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2010 Census Highlights Population Count and Growth Demographic Characteristics

Feb 15, 2016

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2010 Census Highlights Population Count and Growth Demographic Characteristics Illness and Health Insurance Marital Status Employment Housing Characteristics . Total Population 55,456 Non-institutional population 55,036 Institutional population - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Economics and Statistics Office is pleased to present a snapshot of the results of the 2010 Census of Population and Housing. The Census was conducted from October 10, 2010 to December 16, 2010. 1

2010 Census Highlights

Population Count and GrowthDemographic CharacteristicsIllness and Health InsuranceMarital StatusEmploymentHousing Characteristics

This brief presentation highlights 6 topics covered in the Census: 1) population count and population growth; 2) demographic characteristics of the population; 3) illness and health insurance; 4) marital status; 5) employment and 6) housing characteristics. 2

Total Population 55,456

Non-institutional population 55,036Institutional population (dorms, prisons, etc) 420The population of the Cayman Islands on Census Day (October 10, 2010) was counted at 55,456. This count includes all residents, that is, those who stayed or had intentions to stay in the Cayman Islands for at least 6 months.

Of the total count, 55,036 were enumerated as members of households these are also called non-institutional population. The remaining 420 residents were counted from institutions such as dorms and prisons. 3

The Cayman Islands Population Count in Census Years 1802 to 2010

The 2010 household population count of 55,036 represents approximately 59 times the population size of the Cayman Islands when the first census was taken in 1802. It is also 10 times the size of the country almost a century ago!

This count also reflects an increase of 41.0% over the 1999 Census count of 39,020.4

Growth Rates in 2010 over 1999: * Total Population : 41.0% * Caymanians : 51.2% * Non-Caymanians : 30.4% 5The overall growth in the countrys population from 1999 to 2010 is largely due to an increase in the Caymanian population: there were 10,488 more Caymanians or an increase of 51.2 percent, as compared to 5,604 more non-Caymanians or an increase of 30.4 percent. In other words, there were 187 Caymanians added to the population for every 100 non-Caymanians.

The countrys population in 2010 is made up of 30,979 Caymanians and 24,057 non-Caymanians.

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Growth Rates in 2010 over 1999: * Total Population: 36.2% * Caymanians : 43.1% * Non-Caymanians : 31.4%

6Across districts, the population growth between 1999 and 2010 vary.

George Towns population in 2010 reached 28,089. This is 36.2% higher compared to the population in 1999 at 20,626.

The number of Caymanians in George Town increased by 43.1% from 1999 to 2010, while the number of non-Caymanians increased at a lower rate of 31.4%. 6

Growth Rates in 2010 over 1999: * Total Population : 36.1% * Caymanians : 46.4% * Non-Caymanians: 22.2%

7The total population count for West Bay reached 11,222 in 2010. This is 36.1% higher compared to 8,243 which was the population count in 1999.

The Caymanian population in West Bay expanded by 46.4% whereas the non-Caymanian population expanded by 22.2%.7

Growth Rates in 2010 over 1999: * Total Population: 82.9% * Caymanians : 99.8% * Non-Caymanians : 51.0%

8The population count of Bodden Town in 2010 was recorded at 10,543. This is a significant increase compared to the population in 1999 which was recorded at 5,764.

The population growth rate of Bodden Town between 1999 and 2010 82.9% - resulted from a sharp increase in the number of Caymanians as well as non-Caymanians. The growth of Caymanians in the district was 99.8% while that of non-Caymanians was 51.0%.

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Growth in 2010 over 1999: - 37.1% Total Population - 45.4% Caymanians - 17.1% Non-Caymanians

9The population of North Side was counted at 1,479 in 2010. This was higher by 37.1% compared to the population in 1999 of 1,079.

