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2nd April,2014 Daily Global Rice News by Riceplus Magazine

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  • Daily Rice E-Newsletter by Rice Plus Magazine www.ricepluss.com

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    2nd

    April , 2014

    TOP Contents - Tailored for YOU

    Latest News Headlines

    Scientists identify genes that could lead to tough, disease-

    resistant rice

    Drought may cut key farm exports from California

    6Share on emailShare on print

    U.S.D.A. certifies U.S. rice as non-transgenic

    NFA sets pre-bid confab for rice importation

    Cambodian rice exports fall in Q1

    Nagpur Foodgrain Prices Open- Apr 02

    Paddy, maize are rabi season gainers in Andhra Pradesh

    Thai court takes on new case as PM Yingluck's legal woes

    mount

    Stepped-up release pressures home rice traders

    25% of paddy fields destroyed; No alternative but to import

    rice

    Rice gains steam on buying interest

    Purdue professor will talk about science/society interactions

    NACC wants 3 ministers to speak for PM

    Gene discovery could yield gen-next 'super rice'

    Telengana farmers losing interest in rice

    Cambodian rice exports fall in Q1

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    NEWS DETAILS:

    Scientists identify genes that could lead to tough, disease-resistant rice Tue, 04/01/2014 - 3:28pm

    Marcia Goodrich, Michigan Technological Univ.

    As the Earths human population marches toward 9 billion, the need for hardy new varieties of grain crops has

    never been greater.It wont be enough to yield record harvests under perfect conditions. In an era of climate

    change, pollution and the global spread of pathogens, these new grains must also be able to handle stress. Now,

    researchers at Michigan Technological Univ. have identified a set of genes that could be key to the development

    of the next generation of super rice.A meta-data analysis by biologist Ramakrishna Wusirika and PhD student

    Rafi Shaik has uncovered more than 1,000 genes in rice that appear to play key roles in managing its response

    to two different kinds of stress: biotic, generally caused by infectious organisms like bacteria; and abiotic,

    caused by environmental agents, like nutrient deficiency, flood and salinity.

    Traditionally, scientists have believed that different sets of genes regulated plants responses to biotic and

    abiotic stress. However, Wusirika and Shaik discovered that 1,377 of the approximately 3,800 genes involved in

    rices stress response played a role in both types stress. These are the genes we think are involved in the cross

    talk between biotic and abiotic stesses, said Wusirika.About 70% of those master genes are co-expressive

    they turn on under both kinds of stress. Typically, the others turn on for biotic stress and turn off for abiotic

    stress.The scientists looked at the genes response to five abiotic stressesdrought, heavy metal contamination,

    salt, cold and nutrient deprivationand five biotic stressesbacteria, fungus, insect predation, weed

    competition and nematodes. A total of 196 genes showed a wide range of expressions to these stresses.The top

    genes are likely candidates for developing a rice variety with broad stress-range tolerance, Wusirika said.Next,

    they would like to test their findings. We want to do experimental analysis to see if five or 10 of the genes

    work as predicted, he said.

    Source: Michigan Technological Univ.

    Drought may cut key farm exports from California 6Share on emailShare on print

    Issue Date: April 2, 2014 By Ching Lee

    Water shortages are expected to reduce production of many of the state's top agricultural

    exports, and marketers, analysts and commodity groups say it remains to be seen how this

    will impact California's ability to supply key export marketsand hang on to them.The

    outcome has implications throughout the California economy, said Josh Rolph, director of

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    international trade for the California Farm Bureau Federation."Based on the severe water shortages expected in

    Northern and Central California, it seems apparent there will be reduced production of a number of crops," he

    said. "If farm exports decline as a result, that will affect jobs throughout rural areas, as well as at ports and other

    urban workplaces.

    "For products such as almonds, the state's No. 1 farm export, much will depend on what the actual size of the

    crop will be this year, said Richard Waycott, president and CEO of the Almond Board of California. If yields

    reach close to 2 billion poundssimilar to the last two yearsthen there should be enough to supply export

    markets, he said."There may be some shortages on size or certain varieties perhaps, but it's just too early to

    say," Waycott said.California remains the premier producer of almonds, supplying more than 80 percent of the

    world supply, while countries such as Australia and Spain have comparatively small production.With more than

    200,000 almond acres facing water shortfalls, Dave Baker, director of member relations for Blue Diamond

    Growers, said there are definitely concerns about how the state's crop will fare. He noted growers have been

    using more groundwater that has high salt and boron content. He said that could affect production later in the

    year and prolong stress on the trees caused by water deficits, damaging them for two to three years. These

    impacts could cut the state's crop by 200 million pounds, he added.Exports of California pistachios have seen

    record highs in recent years and a light crop could thwart further market expansion, said Richard Matoian,

    executive director of American Pistachio Growers, which represents production in California, Arizona and New

    Mexico. He noted some 40 percent of California growers are in water districts facing "zero" water allocations

    this year.

