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1 Ramutkowski Booth Pugh Thompson Whicker Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Medical Assisting

Mar 26, 2015

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1 Ramutkowski Booth Pugh Thompson Whicker Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Medical Assisting Chapter 4 Second Edition Slide 2 2 Introduction You are the key communicator between the physician and patient. Your interaction sets the tone for the office visit. Developing strong communication skills just as important as mastering administrative and clinical skills Communication will influence how comfortable the patient feels in your practice. Slide 3 3 Examples of Customer Service Telephone techniques Writing or responding to telephone messages Explaining procedures to patients Assisting with billing issues Creating a warm and reassuring environment Slide 4 4 Positive Communication Communication promotes patients comfort and well-being Set the stage for positive communication Encourage patients to ask questions Speak slowly and clearly Slide 5 5 Negative Communication Look for and ask for feedback to help You curb negative communication habits. Mumbling Speaking brusquely Avoiding eye contact Interrupting patients as they speak Rushing explanations Forgetting common courtesies Showing boredom Treating patient impersonally Slide 6 6 Body Language Facial Expression Eye Contact Posture Open Closed Touch Personal space In many instances, peoples body language conveys their true feelings, even when their words may say otherwise. Slide 7 7 Improving Communication Skills Listening skills Passive listening Active listening Interpersonal Skills Warmth Empathy Respect Genuineness Openness Consideration and sensitivity Slide 8 8 Assertiveness Skills Assertive people who are firm and stand by your principles while still showing respect for others Aggressive people who try to impose their position on others or try to manipulate them. Slide 9 9 Therapeutic Communication Involves: Silence Accepting Giving recognition Offering self Giving a broad opening Offering general leads Making observation Involves: Encouraging communication Mirroring Reflecting Focusing Exploring Clarification Summarizing Slide 10 10 Ineffective Therapeutic Communication Roadblocks: Reassuring Giving approval Disapproving Agree/disagree Advising Roadblocks: Probing Defending Requesting an Explanation Minimizing feelings Making stereotyped comments. Slide 11 11 Defense Mechanisms Patients may display: Compensation Denial Displacement Dissociation Identification Introjection Projection Slide 12 12 Communication in Special Circumstances Anxious Patient Watch for tense appearance, increased blood pressure and breathing, irritability and agitation. Angry Patient Help them express their anger constructively Dont take it personally Help them refocus toward solving the problem Remain calm Slide 13 13 Patients with Other Cultures Different views and perceptions Treat all patients of all cultures and ethnic groups with equal respect. Maintain open mind Language barrier Speak through an interpreter to gather and convey information or to discuss sensitive issues with a patient Slide 14 14 Patients with Visual Impairment Use large-print materials Use adequate lighting in all areas Use a normal speaking voice Talk directly and honestly Do not talk down to the patient Preserve the patients dignity Slide 15 15 Patients with Hearing Impairment Find a quiet area to talk Minimize background noise Position yourself close to and facing the patient Speak slowly Remember that elderly patients lose the ability to hear high-pitched sounds first Slide 16 16 Mentally or Emotionally Disturbed Determine what level of communication the patient can understand It is important to remain calm if the patient becomes agitated or confused. Slide 17 17 The Elderly Patient Denial or confusion Act as if you expect the patient to understand Use simple questions and terms Ask the patient to relax Speak slowly Explain points slowly and clearly Slide 18 18 The Young Patient Recognize and accept their fear and anxiety Explain any procedures Use praise Do not tell children that a procedure will not hurt if it will or you will lose their trust Slide 19 19 Patient with AIDS/HIV You need accurate information about the disease and the risks involved You will need to answer as many questions as you can. Slide 20 20 Terminally Ill Patients Kubler-Ross Stages of Dying Denial Anger Bargaining Depression Acceptance Slide 21 21 Communication with Coworkers Develop rapport Use proper channels. Have a proper attitude. Plan an appropriate time for communication. Slide 22 22 Communicating with Superiors Keep superiors informed Ask questions Minimize interruptions Show initiative Slide 23 23 Dealing with Conflict Do not feed into others negative attitudes. Be personable and supportive. Refrain from passing judgments. Do not gossip. Do not jump to conclusions. Slide 24 24 Policy and Procedures Manual Key written communication tool Policies Dictate the day-to-day workings of an office Describes chain of command Procedures Detailed instructions for specific procedures Slide 25 25 Policies Office purposes Rules and regulations Job descriptions Office hours Dress code Insurance Vacation and sick leave Maintenance of equipment Mailings Bookkeeping Scheduling appointments OSHA Slide 26 26 Procedures Purpose of test Specimen required and collection method Reagents, standards, controls, and media used Instrumentation Step-by-step directions Calculations Expected values Procedures Limitations of methods References Slide 27 27 Development of Manual Plan format and organization Create an outline Develop and update material Contact National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (NCCLS) for help Slide 28 28 Summary Medical Assistant Communication Skills: Listening, interpersonal and assertiveness People with Special Needs: Anxious, angry, elderly, hearing and visual impaired You are the key between the office and patient Develop working relationships and help office run smoothly. Slide 29 29 Answer Apply Your Knowledge - Answer Developing communication skills for the medical office is as important as mastering administrative or clinical tasks. Good communication requires patient feedback at every step. True Slide 30 30 End of Chapter Slide 31 31 Objectives 4-1 Identify elements of the communication circle. 4-2 Give examples of positive and negative communication. 4-3 List ways to improve listening and interpersonal skills. 4-4 Explain the difference between assertiveness and aggressiveness. 4-5 Give examples of effective communication strategies with patients in special circumstances. Communication with Patients, Families, and Coworkers Slide 32 32 Objectives (cont.) 4-6 Discuss ways to establish positive communication with coworkers and superiors. 4-7 Explain how stress relates to communication and identify strategies to reduce stress. 4-8 Describe how the office policy and procedures manual are used as a communication tool in the medical office. Communication with Patients, Families, and Coworkers Slide 33 33 The Communication Circle The communication cycle involves an exchange of messages through verbal and nonverbal means. MESSAGE FEEDBACK NOISE Source Receiver Slide 34 34 Maslows Hierarchy Self-Actualization Esteem Needs Love Needs Safety Needs Physiological Needs Deficiency Needs Slide 35 35 Apply Your Knowledge What can you do to promote communication with someone who is visually impaired? Slide 36 36 Apply Your Knowledge Developing communication skills for the medical office is as important as mastering administrative or clinical tasks. True or False Good communication requires patient feedback at every step. True or False Slide 37 37 Answer Apply Your Knowledge - Answer What can you do to promote communication with someone who is visually impaired? Use large-print materials, adequate lighting in all areas and a normal speaking voice. Talk directly and honestly, but not down to the patient; preserve the patients dignity. Slide 38 38 Managing Stress Stress can motivate you Stress can be overwhelming and affect you physically. Learn to manage stress. Be realistic about how much you can handle at work and in your life Slide 39 39 Burnout End result of prolonged periods of stress without relief. Type A personality Highly driven, perfectionist-type person More susceptible to burnout Type B personality More relaxed, calm, laid back Less prone to burnout. Slide 40 40 Stages to Burnout Honeymoon Awakening Brownout Full-scale burnout Phoenix phenomenon