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2nd april,2014 daily global rice news by riceplus magazine

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Daily Rice Global Rice e-Newsletter shared by Riceplus Magazine Riceplus Magazine shares daily International RICE News for global Rice Community. We publish daily two newsletters namely Global Rice News & ORYZA EXCLUSIVE News for readers .You can share any development news with us for Global readers. Dear all guests/Commentators/Researchers/Experts ,You are humbly requested to share One/Two pages write up with Riceplus Magazine . For more information visit (www.ricepluss.com + http://publishpk.net/index.php/riceplus). Share /contribute your rice and agriculture related research write up with Riceplus Magazine to [email protected] , [email protected] For Advertisement & Specs [email protected]

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    2nd

    April , 2014

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    TOP Contents - Tailored for YOU

    Latest News Headlines

    Scientists identify genes that could lead to tough, disease-resistant rice

    Drought may cut key farm exports from California

    6Share on emailShare on print

    U.S.D.A. certifies U.S. rice as non-transgenic

    NFA sets pre-bid confab for rice importation

    Cambodian rice exports fall in Q1

    Nagpur Foodgrain Prices Open- Apr 02

    Paddy, maize are rabi season gainers in Andhra Pradesh

    Thai court takes on new case as PM Yingluck's legal woes mount

    Stepped-up release pressures home rice traders

    25% of paddy fields destroyed; No alternative but to import rice

    Rice gains steam on buying interest

    Purdue professor will talk about science/society interactions

    NACC wants 3 ministers to speak for PM

    Gene discovery could yield gen-next 'super rice'

    Telengana farmers losing interest in rice

    Cambodian rice exports fall in Q1

    NEWS DETAILS:

    Scientists identify genes that could lead to tough, disease-resistant rice Tue, 04/01/2014 - 3:28pm

    Marcia Goodrich, Michigan Technological Univ.

    As the Earths human population marches toward 9 billion, the need for hardy new varieties of grain crops has

    never been greater.It wont be enough to yield record harvests under perfect conditions. In an era of climate

    change, pollution and the global spread of pathogens, these new grains must also be able to handle stress. Now,

    researchers at Michigan Technological Univ. have identified a set of genes that could be key to the development

    of the next generation of super rice.A meta-data analysis by biologist Ramakrishna Wusirika and PhD student

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    Rafi Shaik has uncovered more than 1,000 genes in rice that appear to play key roles in managing its response

    to two different kinds of stress: biotic, generally caused by infectious organisms like bacteria; and abiotic,

    caused by environmental agents, like nutrient deficiency, flood and salinity.

    Traditionally, scientists have believed that different sets of genes regulated plants responses to biotic and

    abiotic stress. However, Wusirika and Shaik discovered that 1,377 of the approximately 3,800 genes involved in

    rices stress response played a role in both types stress. These are the genes we think are involved in the cross

    talk between biotic and abiotic stesses, said Wusirika.About 70% of those master genes are co-expressive

    they turn on under both kinds of stress. Typically, the others turn on for biotic stress and turn off for abiotic

    stress.The scientists looked at the genes response to five abiotic stressesdrought, heavy metal contamination,

    salt, cold and nutrient deprivationand five biotic stressesbacteria, fungus, insect predation, weed

    competition and nematodes. A total of 196 genes showed a wide range of expressions to these stresses.The top

    genes are likely candidates for developing a rice variety with broad stress-range tolerance, Wusirika said.Next,

    they would like to test their findings. We want to do experimental analysis to see if five or 10 of the genes

    work as predicted, he said.

    Source: Michigan Technological Univ.

    Drought may cut key farm exports from California 6Share on emailShare on print

    Issue Date: April 2, 2014

    By Ching Lee

    Water shortages are expected to reduce production of many of the state's top agricultural

    exports, and marketers, analysts and commodity groups say it remains to be seen how this

    will impact California's ability to supply key export marketsand hang on to them.The outcome has implications throughout the California economy, said Josh Rolph, director of

    international trade for the California Farm Bureau Federation."Based on the severe water

    shortages expected in Northern and Central California, it seems apparent there will be

    reduced production of a number of crops," he said. "If farm exports decline as a result, that

    will affect jobs throughout rural areas, as well as at ports and other urban workplaces.