    "I think the concern is we're potentially going to face a loss in momentum that we've seen over the last few

    years of record shipments and record price returns to growers," he said.Matoian said while it's unclear how big

    an impact the drought will have on the state's production, he's certain the crop will be smaller and supplies

    tighter, leading to higher prices. He said it's unlikely competitors such as Iran could fill the gap created by a

    shorter California crop, as "all pistachio production areas in the world" are experiencing water issues of their

    own."No one else has the supply to be able to meet the worldwide demand, and there are no new production

    areas," he said.The price of medium-grain rice has shot up in recent months due to tight world supplies and

    announcement of water cutbacks in California, said Kirk Messick, senior vice president of Farmers' Rice

    Cooperative. The state typically exports about 50 percent of its rice.Even with production cutbacks, there should

    be enough rice in storage and in the new crop to supply the domestic market and the state's key export markets

    in Japan, South Korea and Taiwan, said Chris Crutchfield, president and CEO of American Commodity Co., a

    rice handler and marketer based in Colusa County.

    Crutchfield said more price-sensitive markets in the Middle Eastwhich in recent years have purchased 20

    percent of the state's cropmay import less California rice and turn more to Australia, Russia, India and

    Vietnam.But Messick noted that Australia, a major exporter of medium-grain rice, has its own drought issues

    and is facing a 20 percent to 30 percent lighter crop this year. Russia's crop also was offby 40 percent,

    Crutchfield saidwhile Egypt, formerly a top producer of medium-grain rice and a California competitor, has

    reinstated a self-imposed export ban on rice.Other U.S. rice-producing states such as Arkansas and Louisiana

    will probably double their acreage to take up the slack, selling to Middle Eastern markets in Libya and Turkey,

    Messick said."We'll lose a certain percentage of consumers each time we have an event like this," he said.For

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    the short term at least, California dairy farms should be able to produce enough milk to meet export demand,

    said Michael Marsh, CEO of Western United Dairymen.

    U.S. dairy exports reached an all-time high in 2013, helping to buoy prices for farmers, according to the U.S.

    Dairy Export Council. About 40 percent of the nation's total dairy exports come from the Golden State,

    according to the California Milk Advisory Board.Marsh said the drought has hit organic milk production

    particularly hard due to poor pasture conditions and lack of available organic feed, but the state's overall milk

    production is up. However, as producers work through their current hay inventories and look to restock, feed

    supplies will be very scarce and expensive, he said. That will limit farmers' ability to increase productionand

    may even lower it.Milk-producing states in the Midwest will make up some of the production and take some of

    the market share that historically may have gone to California, Marsh added.After two record harvests, there is

    currently plenty of wine to supply the market, said Gladys Horiuchi, spokeswoman for the Wine Institute in San

    Francisco. While it's uncertain how far this inventory will go should there be a short harvest this fall, any

    impacts are not immediate, she said.

    (Ching Lee is an assistant editor of Ag Alert. She may be contacted at clee@cfbf.com.)

    Permission for use is granted, however, credit must be made to the California Farm Bureau Federation when

    reprinting this item.

    U.S.D.A. certifies U.S. rice as non-transgenic 4/2/2014 - by Keith Nunes

    Share This:

    Search for similar articles by keyword: [Biotechnology]

    WASHINGTON The U.S. Department of Agriculture issued a one sentence statement on April 1 announcing

    it has reinstated a no-genetic modification statement for use by rice exporters and others in the industry.There

    are no transgenic rice varieties for sale or in commercial production in the United States at this time, the

    U.S.D.A.s Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration said.In August 2006, the U.S.D.A.

    announced that a genetically modified variety of rice known as LibertyLink and developed by Bayer AG was

    found in the U.S. long grain rice supply.

    The announcement led to a decline in rice exports as such importers as the European Union ceased purchasing

    U.S. rice. In July 2011 a settlement of approximately $750 million was reached between Bayer and rice farmers

    who had sued the company for damages.GIPSAs decision to reinstate the assurance is a testament to years of

    hard work and cooperation among all segments of the U.S. rice industry to remove the Liberty Link trait from

    the U.S. rice supply and thereby meet consumer demands and regulatory requirements in many international

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    markets, said Al Montna, a California rice producer and former chairman of the USA Rice Federation, who led

    the industrys response to the presence of LibertyLink.

    In response to the contamination, the U.S. industry adopted voluntary guidelines called the Seed Plan to

    remove LibertyLink rice from the rice seed supply beginning in 2007.While we cant turn away from new

    technologies, one of the lessons of the LibertyLink contamination is that we must continue to insist that there be

    consumer acceptance and widespread global regulatory approval before new technologies are introduced into

    the marketplace, said Betsy Ward, president and chief executive officer of USA Rice.