The Caymanian population in North Side grew by 45.4%, while the Non-Caymanian population grew at a comparatively lower rate of 17.1%. 9

Growth Rates in 2010 over 1999: * Total Population: 2.6% * Caymanians : 3.0% * Non-Caymanians : 1.9%

10In East End, the population was counted in 2010 at 1,407. This indicates an increase of 2.6% over the population count of 1,371 in 1999. This growth rate is the lowest among all districts.

The number of Caymanians in East End increased by 3.0% in 2010, while non-Caymanians increased at a lower rate of 1.9%. 10

Growth Rates in 2010 over 1999: * Total Population : 18.5% * Caymanians: 20.9% * Non-Caymanians : 14.7%

11The combined population of the Sister Islands was recorded at 2,296 in 2010. This figure is higher by 18.5% compared to the population count in 1999 of 1,937.

The total number of Caymanians in the Sister Islands grew between 1999 and 2010 by 20.9% while non-Caymanians grew by 14.7%.

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Percentage of Caymanians and Non-Caymanians, Census Years 1979 - 2010 12

Overall, the population in 2010 has a mix of 56.3% Caymanians and 43.7% non-Caymanians.

The percentage share of Caymanians in 2010 is slightly higher than in 1999 which was recorded at 52.5%. However, this is significantly lower compared to 80.7% in 1979, and 66.9% in 1989.

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Population Distribution by District and Status

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% Caymanians% Non-CaymaniansAcross districts, the Caymanian-non Caymanian mix varies.

George Town is 45% Caymanian and 55% non-Caymanian; West Bay is 63% Caymanian and 37% non-Caymanian; Bodden Town is 72% Caymanian and 28% non-Caymanian; North Side and East End are both 75% Caymanian and 25% non-Caymanian.Finally, the Sister Islands are 66% Caymanian and 34% non-Caymanian.

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Population Distribution (%) by District in Census Years With the varied paces of population change across districts, population distribution is invariably impacted, the most significant of which is that Bodden Town now approximately has the same size as West Bay.

The rest of the districts declined in proportion of total population in 2010, particularly George Town which is down by 1.9 percentage points. Nonetheless, it remains the largest district in population size, followed by West Bay and Bodden Town. Over a longer time span, George Towns 2010 population share is down to its 1989 share although it remains significantly higher compared to 1979. Meanwhile, East End and North Side are now also of the same size whereas East End was larger in 1999 by 0.7 percentage points. However, these two districts fall short of their population shares in previous censuses.West Bay has steadily declined its population share from 1979 to 2010, albeit at a gradual rate. In contrast, the Sister Islands steady decline is sharper at almost 6 percentage points from 1979 to 2010.

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Percent Population Distribution by Age & by District

0-14 yrs old15-64 yrs old65 + yrs oldOverall, children 14 years and under comprise 18.1% of the total population. Majority of the countrys population belongs to the working age group (15+ years old); specifically those 15-64 years old make up 76.5% of the total population.

The elderly (65 years old and above) account for 5.4 percent of the total population. The populations median age is 35, and is the same for both males and females.The age composition across districts vary.

Bodden Town has the highest percentage of children 0-14 years old at 23% of its total population, followed by North Side at 22%.

George Town has the highest percentage of the working age residents 15-64 years old at 80% of its total population, followed by West Bay with 75%.

The Sister Islands leads all districts with the highest percentage of elderly among its population 13%. It is followed by East End which has 11% and North Side which has 9%. 15

16The population pyramids depict the distinct differences in the age and sex structure of the total population, and the Caymanian and Non- Caymanian sub-groups of the population.

The blue side of each pyramid represents the age distribution of males, while the pink side represents the age distribution of females.

None of the pyramids depicts a typical one, where the base (i.e. children and youth) is widest.

The working age group stands out as typical but, is even more pronounced among the Non-Caymanians. This is expected since the Non-Caymanians came to the Cayman Islands mainly to work, and would leave after their contract/work permit expires. They hardly stay beyond retirement age. Hence, the very narrow peak representing the Non-Caymanian elderly.