    "For products such as almonds, the state's No. 1 farm export, much will depend on what the actual size of the

    crop will be this year, said Richard Waycott, president and CEO of the Almond Board of California. If yields

    reach close to 2 billion poundssimilar to the last two yearsthen there should be enough to supply export

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    markets, he said."There may be some shortages on size or certain varieties perhaps, but it's just too early to

    say," Waycott said.California remains the premier producer of almonds, supplying more than 80 percent of the

    world supply, while countries such as Australia and Spain have comparatively small production.With more than

    200,000 almond acres facing water shortfalls, Dave Baker, director of member relations for Blue Diamond

    Growers, said there are definitely concerns about how the state's crop will fare. He noted growers have been

    using more groundwater that has high salt and boron content. He said that could affect production later in the

    year and prolong stress on the trees caused by water deficits, damaging them for two to three years. These

    impacts could cut the state's crop by 200 million pounds, he added.Exports of California pistachios have seen

    record highs in recent years and a light crop could thwart further market expansion, said Richard Matoian,

    executive director of American Pistachio Growers, which represents production in California, Arizona and New

    Mexico. He noted some 40 percent of California growers are in water districts facing "zero" water allocations

    this year.

    "I think the concern is we're potentially going to face a loss in momentum that we've seen over the last few

    years of record shipments and record price returns to growers," he said.Matoian said while it's unclear how big

    an impact the drought will have on the state's production, he's certain the crop will be smaller and supplies

    tighter, leading to higher prices. He said it's unlikely competitors such as Iran could fill the gap created by a

    shorter California crop, as "all pistachio production areas in the world" are experiencing water issues of their

    own."No one else has the supply to be able to meet the worldwide demand, and there are no new production

    areas," he said.The price of medium-grain rice has shot up in recent months due to tight world supplies and

    announcement of water cutbacks in California, said Kirk Messick, senior vice president of Farmers' Rice

    Cooperative. The state typically exports about 50 percent of its rice.Even with production cutbacks, there should

    be enough rice in storage and in the new crop to supply the domestic market and the state's key export markets

    in Japan, South Korea and Taiwan, said Chris Crutchfield, president and CEO of American Commodity Co., a

    rice handler and marketer based in Colusa County.

    Crutchfield said more price-sensitive markets in the Middle Eastwhich in recent years have purchased 20 percent of the state's cropmay import less California rice and turn more to Australia, Russia, India and Vietnam.But Messick noted that Australia, a major exporter of medium-grain rice, has its own drought issues

    and is facing a 20 percent to 30 percent lighter crop this year. Russia's crop also was offby 40 percent, Crutchfield saidwhile Egypt, formerly a top producer of medium-grain rice and a California competitor, has reinstated a self-imposed export ban on rice.Other U.S. rice-producing states such as Arkansas and Louisiana

    will probably double their acreage to take up the slack, selling to Middle Eastern markets in Libya and Turkey,

    Messick said."We'll lose a certain percentage of consumers each time we have an event like this," he said.For

    the short term at least, California dairy farms should be able to produce enough milk to meet export demand,

    said Michael Marsh, CEO of Western United Dairymen.

    U.S. dairy exports reached an all-time high in 2013, helping to buoy prices for farmers, according to the U.S.

    Dairy Export Council. About 40 percent of the nation's total dairy exports come from the Golden State,

    according to the California Milk Advisory Board.Marsh said the drought has hit organic milk production

    particularly hard due to poor pasture conditions and lack of available organic feed, but the state's overall milk

    production is up. However, as producers work through their current hay inventories and look to restock, feed

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    supplies will be very scarce and expensive, he said. That will limit farmers' ability

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