    NFA sets pre-bid confab for rice importation

    By Czeriza Valencia (The Philippine Star) | Updated April 2, 2014 - 12:00am

    MANILA, Philippines - A pre-bid

    conference on April 3 has been set by the

    National Food Authority for the

    importation of 800,000 metric tons (MT)

    of rice buffer stock for this year.The

    actual bidding would be held on April

    15.NFA spokesman Rex Estoperez said

    the terms of reference for the importation

    would be read out during the April 3 pre-

    bid conference which would be held at 9

    a.m. at the Social Hall of the Sugar

    Regulatory Administration building in

    Quezon City.

    supplier for Manilas rice buffer stock this year would be selected though an open bidding to be held at the NFA

    headquarters in Quezon City.An open bidding scheme would allow countries and other private companies with

    no existing rice supply agreement with the Philippines to vie for the supply of Manilas buffer stock

    requirement this year.Bidders must be able to supply long grain white rice that is well-milled and with 15

    percent brokens, and should be able to deliver the volume in four tranches between April to August.

    Only Vietnam and Cambodia currently have supply agreements with the Philippines as Thailand was not able to

    renew its supply agreement with the country.Estoperez said that with the open bidding scheme in place,

    Thailand would be able to participate in the bid without renewing its supply agreement.An open bidding would

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    also enable the NFA to procure the buffer stock at the best price.The lean season for palay (unhusked rice) falls

    between July to September when farmers produce less to avoid crop damage caused by typhoons that routinely

    visit the country during this time.

    Cambodian rice exports fall in Q1 Wed, 2 April 2014

    May Kunmakara

    As Thailand sells its rice reserves and reforms in Myanmar are rewarded with more access to markets abroad,

    Cambodias total exports of milled rice are on the decline, falling more than 10 per cent in the first quarter of

    this year compared with the same period in 2013, according to industry insiders.The Myanmar Rice Federation

    said in March that the country, once a major rice exporter to the world before being hit with sanctions, is at a

    turning point.Once barred from trade and isolated, Myanmar is benefiting from duty-free preferences enjoyed

    by Cambodia and other emerging markets due to a broad range of political reforms passed since President Thein

    Sein came to power in 2011.In the previous three to four years, the country has exported about a million tonnes

    of rice.

    That figure should double by 2020.Thailand is coming out of a failed rice-subsidy scheme that left the country

    with more than 10 million tonnes of milled rice.At least one million tonnes have been sold since March,

    according to industry publication Oryza, citing the US Department of Agriculture.Data from the Secretariat of

    One Window Service for Rice Export Formality showed that Cambodia exported some 84,330 tonnes of rice

    between January and March, down from 95,228 tonnes in the same period last year, an 11 per cent drop.Kim

    Savuth, who runs his own rice exporting company, Khmer Food, while also serving as the president of the

    Federation of Milled Rice Exporters of Cambodia, said there is nothing to fret over, since most of the decline

    came last month.We are not in the severe situation, as it just dropped in March, he said.Ken Ratha,

    spokesman for the Ministry of Commerce, said the ministry has set up a committee to establish a National Rice

    Millers Federation to deal with issues like these.

    We do hope that after the establishment, it will be a big help for their concerns and to boost the export of

    milled rice, Ratha said.It doesnt mean that we do nothing now. All of the challenges have been taken into

    account, he added. We are urging more investment in the rice sector. That will be the big help to boost the

    industry to compete with others.Savuth, from the Federation of Milled Rice Exporters of Cambodia, said that

    in order to compete, the country should promote its recent brand victories, referring to a strain of Cambodian

    rice winning the Worlds Best Rice Award for the second year in a row.

    Contact author: May Kunmakara

    Nagpur Foodgrain Prices Open- Apr 02

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    Wed Apr 2, 2014 4:37pm IST

    Nagpur, Apr 2 (Reuters) - Gram and tuar prices in Nagpur Agriculture Produce and Marketing

    Committee (APMC) firmed up again on increased buying support from local millers amid thin supply

    from producing regions. Sharp rise in Madhya Pradesh pulses, weak overseas supply and reported

    demand from South-based millers also boosted prices, according to sources.

    * * * *

    FOODGRAINS & PULSES

    GRAM

    * Gram mill quality recovered further in open market on good demand from local traders

    amid arrival from producing regions.

    TUAR

    * Tuar varieties ruled steady in open market in absence of buyers amid ample supply

    from producing regions.

    * Moong and Udid varieties touched to a record high on increased seasonal demand from

    local traders amid restricted supply from producing regions. Poor crop reports of

    these commonly used commodities also activated stockists.

    * In Akola, Tuar - 3,900-4,100, Tuar dal - 6,100-6,300, Udid at 6,100-6,500,

    Udid Mogar (clean) - 7,200-7,700, Moong - 8,500-8,700, Moong Mogar

    (clean) 9,800-10,500, Gram - 3,200-3,300, Gram Super best bold - 3,800-4,200

    for 100 kg.

    * Wheat, rice and other commodities remained steady in open market in thin trading

    activity, according to sources.

