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2009 Phil Herr Presentation

Jan 20, 2015



You are viewing presentations from conferences that I have attended. Please enjoy & if we can help you with any logistics projects in the Americas please contact me at 678.364.3475

Bill was also on the Board of Directors for the St.Vincent DePaul Foodbank in Roseville California helping with the fund raising and meals to the poor program. While based in Northern California he was successful in fund raising programs for the Crusade of Mercy and helped Father Dan Madigan at the Sacramento Food Bank also. For 2008, Bill is a member of the Board for WORKTEC on also an Advisory Board Member for Boys and Girls Club for Metro Atlanta-Clayton County Chapter. See or . Bill is also on the Board of Directors for the Southeastern Warehouse Association & represents Georgia for 2010-2012.


Bill Stankiewicz
Vice President and General Manager
Shippers Warehouse
Email: [email protected]

  • 1. Strategies to Mitigate Congestion and Achieve More EfficientRoad UsePresentation to the Food Shippers of America Conference Tucson, Arizona March 2009

2. Contents GAO: Who we are and how we conduct our work Physical Infrastructure team GAOs work on efficient use of existing road infrastructure Why congestion matters Role of government and private sector Factors that inhibit efficient road use Techniques and strategies to make existing infrastructure more efficient Transportation financing Surface transportation reauthorization issues Concluding observations2 3. About GAO The U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) is anindependent agency in the legislative branch of the federalgovernment Commonly called the investigative arm of Congress or thecongressional watchdog, GAO examines how taxpayer dollars arespent and recommends ways to make government work better GAOs mission is to help Congress improve the performance andaccountability of the federal government Most GAO assignments are conducted at the request ofcongressional committees or are mandated by public laws andcommittee reports3 4. About GAO GAOs work spans a wide spectrum of topicsfrom weaponsprocurement to welfare, banking to transportation, and farm policyto foreign policy In conducting its work, GAO Reviews relevant evaluations and analysis Performs surveys and conducts original data analysis Conducts case studies in selected communities or regions Interviews key public and private officials at the federal, state, and local levels Visits project sites 4 5. Why Congestion Matters The capacity of the nations road network has not grown fastenough to keep pace with demand, and demand is expectedto increase Economic implications are significant Lost productivity and wasted fuel as cars idle in traffic Higher logistics costs for businesses that increase consumer prices Continued development and efficient management of thenations transportation system are important to sustainingthe nations competitive position in the global economy 5 6. Federal Role in Transportation The Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act:A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) authorizes federal highway andhighway safety programs and provides funding SAFETEA-LU is authorized through September 2009 The Department of Transportation (DOT) implements nationaltransportation policy and administers most federal transportationprograms. DOT oversees programs across different modaladministrations While DOT carries out some activities directly, states haveconsiderable flexibility to select and oversee projects6 7. Federal Role in Transportation Federal government provides funds to state and localgovernments for road infrastructure through the Highway TrustFund Approximately $33 billion a year to build and improve roads and bridges and meet other transportation needs Funds distributed to states by formulas based on vehicle miles traveled, motor fuel used, and other factors Highway Trust Fund is in trouble Truck sales and motor fuel purchases decreased in 2008 Fund had to be bailed out with $8 billion Current projections are that it could be insolvent again in 2009 7 8. Federal Role in Transportation GAO has designated the current transportation financing systemas High Risk Purchasing power of available funding is declining Federal motor fuel tax rates have not increased since 1993 (18.4 cents/gallon for gasoline, and 24.4 cents/gallon for diesel and special fuels) Increased use of fuel-efficient and alternative-fuel vehiclesexpected to further diminish fuel tax revenue Increasing proportion of available transportation funds now beingspent to preserve existing infrastructure, which is aging andexpensive to keep functional8 9. Federal Role in Transportation Despite large increases in expenditures in real terms fortransportation, the investment has not commensurately improvedthe performance of the nations surface transportation system We have reported that the programs are not effective at addressingkey transportation challenges Goals and roles not clear Not linked to performance and needs Do not employ best tools and approaches GAO has called for a fundamental reexamination of the federalsurface transportation program 9 10. State and Local Governments Role inTransportation State and local governments provide about 60 percent of highwaycapital funding States and metropolitan planning organizations (MPO) Develop transportation