The narrow peak in the Non-Caymanian pyramid also indicates that few persons from other countries come to the Cayman Islands to retire.

The base of the Non-Caymanian pyramid is much smaller than that of the Caymanian pyramid. This is expected since children and youth do not always accompany their parents to the Cayman Islands.16

17There are slightly more females than males in the population: overall, there are 102 females for every 100 males.

The higher number of females compared to males is seen in all age groups, except among children under 15 years and among the 40 to 44 years age group.

Among Caymanians, females out-number males - there are 108 females for every 100 males.

Among Non-Caymanians, there males outnumber the females there are only 95 females for every 100 males.

Overall and across major age groups, there are more Caymanians than non-Caymanians. However, a closer look at the population 30 to 44 years, a sub-group of the working age population, indicates that the Non-Caymanians outnumber Caymanians. 17

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Among the illnesses, the Census results indicate that the prevalence of Hypertension and Diabetes is much higher compared to other chronic no-communicable diseases. Females are more prone to these illnesses than males.

Caymanians have a higher prevalence of these two illnesses compared to Non-Caymanians. Note that Non-Caymanians are required to undergo medical examination prior to working in the Cayman Islands.

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19Approximately 87 percent of the population have health insurance, 12 percent have no health insurance and less than 1 percent are deemed uninsurable.

The Cayman Islands Government provides health insurance to approximately 21 percent of the population or one in every five persons.

Health insurance coverage is higher among Non-Caymanians compared to Caymanians.

Among Caymanians, the females were more likely than the males to have health insurance, while among the Non-Caymanian, it is the reverse.

Caymanian males are least likely, compared to the other sub-groups, to have insurance coverage.

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Population in School by District and Type of School20In education, the Census data shows that the total number of residents in various types of schools reached 11,374.

The highest number of school attendees in all types of school, except for special education is from George Town. West Bay attendees are highest in frequency for special education and second highest for vocational/community college.

Bodden Town ranks next to George Town in all other categories. The number of students attending primary and secondary schools in Bodden Town is higher than in West Bay. This is expected, since Bodden Town has a larger number of school-age children, even though its total population is smaller than West Bays.20

21Focusing on the highest grade completed of the working age population, it is shown that the majority have completed at least high school (year 10 to 12) while 17.7 percent have post-secondary (vocational and community college) and 27.8 percent have college/university education.

Caymanians comprise majority of the working age population with no grade completed (83.8%), up to high school (59.2%) and special education/others (74.4%).

Non-Caymanians comprise majority among those with post secondary (vocational and community college) and college/university education. 21

22Majority of the residents of the Cayman Islands age 15 years and above are legally married (51.0%) while a significant percentage have never been married (36.3%). The overall divorce rate among the entire population is 7.7 percent while the rates of legal separation and widowhood are at 1.9 and 2.7 percent, respectively. The status never married is higher among females (37.6%) versus males (34.8%), and among non-Caymanians (38.6%) versus Caymanians (34.1%). In other words, the likelihood of never being married is highest among female non-Caymanians while it is lowest among male Caymanians. Divorce is higher among females (8.7%) than males (6.6%). The incidence of divorce is also almost twice among Caymanians (10.1%) than among non-Caymanians (5.1%). A higher percentage of males, compared to females reported being legally married. Consequently, females are more likely than males to be never married or divorced.

Females were also more likely than males to be widowed, which is expected since life expectancy is generally higher for females.

Caymanians have lower rate of marriage but higher rate of divorce compared to Non-Caymanians.22

23The countrys working age population was recorded at 44,084, of which 36,494 are in the labour force.

While the working age population is predominantly Caymanian, the labour force is predominantly non-Caymanian.

The labour force is comprised of those at working age (15+ years by international definition) who are working, or seeking work and available for work during the reference week (the week prior to October 10, 2010).

Of those in the labour force, 34,214 were employed; 45.2% of these were Caymanians while 54.8 % were non-Caymanians.