    Nagpur foodgrains APMC auction/open-market prices in rupees for 100 kg

    FOODGRAINS Available prices Previous close

    Gram Auction 2,300-2,900 2,180-2,840

    Gram Pink Auction n.a. 2,100-2,600

    Tuar Auction 4,300-4,400 4,240-4,380

    Moong Auction n.a. 6,100-6,300

    Udid Auction n.a. 4,300-4,500

    Masoor Auction n.a. 2,600-2,800

    Gram Super Best Bold 4,000-4,300 4,000-4,300

    Gram Super Best n.a.

    Gram Medium Best 3,600-3,800 3,600-3,800

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    Gram Dal Medium n.a. n.a.

    Gram Mill Quality 3,650-3,750 3,600-3,700

    Desi gram Raw 2,850-2,950 2,850-2,950

    Gram Filter new 3,300-3,600 3,300-3,600

    Gram Kabuli 8,900-10,900 8,900-10,900

    Gram Pink 7,900-8,300 7,900-8,300

    Tuar Fataka Best 6,600-6,700 6,600-6,700

    Tuar Fataka Medium 6,100-6,300 6,100-6,300

    Tuar Dal Best Phod 6,000-6,100 6,000-6,100

    Tuar Dal Medium phod 5,900-6,000 5,900-6,000

    Tuar Gavarani 4,400-4,550 4,400-4,550

    Tuar Karnataka 4,600-4,700 4,600-4,700

    Tuar Black 7,700-7,800 7,700-7,800

    Masoor dal best 6,100-6,200 6,100-6,200

    Masoor dal medium 5,600-5,900 5,600-5,900

    Masoor n.a. n.a.

    Moong Mogar bold 10,500-10,800 10,000-10,500

    Moong Mogar Medium best 9,800-10,200 9,500-9,800

    Moong dal super best 9,200-9,500 8,800-9,000

    Moong dal Chilka 8,500-8,700 8,200-8,400

    Moong Mill quality n.a. n.a.

    Moong Chamki best 8,700-9,600 8,400-9,200

    Udid Mogar Super best (100 INR/KG) 7,500-7,800 7,400-7,800

    Udid Mogar Medium (100 INR/KG) 5,800-6,600 5,700-6,400

    Udid Dal Black (100 INR/KG) 5,000-5,300 4,800-5,000

    Batri dal (100 INR/KG) 4,500-6,000 4,500-6,000

    Lakhodi dal (100 INR/kg) 3,100-3,200 3,100-3,200

    Watana Dal (100 INR/KG) 3,350-3,450 3,350-3,450

    Watana White (100 INR/KG) 3,400-3,500 3,400-3,500

    Watana Green Best (100 INR/KG) 4,800-5,100 4,800-5,100

    Wheat 308 (100 INR/KG) 1,700-1,800 1,700-1,800

    Wheat Mill quality(100 INR/KG) 1,850-1,900 1,850-1,900

    Wheat Filter (100 INR/KG) 1,650-1,850 1,650-1,850

    Wheat Lokwan best (100 INR/KG) 2,400-2,500 2,400-2,500

    Wheat Lokwan medium (100 INR/KG) 1,900-2,100 2,050-2,200

    Lokwan Hath Binar (100 INR/KG) n.a. n.a.

    MP Sharbati Best (100 INR/KG) 3,000-3,600 3,000-3,600

    MP Sharbati Medium (100 INR/KG) 2,400-2,900 2,400-2,900

    Wheat 147 (100 INR/KG) 1,600-1,700 1,600-1,700

    Wheat Best (100 INR/KG) 1,700-1,750 1,700-1,750

    Rice BPT new(100 INR/KG) 2,700-2,900 2,700-2,900

    Rice BPT old (100 INR/KG) 3,200-3,500 3,200-3,500

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    Rice Parmal (100 INR/KG) 1,700-1,850 1,700-1,850

    Rice Swarna old (100 INR/KG) 2,500-2,800 2,500-2,800

    Rice Swarna new (100 INR/KG) 2,300-2,400 2,300-2,400

    Rice HMT new (100 INR/KG) 3,800-4,100 3,800-4,100

    Rice HMT old (100 INR/KG) 4,400-4,600 4,400-4,600

    Rice HMT Shriram (100 INR/KG) 5,300-5,800 5,300-5,800

    Rice Basmati best (100 INR/KG) 12,000-13,500 12,000-13,500

    Rice Basmati Medium (100 INR/KG) 6,500-9,000 6,500-9,000

    Rice Chinnor (100 INR/KG) 5,600-6,000 5,600-6,000

    Rice Chinnor new (100 INR/KG) 5,100-5,500 5,100-5,500

    Jowar Gavarani (100 INR/KG) 1,400-1,600 1,400-1,600

    Jowar CH-5 (100 INR/KG) 1,700-1,800 1,700-1,800

    WEATHER (NAGPUR)

    Maximum temp. 39.7 degree Celsius (103.4 degree Fahrenheit), minimum temp.

