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22747163 Music Therapy

Jun 02, 2018

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    MusicMusic

    therapytherapy

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    is an interpersonal processis an interpersonal processin which the therapist usesin which the therapist uses

    music and all of its facets-music and all of its facets-

    physical, emotional, mental,physical, emotional, mental,social, aesthetic, andsocial, aesthetic, and

    spiritual-to help clients tospiritual-to help clients to

    improve or maintain theirimprove or maintain theirhealthhealth

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    HistoryHistory

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    The idea of music as a healingThe idea of music as a healinginfluence which could affectinfluence which could affecthealth and behavior is as leasthealth and behavior is as leastas old as the writings of Aristotleas old as the writings of Aristotleand Plato.and Plato.

    The 20th century both amateurThe 20th century both amateurand professional, went toand professional, went toeterans hospitals around theeterans hospitals around thecountry to play for thecountry to play for the

    thousands of veterans sufferingthousands of veterans sufferingboth physical and emotionalboth physical and emotionaltrauma from the wars.trauma from the wars.

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    The patients! notable physical andThe patients! notable physical and

    emotional responses to music ledemotional responses to music led

    the doctors and nurses to re"uestthe doctors and nurses to re"uest

    the hiring of musicians by thethe hiring of musicians by the

    hospitals.hospitals.

    #oon, the hospital musicians needed#oon, the hospital musicians neededsome prior training before enteringsome prior training before entering

    the facility and so the demand grewthe facility and so the demand grew

    for a college curriculum.for a college curriculum.

    The first music therapy degreeThe first music therapy degree

    program in the world was founded atprogram in the world was founded at

    $ichigan #tate %niversity in &'(($ichigan #tate %niversity in &'((

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    The American $usic TherapyThe American $usic Therapy

    Association was founded inAssociation was founded in

    &'') as a union of the *ational&'') as a union of the *ational

    Association for $usic TherapyAssociation for $usic Therapy

    and the American Associationand the American Association

    for $usic therapy.for $usic therapy.

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    PurposesPurposes

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    +t is also used to+t is also used topromote wellnesspromote wellnessmanage stressmanage stress

    alleviate painalleviate pain

    epress feelingsepress feelingsenhance memoryenhance memory improve communicationimprove communication

    promote physical rehabilitation.promote physical rehabilitation.

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    Kinds

    OfMusic Therapy

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    Re-creatingRe-creatingmusicmusic

    --the client sings or plays precomposed musicthe client sings or plays precomposed music

    -This ind of music eperience may include-This ind of music eperience may include

    learning how to produce vocal or instrumentallearning how to produce vocal or instrumental

    soundssounds

    imitating musical phrases,imitating musical phrases,

    learning to sing by rotelearning to sing by rote

    using musical notationusing musical notation articipating in sing-alongsarticipating in sing-alongs

    practicingpracticing

    taing music lessonstaing music lessons

    performing a piece from memoryperforming a piece from memory woring out the musical interpretation of aworing out the musical interpretation of a

    compositioncomposition

    participating in a musical show or dramaparticipating in a musical show or drama

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    ComposingComposing

    - the therapist helps the client to- the therapist helps the client to

    write songs, lyrics, or instrumentalwrite songs, lyrics, or instrumentalpieces, or to create any ind ofpieces, or to create any ind of

    musical product, such as musicmusical product, such as music

    videos or audiotape programsvideos or audiotape programs

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    ListeningListening

    - the client taes in and reacts to live or- the client taes in and reacts to live orrecorded musicrecorded music

    -listening eperience may focus on-listening eperience may focus onphysical, emotional, intellectual,physical, emotional, intellectual,aesthetic, or spiritual aspects of theaesthetic, or spiritual aspects of themusic, and the client may respondmusic, and the client may respondthrough activities such asthrough activities such as

    / relaation or meditationrelaation or meditation/ structured or free movementstructured or free movement/ perceptual tassperceptual tass/

    free-associationfree-association

    / story-tellingstory-telling/ imagingimaging/ reminiscingreminiscing/

    drawingdrawing

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    MechanicsMechanics

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    ollects necessary bacground information byollects necessary bacground information byreviewing any written records or referrals thatreviewing any written records or referrals thatmay be available.may be available.

    onducts an assessment to determine theonducts an assessment to determine theclient1s strength and therapeutic needs.client1s strength and therapeutic needs.ormulates goals sometimes with input fromormulates goals sometimes with input fromthe client, client1s family, other professionals orthe client, client1s family, other professionals oran interdisciplinary team of clinicians.an interdisciplinary team of clinicians.

    $aes a treatment plan outlining possible$aes a treatment plan outlining possiblestrategies and music eperiences that might bestrategies and music eperiences that might behelpful in meeting client1s needs.helpful in meeting client1s needs.onducts periodic evaluations to determineonducts periodic evaluations to determinewhether the methods of treatment are effectivewhether the methods of treatment are effective

    and whether the client is maing any progressand whether the client is maing any progressin reaching the prescribed goalsin reaching the prescribed goalsPrepares the client for leaving and helps toPrepares the client for leaving and helps tobring some ind of closure to the processbring some ind of closure to the process

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    NursingNursingResponsibilitiesResponsibilities

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    +n hospital setting, music therapist+n hospital setting, music therapistdevelop listening programs to meetdevelop listening programs to meetvarious patient needs, producevarious patient needs, produce

    shows or various inds of musicalshows or various inds of musicalevents involving patients, arrange forevents involving patients, arrange forpatients to attend concerts in thepatients to attend concerts in thecommunity or direct various inds ofcommunity or direct various inds ofrecreational or therapeutic activities.recreational or therapeutic activities.

    +n schools, music therapist may+n schools, music therapist mayconsult with classroom teachers orconsult with classroom teachers ordevelop group music programs fordevelop group music programs forspecial students.special students.

    +n the community, music therapist+n the community, music therapistmay consult with psychologists ormay consult with psychologists orpsychiatrists or provide musicalpsychiatrists or provide musicalinstruction to special children.instruction to special children.