e"-*

    < P"&tect ("&% )' #'. "#i'

    < T#e c#"e &( &!tic#- !#"t

    < P"&!e" )e &( i't")%e't i' (ie-.8

    < P"&!e" ("e)e't #.j)t%e't8

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    21/69

    CHAPTER 1 SURVEYING AND LEVELL ING 2ND EDITION[OUP/

    21

    QUALITIES OF GOOD

    SURVEYOR

    < S&)'. '&-e.+e &( t$e&"*

    < 6'&-e.+e &( i't")%e't -i%it &( !"ecii&' !&ib-e e""&" #'. %#i'te'#'ce

    < ie-. !"#ctice !"&(icie'c* #cc)"#c* #'.  j).+%e't

    < Le#.e"$i! )#-itie

    < G&&. !"&(ei&'#- c&'.)ct  

    3AC6

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    22/69

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    23/69

    CHAPTER 1 SURVEYING AND LEVELL ING 2ND EDITION[OUP/

    2

    COORDINATE SYSTEMS

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    24/69

    CHAPTER 1 SURVEYING AND LEVELL ING 2ND EDITION[OUP/

    25

    COORDINATE SYSTEMS

    Rect#'+)-#" c&&".i'#te

    I' !-#'e b* , * c&&".i'#te

    I' !#ce b* , * ? c&&".i'#te *te%8 P&-#" c&&".i'#te

    3* "  t$e "#.i#- .it#'ce ("&% &"i+i' #'.

    #'+-e 8

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    25/69

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    26/69

    CHAPTER 1 SURVEYING AND LEVELL ING 2ND EDITION[OUP/

    2:

    COORDINATE SYSTEMS

    &" -&c#ti'+ !&i't &' t$e )"(#ce &( t$e e#"t$ t$e

    "e(e"e'ce %e"i.i#' i t$e %e"i.i#' !#i'+

    t$"&)+$ G"ee'ic$ E'+-#'.8

    P&i't t& t$e e#t &( t$i %e"i.i#' $#ve e#t -&'+it).e #'. !&i't t&#". t$e et $#ve et

    -&'+it).e8

    P&i't #b&ve e)#t&"i#- !-#'e $#ve '&"t$ -#tit).e#'. !&i't be-& $#ve &)t$ -#tit).e

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    27/69

    CHAPTER 1 SURVEYING AND LEVELL ING 2ND EDITION[OUP/

    2;

    COORDINATE SYSTEMS

    L#tit).e #'. L&'+it).e

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    28/69

    CHAPTER 1 SURVEYING AND LEVELL ING 2ND EDITION[OUP/

    2=

    PROJECTION SYSTEMS

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    29/69

    CHAPTER 1 SURVEYING AND LEVELL ING 2ND EDITION[OUP/

    2>

    PROJECTION SYSTEMS

    i A?i%)t$#- P"&jecti&' *te%

    T$e !"&jecti&' i &' t& # !-#'e $ic$ i

    t#'+e'ti#- t& t$e )"(#ce8 T$e !-#'e c#'

    be t#'+e'ti#- #'. $&"i?&'t#- ve"tic#- &"

    i'c-i'e.8

    ii T$e c&'ic#- !"&jecti&' )e # c&'ic#-

    )"(#ce t$e #,i &( $ic$ %#* be

    $&"i?&'t#- ve"tic#- &" i'c-i'e.8

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    30/69

    CHAPTER 1 SURVEYING AND LEVELL ING 2ND EDITION[OUP/

    0

    PROJECTION SYSTEMS

    C*-i'."ic#- P"&jecti&'

    C*-i'."ic#- !"&jecti&' )e # c*-i'."ic#- )"(#ce8 T$e #,i &( t$e c*-i'.e" %#* be ve"tic#- $&"i?&'t#- &" i'c-i'e.8

     A-- t$e !"&jecti&' *te% i't"&.)ce &%e .it&"ti&' i' t$e !"&jecti&' &bt#i'e.8

     

    3AC6

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    31/69

    CHAPTER 1 SURVEYING AND LEVELL ING 2ND EDITION[OUP/

    1

    SCALES

    Sc#-e "e!"ee't#ti&' i

    i # 1 c% K 10 %8

    ii A "e!"ee't#tive ("#cti&' 1/1000 iii O" # +"#!$ic#- "e!"ee't#ti&'

  • 8/18/2019 436 33 Powerpoint Slides CHAPTER 1

    32/69

    CHAPTER 1 SURVEYING AND LEVELL ING 2ND EDITION[OUP/

    2

    PLAIN SCALE STANDARDS

    Dei+'#ti&' Sc#-e v#-)e R v#-)e

     A )-- i?e 70 c% t& 1 % 1/1 1/2

    3 50 c% K 1% 20 c% K

    1 %