    21.2 degree Celsius (70.1 degree Fahrenheit)

    Humidity: Highest - n.a., lowest - n.a.

    Rainfall : nil

    FORECAST: Mainly clear sky. Mainly clear sky. Maximum and Minimum temperature likely to be

    around 40 and 22 degree Celsius respectively.

    Note: n.a.--not available

    (For oils, transport costs are excluded from plant delivery prices, but

    included in market prices.)

    Paddy, maize are rabi season gainers in Andhra Pradesh

    KV KURMANATH

    HYDERABAD, APRIL 2:

    The rabi season in Andhra Pradesh ended with only paddy and maize topping the average cropped area.Other

    major crops fared poorly and could result in lower production.Paddy coverage crossed the average acreage of

    14.31 lakh hectares (lh) at 16.20 lh. Rains in the first week of this month damaged crops in Rayalaseema and

    Telangana.

    Corn is the champMaize (corn) is the real gainer with the area rising to 4.50 lh against the normal 3.36 lh.

    It has emerged as an alternative to sugarcane in the coastal areas.With an assured market in the form of poultry

    industry, maize turns out to be a bankable option for farmers. Bengal gram coverage was around the usual 6.14

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    lh.Gains made in paddy and maize resulted in a marginal rise in the total cropped area of foodgrains.How this

    will translate into production remains to be seen as the State witnessed dry spells in some places, while

    unseasonal rain towards the end of the season also played spoilsport.

    Telangana gains

    Region-wise, the nine Telangana districts (excluding Hyderabad district) fared better with a 20 per cent jump in

    the total acreage, while the residual Andhra Pradesh witnessed a drop.Against the average area of 12.83 lh,

    farmers in the region cultivated on 15.35 lh.Nizamabad topped the list with the net sown area rising 50 per cent

    at 2.54 lh against the average 1.70 lh.Farmers in residual Andhra Pradesh cultivated on 23.45 lh against the

    average 26.36 lh.

    (This article was published on April 2, 2014)

    Thai court takes on new case as PM Yingluck's legal woes mount

    BY AMY SAWITTA LEFEVRE

    BANGKOK Wed Apr 2, 2014 6:23am EDT

    1 OF 4. Thailand's Finance Ministry officers stand behind the

    ministry's gate while anti-government protesters rally outside in

    central Bangkok April 2, 2014. Gunmen opened fire on a group of

    Thai anti-government protesters driving away from a Bangkok rally

    on Tuesday, killing one, wounding four and raising tension in a

    political crisis that has gripped the country for months.

    CREDIT: REUTERS/CHAIWAT SUBPRASOM

    (Reuters) - A Thai Court accepted a new case against Prime Minister

    Yingluck Shinawatra on Wednesday over her removal of the security

    chief three years ago, compounding her legal problems after months

    of sometimes violent anti-government protests.Twenty-four people

    have been killed in the crisis, including a protester shot in the head on

    Tuesday after weeks of calm in the capital, Bangkok.Yingluck's

    supporters plan mass rallies of their own this week to counter

    attempts to remove her from office by activists determined to stamp

    out the influence of her brother, ousted ex-premier Thaksin

    Shinawatra, seen by many as the real power behind the

    government.The Constitutional Court accepted a case brought by a

    group of 27 senators who petitioned it to rule that her removal of

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    National Security Chief Thawil Pliensree in 2011 violated the constitution. Their case is that the prime minister

    abused her position by moving the security chief to an inactive post.Court spokesman Pimon Thampitakpong

    said he could not yet say how long the case would last but said it bore similarities to a probe of former premier

    Samak Sundaravej who was forced to step down in 2008.The Supreme Court ruled that Samak's appearances on

    a television cooking show and his acceptance of payment for them was a clear case of conflict of interest."If she

    (Yingluck) is found to have violated the constitution then she will no longer be prime minister," said Pimon,

    adding that Yingluck would be notified of the case in writing and would have 15 days to mount a

    defense.Yingluck's supporters have accused the Constitutional Court of bias in frequently ruling against the

    government.

    The court struck down a bill last year that would have made the Senate upper house a fully elected body and

    quashed a costly infrastructure plan intended to buttress the economy.In another victory for the opposition, the

    court on Wednesday threw out a petition by Labour Minister Chalerm Yoombamrung asking it to rule that the

    protests aimed at bringing down the government violated the constitution.Yingluck faces separate charges of

    negligence brought by the National Anti-Corruption Commission over a rice subsidy scheme that has run up

    huge losses. Should it forward the case to the Senate for possible impeachment, she could be removed.That

    would require the votes of three-fifths of the senators. Thailand's 150-seat Senate is made up of 77 elected

    senators.