The unemployed reached 2,280, of which 73.5% were Caymanians while 26.5 percent were non-Caymanians.

The overall unemployment rate is 6.2 percent; the unemployment rate among Caymanians at 9.8% is higher than the 3.1% among non-Caymanians.

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24Unemployment rate is highest among youth 15 to 24 years compared with the other age groups.

It is expected that unemployment rate would be lower for non-Caymanians across all age groups.

Caymanian youth and male youth are the most likely to be unemployed.

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Status Ratio = Number of Non-Caymanians per 100 CaymaniansThe top five major occupational groups in the Cayman Islands in 2010 are:Service and sales which ranks first with an employment of 6,595 or 19.3 percent of total employment. This occupation has the largest share of all non-Caymanian occupations (22.7%), and the fifth largest share of Caymanian occupations (15.1%). There are almost 183 non-Caymanians for every 100 non-Caymanians in this occupational class.Professional class ranks second with an employment of 5,689 or 16.6 percent of the total.

Elementary occupations rank third. This class includes cleaners and helpers and construction labourers, agriculture and fishery labourers and total 4,682 or 13.7 percent of all occupations.

Technicians and associate professionals rank fourth with 4,560 or 13.3 percent of all employment. This occupational class employs the largest percentage of Caymanians (17.1%). This is also the only occupational class in the top five that is predominantly Caymanian: there are only close to 73 non-Caymanians for every 100 Caymanians.Craft and related workers is the fifth with an employment of 3,978 or 11.6 percent of the total.

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26Status Ratio = Number of Non-Caymanians per 100 CaymaniansIn 2010, the top five industries by employment are: Wholesale and retail ranks first with an employment of 4,146 or 12.1 percent of total employment. There are around 128 non-Caymanians for every 100 Caymanians in this industry.

Construction ranks second with total employment of 3,869 or 11.3 percent of the countrys employment. There are around 173 non-Caymanians in this industry per 100 Caymanians.

Financial services ranks third overall with 3,557 employees or 10.4 percent of the total. This industry employs the largest percentage among the Caymanians (15.9%). There are around 45 non-Caymanians for every 100 Caymanians in this industry. Activities of households as employers is the fourth largest industry with 2,955 or 8.6 percent of total employment. This is also the largest employer of non-Caymanians (14.4%) and only a small percentage (1.5%) of Caymanians. There are approximately 1,161 non-Caymanians for every 100 Caymanians in this industry. General public administration ranks fifth among the top employers, with 2,789 or 8.2 percent of total employment. As expected, the number of non-Caymanians relative to Caymanians is very low in this industry.

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27Households by Ownership of Dwelling

A total of 22,760 households were counted in the Census.

Most of these households (10,549 or 46.3% of all households) lived in furnished, rented dwellings. A significant number also lived in their own dwellings, with or without mortgage.

These figures, when compared with 1999, indicate that there was no change in the percentage of households that rented. However, there was an increase in the percentage of household dwellings owned with mortgage from 22.7 percent in 1999 to 27.9 percent while the percentage of household dwellings owned without mortgage decreased from 22 percent to 19.1 percent.

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Households with Housing Insurance % with insurance % without insurance % Dont Know/ Not StatedAt least 54.4 percent of all households in the Cayman Islands have housing insurance in 2010, while 35.4 percent had none.

Among the districts, households in Bodden Town are most likely to be insured (63.6%), followed by George Town (54.8%) and West Bay (51.9%). However, the reverse was found in the other districts: most households in North Side, East End and the Sister Islands have no housing insurance. 28

29For the full 2010 Census Report, please visit www.eso.ky

This presentation gave you a sample of the data that can be read from the 2010 Census Report. You will find the data useful for planning and decision-making.

You can download a copy of the Report from the ESO website www.eso.ky

For further queries, please call 940-0940 or email infostats@gov.ky 29

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