plans Establish transportation funding mechanisms Build, maintain, and operate infrastructure and services States and MPOs operate within federal requirements Some state and local officials are making congestion mitigation apriority, including establishing goals and selecting projectsdesigned to alleviate congestion10 11. Private Sectors Role in Transportation Private sector has traditionally been contracted by federal,state, or local governments to design and build roads Private sector has historically had a smaller role intransportation finance, but budget constraints have increasedinterest in private sector involvement States have also begun to outsource operation andmaintenance of roads 11 12. Three Factors Inhibit Efficient Road Use1. Much of the road network was not designed to handle todays traffic volumes, and its operation has not changed sufficiently to better meet current usage Freeway exit and entrance ramp distances Timing of traffic signals2. Traditional federal and state funding structure does not provide incentives for efficient road use Majority of revenue comes from fuel taxes and other user fees, whichdo not capture full costs of road use3. Current investment decision-making process has a limited focus on selecting projects that may produce the highest net social benefits Federal and state transportation funding is compartmentalized bytransportation mode Rigorous economic analysis does not drive decisions 12 13. Techniques to Make the Current RoadInfrastructure More Efficient Two broad categories of congestion mitigation techniques1. Techniques that enhance capacity Incident management programs Truck, transit, and carpool lanes2. Techniques that influence driver behavior High-occupancy toll (HOT) lanes Traffic information systems Flextime or telework agreements with employers 13 14. Examples of Congestion MitigationTechniques14 15. Strategies for Increasing the Efficient Use ofRoad Infrastructure Officials and experts we interviewed and studies we analyzedsuggested several strategies outlined in the following pages These strategies are grouped by the level of government bestsuited to consider them, given current authorities and roles In some cases, all levels of government would need to be involvedin implementing the strategy; in other cases, the federalgovernment or a state or local government would be mostappropriate These strategies are not mutually exclusive and ideally would beimplemented in a comprehensive manner15 16. Strategies Requiring Federal, State, and LocalInvolvement Private sector role Public-private partnerships can potentially be used to manage assets and operate road network more efficiently User-pay concept Toll revenues directly pay for construction, maintenance, andoperation Highway user fees based on vehicle miles traveled Measure results and manage existing road infrastructure, focusing on Establishing performance targets and measures Evaluating project results Collecting comprehensive and robust traffic data16 17. Strategies Requiring State and LocalInvolvement Implement a combination of supply-related and demand-related techniques Enhance the capacity and operation of existing roads byusing intelligent systems and work zone management Improve traffic flow by promoting vanpools to reduce thenumber of drivers Regionally apply congestion mitigation techniques Use both supply- and demand-related techniques to enhance mobility across jurisdictions, such as through corridor management plans 17 18. Strategies Requiring State and LocalInvolvement Integrate transportation planning more fully with land-useplanning High level of interconnection between land use andtransportation Build support for congestion mitigation techniques Strong leadership to communicate essential ideas andvalues of projects, highlighting benefits to drivers andbusinesses 18 19. Strategies Requiring Federal Involvement Link federal-aid highway funding to performance Use financial incentives to improve performance and holdstates accountable for results Increase flexibility for state and local decision makers Allow federal-aid highway program funds to be used fornew approaches or technologies Place additional focus on projects that provide national publicbenefits Increase federal role in public benefit projects19 20. New Methods of Transportation Financing States are using new methods to fund congestion mitigationtechniques and other road improvements Tolls, local taxes, and development impact fees Fees for new development that will have a significant effect on the current road network Partnering with private industry to gain access to funding,reduce costs, and expedite project schedules Other funding options include congestion pricing and HOTlanes20 21. Next Steps: SAFETEA-LU Reauthorization Create well defined goals based on areas of national interest Clearly define the federal role in relation to the roles of state andlocal governments, regional entities, and the private sector Incorporate performance and accountability for results into fundingdecisions to ensure resources are targeted to programs that bestachieve intended outcomes and meet national priorities Employ the best tools and approaches to emphasize return oninvestment of limited federal dollars Ensure the program is affordable and fiscally sustainable21 22. Concluding Observations Given todays fiscal, environmental, and land-use concerns, thedays of building our way out of congestion have