    The other 73 are appointed and are largely seen as opponents of the government.Weekend Senate elections

    suggest it will have a pro-government majority.Anti-government protesters are now banking on military or

    judicial intervention.The military, which has staged numerous coups since Thailand became a constitutional

    monarchy in 1932, overthrew Thaksin in 2006. It has stayed out of the fray this time.Army chief Prayuth Chan-

    ocha, who is months away from retirement, has for months parried questions over possible military

    intervention."If you were working in a company and didn't see eye to eye with the company's owner, would you

    chase your boss out?" Prayuth asked reporters on Wednesday in a typically cryptic comment. "I will do as I am

    told and I will not comment."Yingluck's "red shirt" supporters have called for a mass rally in Bangkok on

    Saturday. More militant factions within her camp say they are gearing up for a fight if she is removed from

    office.

    Anti-government protesters first took to the streets to oppose an amnesty bill that critics said would have

    permitted Yingluck's brother to return from self-exile. The bill was eventually rejected by the Senate, but

    protests continued and new demands emerged.Thailand has really been in crisis since Thaksin was ousted in

    2006. The conflict broadly pits Bangkok's middle class and conservative establishment against Yingluck and

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    Thaksin's supporters in the north and northeast.(Additional reporting by Aukkarapon Niyomyat; Editing

    by Nick Macfie)

    Stepped-up release pressures home rice traders

    PETCHANET PRATRUANGKRAI

    THE NATION April 3, 2014 1:00 am

    THE CARETAKER government's accelerated release of rice from its stockpiles has created difficulties for

    domestic traders, which now have to be much more active in promoting sales amidst a combination of lower

    market prices and weak consumer confidence in regard to rice quality.Somroek Tangpiroonthum, chief

    executive officer and managing director of Thai Ha - the producer of packed rice under the Kaset brand -

    yesterday said the government's pledging policy and its stepped-up release of stockpiled rice was having a

    negative impact on domestic traders."The price of Thai rice, in particular in the domestic market, has dropped

    continuously since last year. The price is expected to reach its lowest level this year, following a huge amount

    of rice having been released onto the market during the year," he said.

    The price of packed rice on the domestic market had dropped by 4-5 per cent in late February compared with

    late last year, he added.The CEO said that as the government had become a major holder of rice stock, many

    consumers were worried about its quality. As a packer, the company therefore needs to pursue a number of

    strategies to promote confidence in the quality of rice and encourage consumers to buy it.One of these, he

    explained, is to focus more on organic rice production and selling - encouraging farmers to grow more non-

    chemical produce - and on specialty rice grains being supplied to the company.He also said the owner of the

    Kaset brand would concentrate more on selling organic rice in light of the rising health-consciousness trend.

    Moreover, organic rice and specialty rice grains have more added value.

    Thai Ha is now also paying greater attention to rice consumption in the industrial - or non-household - sector,

    that is, in hotels and restaurants.This year, the company plans to increase its sales to the industrial sector to

    Bt360 million, which would account for 20 per cent of its revenue. Thai Ha will also promote more rice exports,

    which currently contribute 54 per cent of sales.Somroek said that following the government's rice-release

    programme, the price of Thai rice would reach its lowest level by the middle of the year. Once it has less

    volume in its stockpiles, the price should start to increase early next year.However, he said he could not

    estimate what sort of price would be seen when it did bottom out, as the government had not yet stated clearly

    when it would stop releasing its rice.The company has, however, projected that Thailand should be able to

    export about 8.5 million tonnes of rice this year, as the government needs to release a huge amount from the

    stockpiles.

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    25% of paddy fields destroyed; No alternative but to import rice WEDNESDAY, 02 APRIL 2014 - 19:52

    Minister of Agriculture Mahinda Yapa

    Abeywardena stated that due to the delay in

    commencing Yala season, rice may need to be

    imported in future.Despite farming on Yala

    season has already begun, it has been hindered

    by the lack of sufficient rains.Nearly 400

    thousand hectare of paddy fields are farmed

    during Yala Season.Agriculture Minister

    further stated that about 25% of paddy fields

    farmed during last Maha Season have been

    destroyed due to the lack of rains.

    The water level of main reservoirs has been

    receding rapidly, therefore, the farmers are

    provided with advice through District

    Secretaries.However, the meteorological Department stated that they expecting rain in many parts of the island

    during the weekend.

    Rice gains steam on buying interest

    OUR CORRESPONDENT

    KARNAL, APRIL 2:

    Prices of Pusa-1121 and Duplicate Basmati rice varieties improved on buying interest, while other aromatic and

    non basmati varieties continued to rule flat amidst muted trade on Wednesday.

    Pusa-1121 (steam) moved up by 200 and sold at 9,300-9,400 , while Pusa-1121 (sela) improved by 150

    and quoted at 8,300. Pure Basmati (raw) quoted at 12,300. Duplicate basmati (steam) improved by 300 to

    7,300.

    Pusa-1121 brokens improved by 50-100. Pusa-1121 (second wand) was at 7,250, Tibar at 6,300 while

    Dubar at 5,300 a quintal. In the non-basmati section, Sharbati (steam) sold at 4,850 while Sharbati (sela)

    quoted at 4,300. Permal (raw) sold at 2,330, Permal (sela) at 2,350, PR-11 (sela) sold at 2,700 while PR-

    11 (raw) at 2,600. PR14 (steam) sold at 2,950 a quintal.

    (This article was published on April 2, 2014)

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    Purdue professor will talk about science/society interactions

    Sault Ste. Marie

    Purdue University earth sciences professor Kenneth Ridgway will be at Lake

    Superior State University on Friday, April 4, to present a talk on interactions

    between science and society. The program is open to the public. Admission is

    free.Ridgways program Earth Science and Communities: Great Earthquakes

    to Wild Rice, begins at noon on Friday in room 207 of Crawford Hall. His

    presentation will appeal to general audiences. The connection between earth science and communities seems obvious to most scientists, but is much less

    clear to most communities, Ridgway said. In the first part of this talk, I will

    explore the geologic setting, the infrastructural damage, and the impact on

    communities of recent large earthquakes in Taiwan, Turkey, Haiti and Japan.

    Decisions that communities and governments made about these types of

    geologic hazards had a profound impact on human life and the built

    environment.

    In addition, I will discuss how we at Purdue are building connections between the scientific community and

    Native American communities. The strongest connections are developed when Native American students do

    research on issues that are directly relevant to their tribal lands and communities. An understanding of earth

    processes is critical in decision-making both at the global and local community levels.Ridgway has been a

    faculty member in the Dept. of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences at Purdue since 1992.Much of his

    research is related to understanding the tectonic processes that occur along convergent plate boundaries. He has

    active field projects in Alaska, Argentina, and Oman.He is the co-director of Purdues Sloan Indigenous

    Graduate Program and is the recipient of the 2012 Geological Society of America Bromery Award, given to

    those who have made significant contributions to research in the geological sciences, or those who have been

    instrumental in opening the geoscience field to minorities.

    He also received the 2012 Purdue Dreamer Award, given annually to an individual or organization within the

    Purdue community whose contributions embody Dr. Martin Luther Kings vision of service to others and

    furthers the universitys commitment to diversity.On the day before his public presentation, Ridgway will be

    meeting with students during a noon-hour lunch on Thursday, April 3, at the LSSU Native American Center,

    when he will discuss academic and project funding opportunities for Native American students who are earning

    degrees in any of the sciences, math, technology, and/or engineering. Students interested in attending are

    welcome to drop in, but it would be helpful to RSVP by contacting Stephanie Sabatine, ssabatine@lssu.edu,

    (906) 635-6664.

    NACC wants 3 ministers to speak for PM Defence team seeks additional witnesses

    Published: 3 Apr 2014 at 00.53

    Newspaper section: News

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    The National Anti-Corruption Commission (NACC) wants three cabinet ministers to testify in the rice-pledging

    case before the long Songkran weekend starts in the middle of the month.The commission has called on

    caretaker Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra to instruct the three ministers to provide statements in her

    defence.The prime ministers critics accuse her of negligence for allowing irregularities in the rice scheme to

    take place. They say the rice scheme is plagued by losses and corruption.The anti-graft body is investigating the

    claims against Ms Yingluck, in her capacity as head of the National Rice Policy Committee, which oversees the

    rice-pledging scheme.The commission wants Niwatthamrong Bunsongphaisan, caretaker deputy prime minister

    and commerce minister; Kittiratt Na-Ranong, caretaker deputy prime minister and finance minister; and

    Yanyong Phuangrach, caretaker deputy commerce minister to testify before Songkran begins on April 12,

    NACC chairman Parnthep Klanarongran said yesterday.Mr Parthep also said the case against Ms Yingluck did

    not present any problems for the NACC because it had based its investigation on facts.The commission is

    examining Ms Yinglucks statements submitted in writing. If it decides to indict her, she must relinquish her

    prime ministerial duties immediately.

    Commissioner Vicha Mahakhun said yesterday the cabinet ministers worked directly under the prime minister

    and that it should not be difficult to have them testify soon.Mr Vicha said he had no idea when the NACC

    would decide whether to indict Ms Yingluck.Mr Niwatthamrong, Mr Kittiratt and Mr Yanyong are among 11

    people whom Ms Yingluck named as additional witnesses in the case. The commission limited the number of

    witnesses to just three.Bancha Porameesanaporn, Ms Yinglucks lawyer, said the NACC should allow more

    witnesses because all had important evidence.He will ask the NACC to allow four more witnesses. They are

    caretaker Labour Minister Chalerm Yubamrung, deputy police chief Pol Gen Worapong Chewpreecha, deputy

    secretary-general to the prime minister Pol Maj Gen Thawat Boonfuang, and Federation of Accounting

    Profession president Pichai Choonhawachira.Mr Chalerm says Ms Yingluck personally ordered him to look into

    corruption allegations concerning the scheme, Mr Bancha said.Ms Yingluck also ordered Pol Maj Gen Thawat

    to check rice stocks, which he found to be in good order.

    He and Mr Pichai will dispute statements by Supa Piyajitti, head of a sub-committee looking into the rice

    scheme accounts, that the rice policy had caused losses of over 200 billion baht. Since no rice stocks were lost,

    the sub-committee could not have possibly calculated such losses, the lawyer claimed.Mr Chalerm said

    yesterday that Ms Yingluck had done nothing wrong because her involvement was at the policy-making

    level.Ruangkrai Leekitwattana, a Pheu Thai Party legal adviser, said the NACC must handle the case fairly

    otherwise it would cause further political turmoil.He also demanded the NACC explain what should be done if

    Ms Yingluck has to cease performing her duties if it decides to indict her. He said Ms Yingluck ceased being

    premier when she dissolved the House on Dec 9 and should keep her caretaker role.

    Gene discovery could yield gen-next 'super rice'

    Last Updated: Wednesday, April 02, 2014, 14:49

    Washington: Scientists, including an Indian-origin researcher, have identified a set of genes that could be key to

    the development of the next generation of tough and disease-resistant 'super rice'. "As the Earth's human

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    population marches towards 9 billion, the need for hardy new varieties of grain crops has never been greater,"

    researchers said.

    It won't be enough to yield record harvests under perfect conditions. In an era of climate change, pollution and

    the global spread of pathogens, these new grains must also be able to handle stress, they said. Researchers at the

    Michigan Technological University identified a set of genes that could be key to the development of the next

    generation of super rice. Analysis by biologist Ramakrishna Wusirika and PhD student Rafi Shaik uncovered

    more than 1,000 genes in rice that appear to play key roles in managing its response to two different kinds of

    stress: biotic, caused by infectious organisms like bacteria and abiotic, caused by environmental agents, like

    nutrient deficiency, flood and salinity.

    Traditionally, scientists have believed that different sets of genes regulated plants' responses to biotic and

    abiotic stress. However, Wusirika and Shaik discovered that 1,377 of the approximately 3,800 genes involved in

    rice's stress response played a role in both types stress."These are the genes we think are involved in the cross

    talk between biotic and abiotic stresses," said Wusirika. About 70 per cent of those "master" genes are co-

    expressive - they turn on under both kinds of stress. Typically, the others turn on for biotic stress and turn off

    for abiotic stress. Scientists looked at the genes' response to five abiotic stresses - drought, heavy metal

    contamination, salt, cold and nutrient deprivation - and five biotic stresses - bacteria, fungus, insect predation,

    weed competition and nematodes. A total of 196 genes showed a wide range of expressions to these stresses.

    "The top genes are likely candidates for developing a rice variety with broad stress-range tolerance," Wusirika

    said. The study was published in the journal Plant Physiology.

    PTI

    First Published: Wednesday, April 02, 2014, 14:49

    Telengana farmers losing interest in rice DC CORRESPONDENT | April 03, 2014, 04.04 am IST

    Hyderabad: While earlier two crops were grown

    along with a third crop of green vegetables at times,

    the first two essentially being rice and maize the

    interest in rice is dwindling fast in districts where

    farmers are dependent on bore-wells, mostly in

    Telangana districts.However, even as some rice

    cultivation areas might be lost to other crops,

    scientists say that it will not affect the overall rice

    production.

    Wherever there is less water supply, we suggest farmers to go for dry crops; but paddy has lesser risks and is

    easy to cultivate and hence in case of adequate water supply, farmers still prefer paddy.In the last two years,

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    there was more production of cotton due to reduced water supply. The overall production of paddy was not

    affected and is not likely to be affected much as we have developed very high yielding varieties of rice, and

    currently 70 per cent of the rice cultivation is under the high yielding varieties, said principal scientist (Rice),

    ANGRAU (Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University), Dr Suryanarayana.

    States: Karnataka

    pic for representational purpose

    Cambodian rice exports fall in Q1

    Published: 2 Apr 2014 at 18.41

    Online news:

    Cambodias exports of milled rice fell more than 10% in the first

    quarter of this year compared with the same period in 2013.A woman

    pours rice after a rice-cleaning process in central Phnom Penh in this

    file photo. (Photo by Reuters).The major reasons are Thailand's sale of

    its rice reserves and Myanmar's increasingly open market, the Phnom

    Penh Post reported on Wednesday, quoting industry insiders.Cambodia

    exported 84,330 tonnes of rice from January to March, down from

    95,228 tonnes in the same period last year, an 11% drop, according to

    data from the Secretariat of One Window Service for Rice Export

    Formality.Its Ministry of Commerce has set up a committee to

    establish a National Rice Millers Federation, which is urging more investment in the rice sector to increase

    competitiveness, the daily said.The country should also promote its famous strain which has won the Worlds

    Best Rice Award for the second year in a row, suggested an exporter.

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